is the 45th day of the year in the February 14 Gregorian calendar. There are 320 days remaining until the end of the year (321 in leap years).
February 14 is internationally known as
Valentine's Day, named after the Saint Valentinus of Terni, in Italy, executed in 270.
842 - Charles the Bald and Louis the German swear the Oaths of Strasbourg in the French and German languages.
1014 - Pope Benedict VIII recognizes Henry of Bavaria as King of Germany.
1076 - Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV.
1349 - Approximately 2,000 Jews were burned to death by mobs or forcibly removed from the city of Strasbourg.
1556 - Thomas Cranmer is declared a heretic.
1743 - Henry Pelham becomes British Prime Minister.
1778 - The United States Flag was formally recognized by a foreign naval vessel for the first time, when French Admiral Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte rendered a nine gun salute to USS , commanded by Ranger John Paul Jones.
1779 - James Cook was killed by Native Hawaiians near Kealakekua on the Island of Hawaii.
1797 - French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Cape St. Vincent - John Jervis & Horatio Nelson (later 1st Viscount Nelson) led the British Royal Navy to victory over a Spanish fleet in action near Gibraltar.
1803 - Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of U.S. Congress which conflicts with the Constitution is void.
1804 - Karadjordje leads the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire.
1831 - Ras Marye of Yejju marches into Tigray and defeats and kills Dejazmach Sabagadis in the Battle of Debre Abbay.
1835 - The original Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, is formed in Kirtland.
1843 - The event that inspired the song is held.
Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite! 1849 - In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes the first serving President of the United States to have his photograph taken.
1854 - Texas linked by telegraph with the rest of the United States, with the completion of a connection between New Orleans and Marshall.
1859 - Oregon admitted as the 33rd U.S. state.
1876 - Alexander Graham Bell applies for a patent for the telephone, as does Elisha Gray.
1879 - The War of the Pacific breaks out when Chilean armed forces occupy the Bolivian port city of Antofagasta.
1886 - First trainload of oranges left Los Angeles via the transcontinental railroad.
1895 - First performance of Oscar Wilde's last play at the The Importance of Being Earnest St James's Theatre in London.
1899 - Voting machines are approved by the U.S. Congress for use in federal elections.
1900 - Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country.
1900 - Second Boer War: In South Africa, 20,000 British troops invade the Orange Free State.
1903 - The United States Department of Commerce and Labor is established (later split into Dept. of Commerce and Dept. of Labor).
1912 - Arizona admitted as the 48th U.S. state.
1912 - In Groton, the first diesel-powered submarine is commissioned.
1918 - Tarzan of the Apes, the first movie featuring Edgar Rice Burroughs' Tarzan character, is released.
1918 - The Soviet Union adopts the Gregorian calendar ( 1 February according to the Julian calendar).
1919 - The Polish-Soviet War begins.
1920 - The League of Women Voters is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
1924 - The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is founded.
1929 - St. Valentine's Day Massacre: Seven people, six of them gangster rivals of Al Capone's gang, are murdered in Chicago, Illinois.
1942 - Battle of Pasir Panjang contributes to the fall of Singapore.
1943 - World War II: Rostov-on-Don, Russia is liberated.
1943 - World War II: Battle of the Kasserine Pass - German General Erwin Rommel and the Afrika Korps launch an offensive against Allied defenses in Tunisia.
1944 - World War II: Anti- Japanese revolt on Java.
1945 - On the second day of the Bombing of Dresden in World War II the British Royal Air Force and the United States Army Air Forces begin fire-bombing Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony.
1945 - Bombing of Prague - probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
1945 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt meets with King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia aboard the USS , officially starting the Quincy U.S.- Saudi diplomatic relationship.
1945 - Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans.
1946 - The Bank of England is nationalized.
1949 - The Knesset ( Israeli parliament) first convenes.
1949 - The Asbestos Strike begins in Canada. The strike marks the beginning of the Quiet Revolution in Quebec.
1956 - The XX Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union starts in Moscow. On the last night of the meeting, Premier Nikita Khruschev condemns Josef Stalin's crimes in a secret speech.
1961 - Discovery of the chemical elements: Element 103, Lawrencium, is first synthesized at the University of California.
1962 - First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy takes television viewers on a tour of the White House.
1966 - Australian currency is decimalised.
1979 - In Kabul, Muslims kidnap the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs who is later killed during a gunfight between his kidnappers and police.
1980 - Walter Cronkite announces his retirement from the .
CBS Evening News 1981 - Stardust Disaster. A fire in a Dublin nightclub kills 48 people
1983 - United American Bank of Knoxville collapses. Its president, Jake Butcher is later convicted of fraud.
1989 - Union Carbide agrees to pay $470 million to the Indian government for damages it caused in the 1984 Bhopal Disaster.
