Grand Prince of Kiev
Former Monarchy
Coat of arms of Kiev
First monarch Vladimir the Great
Last monarch Michael of Chernigov
Monarchy started unknown
Monarchy ended 1362

Grand Prince of Kiev (sometimes Grand Duke of Kiev) was the title of the Kievan prince and the ruler of Kievan Rus' from the 10th to 13th centuries. In the 13th century, Kiev became an appanage principality first of the Grand Prince of Volodymyr and the Golden Horde governors, and later was taken over by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

According to some Ukrainian historians (i.e., Kanyhin, Tkachuk), Ptolemy's mention of Metropolis, a Sarmatian town on the Dnieper River, shows the ancient existence of Kiev.[1] The name Dnieper is derived from Sarmatian (Iranian) Dānu apara "the river far away."

Princes of KievEdit

Mythological rulersEdit

Name Reign Notes
Kyi 5th or 6th c. mythological founder of Kiev
Oleg 8th c. relation to dynasty is debatable
Bravlin 790s relation to Kiev and dynasty is debatable
Askold and Dir 870s existence debatable

According to Slavophiles, Kyi ruled since 430, one of the dates attributed to the legendary founding of Kiev in 482, although that date relates to Kovin on the Danube in Serbia. Some historians speculate that Kyi was a Slavic prince of eastern Polans in the 6th century. Kyi's legacy along with Shchek's is mentioned in the Book of Veles, the authenticity of which, however, is disputed.

Oleg, an apocryphal Kiev voivode, probably of Danish or Swedish origin, under the overlordship of the Khazar Khaganate.

Bravlin was a Varangian prince or chieftain, who led a Rus' military expedition to devastate the Crimea, from Kerch to Sugdaea, in the last years of the 8th century.

According to some Russian historians (i.e., Gleb S. Lebedev), Dir was a chacanus of Rhos (Rus' Khaganate|Rus' khagan).[2] Thomas Noonan asserts that one of the Rus' "sea-kings", the "High king", adopted the title khagan in the early 9th century.[3] Peter Benjamin Golden maintained that the Rus' became a part of the Khazar federation, and that their ruler was officially accepted as a vassal kagan of the Khazar Khaqan of Itil.[4]

Some western historians (i.e., Kevin Alan Brook) suppose that Kiev was founded by Khazars or Magyars. Kiev is a Turkic place name (Küi = riverbank + ev = settlement).[5] At least during the 8th and 9th centuries Kiev functioned as an outpost of the Khazar empire (a hill-fortress, called Sambat, "high place" in Old Turkic). According to Omeljan Pritsak, Constantine Zuckerman and other scholars, Khazars lost Kiev at the beginning of the 10th century.[6][7]

Rurik DynastyEdit

The Rurikids were descendants of Rurik (Rørikr), a Varangian pagan chieftain.


RulerNative nameBornReignDeathParentsConsortNotes
Oleg the Seer[8]Oleg of NovgorodОлег Вещий?–912882912 Relation to Rurik is debatable
Igor I Igor the OldИгорь Рюрикович?–945912945 son of Rurik I
St.Olga[9] St Olga by Nesterov in 1892Ольга (княгиня киевская)?–969945962 (regent-consort)
Svyatoslav I[10]Svatoslav titularnik942–972962972 son of Igor
Yaropolk Svyatoslavich06 History Of Russia by William TookeЯрополк Святославичc959972-980980Svyatoslav Igorevich

