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Gleb Yuryevich of Kiev, Prince of Kursk, Prince of Kanev, Prince of Pereyaslavl, Grand Prince of Kiev, was born 1115 to Yuri I Vladimirovich Dolgoruky of Kiev (c1090-1157) and Anna of Cumania (c1092-c1135) and died 20 January 1171 of unspecified causes. He married Daughter of Izyaslav Davydovich (c1137-c1185) .

Gleb Yurievich (c1115 - January 20, 1171) - Prince of Kursk (1147), Prince of Kanev (1149). Prince of Peresopnytsia (1149) Prince of Pereyaslavl (1155-1169) and Grand Prince of Kiev (1169, 1170-1171) son of Yuri Dolgoruky[1] from his marriage to Anna of Cumania the daughter of Polovtsian Ayub Khan.

Biography

Participation in the struggle against Izyaslav Mstislavich

Gleb Yuryevich was first mentioned in the annals in 1147. This year on February 24, his brother Ivan Yuryevich Princes of Kursk died in Koltetsk. Gleb and his brother Boris sent the body of their brother to Suzdal .

In 1147, together with his father Yuri Dolgoruky, Gleb spoke against the Grand Prince of Kiev Izyaslav Mstislavich, who was Gleb's cousin. In the summer of this year, Yuri Dolgoruky sent Gleb to help the Prince of Chernigov Svyatoslav Olegovich. At the end of the summer or in the autumn Gleb, together with Svyatoslav Olgovich and the allied Polovtsians, moved to Kursk. Grand Prince of Kiev Izyaslav's son Mstislav was there, but the inhabitants of Kursk refused to fight the descendant of Monomakh, after which [Mstislav]] left the city and returned to his father to Kiev. After that, Gleb forcefully took the town Popash on the river Sule returned to Suzdal, but soon returned to Chernigov, coming to the aid of the Olgovichi. After a while Gleb went to Gorodets-Ostersky, where local residents accepted him to as their rules.

The Grand Prince of Kiev Izyaslav Mstislavich invited Gleb to Kiev, promising to give him Gorodets and other cities in the south. It is likely that the purpose of this step was "drive a wedge between father and son" [2]and use Gleb to pressure Yuri Dolgoruky. Initially, Gleb agreed to persuade, but eventually refused and decided to take away from Mstislav Pereyaslavl. Gleb did not achieve success. At night he approached the city, but at dawn he left. Mstislav Izyaslavich organized a chase, and near the town of [[Nosov[[ on the [[Rude River[[ some of Gleb's squad fell. After that, Izyaslav Mstislavich with the group of the Berendeys came to Gorodets, and neither Davydovich nor Olgovichi helped Gleb. Three days Gorodets was under siege, after which it was ordered to open the gates. As a result Izyaslav recognized Gleb's rights to Gorodets, but because Gleb continued his friendship with the Davydovichi and the Olgovichi, in 1148 he lost the city, which was transferred to Gleb's brother Rostislav Yuryevich .

« "Go to the Olgovichi, you have come to these houses, to give the volosts" [3] . " After Yuri Dolgoruky first captured Kiev (1149), Gleb became the father's deputy in Kanev, after which he received Peresopnytsia, the former volost of Vyacheslav Vladimirovich. Gleb had to "drain" Izyaslav MstislavichI, so that he did not unexpectedly attack Kiev, but Izyaslav suddenly went to Peresopnytsia. Druzhina Gleb was defeated by Izyaslav's army from Volhynia, and Gleb, who was in the city, began to ask Izyaslav for mercy, recognizing his "seniority."

In 1152, Gorodets was burned by Izyaslav, and Gleb fled to his father in Suzdal.

In 1154 Gleb participated in his father's next campaign to Kiev. Not far from Kozelsk, the Polovtsians joined Yuri Dolgoruky's army, but their number was insignificant, and Gleb was sent for help to the steppe . He brought with him a significant number of Polovtsian detachments, and Yuri Dolgoruky instructed Gleb to act independently in Southern Russia. A battle took place, close to Pereyaslavl between the troops of Gleb and Svyatoslav Rostislavich, the son of Rostislav Mstislavich], who at that time was the prince of Kiev , where Gleb had to retreat. Gleb with the Polovtsians went toChernigov, where a battle took place between Rostislav Mstislavich and Gleb, but the Kiev prince was frightened by the numerical superiority of the opponent's army and asked for peace from Izyaslav Davydovich, offering him a Kiev table , and Gleb Yuryevich for Pereyaslavl .

The reign in Pereyaslavl and Kiev

Having received Pereyaslavl in 1155 from his father, he was able to stay there even after Yuri Dolgoruky's death. In the years 1157 - 1161 he acted in alliance with his father-in-law Izyaslav Davydovich against Mstislavich. In 1169, after the capture of Kiev by the troops of Andrei of Bogolyubovo, he took the Kiev throne, leaving Pereyaslavl to his son Vladimir. He did not support the appanage prince Vladimir Andreyevich against Mstislav Volynsky, then Mstislav captured Kiev with Chorni Klobuky, took the rankswith Volyn, Galician, Turov, Gorodensky princes and the Kiev nobility. During the unsuccessful siege of Vyshgorod (Davyd Rostislavich was in charge of the defense ), Mstislav learned about the offensive from the Dnieper Gleb with the Polovtsians and retreated. After the final approval of Gleb in Kiev, along the southern Russian border, along the both banks of the Dnieper, the Polovstians approached with a proposal of peace. When Gleb left for Pereyaslavl, fearing for the young son who is there, the Polovtsians on the right bank of the Dnieper began to ruin the village. Gleb sent against them brother Michael with Chorni Klobuky, which he defeated.

Death

Presumably, Gleb was poisoned by the people of Kiev, like his father. Andrei of Bogolyubovo demanded that his successor, Roman Rostislavich, investigate and extradite suspects guilty of poisoning. The date of his death differs in different chronicles.

Family and children

Wife :

the first wife died in 1154 . daughter of Izyaslav Davydovich of Chernigov (the wedding was held in 1155/56). Children :

Notes

  1. ^ Экземплярский А. В. Глеб Георгиевич // Энциклопедический словарь Брокгауза и Ефрона : в 86 т. (82 т. и 4 доп.). — СПб., 1890—1907.
  2. ^ А. Ю. Карпов. Юрий Долгорукий — М., 2007. С.151.
  3. ^ ПСРЛ. Т.1. Лаврентьевская летопись.

References



Children




Offspring of Gleb Yuryevich of Kiev and Daughter of Izyaslav Davydovich (c1137-c1185)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Vladimir Glebovich of Pereyaslavl (1157-1187) 1157 18 April 1187
Izyaslav Glebovich (c1160-1183)
Olga Glebovna (c1162-c1195)









Siblings

 



Residences

Footnotes (including sources)

Afil

Gleb Yuryevich of Kiev
Born: c1115 Died: 20 Jan 1171
Preceded by
Svyatopolk Olgovich
Prince of Kursk
1147–1148
Succeeded by
Ivan Yuryevich
Preceded by
'
Prince of Peresopnytsia
1149
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Prince of Kanev
1149
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
Mstislav II
Prince of Pereyaslavl
1125–1132
Succeeded by
Vladimir Glebovich of Pereyaslavl (1157-1187)
Preceded by
Mstislav II
Grand Prince of Kiev
1169-1170
Succeeded by
Mstislav II
Preceded by
Mstislav II}
Grand Prince of Kiev
1170–1171
Succeeded by
Vladimir III
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