|February 11 in recent years
February 11 is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 323 days remaining until the end of the year (324 in leap years).
- 660 BC - Traditional founding date of Japan by Emperor Jimmu.
- 1531 - Henry VIII of England recognized as supreme head of the Church of England.
- 1659 - The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses.
- 1752 - Pennsylvania Hospital, 1st hospital in the United States, opens.
- 1790 - Religious Society of Friends, also known as Quakers, petitions U.S. Congress for abolition of slavery.
- 1794 - First session of United States Senate open to the public.
- 1808 - Anthracite coal first burned as fuel, experimentally.
- 1809 - Robert Fulton patents the steamboat
- 1812 - Massachusetts governor Elbridge Gerry gerrymanders for the first time.
- 1814 - Norway's independence is proclaimed, marking the ultimate end of the Kalmar Union.
- 1826 - University College London is founded under the name University of London.
- 1840 - Gaetano Donizetti's opera La Fille du Régiment receives its first performance in Paris.
- 1843 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera I Lombardi receives its first performance in Milan.
- 1855 - Kassa Hailu is crowned Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, by Abuna Salama III in a ceremony at the church of Derasge Maryam.
- 1858 - The Blessed Virgin Mary reputedly appears to Saint Bernadette Soubirous of Lourdes.
- 1861 - American Civil War: United States House of Representatives unanimously passes a resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state.
- 1873 - King Amadeus I of Spain abdicates.
- 1889 - Meiji constitution of Japan adopted; 1st Diet of Japan convenes in 1890.
- 1895 - The lowest ever UK temperature of -27.2°C was recorded at Braemar in Aberdeenshire. This record was equalled on 10 January, 1982 and again on 30 December, 1995.
- 1902 - Police assault universal suffrage demonstrators in Brussels.
- 1903 - Anton Bruckner's 9th Symphony receives its first performance in Vienna.
- 1905 - Pope Pius X publishes the encyclical Vehementer nos.
- 1916 - Emma Goldman arrested for lecturing on birth control.
- 1919 - Friedrich Ebert (SPD), elected President of Germany.
- 1929 - Italy and the Vatican sign the Lateran Treaty.
- 1937 - A sit-down strike ends when General Motors recognizes the United Auto Workers Union.
- 1938 - BBC Television produces the world's first ever science fiction television program, an adaptation of a section of the Karel Capek play R.U.R. (The play which coined the term "robot").
- 1939 - Lockheed P-38 flies from California to New York in 7 hours 2 minutes.
- 1941 - First Gold record presented to Glenn Miller for "Chattanooga Choo Choo".
- 1942 - The Battle of Bukit Timah was fought in Singapore during World War II.
- 1943 - General Dwight Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe.
- 1948 - John Costello succeeds Éamon de Valera as Taoiseach of Ireland.
- 1953 - President Dwight Eisenhower refuses clemency appeal for Ethel and Julius Rosenberg.
- 1953 - The Soviet Union breaks off diplomatic relations with Israel.
- 1964 - Greeks and Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus.
- 1964 - The Republic of China (Taiwan) breaks off diplomatic relations with France.
- 1968 - Israeli-Jordanian border clashes.
- 1971 - Eighty-seven countries, including the US, UK, and USSR, sign the Seabed Treaty outlawing nuclear weapons in international waters.
- 1973 - Vietnam War: First release of American prisoners of war from Vietnam takes place.
- 1978 - Censorship: the People's Republic of China lifts a ban on works by Aristotle, Shakespeare and Dickens.
- 1979 - Islamic revolution of Iran achieved victory by leadership of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
- 1981 - 100,000 gallons (380 m³) of radioactive coolant leak into the containment building of TVA Sequoyah 1 nuclear plant in Tennessee, contaminating 8 workers.
- 1987 - Philippines constitution goes into effect.
- 1990 - Nelson Mandela, a political prisoner for 27 years, is freed from Victor Verster Prison outside Cape Town, South Africa.
- 1991 - UNPO, the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization, forms in The Hague, Netherlands.
- 1997 - Space Shuttle Discovery was launched on a mission to service the Hubble Space Telescope.
- 2006 - U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney accidentally shoots Harry Whittington in the face while the two are hunting together.
- 2007 - In Portugal, a national referendum dictates non-therapeutic abortion to become legal when requested by the woman during the first 10 weeks of pregnancy.