Grand Princes of KievEdit

Rurik DynastyEdit

RulerNative nameBornReignDeathParentsConsortNotes
Vladimir I the Great Vladimir SvyatoslavovichВладимир Святославич958980–10151015Svtyatoslav Igorevich
Uunnamed Greek nun
Rogneda Rogvolodovma
Anna Porphyrogenita
Unknown von Schwaben
in 988 baptized the Rus
Svyatopolk Vladimirovich Svyatopolk the AccursedСвятополк Владимирович Окаянныйc980–10191015-10191019Vladimir Svyatoslavich
a Greek nun
Daughter of Bolesław I the Brave
Yaroslav I the Wise Bilibin yaroslav978–105410191054son of Vladimir I the Great, jointly with Mstislav of Chernigov in 1024-36
Izyaslav I of KievMinskizjaslavИзяслав Ярославич10241054-10731078Yaroslav Vladimirovich
Ingegerd Olofsdotter
Gertrude of Polandfirst time
Svyatoslav YaroslavichSvyatoslav IzyaslavichСвятослав Ярославич10271073-10761076Yaroslav Vladimirovich
Ingegerd of Sweden
Cecilia of Dithmarschen
Oda von Babenberg
Izyaslav YaroslavichMinskizjaslavИзяслав Ярославич10241076-10781078Yaroslav Vladimirovich
Ingegerd Olofsdotter
Gertrude of PolandSecond time
Vsevolod YaroslavichVsevolod yaroslavichВсеволод Ярославич10301078-10931093Yaroslav Vladimirovich
Ingegerd Olofsdotter
Anastasia Monomachos
Anna Polovetskaya
Svyatopolk Izyaslavich14 History Of Russia by William TookeIzyaslavichi1050–111310931113son of Izyaslav I
Vladimir II MonomakhVladimir-II-Vsevolodovich MonomakhMonomakhovychi1053–112511131125son of Vsevolod I
Mstislav I VladimirovichMstislav I of Kiev (Tsarskiy titulyarnik) Monomakhovychi1076–113211251132 son of Vladimir II
Yaropolk VladimirovichYaropolk II of KievЯрополк Владимирович10821132-11391139Vladimir Monomakh
Gytha of Wessex
Yelena of Ossetia
Vyacheslav VladimirovichViacheslav I Monomakhovychi1083–115411391139 brother of Yaropolk II (first time)
Vsevolod OlgovichVsevolod Ol'govichВсеволод Ольгович20941139-11461146Oleg Svyatoslavich
Theophano Mouzalonissa
Maria Mstislavna
Igor OlgovichCvKnyazIgorИгорь Ольговичc109511461147Oleg Svyatoslavich
Theophano Mouzalonissa
Izyaslav MstislavichІзяслав II ПантелеймонMonomakhovychi1097–115411461149son of Mstislav I (first time)
Yuri DovgorukyDolgorukiy titularnik Monomakhovychi1099–115711491151(first time)
Vyacheslav VladimirovichViacheslav IMonomakhovychi1083–115411511154(second time) jointly
Izyaslav Mstislavich Ізяслав II ПантелеймонMonomakhovychi1097–1154(second time) jointly
Rostislav Mstislavich Rostislav Mstislavich Monomakhovychi1110–116711541154brother of Izyaslav Mstislavich (first time)
Izyaslav DavydovichIzyaslav III Svyatoslavichi?–116211541155(first time)
Yuri DovgorukyDolgorukiy titularnik Monomakhovychi1099–115711551157(second time)
Izyaslav DavydovichIzyaslav III Svyatoslavichi?–116211571158(second time)
Rostislav MstislavichRostislav MstislavichMonomakhovychi1110–116711581167(second time) jointly with Izyaslav III Davydovich in 1162
Mstislav II IzyaslavichMstislav IzjaslavichIzyaslavichi (Monomakh)?–117211671169son of Izyaslav Mstislavich (first time)
Gleb YuryevichYurievichi (Monomakh)?–117111691169son of Yuri Dolgorukiy (first time)
Mstislav IzyaslavichMstislav Izjaslavich Izyaslavichi (Monomakh)?–117211701170(second time)
Gleb YuryevichYurievichi (Monomakh)?–117111701171(second time)
Vladimir MstislavichВладимир Мстиславич113211711171Mstislav I Vladimirovich
Mikhalko YuryevichMikhalko YuryevichМихалко Юрьевичc115011711176Yuri Dorgoruky
Olga NN
Yurievichi (Monomakh) Half-brother of Gleb
Roman RotislavichRostislavichi (Monomakh)?–118011711173son of Rostislav I (first time)
Vsevolod Yuryevich Bolshoe GnezdoВсеволод Юрьевич Большое ГнездоYurievichi (Monomakh)115411731212Yuri Dolgoruky
Olga NN
Mariya Shvarnovna
Lyubov Vasilkovna
Brother of Michael I
Ryurik RostislavichРюрик Ростиславичc113711731212Rostislav MstislavichAnna Yuryevna(first time)
Svyatoslav VsevolodovichСвятослав Всеволодовичc112311741194son of Vsevolod II (first time)
Yaroslav IIIzyaslavichi (Monomakh)c1127–118011741175son of Iziaslav II (first time)
Roman RotislavichRostislavichi (Monomakh)?–118011751177(second time)
Svyatoslav VsevolodovichСвятослав Всеволодовичc11231177-11801194(second time)
Yaroslav IIIzyaslavichi (Monomakh)c1127–118011801180(second time)
Ryurik RostislavichРюрик Ростиславичc11371180-11821212Rostislav MstislavichAnna Yuryevna(second time)
Svyatoslav VsevolodovichСвятослав Всеволодовичc11231182-11941194(third time)
Ryurik RostislavichРюрик Ростиславичc11371194-12021212Rostislav MstislavichAnna Yuryevna(third time)
Roman MstislavichRoman Mstislavich , Roman of Halych, Roman the GreatРоман Мстиславичc115212021205son of Mstislav II (1202–02)
Ingvar YaroslavichIzyaslavichi (Monomakh)?–?12021203son of Yaroslav II (first time)
Ryurik RostislavichРюрик Ростиславичc11371203-12061212Rostislav MstislavichAnna Yuryevnajointly (fourth time)
Roman MstislavichRoman Mstislavich , Roman of Halych, Roman the GreatРоман Мстиславичc11521205son of Mstislav II, jointly (1204–04)
Rostislav RyurikovichРостислав Рюрикович11721218Ryurik Rostislavich jointly (1204–06)
Vsevolod IV SvyatoslavichSvyatoslavichi (Olgovichi)?–121212061207son of Sviatoslav III (first time)
Rurik RostislavichРюрик Ростиславич?–121512071210(fifth time)
Vsevolod IV SvyatoslavichSvyatoslavichi (Olgovichi)?–121212101212(second time)
Ingvar YaroslavichIzyaslavichi (Monomakh)?–?12121214(second time)
Mstislav IIIRostislavichi (Monomakh)?–122312141223son of Roman I
Vladimir RyurikovichRostislavichi (Monomakh)1187–123912231235brother of Rostislav II
Izyaslav Vladimirovich1186–?1235-1236son of Vladimir Igorevich
Yaroslav Vsevolodovich Yaroslav Vsevolodovich (Spas Nereditsi) Ярослав Всеволодович11911236-12381246Vsevolod Yuryevich
Mariya Shvarnova
Daughter of Yuri Kondakovich
Rostislava Mstislavna
(first time)
Mikhail VsevolodovichMikhail of ChernigovМихаил Всеволодович11791238-12391246Vsevolod Svyatoslavich
Maria of Poland
Yelena Romanovna(first time)

