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A federated state (often referred to simply as a state) is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federal union.[1] Such states differ from sovereign states, in that they have transferred a portion of their sovereign powers to a federal government.[2] A federated state holds administrative jurisdiction over a defined geographic territory and is a form of regional government.

In some cases, a federation is created from a union of political entities, which are either independent, or dependent territories of another sovereign entity (most commonly a colonial power). In other cases, states have been created by a previously unitary government in a devolution of powers in order to allow for a federal constitution. Once a federal constitution is formed, the rules governing the relationship between federal and regional powers become part of the country's municipal law and not international law.

In countries with federal constitutions, sovereignty is shared between the federal government and its component states. These states are partially self-governing and are usually afforded a considerable degree of autonomy. In most cases, within its own territory, a federated state's administrative rights and powers cannot be over-ruled or vetoed by the federal government. However, the laws governing the relationship between federal and regional powers can be amended through the federal constitution and state constitutions.

List of constituents by federation[]

The "federated units" in the table below have inherent governmental authority in the federation's constitutional system, while the "other units" are delegated authority by the federal government or are administered directly by it.

Federation Federated units Other units
 Argentina [3] 23 provinces:
 Buenos Aires
 Catamarca
 Chaco
 Chubut
 Córdoba

 Corrientes
 Entre Ríos
 Formosa
 Jujuy
 La Pampa

 La Rioja
 Mendoza
 Misiones
 Neuquén
 Río Negro

 Salta
 San Juan
 San Luis
 Santa Cruz
 Santa Fe

 Santiago del Estero
 Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur
 Tucumán

1 autonomous city:
 Autonomous City of Buenos Aires
 Australia [4] 6 states:
 New South Wales
 Queensland
 South Australia  

 Tasmania
 Victoria
 Western Australia

10 territories:
 Australian Capital Territory
 Northern Territory
 Christmas Island
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands
 Norfolk Island[5]
 Jervis Bay Territory
 Ashmore and Cartier Islands
 Australian Antarctic Territory
 Coral Sea Islands Territory
 Heard Island and McDonald Islands
 Austria [6] 9 states:
 Vienna
 Lower Austria
 Upper Austria  

 Styria
 Tyrol
 Carinthia

 Salzburg
 Vorarlberg
 Burgenland

 Belgium [7] 3 regions:
Flanders Flemish Region
Wallonia Walloon Region
Brussels-Capital Region Brussels-Capital Region
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2 entities: [5]
 Republika Srpska
 Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
1 self-governing district:
Brčko (officially codominium of both constituents)
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is itself a federation with 10 cantons:
Una-Sana • Posavina • Tuzla • Zenica-Doboj • Bosnian Podrinje • Central Bosnia • Herzegovina-Neretva • West Herzegovina • Sarajevo • West Bosnia
 Brazil [8] 26 states:
Acre
Amapá
Amazonas
Pará
Rondônia
Roraima

Tocantins
Alagoas
Bahia
Ceará
Maranhão
Paraíba

Pernambuco
Piauí
Rio Grande do Norte
Sergipe
Goiás

Mato Grosso
Mato Grosso do Sul
Espírito Santo
Minas Gerais
Rio de Janeiro

São Paulo
Paraná
Rio Grande do Sul
Santa Catarina

1 federal district:
Federal District (Brazil) Distrito Federal (Brasília)[Federated states 1]
5,564 municipalities[9]
 Canada [10] 10 provinces:
 Alberta
 British Columbia
 Manitoba
 New Brunswick
 Newfoundland and Labrador  

 Nova Scotia
 Ontario
 Prince Edward Island
 Quebec
 Saskatchewan

3 territories:
 Northwest Territories
 Nunavut
 Yukon
 Comoros 3 islands: [5]
 Anjouan
Grande Comore
Mohéli
 Ethiopia [11] 9 regions:
Afar • Amhara • Benishangul-Gumuz • Gambela • Harari • Oromiya • Somali • Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region • Tigray
2 chartered cities:
Addis Ababa • Dire Dawa
 Germany [12] 16 states:
 Baden-Württemberg
 Bavaria
 Berlin
 Brandenburg

