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Galveston County Courts Building

Galveston County, Texas
Seal of Galveston County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Galveston County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1838
Seat Galveston
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

873 sq mi (2,261 km²)
398 sq mi (1,031 km²)
474 sq mi (1,228 km²), 54.35%
 - (2005)
 - Density

627/sq mi (242/km²)

Galveston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. As of 2005 U.S. Census estimate, the population is 277,563. Its county seat is Galveston6. League City is the largest city in Galveston County in terms of population [1]; between 2000 and 2005 it surpassed Galveston as the county's largest city.


Galveston County is located on the plains of the Texas Gulf Coast in the southeastern part of the state. The county is bounded on the northeast by Galveston Bay and on the northwest by Clear Creek and Clear Lake. Much of the county covers Galveston Bay, and is bounded to the south by the Galveston Seawall and beaches on the Gulf of Mexico.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,261 km² (873 sq mi). 1,032 km² (398 sq mi) of it is land and 1,229 km² (474 sq mi) of it (54.35%) is water.

Major Highways[]

Adjacent counties[]


As of the census² of 2000, there were 250,158 people, 94,782 households, and 66,157 families residing in the county. The population density was 242/km² (628/sq mi). There were 111,733 housing units at an average density of 108/km² (280/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 72.69% White, 15.44% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 2.10% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 7.18% from other races, and 2.08% from two or more races. 17.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 94,782 households out of which 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.40% were married couples living together, 13.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.20% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.70% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,419, and the median income for a family was $51,435. Males had a median income of $41,406 versus $28,703 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,568. About 10.10% of families and 13.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.60% of those under age 18 and 10.20% of those age 65 or over.

Congressional and Legislative Representation[]

United States Congress[]

Senators Name Party First Elected Level
  Senate Class 1 Kay Bailey Hutchison Republican 1993 Senior Senator
  Senate Class 2 John Cornyn Republican 2002 Junior Senator
Representatives Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Galveston County Represented
  District 14 Ron Paul Republican 1996 (also served 1976-1977 and 1979-1985) Galveston, Dickinson, League City, Kemah, most of Texas City
  District 22 Nick Lampson Democrat 2006 (also served 1997-2005) La Marque, Santa Fe, part of Texas City

Texas Legislature[]

Texas Senate[]

District Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Galveston County Represented
  11 Mike Jackson Republican 1999 Galveston County Mainland and part of Galveston Island
  17 Kyle Janek Republican 2002 Part of Galveston Island & all of Bolivar Peninsula

Texas House of Representatives[]

District Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Galveston County Represented
  23 Craig Eiland Democrat 1994 Galveston, Jamaica Beach, Texas City, all of Bolivar Peninsula
  24 Larry Taylor Republican 2002 Hitchcock, La Marque, Santa Fe, Dickinson, League City, Friendswood (Galveston County part), Algoa, Kemah, Clear Lake Shores




Unincorporated areas[]


School districts serving Galveston County communities are:

Higher Education[]

Galveston County is home to Texas A&M University at Galveston and the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston.

Three community colleges also serve the area: College of the Mainland, Galveston College and San Jacinto College.

Public Libraries[]

The Galveston County Library System operates libraries in most of the larger towns and cities. The Rosenberg Library in Galveston has the distinction of being the oldest public library in Texas and serves as the headquarters for the Galveston County Library System. Its librarian also functions as the Galveston County librarian.

Political organization[]

The head of a Texas County, as set up in the Texas Constitution, is the County Judge, who sits as the chair of the county's Commissioners Court. As of 2007, this position in Galveston County is held by Judge James D. Yarbrough. [1] The county is split into four geographical divisions called Precincts. Each precinct elects a Commissioner to sit as a representative of their precinct on the commissioners court and also for the oversight of county functions in their area.

Other elected positions in Galveston County include a County Clerk, a District Attorney, a District Clerk, a County Clerk, a Sheriff, nine Constables, a Tax Assessor-Collector, a County Treasurer, and every judge in the county except municipal judges, who are appointed by the officials of their respective cities.[2]

Hospital services[]

Galveston County is served by a major medical complex in Galveston and a private for-profit hospital in Texas City.

The University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston is a 1,200 bed, major medical complex comprised of seven hospitals. The main general care hospital is John Sealy Hospital with other on-campus hospitals specializing in women, children, burn victims, geriatrics and psychiatrics. Currently, UTMB is certified as a Level I Trauma Center and serves as the lead trauma facility for the nine-county region in southeast Texas, including the Greater Houston area.[3]

The Mainland Medical Center, 233 bed, private, for-profit, hospital operates in Texas City.[4]


The City of Galveston is served by Island Transit, a public transportation agency.

Scholes International Airport at Galveston (IATA: GLSICAO: KGLS) is a two-runway airport located on Galveston Island that is primarily used for general aviation, offshore energy transportation, and some limited military operations.

The closest airport with regularly scheduled commercial service is Houston's William P. Hobby Airportlocated in adjacent Harris County.

All rail traffic is currently industrial related. Regularly schedule passenger service in Galveston County ceased on April 11, 1967.[5]

External links[]


Flag of Texas Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown
Counties Austin | Brazoria | Chambers | Fort Bend | Galveston | Harris | Liberty | Montgomery | San Jacinto | Waller
Houston | Sugar Land | Baytown | Galveston
Cities and
Alvin | Angleton | Bellaire | Cleveland | Clute | Conroe | Dayton | Deer Park | Dickinson | Freeport | Friendswood | Galena Park | Hitchcock | Hempstead | Humble | Jacinto City | Jersey Village | Katy | Lake Jackson | La Marque | La Porte | League City | Liberty | Meadows Place | Missouri City | Pasadena | Pearland | Richmond | Rosenberg | Santa Fe | Seabrook | Sealy | South Houston | Stafford | Texas City | Tomball | Webster | West University Place
Unincorporated areas Atascocita | Channelview | Cloverleaf | Cypress | Klein | Spring | The Woodlands

Coordinates: 29°23′N 94°52′W / 29.38, -94.86

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Galveston County, Texas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.