Princes of Kiev (Mongol invasion)Edit

Due to Mongol invasion in 1240 Michael of Chernigov left Kiev to seek military assistance from the Kingdom of Hungary (Béla IV). During that time Prince of Smolensk Rostislav occupied Kiev, but was captured the same year by Daniil Romanovich of Halych who placed his voivode Dmytro to guard Kiev while the Grand Prince was away. Being unsuccessful in Hungary, Michael visited Konrad I in Masovia. Receiving no results in Poland, he eventually asked Daniil Romanovich of Halych for a sanctuary due to the invasion of Mongols.

Portrait Name Branch Born-Died Ruled From Ruled Until Notes
Rostislav MikhailovichРостислав Михайлович1210–126212391262Mikhail Vsevolodovich
Yelena Romanovna of Halych
Daniil RomanovichYurko Shkvarok.Istoriya Ukrajiny-Rusy virshamy-11Даниил Романович12011239-12401264Roman Mstislavich
Anna-Euphrosyne Angelos
Anna Mstislavna
Sister of Mindaugas (c1220-c1275)
Appointed Dmytro as posadnik
Mikhail VsevolodovichMikhail of ChernigovМихаил Всеволодович11791241-12431246Vsevolod Svyatoslavich
Maria of Poland
Yelena Romanovna(second time)
Yaroslav Vsevolodovich Yaroslav Vsevolodovich (Spas Nereditsi) Ярослав Всеволодович11911243-12461246Vsevolod Yuryevich
Mariya Shvarnova
Daughter of Yuri Kondakovich
Rostislava Mstislavna
(second time)
Aleksandr NevskyAlexander NewskiVladimirsky (Monomakh)1220–1263 12461263son of Yaroslav Vsevolodovich
Yaroslav Yaroslavich in Novgorod Yaroslav IVVladimirsky (Monomakh)1230–127112631271brother of Alexander
Lev Danylovich of Halych LevGalicia (Monomakh)1228–130112711301son of Daniel
Volodymyr-Ivan IvanovichSiveria (Olgovichi)?–?1301?
Stanislav IvanovichSiveria (Olgovichi)1228–1301?1321

Olshanski dynastyEdit

Since the 14th century the principality of Kiev started to fall under the influence of Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In 1299 Metropolitan of Kiev Maximus moved his metropolitan see from Kiev to Vladimir-on-Klyazma. In 1321, after the Battle on the Irpin River, Gediminas installed one of his subjects Mindovg Olshansky from the Olshansky Family, a descendant of exiled to the Byzantine Empire family of Vseslav of Polotsk.