 Bremen
 Hamburg
 Hesse
 Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

 Lower Saxony
 North Rhine-Westphalia
 Rhineland-Palatinate
 Saarland

 Saxony
 Saxony-Anhalt
 Schleswig-Holstein
 Thuringia

 India [13] 28 states:
Andhra Pradesh • Arunachal Pradesh • Assam • Bihar • Chhattisgarh • Goa • Gujarat • Haryana • Himachal Pradesh • Flag of Jammu and Kashmir (1952-2019).svg Jammu and Kashmir • Jharkhand • Karnataka • Kerala • Madhya Pradesh • Maharashtra • Manipur • Meghalaya • Mizoram • Nagaland • Orissa • Punjab • Rajasthan • Sikkim • Tamil Nadu • Tripura • Uttar Pradesh • Uttarakhand • West Bengal
7 union territories:
Andaman and Nicobar Islands • Chandigarh • Dadra and Nagar Haveli • Daman and Diu • Lakshadweep • National Capital Territory • Puducherry
 Indonesia 33 provinces:
Aceh • Flag of Bali.svg Bali • Bangka-Belitung • Banten • Bengkulu • Central Java • Central Kalimantan • Central Sulawesi • East Java • East Kalimantan • East Nusa Tenggara • Gorontalo • Jakarta Special Capital Region • Jambi • Lampung • Maluku • North Maluku • North Sulawesi • North Sumatra • Papua • Riau • Riau Islands • South East Sulawesi • South Kalimantan • South Sulawesi • South Sumatra • West Java • West Kalimantan • West Nusa Tenggara • West Papua • West Sulawesi • West Sumatra • Special Region of Yogyakarta
 Iraq [14] 18 governorates:
Baghdād • Salāh ad-Dīn • Diyālā • Wāsit • Maysān • Al-Basrah • Dhī Qār • Al-Muthannā • Al-Qādisiyyah • Bābil • Karbalā' • An-Najaf • Al-Anbar • Nīnawā • Duhok • Arbīl • Kirkuk (or At-Ta'mim) • As-Sulaymāniyyah
Autonomous region:
 Iraqi Kurdistan [5]
(The region overlaps the area of the governorates)
 Malaysia [15] 13 states:
Template:Country data Johor
Template:Country data Kedah
Template:Country data Kelantan
Template:Country data Malacca
Template:Country data Negeri Sembilan  

Template:Country data Pahang
Template:Country data Penang
Template:Country data Perak
Template:Country data Perlis

Template:Country data Sabah
Template:Country data Sarawak
Template:Country data Selangor
Template:Country data Terengganu

3 federal territories:
Putrajaya
Template:Country data Kuala Lumpur
Template:Country data Labuan
 Mexico [16] 31 states:
 Aguascalientes
 Baja California
 Baja California Sur
 Campeche
 Chiapas
 Chihuahua

