—  Province  —
Flag of Groningen.svg
Groningen provincie wapen.svg
Coat of arms
Anthem: Grunnens Laid
Groningen in the Netherlands.svg
Location of Groningen in the Netherlands
Country Netherlands
Capital Groningen
 • Queen's Commissioner Max van den Berg
 • Land 2,329 km2 (899 sq mi)
 • Water 576 km2 (222 sq mi)
Area rank 8th
Population (2006)
 • Land 574,042
 • Rank 9th
 • Density 250/km2 (640/sq mi)
 • Density rank 9th
ISO 3166 code NL-GR
Religion (2005) Protestant 18.0%
Catholic 4.6%
Muslim 2.5%

Groningen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɣroʊ̯.nɪ.ŋə(n)], locally [ˈxroː.nɪ.ŋən]  (Speaker Icon.svg listen); Gronings: Grönnen; West Frisian: Grinslân) is the northeasternmost province of the Netherlands. In the east it borders the German state of Niedersachsen (districts of Leer and Emsland), in the south Drenthe, in the west Friesland and in the north the Wadden Sea. The capital of the province is the city of Groningen.


Land use in Groningen is mainly agricultural; it has a large natural gas field near Slochteren. but, Groningen has many historical monuments and many old buildings in almost every villages


Originally a part of Frisia, Groningen became a part of the Frankish Empire around 785. Charlemagne assigned the Christianization of this new possession to Ludger. In the 11th century, the city of Groningen was a village in Drenthe that belonged to the Bishopric of Utrecht, while most of the province was in the diocese of Münster. During the Middle Ages, central control was remote, and the city of Groningen acted as a city state, exerting a dominating influence on the surrounding Ommelanden. Around 1500, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor gave Groningen and Friesland to Albert, Duke of Saxony, who could however not establish permanent control. In 1514/15 Groningen came to the Duchy of Guelders, and in 1536 to the Habsburg Netherlands. In 1594, Groningen was conquered by the United Netherlands, to which it belonged henceforth.

Political historyEdit

East Groningen was the scene of a particularly fierce class struggle in the 19th and 20th centuries. Perhaps not coincidentally, Groningen boasts the only municipality (Beerta) where the Communist Party of the Netherlands has ever had a mayor (Hanneke Jagersma).



Map of Groningen Province

DrentheFlevolandFrieslandGelderlandGroningenLimburgNorth BrabantNorth HollandOverijsselSouth HollandUtrechtZeelandNetherlands map large
About this image

Map of the Netherlands, linking to the province pages; the red dots mark the capitals of the provinces and the black dots other notable cities or towns


Groningen is home to a typical Low Saxon dialect called Gronings (Grönnegs / Grunnegs in Gronings regional language), with local nuances. Nowadays, many inhabitants of the province do not speak the dialect, especially in the city of Groningen where many outsiders have moved.


People from Groningen Province Edit

External linksEdit

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Coordinates: 53°15′29″N 6°44′16″E / 53.25806, 6.73778

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Groningen (province). The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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