1989 - Iranian leader Ruhollah Khomeini issues a fatwa encouraging Muslims to kill the author of , The Satanic Verses Salman Rushdie.
1989 - The first of 24 satellites of the Global Positioning System is placed into orbit.
1990 - 92 people are killed aboarad Indian Airlines Flight 605 at Bangalore, India.
1994 - Andrei Chikatilo, a Russian serial killer was executed by shooting.
1996 - China launches a Long March 3 rocket, carrying the Intelsat 708 satellite. The rocket flew off course 3 seconds after liftoff and crashed into a rural village.
1998 - Authorities in the United States announce that Eric Robert Rudolph is a suspect in an Alabama abortion clinic bombing.
2000 - The spacecraft enters orbit around asteroid NEAR Shoemaker 433 Eros, the first spacecraft to orbit an asteroid.
2002 - sinks off the coast of The Tullaghmurray Lass Kilkeel, County Down, Northern Ireland killing three members of the same family on board.
2004 - In a suburb of Moscow, Russia, the roof of the Transvaal water park collapses, killing more than 25 people, and wounding more than 100 others.
2005 - Lebanon's former Prime Minister, Rafik Hariri, is assassinated, prompting the Cedar Revolution (Intifada of Independence).
2005 - Seven people were killed and 151 wounded in a series of bombings by suspected Al-Qaeda-linked militants that hit the Philippines' Makati financial district in Metro Manila, Davao City, and General Santos City.
2005 - YouTube, a popular video-sharing website, is established.
2006 - chip and PIN - UK cardholders had to use their PIN to be sure they could pay with their chip and PIN card. This change was made to better protect cardholders against fraudsters.
2007 - Several JetBlue Airways flights experienced extreme delays due to a snow storm, the longest leaving passengers trapped in their plane on the tarmac for 9 hours, leading to the creation of the JetBlue "Customer Bill Of Rights".
1404 - Leone Battista Alberti, Italian painter and philosopher (d. 1472)
1468 - Johann Werner, German mathematician (d. 1522)
1483 - Babur, Moghul emperor of India (d. 1530)
1602 - Francesco Cavalli, Italian composer (d. 1676)
1680 - John Sidney, English privy councillor (d. 1737)
1692 - Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée, French writer (d. 1754)
1701 - Enrique Florez, Spanish historian (d. 1773)
1763 - Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general (d. 1813)
1766 - Thomas Malthus, English economist (d. 1834)
1788 - Fernando Sor, Spanish composer (d. 1839)
1812 - Alfred Thomas Agate, American artist (d. 1846)
1819 - Joshua A. Norton, American eccentric (d. 1880)
1819 - Christopher Sholes, American inventor (d. 1890)
1824 - Winfield Scott Hancock, American Civil War Union general (d. 1886)
1828 - Edmond François Valentin About, French writer (d. 1885)
1846 - Julian Scott, American artist and Civil War Medal of Honor recipient. (d. 1901)
1847 - Anna Howard Shaw, American suffragette (d. 1919)
1847 - Maria Pia of Italy, queen of Portugal (d. 1911)
1848 - Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (d. 1934)
1856 - Frank Harris, Irish author and editor (d. 1931)
1869 - Charles Wilson, Scottish physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1959)
1871 - Gerda Lundequist, Swedish actress (d. 1959)
1882 - John Barrymore, American actor (d. 1942)
1884 - Hezekiah M. Washburn, missionary (d. 1972)
1884 - Kostas Varnalis, Greek poet (d. 1974)
1884 or 1885 - Joe Jagersberger, Austrian racing driver (d. 1952)
1988 - Eliska Amor, Spanish American actress
1890 - Nina Hamnett, Welsh artist (d. 1956)
1892 - Radola Gajda, Czech military commander (d. 1948)
1894 - Jack Benny, American actor and comedian (d. 1974)
1895 - Max Horkheimer, German philosopher and sociologist (d. 1973)
1898 - Fritz Zwicky, Swiss-American physicist and astronomer (d. 1974)
1903 - Stu Erwin, American actor (d. 1967)
1905 - Thelma Ritter, American actress (d. 1969)
1912 - Tibor Sekelj, Croatian explorer (d. 1988)
1913 - Mel Allen, American sports reporter (d. 1996)
1913 - Woody Hayes, American college football coach (d. 1987)
1913 - Jimmy Hoffa, American labor union leader (disappeared 1975)
1914 - Margarete Mewes, Nazi overseer at concentration camp
1914 - Norman Von Nida, Australian golfer (d. 2007)
1916 - Marcel Bigeard, French general
1916 - Masaki Kobayashi, Japanese director (d. 1996)
1916 - Edward Platt, American actor (d. 1974)
1917 - Herbert A. Hauptman, American mathematician, Nobel Prize Laureate
1921 - Hugh Downs, American television host
1922 - Murray the K, American impresario and disk jockey (d. 1982)
1927 - Lois Maxwell, Canadian actress (d. 2007)
1929 - Vic Morrow, American actor (d. 1982)
1931 - Bernie Geoffrion, Canadian hockey player (d. 2006)
1931 - Brian Kelly, American actor (d. 2005)
1931 - Phyllis McGuire, American singer ( The McGuire Sisters)
1932 - Alexander Kluge, German actor and film director
1933 - Madhubala, Indian actress (d. 1969)
1934 - Michel Corboz, Swiss conductor
1934 - Florence Henderson, American actress
1936 - Fanne Foxe, Argentine dancer and focus of a 1974 scandal involving Congressman Wilbur Mills.