 Coahuila
 Colima
 Durango
 Guanajuato
 Guerrero
 Hidalgo

 Jalisco
México State
 Michoacán
 Morelos
 Nayarit
 Nuevo León

 Oaxaca
 Puebla
 Querétaro
 Quintana Roo
 San Luis Potosí
 Sinaloa

 Sonora
 Tabasco
 Tamaulipas
 Tlaxcala
 Veracruz
 Yucatán
 Zacatecas

1 federal district:
Distrito Federal (Ciudad de México)
 Micronesia, Federated States of [17] 4 states:
 Chuuk
 Kosrae
 Pohnpei
 Yap
 Nepal 14 zones:
Bagmati • Bheri • Dhawalagiri • Gandaki • Janakpur • Karnali • Koshi • Lumbini • Mahakali • Mechi • Narayani • Rapti • Sagarmatha • Seti
 Nigeria [18] 36 states:
Anambra • Enugu • Akwa Ibom • Adamawa • Abia • Bauchi • Bayelsa • Benue • Borno • Cross River • Delta • Ebonyi • Edo • Ekiti • Gombe • Imo • Jigawa • Kaduna • Kano • Katsina • Kebbi • Kogi • Kwara • Lagos • Nasarawa • Niger State • Ogun • Ondo • Osun • Oyo • Plateau • Rivers • Sokoto • Taraba • Yobe • Zamfara
1 capital territory:
Abuja
 Pakistan [19] 4 provinces:
Flag of Balochistan, PK.gif Balochistan • Flag of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.svg Khyber Pakhtunkhwa • Punjab • 25px Sindh
2 autonomous areas: [5]
Azad Kashmir Azad Kashmir
 Gilgit-Baltistan
2 territories:
Islamabad Capital Territory • Federally Administered Tribal Areas
 Russian Federation [20][21] 21 republics: [5]
 Adygea
 Altai Republic
 Bashkortostan
 Buryatia
 Chechnya
Template:Country data Chuvashia

Template:Country data Dagestan
Template:Country data Ingushetia
Template:Country data Kabardino-Balkaria
Template:Country data Kalmykia
Template:Country data Karachay-Cherkessia  

Template:Country data Karelia
Template:Country data Khakassia
Template:Country data Komi
Template:Country data Mari El
Template:Country data Mordovia

Template:Country data North Ossetia-Alania
Template:Country data Sakha Republic
Template:Country data Tatarstan
Template:Country data Tuva
Template:Country data Udmurtia

46 oblasts:
Amur
Arkhangelsk
Astrakhan
Belgorod
Bryansk
Chelyabinsk
Irkutsk
Ivanovo
Kaliningrad
Kaluga

Kemerovo
Kirov
Kostroma
Kurgan
Kursk
Leningrad
Lipetsk
Magadan
Moscow Oblast

Murmansk
Nizhny Novgorod
Novgorod
Novosibirsk
Omsk
Orenburg
Oryol
Penza
Pskov

Rostov
Ryazan
Sakhalin
Samara
Saratov
Smolensk
Sverdlovsk
Tambov
Tomsk

Tver
Tula
Tyumen
Ulyanovsk
Vladimir
Volgograd
Vologda
Voronezh
Yaroslavl

9 krais:
Altai
Kamchatka
Khabarovsk

Krasnodar
Krasnoyarsk
Perm

Primorsky
Stavropol
Zabaykalsky

1 autonomous oblast: [5]
Jewish Autonomous Oblast
4 autonomous okrugs: [5]
Chukotka
Khanty-Mansi

Nenets
Yamalo-Nenets

2 federal-level cities:
Moscow
Saint Petersburg
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 2 states:
Saint Kitts[Federated states 2]
Template:Country data Nevis

 Sudan [22] 25 states:
Al Jazirah  • Blue Nile/Central  • Sennar  • White Nile  • North Darfur  • South Darfur  • West Darfur  • Lakes  • Northern Bahr el Ghazal  • Western Bahr el Ghazal  • Warrap  • Central Equatoria  • Eastern Equatoria  • Western Equatoria  • Kassala  • Al Qadarif  • Red Sea  • Khartoum  • North Kurdufan  • South Kurdufan  • Northern  • River Nile  • Jonglei  • Unity  • Upper Nile
Autonomous regions: [5]
 Southern Sudan
Transitional Darfur Regional Authority
(The regions are formed by some of the states)
 Switzerland [23] 26 cantons:
 Zürich
 Bern
Template:Country data Lucerne
Template:Country data Uri
Template:Country data Schwyz
Template:Country data Obwalden

Template:Country data Nidwalden
Template:Country data Glarus
Template:Country data Zug
Template:Country data Fribourg
Template:Country data Solothurn

