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Fairfield County, Ohio
Fairfield County oh seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Fairfield County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of USA OH
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded December 9 1800[1]
Named for the Fairfield area of Lancaster, UK
Seat Lancaster
Largest city Lancaster
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

509 sq mi (1,317 km²)
505 sq mi (1,308 km²)
3 sq mi (9 km²), 0.69%
 - (2000)
 - Density

243/sq mi (94/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Fairfield County is a county located in the state of Ohio, United States. As of 2000, the population was 122,759. Its county seat is Lancaster.6 Its name is a reference to the Fairfield area of the original Lancaster.[2]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,317 km² (509 sq mi). 1,308 km² (505 sq mi) of it is land and 9 km² (3 sq mi) of it (0.69%) is water.

Fairfield County sits just on the edge of Ohio's Appalachian region. While the once-glaciated northern portion of the county is fairly flat, as one travels south along U.S. 33 one can easily recognize the foothills of a mountainous region beginning around the village of Carroll. Although not officially part of the state or federal definition of Appalachia, certain areas of Fairfield County—particularly south of U.S. 22—bear a distinctly Appalachian feel in both physical geography and demographics.

The scenic Hocking Hills region lies immediately to the south, mostly in neighboring Hocking County.

Adjacent counties Edit


As of the census² of 2000, there were 122,759 people, 45,425 households, and 34,159 families residing in the county. The population density was 94/km² (243/sq mi). There were 47,922 housing units at an average density of 37/km² (95/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 95.15% White, 2.67% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. 0.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 45,425 households out of which 36.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.70% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.80% were non-families. 20.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,962, and the median income for a family was $55,539. Males had a median income of $39,566 versus $27,353 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,671. About 4.50% of families and 5.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.40% of those under age 18 and 6.20% of those age 65 or over.


Map of Fairfield County Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

Map of Fairfield County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

Main article: Ohio county government.

Localities Edit

Municipalities Edit

Townships Edit

Census-designated place Edit

Other place Edit


  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Fairfield County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ {{cite web|url = = Fairfield County data |accessdate = 2007-04-28 |publisher = Ohio State University

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 39°45′N 82°38′W / 39.75, -82.63

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Fairfield County, Ohio. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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