|West Point, New York|
Remaining earthworks of Fort Clinton (formerly Fort Arnold), with Kosciuszko's Monument in background
|Owner||United States Army|
|Controlled by||U.S. Army|
|Built by||de La Radiere and Tadeusz Kosciuszko|
Fort Clinton was the main defensive garrison of the Revolutionary War defense network at West Point. Commanded by and named after Benedict Arnold before his betrayal of the Revolutionary Army and defection to the British, it was later renamed after General James Clinton. Construction was begun under Captain Louis de la Radiere, and completed under the command of Tadeusz Kosciuszko between 1778–1780; it was the key defensive fort, overlooking the turn in the Hudson River and the Great Chain. After the war, the remains of Fort Clinton fell into disrepair and were eventually demolished to make way for the expansion of the United States Military Academy, founded at the garrison in 1802. Today, all that remains of the fort are some earthworks and stone base structures, easily seen off of Thayer Road as it rounds the plain and the soccer fields at West Point.
Fort Clinton[edit | edit source]
In 1778, Maj. Gen. Israel Putnam wrote, "The place agreed upon to obstruct the navigation of Hudson river was at West Point." "As the governor's brother, Col. James Clinton, and his brigade would build the main fort, it was to be named after him." The southern and western walls were nine feet high and twenty feet thick. Three redoubts and batteries on the south were named Forts Meigs, Wyllys and Webb.:53,55
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- ^ J. E. Kaufmann (2004). Fortress America. Tomasz Idzikowski (illus.). Da Capo Press. p. 117. ISBN 978-0-306-81294-1. https://books.google.com/books?id=faRVfmpL6ikC&pg=PA117&lpg=PA117&dq=de+la+radiere&source=bl&ots=jQKnJgLRXl&sig=hkDyHuqDtACZECjTKCUxPhqww74&hl=en&ei=QeftSdvdBIueMqbBlOsP&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4.
- ^ "West Point". A Revolutionary Day. http://www.revolutionaryday.com/usroute9w/westpoint/default.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-11.
- ^ Storozynski, A., 2009, The Peasant Prince, New York: St. Martin's Press, ISBN 9780312388027
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