- 1377 - King Ladislas of Naples (d. 1414)
- 1380 - Gianfrancesco Poggio Bracciolini, Italian humanist (d. 1459)
- 1466 - Elizabeth of York, wife of Henry VII of England (d. 1503)
- 1535 - Pope Gregory XIV (d. 1591)
- 1568 - Honoré d'Urfé, French writer (d. 1625)
- 1649 - William Carstares, Scottish minister (d. 1715)
- 1657 - Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle, French scientist and man of letters (d. 1757)
- 1755 - Albert Christoph Dies, German composer (d. 1822)
- 1764 - Marie-Joseph de Chenier, French poet (d. 1811)
- 1774 - Hans Järta, Swedish political activist (d. 1847)
- 1776 - Ioannis Kapodistrias, Greek diplomat of the Russian Empire and first head of state of independent Greece (d. 1831)
- 1799 - Basil Moreau, French Founder priest (d. 1873)
- 1800 - William Henry Fox Talbot, English photographer (d. 1877)
- 1802 - Lydia Child, American abolitionist (d. 1880)
- 1812 - Alexander Hamilton Stephens, American politician (d. 1883)
- 1813 - Otto Ludwig, German writer and critic (d. 1865)
- 1819 - Samuel Parkman Tuckerman, American composer (d. 1890)
- 1821 - Auguste-Édouard Mariette, French Egyptologist (d. 1881)
- 1830 - Hans Bronsart von Schellendorff, Prussian musician (d. 1913)
- 1833 - Melville Weston Fuller, 8th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1910)
- 1839 - Josiah Willard Gibbs, American physicist (d. 1903)
- 1847 - Thomas Alva Edison, American inventor-lightbulb (d. 1931)
- 1860 - Rachilde, French author (d. 1953)
- 1869 - Helene Kroller-Muller, Dutch museum founder (d. 1939)
- 1869 - Else Lasker-Schüler, German writer (d. 1945)
- 1873 - Feodor Chaliapin, Russian singer (d. 1938)
- 1874 - Fritz Bennicke Hart, English-born composer (d. 1949)
- 1874 - Elsa Beskow, Swedish author (d. 1953)
- 1887 - John van Melle, South African writer (d. 1953)
- 1890 - David Drummond, Australian politician (d. 1965)
- 1891 - J.W. Hearne English cricketer (d. 1965)
- 1894 - Alfonso Leng, Chilean composer (d. 1974)
- 1898 - Leó Szilárd, Hungarian-born physicist (d. 1964)
- 1900 - Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher (d. 2002)
- 1900 - Josei Toda, Japanese educator (d. 1958)
- 1901 - Roddy Connolly, Irish politician, son of James Connolly (d. 1980)
- 1902 - Arne Jacobsen, Danish architect (d. 1971)
- 1903 - Hans Redlich, Austrian composer (d. 1968)
- 1904 - Sir Keith Holyoake, Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1983)
- 1908 - Philip Dunne, American screenwriter, director and producer (d. 1992)
- 1908 - Vivian Ernest Fuchs, English geologist (d. 1999)
- 1909 - Max Baer, American boxer and actor (d. 1959)
- 1909 - Joseph L. Mankiewicz, American director (d. 1993)
- 1912 - Roy Fuller, English writer (d. 1991)
- 1914 - Matt Dennis, American singer (d. 2002)
- 1915 - Patrick Leigh Fermor, English author
- 1917 - Sidney Sheldon, American author (d. 2007)
- 1919 - Eva Gabor, Hungarian-born actress (d. 1995)
- 1919 - Eddie Robinson, American football coach (d. 2007)
- 1920 - King Farouk I of Egypt (d. 1965)
- 1920 - Billy Halop, American actor (d. 1976)
- 1920 - Daniel "Chappie" James Jr., American general (d. 1978)
- 1921 - Lloyd Bentsen, American politician (d. 2006)
- 1921 - Edward Seidensticker, American scholar (d. 2007)
- 1925 - Kim Stanley, American actress (d. 2001)
- 1926 - Paul Bocuse, French chef
- 1926 - Alexander Gibson, British conductor
- 1926 - Leslie Nielsen, Canadian actor
