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Garfield County, Oklahoma
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Garfield County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the U.S. highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded 1893
Named for James A. Garfield
Seat Enid
Largest city Enid
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,060 sq mi (2,745 km²)
1,058 sq mi (2,741 km²)
2 sq mi (4 km²), 0.15%
 - (2010)
 - Density

55/sq mi (21/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Wheat is a major part of the Garfield County economy. Its county seat, Enid, is named the Wheat Capital of Oklahoma.

Garfield County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma named after President James A. Garfield. As of 2010, the population was 60,580. Enid is the county seat and largest city within Garfield County. Prior to the Land Run of 1893, Garfield County was named O County and was part of the Cherokee Outlet, occupied by the Cherokee people following the Treaty of New Echota and the Cherokee trail of tears.[1] Historically, the area was a hunting ground for the Wichita, Osage, and Kiowa tribes.

The Chisholm Trail, stage coach lines, mail routes, and railroads passed through stations at Buffalo Springs and Skeleton, today known as Bison and Enid.[2][3] Railroad development in the county began four years prior to the land opening. Enid became a central hub within the county.[4] Historical railroads included Enid and Tonkawa Railway, Enid and Anadarko Railway, Blackwell, Enid and Southwestern Railway, Enid Central Railway and the Denver, Enid and Gulf Railroad.

Primary industries in Garfield County are agriculture and livestock. Historically, crops have included wheat, corn, oats, sorghum, Kaffir corn, and alfalfa.[4] In addition, oil and gas and flour milling have proved fruitful for the county. The county seat of Enid, Oklahoma has the most grain storage capacity in the United States and one of the largest grain elevators in the world. Vance Air Force Base is also a major employer in the area of both soldiers and civilians.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,060 square miles (2,745.4 km2), of which 1,058 square miles (2,740.2 km2) is land and 2 square miles (5.2 km2) (0.15%) is water. Several creeks run through the county, including Black Bear, Boggy, Red Rock, Rock, Skeleton, and Turkey.[4]

Early map of Garfield County.

Adjacent counties[]

Major highways[]

  • US 60.svg U.S. Highway 60
  • US 64.svgUS 412.svg U.S. Highway 64/U.S. Highway 412
  • US 81.svg U.S. Highway 81
  • Oklahoma State Highway 15.svg State Highway 15
  • Oklahoma State Highway 45.svg State Highway 45
  • Oklahoma State Highway 74.svg State Highway 74


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1890 22,076
1900 10,037 −54.5%
1910 33,050 229.3%
1920 37,500 13.5%
1930 45,588 21.6%
1940 45,484 −0.2%
1950 52,820 16.1%
1960 52,975 0.3%
1970 55,365 4.5%
1980 62,820 13.5%
1990 56,735 −9.7%
2000 57,813 1.9%
2010 60,580 4.8%

Age pyramid for Garfield County, Oklahoma.

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 57,813 people, 23,175 households, and 15,805 families residing in the county. The population density was 55 people per square mile (21/km²). There were 26,047 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.65% White, 3.26% Black or African American, 2.11% Native American, 0.85% Asian, 0.49% Pacific Islander, 2.02% from other races, and 2.62% from two or more races. 4.13% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 23,175 households out of which 31.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.20% were married couples living together, 10.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.80% were non-families. 27.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,006, and the median income for a family was $39,872. Males had a median income of $29,921 versus $20,791 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,457. About 10.50% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.70% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.

Grain storage in Enid, Oklahoma.

File:Enid Courthouse 1908.png

The county courthouse in 1908.

Cities and towns[]

  • Bison
  • Breckenridge
  • Carrier
  • Covington
  • Douglas
  • Drummond
  • Enid
  • Fairmont
  • Garber
  • Hillsdale
  • Hunter
  • Kremlin
  • Lahoma
  • North Enid
  • Waukomis

NRHP sites[]

The Garfield County Courthouse, one of many Garfield County sites on the National Register of Historic Places, is located in downtown Enid, Oklahoma.

The following sites in Garfield County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

  • Kimmell Barn
  • R. E. Hoy No. 1 Oil Well
  • Broadway Tower
  • H. H. Champlin House
  • T. T. Eason Mansion
  • Enid Armory
  • Enid Cemetery and Calvary Catholic Cemetery
  • Enid Terminal Grain Elevators Historic District
  • Enid Downtown Historic District
  • Enid Masonic Temple
  • Garfield County Courthouse
  • Jackson School
  • H. L. Kaufman House
  • Kenwood Historic District
  • Lamerton House
  • McCristy-Knox Mansion
  • Rock Island Depot
  • Waverley Historic District
  • Bank of Hunter

Coordinates: 36°23′N 97°47′W / 36.38, -97.78


  1. ^ Cherokee Outlet Opening, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society
  2. ^ Fulbright, Jim, Hell on Rails: Oklahoma Towns at War with the Rock Island Railroad, Wild West Magazine, December 2007
  3. ^ The Chisholm Trail, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society
  4. ^ a b c Garfield County, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society
  5. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". 
  6. ^ "US Census Garfield County QuickFacts". 
  7. ^ Oklahoma 2010 Custom Tables, U.S. Census Bureau, February 15, 2011
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links and Further Reading[]

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Garfield County, Oklahoma. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.