Portrait Name Branch Born-Died Ruled From Ruled Until Notes
Mindovg OlshanskyPOL COA Hippocentaurus?–?13211324
Olgimunt (Algimantas)POL COA Hippocentaurus?–?13241331[11]son of Mindovg Olshansky

Rurik dynastyEdit

In 1331 Kiev once again was taken by members of Rurik dynasty (Olgovich branch), the prince of Putivl.

Portrait Name Branch Born-Died Ruled From Ruled Until Notes
Fyodor (Teodoras)Siverski (Olgovichi)?–?13311362son of Budvydas
Prince of Kiev
Former Monarchy
Coat of arms of Kiev
First monarch Vladimir Olgierdovich
Last monarch Simonas
Monarchy started 1362
Monarchy ended 1471

After the Battle of Blue Waters (1362), Kiev and surrounding areas were incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania.


Portrait Name Branch Born-Died Ruled From Ruled Until Notes
Vladimir OlgierdovichCOA of Gediminaičiai dynasty Lithuania?–?13621394son of Algirdas
SkirgailoSkirgailaCOA of Gediminaičiai dynasty Lithuania1354–139713951397son of Algirdas


Portrait Name Branch Born-Died Ruled From Ruled Until Notes
IvanPOL COA Hippocentaurus?–?1397c. 1402son of Olgimunt (in 1404-11 Jurgis Gedgaudas as voivode)
AndrewPOL COA Hippocentaurus?–?c. 1412c. 1422son of Ivan Olshansky
Michael IVPOL COA Hippocentaurus?–1433c. 1422c. 1432son of Ivan Olshansky
Michael V BolobanPOL COA Hippocentaurus?–1435c. 1433c. 1435son of Simonas


Portrait Name Branch Born-Died Ruled From Ruled Until Notes
Lithuanian Grand Duke ŠvitrigailaBoleslavCOA of Gediminaičiai dynasty Lithuania1370–145214321440son of Algirdas
Alexander-OlelkoHerb Pogon Litewska?–145414431454son of Vladimir
Simon OlelkovichHerb Pogon Litewska1418–147014541470son of Alexander

References Edit

  1. ^ Wilson, Andrew (2002). The Ukrainians. Unexpected Nation. Yale University Press. pp. 31–32. ISBN 0-300-09309-8. 
  2. ^ Duczko, Wladyslaw (2004). Viking Rus: Studies on the Presence of Scandinavians in Eastern Europe. Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-04-13874-9
  3. ^ Noonan, Thomas (2001). The Khazar Qaghanate and Its Impact On the Early Rus' State: The translatio imperii from Itil to Kiev. Nomads in the Sedentary World, Anatoly Mikhailovich Khazanov and Andre Wink, eds. p. 76-102. Richmond, England: Curzon. ISBN 0-7007-1370-0
  4. ^ Golden, Peter Benjamin (1982). The Question of the Rus' Qaganate. Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi. pp. 77-92
  5. ^ Brook, Kevin Alan (1996-2009). An Introduction to the History of Khazaria
  6. ^ Pritsak, Omeljan (1981). The origin of Rus. Cambridge, Mass.: Distributed by Harvard University Press for the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute.
  7. ^ Zuckerman, Constantine (2007). The Khazars and Byzantium - The First Encounter. In The World of the Khazars: New Perspectives - Selected Papers from the Jerusalem 1999 International Khazar Colloquium, eds. Peter Benjamin Golden, Haggai Ben-Shammai, and András Róna-Tas, pp. 399-432. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill.
  8. ^ Sveerne (konung of Holmgård (Novgorod) and Kønugård (Kiev))
  9. ^ Olga was first of Rurikid to be baptized by Emperor Constantine VII but failed to bring Christianity to Kiev
  10. ^ Leszek Moczulski, Narodziny Międzymorza, p.475, Bellona SA, Warszawa 2007 ISBN 978-83-11-10826-4
  11. ^

See also Edit

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