- 1930 - Roy De Forest, American Painter (d. 2007)
- 1931 - Larry Merchant, American sportswriter
- 1932 - Jerome Lowenthal, American pianist
- 1932 - Dennis Skinner, British politician
- 1934 - Mel Carnahan, American politician (d. 2000)
- 1934 - Tina Louise, American actress
- 1934 - Mary Quant, English fashion designer
- 1934 - John Surtees, British race car driver
- 1935 - Bent Lorentzen, Danish composer
- 1935 - Gene Vincent, American musician (d. 1971)
- 1936 - Burt Reynolds, American actor
- 1937 - Bill Lawry, Australian cricketer
- 1937 - Eddie Shack, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1938 - Bevan Congdon, New Zealand cricketer
- 1938 - Simone de Oliveira, Portuguese actress
- 1938 - Manuel Noriega, Panamanian general
- 1938 - Bobby "Boris" Pickett, American singer and songwriter (d. 2007)
- 1939 - Gerry Goffin, American lyricist
- 1939 - Jane Yolen, American author
- 1941 - Sergio Mendes, Brazilian musician
- 1943 - Serge Lama, French singer
- 1946 - Ian Porterfield, English footballer (d. 2007)
- 1947 - Joselito, Spanish singer
- 1947 - Derek Shulman, English musician
- 1953 - Philip Anglim, American actor
- 1953 - Jeb Bush, American politician
- 1954 - Noriyuki Asakura, Japanese composer
- 1956 - H.R., American singer (Bad Brains)
- 1956 - Catherine Hickland, American actress
- 1956 - Didier Lockwood, French violinist
- 1959 - Roberto Moreno, Brazilian racing driver
- 1960 - Nick Currie, Scottish musician (AKA Momus)
- 1961 - Mary Docter, American speed skater
- 1961 - Carey Lowell, American actress
- 1962 - Tammy Baldwin, American politician
- 1962 - Sheryl Crow, American musician
- 1962 - Eric Vanderaerden, Belgian cyclist
- 1963 - José Mari Bakero, Spanish footballer
- 1963 - Diane Franklin, American actress
- 1964 - Ken Shamrock, American martial artist
- 1965 - Vicki Wilson, Australian netballer
- 1967 - Uwe Daßler, German swimmer
- 1967 - Hank Gathers, American basketball player (d. 1990)
- 1969 - Jennifer Aniston, American actress
- 1970 - Fredrik Thordendal, Swedish musician (Meshuggah)
- 1971 - Damian Lewis, British actor
- 1972 - Brian Daubach, American baseball player
- 1972 - Craig Jones, American musician (Slipknot)
- 1972 - Steve Mcmanaman, English footballer
- 1972 - Kelly Slater, American surfer
- 1973 - Ethan Iverson, jazz pianist
- 1973 - Jeon Do-yeon, Korean actress
- 1973 - Varg Vikernes, Norwegian musician (Burzum)
- 1974 - D'Angelo, American singer
- 1974 - Alex Jones, American radio host
- 1974 - Zain Verjee, American newsreporter
- 1975 - Jacque Vaughn, American basketball player
- 1976 - Brice Beckham, American actor
- 1976 - André Wickström, Finland-Swedish comedian and actor
- 1977 - Mike Shinoda, American singer (Linkin Park)
- 1979 - Brandy, American singer and actress
- 1980 - Marco Bresciano, Australian soccer player
- 1980 - Titi Buengo, Angolan footballer
- 1980 - Matthew Lawrence, American actor
- 1980 - Cormac McAnallen, Northern Irish Gaelic footballer (d. 2004)
- 1981 - Kelly Rowland, American singer (Destiny's Child)
- 1981 - Scot Thompson, American soccer player
- 1982 - Neil Robertson, Australian snooker player
- 1983 - Nicki Clyne, Canadian actress
- 1983 - Huang Shengyi, Chinese actress
- 1983 - Rafael Van der Vaart, Dutch footballer
- 1984 - Matthew Good, American musician (From First to Last)
- 1984 - Aubrey O'Day, American singer (Danity Kane)
- 1985 - William Beckett, American singer (The Academy Is...)
