- 4th Duke of Marlborough
- Marquess of Blandford
- Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire (1760-1817)
- Senior Privy Counsellor (1807-1817)
George Spencer, 4th Duke of Marlborough, 4th Duke of Marlborough, was born 26 January 1739 in Althorpe, Northamptonshire, England, United Kingdom to Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough (1706-1758) and Elizabeth Trevor (c1713-1761) and died 30 January 1817 Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom of unspecified causes. He married Caroline Russell (1743-1811) 23 August 1762 in Bloomsbury, London, England.
George Spencer, 4th Duke of Marlborough, KG, PC, FRS (26 January 1739 – 29 January 1817), styled Marquess of Blandford until 1758, was a British courtier, nobleman, and politician from the Spencer family. He served as Lord Chamberlain between 1762 and 1763 and as Lord Privy Seal between 1763 and 1765. He is the great-great-great grandfather of Sir Winston Churchill.
Background and education
Styled by the courtesy title Marquess of Blandford from birth, He was the eldest son of Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough, and the Honourable Elizabeth Trevor, daughter of Thomas Trevor, 2nd Baron Trevor. His siblings were Charles, Diana and Elizabeth.
Personal traits and characteristics
According to George III, who mentioned it to Fanny Burney, the Duke suffered from severe red-green colourblindness. As he was unable to tell scarlet from green, Fanny therefore remarked that this was unlucky for someone in possession of so sumptuous a home as Blenheim Palace.
Marlborough entered the Coldstream Guards in 1755 as an Ensign, becoming a Captain with the 20th Regiment of Foot the following year. After inheriting the dukedom in 1758, Marlborough took his seat in the House of Lords in 1760, becoming Lord-Lieutenant of Oxfordshire in that same year. The following year, he bore the sceptre with the cross at the coronation of George III. In 1762, he was made Lord Chamberlain as well as a Privy Counsellor, and after a year resigned this appointment to become Lord Privy Seal, a post he held until 1765. An amateur astronomer, he built a private observatory at his residence, Blenheim Palace. He kept up a lively scientific correspondence with Hans Count von Brühl, another aristocratic dilettante in astronomy.
Duke of Marlborough is a title of English Peerage created by Queen Anne in 1702 for John Churchill the noted military leader. The name of the dukedom refers to Marlborough in Wiltshire. A good number of their descendants have married into many of the other noble hours of England.
Blenheim Palace, built between 1705 and 1722 for John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722), is the principal residence for the family of the Duke of Marlborough. It is one of England's largest homes, and the only non-royal, non-episcopal country house in England to hold the title of palace. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987 and is the final resting place of several members of the family.
- Lady Caroline Spencer (1763–1813), married Henry Agar-Ellis, 2nd Viscount Clifden and had issue, including George Agar-Ellis, 1st Baron Dover.
- Lady Elizabeth Spencer (1764–1812), married her cousin John Spencer (a grandson of the 3rd Duke of Marlborough) and had issue.
- George Spencer-Churchill, 5th Duke of Marlborough (1766–1840)
- Lady Charlotte Spencer (1769–1802), married Rev. Edward Nares and had issue.
- Lord Henry John Spencer (1770–1795)
- Lady Anne Spencer (1773–1865), married Cropley Ashley-Cooper, 6th Earl of Shaftesbury and had issue.
- Lady Amelia Spencer (1774–1829), married Henry Pytches Boyce.
- Lord Francis Almeric Spencer (1779–1845), created Baron Churchill in 1815.
- Sidney Lee, ed (1898). "Spencer, George (1739-1817)". Dictionary of National Biography, 1885–1900. 53. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- The Collected Correspondence of Baron Franz von Zach, Volume 3 (British Letters), 2008. Edited by Clifford J. Cunningham. Star Lab Press.
- Spencer-Churchill in Oxfordshire
- wikipedia:en:George Spencer, 4th Duke of Marlborough
- George Spencer at thePeerage
- British nobility
- George Spencer
- Spencer in Oxfordshire
Title last held byThe Duke of Marlborough
| Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire
The Earl of Macclesfield
The Marquess Townshend
| Senior Privy Counsellor
Lord Charles Spencer
The Duke of Devonshire
| Lord Chamberlain
The Earl Gower
The Duke of Bedford
| Lord Privy Seal
The Duke of Newcastle
|Peerage of England|
| Duke of Marlborough