 Basel-Stadt
 Basel-Landschaft
Template:Country data Schaffhausen
 Appenzell Ausserrhoden
 Appenzell Innerrhoden  

Template:Country data St. Gallen
Template:Country data Graubünden
 Aargau
Template:Country data Thurgau
Template:Country data Ticino

 Vaud
Template:Country data Valais
Template:Country data Neuchâtel
Template:Country data Geneva
Template:Country data Jura

 United Arab Emirates [24] 7 emirates:
 Abu Dhabi
 Ajman

 Dubai
Template:Country data Fujairah

Template:Country data Ras al-Khaimah
Template:Country data Sharjah

Template:Country data Umm al-Quwain

 United States [25] 50 states:
 Alabama
 Alaska
 Arizona
 Arkansas
 California
 Colorado
 Connecticut
 Delaware
 Florida
Georgia

 Hawaii
 Idaho
 Illinois
 Indiana
 Iowa
 Kansas
 Kentucky
 Louisiana
 Maine
 Maryland

 Massachusetts
 Michigan
 Minnesota
 Mississippi
 Missouri
 Montana
 Nebraska
 Nevada
 New Hampshire
 New Jersey

 New Mexico
 New York
 North Carolina
 North Dakota
 Ohio
 Oklahoma
 Oregon
 Pennsylvania
 Rhode Island
 South Carolina

 South Dakota
 Tennessee
 Texas
 Utah
 Vermont
 Virginia
 Washington
 West Virginia
 Wisconsin
 Wyoming

Unincorporated territories:
 American Samoa
 Guam
 Northern Mariana Islands
 Puerto Rico
 U.S. Virgin Islands
Baker Island  • Howland Island  • Jarvis Island  • Johnston Atoll  • Kingman Reef  • Midway Atoll  • Navassa Island  • Wake Island
(The United States also claims Bajo Nuevo Bank and Serranilla Bank).
1 federal district:
District of Columbia (Washington)
1 incorporated territory:
Palmyra Atoll
 Venezuela [26] 23 states:
22x20px Amazonas
Anzoátegui
Apure
Aragua
Barinas
Bolívar

Carabobo
Cojedes
Delta Amacuro
Falcón
22x20px Guárico
Lara

Mérida
Miranda
Monagas
Nueva Esparta
Portuguesa
Sucre

Táchira
Trujillo
Vargas
Yaracuy
Zulia

1 federal district:
Capital District (Caracas)
1 federal dependency:
Venezuelan Federal Dependencies
Notes
  1. ^ The federal city has a level of self-ruling equal to the other main federal units.
  2. ^ Saint Kitts is governed directly by the federal government.

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ The Australian National Dictionary: Fourth Edition, pg 1395. (2004) Canberra. ISBN 978-0-19-551771-2.
  2. ^ Constitution of the United States of America: Tenth Amendment, Reserved Powers
  3. ^ Daniel, Kate; Special Broadcasting Service Corporation (2008). SBS World Guide: The Complete Fact File on Every Country, 16th ed.. Prahran, Victoria, Australia: Hardie Grant Books. p. 827. p26. ISBN 978-1-74066-648-0. http://books.google.com/books?id=wU1LMAAACAAJ&dq=SBS+World+Guide:+The+Complete+Fact+File+On+Every+Country. 
  4. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p38
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Autonomous region. See more atList of autonomous areas by country
  6. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p46
  7. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p74
  8. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p101
  9. ^ The 1988 Brazilian Constitution treats the municipalities as parts of the Federation and not simply dependent subdivisions of the states.Article 18
  10. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p132
  11. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p239
  12. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p275
  13. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p328
  14. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p346
  15. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p460
  16. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p481
  17. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p486
  18. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p537
  19. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p549
  20. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p600
  21. ^ Federal structure of Russia, Article 65 of Russian Constitution.
  22. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p687
  23. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p700
  24. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p760
  25. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p774
  26. ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p798

Template:Autonomous types of first-tier administration


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