1936 - Andrew Prine, American actor
1941 - Donna Shalala, American educator
1941 - Paul Tsongas, United States Senator from Massachusetts (d. 1997)
1942 - Michael Bloomberg, Mayor of New York City
1942 - Andrew Robinson, American actor
1942 - Ricardo Rodríguez, Mexican racing driver (d. 1962)
1943 - Maceo Parker, American musician ( P-Funk)
1943 - Aaron Russo, American movie producer (d. 2007)
1944 - Carl Bernstein, American journalist
1944 - Alan Parker, British film director and writer
1944 - Ronnie Peterson, Swedish racing driver (d. 1978)
1945 - Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein
1946 - Bernard Dowiyogo, President of Nauru (d. 2003)
1946 - Gregory Hines, American dancer and actor (d. 2003)
1947 - Tim Buckley, American singer-songwriter (d. 1975)
1948 - Pat O'Brien, American sportscaster and television host
1948 - Teller, American magician ( Penn and Teller)
1950 - Roger Fisher, American musician ( Heart)
1951 - Kevin Keegan, English footballer
1951 - JoJo Starbuck, American ice skater
1952 - Nancy Keenan, current NARAL president
1955 - Rip Rogers, American professional wrestler
1957 - Alan Hunter, one of the original MTV VJs
1957 - Soile Isokoski, Finnish soprano
1958 - Enrique Mansilla, Argentine racing driver
1958 - Grant Thomas, Australian rules footballer
1959 - Renée Fleming, American soprano
1960 - Jim Kelly, American football player
1960 - Meg Tilly, Canadian actress
1961 - Phillip Hamilton, American author
1962 - Kevyn Aucoin, American cosmetologist (d. 2002)
1962 - Michael Higgs, English actor
1962 - Philippe Sella, French rugby player
1962 - Sakina Jaffrey, Indian actress
1963 - Enrico Colantoni, Canadian actor
1964 - Gianni Bugno, Italian cyclist
1964 - Zach Galligan, American actor
1966 - Petr Svoboda, National Hockey League player
1967 - Manuela Maleeva, Bulgarian tennis player
1967 - Stelios Haji-Ioannou, British entrepreneur
1968 - Jules Asner, American television personality
1969 - Adriana Behar, Brazilian beach volleyball player
1969 - Harry Colon, American football player
1970 - Giuseppe Guerini, Italian cyclist
1970 - Simon Pegg, British comedian and actor
1971 - Noriko Sakai, Japanese singer
1971 - Tommy Dreamer, American professional wrestler
1972 - Drew Bledsoe, American football player
1972 - Big Daddy V, American professional wrestler
1972 - Hiroshi, Japanese comedian
1972 - Rob Thomas, American musician ( Matchbox Twenty)
1972 - Najwa Nimri, Spanish actress
1973 - Steve McNair, American football player
1974 - Filippa Giordano, Italian singer
1975 - Scott Owen, Australian musician ( The Living End)
1975 - Yul Kwon, American Survivor contestant
1976 - Liv Kristine, Norwegian singer ( Leaves' Eyes)
1977 - Cadel Evans, Australian cyclist
1977 - Elmer Symons, South African motorcycle racer (d. 2007)
1978 - Richard Hamilton, American basketball player
1978 - Dean Gaffney, British actor
1978 - Darius Songaila, basketball player
1979 - Antonio Chatman, American football player
1980 - Fatima Leyva, Mexican footballer
1980 - Michelle Ye, Hong Kong actress
1980 - Josh Senter, American screenwriter
1982 - Marian Gaborik, Slovak hockey player
1983 - Bacary Sagna, French footballer
1983 - Will South, Thirteen Senses frontman
1985 - Karima Adebibe, Moroccan-English actress and model
1985 - Tyler Clippard, American baseball player
1985 - Heart Evangelista, Pinay celebrity
1985 - Hamed Namouchi, Tunisian footballer
1985 - Natsume Sano, Japanese gravure idol
1985 - Philippe Senderos, Swiss footballer
1985 - Miki Yeung, Hong Kong singer and actress
1986 - Michael Ammermüller, German racing driver
1987 - Joseph Pichler, American actor
1987 - Julia Savicheva, Russian singer
1987 - David Wheater, English footballer
1988 - Ángel Di María, Argentine soccer player
1992 - Freddie Highmore, English actor,
270 - St. Valentine marking Valentines Day (some sources say 269, others 273).