- 1985 - Mike Richards, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1990 - Princess Ayah of Jordan
- 1992 - Taylor Lautner, American actor
- 1993 - Blair Dunlop, English actor
- 641 - Heraclius, Emperor of Byzantium
- 731 - Pope Gregory II
- 821 - Saint Benedict of Aniane
- 824 - Pope Paschal I
- 1141 - Hugo of St. Victor, German philosopher and theologian
- 1160 - Minamoto no Yoshitomo, Japanese general (b. 1123)
- 1503 - Elizabeth of York, queen consort of Henry VII of England (b. 1466)
- 1626 - Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician (b. 1552)
- 1650 - René Descartes, French philosopher (b. 1596)
- 1685 - David Teniers III, Flemish painter (b. 1638)
- 1713 - Jahandar Shah, Mughal emperor of India (b. 1664)
- 1755 - Francesco Scipione, Italian archaeologist (b. 1675)
- 1762 - Johann Tobias Krebs, German composer (b. 1690)
- 1763 - William Shenstone, English poet (b. 1714)
- 1797 - Antoine Dauvergne, French composer (b. 1713)
- 1829 - Alexandr Griboyedov, Russian playwright (b. 1795)
- 1862 - Elizabeth Siddal, British poet and artist (b. 1829)
- 1868 - Léon Foucault, French astronomer (b. 1819)
- 1879 - Honoré Daumier, French caricaturist and painter (b. 1808)
- 1917 - Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician (b. 1872)
- 1923 - Wilhelm Killing, German mathematician (b. 1847)
- 1931 - Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (b. 1854)
- 1939 - Franz Schmidt, Austrian composer (b. 1874)
- 1940 - John Buchan, Governor-General of Canada (b. 1875)
- 1945 - Al Dubin, Swiss songwriter (b. 1891)
- 1948 - Sergei Eisenstein, Latvian film director (b. 1898)
- 1959 - Marshall Teague, American race car driver (b. 1922)
- 1963 - Sylvia Plath, American writer (b. 1932)
- 1968 - Howard Lindsay, American playwright (b. 1888)
- 1972 - Jan Wils, Dutch architect (b. 1891)
- 1973 - Hans D Jensen, German physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1907)
- 1975 - Richard Ratsimandrava, Malagasy soldier and statesman, assassinated (b. 1931)
- 1976 - Lee J Cobb, American actor (b. 1911)
- 1976 - Alexander Lippisch, German scientist (b. 1894)
- 1976 - Frank Arnau, German writer (b. 1894)
- 1977 - Louis Beel, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1902)
- 1978 - James B Conant, American chemist and university president (b. 1893)
- 1978 - Harry Martinson, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1904)
- 1982 - Eleanor Powell, American actress and dancer (b. 1912)
- 1982 - Takashi Shimura, Japanese actor (b. 1905)
- 1985 - Ben Abruzzo, American businessman and balloonist (b. 1930)
- 1985 - Henry Hathaway, American actor and director (b. 1898)
- 1985 - Heinz Eric Roemheld, American composer (b. 1901)
- 1986 - Frank Herbert, American author (b. 1920)
- 1986 - Evelio Javier, Filipino politician, lawyer, and civil servant (b. 1942)
- 1987 - Sadequain, famous Pakistani painter and artist. (b. 1930)
- 1989 - George O'Hanlon, American actor and director (b. 1912)
- 1991 - Robert W. Holley, American biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1922)
- 1994 - Neil Bonnett, American race car driver (b. 1946)
- 1994 - Sorrell Booke, American actor (b. 1930)
- 1994 - William Conrad, American actor (b. 1920)
- 1996 - Kebby Musokotwane, Prime Minister of Zambia (b. 1946)
- 1996 - Cyril Poole, English cricketer (b. 1921)
- 1996 - Amelia Rosselli, Italian poet (b. 1930)
- 1997 - Barry Evans, English actor (b. 1943)
- 1997 - Don Porter, American actor (b. 1912)
- 2000 - Roger Vadim, French director (b. 1928)
- 2000 - Jacqueline Auriol, French aviatrix (b. 1917)
- 2002 - Frank Crosetti, baseball player (b. 1910)
- 2002 - Barry Foster, British actor (b. 1931)
- 2004 - Shirley Strickland, Australian athlete (b. 1925)
- 2005 - Jack L. Chalker, American author (b. 1944)
- 2006 - Jockey Shabalala, South African singer (b. 1943)
- 2006 - Peter Benchley, American author (b. 1940)
- 2006 - Jackie Pallo, wrestler (b. 1926)
- 2007 - Marianne Fredriksson, a Swedish author (b. 1927)
Holidays and observances
123 Familypedia people were born on February 11
135 Familypedia people died on February 11
72 Familypedia people were first married on February 11