A federated state (often referred to simply as a state) is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federal union. Such states differ from sovereign states, in that they have transferred a portion of their sovereign powers to a federal government. A federated state holds administrative jurisdiction over a defined geographic territory and is a form of regional government.
In some cases, a federation is created from a union of political entities, which are either independent, or dependent territories of another sovereign entity (most commonly a colonial power). In other cases, states have been created by a previously unitary government in a devolution of powers in order to allow for a federal constitution. Once a federal constitution is formed, the rules governing the relationship between federal and regional powers become part of the country's municipal law and not international law.
In countries with federal constitutions, sovereignty is shared between the federal government and its component states. These states are partially self-governing and are usually afforded a considerable degree of autonomy. In most cases, within its own territory, a federated state's administrative rights and powers cannot be over-ruled or vetoed by the federal government. However, the laws governing the relationship between federal and regional powers can be amended through the federal constitution and state constitutions.
List of constituents by federation[edit | edit source]
The "federated units" in the table below have inherent governmental authority in the federation's constitutional system, while the "other units" are delegated authority by the federal government or are administered directly by it.
See also[edit | edit source]
- List of sovereign states
- List of autonomous areas by country
- Table of administrative divisions by country
- Associated state
- Supranational union
References[edit | edit source]
- ^ The Australian National Dictionary: Fourth Edition, pg 1395. (2004) Canberra. ISBN 978-0-19-551771-2.
- ^ Constitution of the United States of America: Tenth Amendment, Reserved Powers
- ^ Daniel, Kate; Special Broadcasting Service Corporation (2008). SBS World Guide: The Complete Fact File on Every Country, 16th ed.. Prahran, Victoria, Australia: Hardie Grant Books. p. 827. p26. ISBN 978-1-74066-648-0. http://books.google.com/books?id=wU1LMAAACAAJ&dq=SBS+World+Guide:+The+Complete+Fact+File+On+Every+Country.
- ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p38
- ^ a b c d e f g h i Autonomous region. See more atList of autonomous areas by country
- ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p46
- ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p74
- ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p101
- ^ The 1988 Brazilian Constitution treats the municipalities as parts of the Federation and not simply dependent subdivisions of the states.Article 18
- ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p132
- ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p239
- ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p275
- ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p328
- ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p346
- ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p460
- ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p481
- ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p486
- ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p537
- ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p549
- ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p600
- ^ Federal structure of Russia, Article 65 of Russian Constitution.
- ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p687
- ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p700
- ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p760
- ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p774
- ^ SBS World Guide 2008, p798
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