869 - Saint Cyril, Greek monk, scholar, theologian and linguist (b. 827)
1317 - Marguerite of France, queen of Edward I of England (b. 1282)
1400 - King Richard II of England (murdered) (b. 1367)
1405 - Timur, Mongol conqueror (b. 1336)
1571 - Odet de Coligny, French cardinal and Protestant (b. 1517)
1676 - Abraham Bosse, French engraver and artist
1714 - Maria Luisa of Savoy, Queen Consort of Spain (b. 1688)
1737 - Charles Talbot, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1685)
1744 - John Hadley, inventor (b. 1682)
1779 - James Cook, British naval captain and explorer (b. 1728)
1780 - William Blackstone, English jurist (b. 1723)
1808 - John Dickinson, American lawyer and Governor of Delaware and Pennsylvania (b. 1732)
1831 - Vicente Guerrero, Mexican revolutionary hero (b. 1782)
1831 - Henry Maudslay, English inventor (b. 1771)
1870 - St. John Richardson Liddell, American Civil War Confederate General (b. 1815)
1881 - Fernando Wood, New York City mayor (b. 1812)
1885 - Jules Vallès, French writer (b. 1832)
1891 - William Tecumseh Sherman, Civil War General (b. 1820)
1894 - Eugène Charles Catalan, Belgian mathematician (b. 1814)
1922 - Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish politician (assassinated) (b. 1880)
1929 - Tom Burke, American runner (b. 1875)
1942 - Adnan Bin Saidi, Officer of the Malay Regiment killed in the defense of Singapore (b. 1915)
1943 - Dora Gerson, German actress, cabaret singer, and Holocaust victim (b. 1899)
1943 - David Hilbert, German mathematician (b. 1862)
1945 - Mordecai Brown, baseball player (b. 1876)
1949 - Yusuf Salman Yusuf, Iraqi-Assyrian communist leader (b. 1901)
1952 - Maurice De Waele, Belgian cyclist (b. 1896)
1958 - Abdul Rab Nishtar, veteran leader of Pakistan Movement, (b. 1899)
1959 - Baby Dodds, American jazz drummer (b. 1898)
1967 - Sig Ruman, German-American actor (b. 1884)
1969 - Vito Genovese, American gangster (b. 1897)
1970 - Herbert Strudwick, English cricketer (b. 1880).
1974 - Stewie Dempster, New Zealand cricketer (b. 1903)
1975 - Julian Huxley, British biologist (b. 1887)
1975 - P. G. Wodehouse, English writer (b. 1881)
1979 - Adolph Dubs, American diplomat (b. 1920)
1980 - Luitkonwar Rudra Baruah, Assamese composer and actor
1983 - Lina Radke, German athlete (b. 1903)
1987 - Dmitri Borisovich Kabalevsky, Russian composer (b. 1904)
1987 - Karolos Koun, Greek theater director (b. 1908)
1988 - Frederick Loewe, Austrian-American composer (b. 1901)
1989 - James Bond, American ornithologist (b. 1900)
1994 - Andrei Chikatilo, Russian serial killer (executed) (b. 1936)
1995 - U Nu, Burmese politician (b. 1907)
1995 - Michael V. Gazzo, American actor (b. 1923)
1999 - John Ehrlichman, American presidential advisor (b. 1925)
1999 - Buddy Knox, American singer and songwriter (b. 1933)
2002 - Nándor Hidegkuti, Hungarian footballer (b. 1922)
2003 - Dolly, first cloned mammal (b. 1996)
2003 - Johnny Longden, English jockey (b. 1907)
2004 - Marco Pantani, Italian cyclist (b. 1970)
2005 - Najai Turpin, American boxer
2005 - Rafik Hariri, Lebanese politician and billionaire businessman (b. 1944)
2006 - Shoshana Damari, Israeli singer and actress (b. 1923)
2006 - Lynden David Hall, British singer (b. 1974)
2006 - Darry Cowl, French musician and actor (b. 1925)
2007 - Gareth Morris, British flautist (b. 1920)
Holidays and observances Edit
Liturgical feasts Edit
External links Edit
97 Familypedia people were born on February 14
102 Familypedia people died on February 14
97 Familypedia people were first married on February 14