Main Births etc
Eure-et-Loir
—  Department  —
Hôtel de Ligneris (1795), Prefecture building of the Eure-et-Loir department, in Chartres

Flag

Coat of arms
Location of Eure-et-Loir in France
Country France
Region Centre-Val de Loire
Prefecture Chartres
Subprefectures Châteaudun
Dreux
Nogent-le-Rotrou
Government
 • President of the General Council Claude Térouinard (UMP)
Area1
 • Total 5,880 km2 (2,270 sq mi)
Population (2016)
 • Total 433,929
 • Rank 55th
 • Density 74/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 28
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 15
Communes 365
^1  French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Eure-et-Loir (French pronunciation: [œʁ‿e lwaʁ], locally: [øʁ‿e lwaʁ]) is a French department, named after the Eure and Loir rivers.

History[edit | edit source]

Eure-et-Loir is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790 pursuant to the Act of December 22, 1789. It was created mainly from parts of the former provinces of Orléanais (Beauce) and Maine (Perche), but also parts of Île-de-France (Drouais, Thimerais, Valley of the Avre, Hurepoix).

The current department corresponds to the central part of the land of the Carnutes who had their capital at Autricum (Chartres). The Carnutes are known for their commitment, real or imagined, to the ancient Druidic religion. A holy place in the "Forest of the Carnutes" used to host the annual Druidic assembly. In the north of the department another pre-Roman people, the little-known Durocasses, had their capital at Dreux.

Geography[edit | edit source]

Eure-et-Loir comprises the main part of the region of Beauce, politically it belongs to the current region of Centre-Val de Loire and is surrounded by the departments of Loir-et-Cher, Loiret, Essonne, Yvelines, Eure, Orne, and Sarthe.

Demographics[edit | edit source]

The inhabitants of the department are called Euréliens.

Economy[edit | edit source]

The Eure-et-Loir is a department of agricultural tradition (Beauce), but also at the forefront in three economic sectors :

Agriculture[edit | edit source]

The department is a major economic player in the production of grain and oilseed in France.[1] Its agricultural economy is still heavily dependent on the economic and regulatory environment of the markets for crops. The Eure-et-Loir region is the first grain producer of France. It is also the national leader in the production of rapeseed and peas. Wheat production is by far the most dominant in the area. Nearly 40% of all farmland is devoted to the cultivation of wheat, which has generated an average of 29% of the commercial agricultural production of the department over the last 5 years.

The "Pôle AgroDynamic also promotes agriculture in the department", a grouping of subsidiaries providing added values in different sectors: agro-energy, agribusiness, agricultural materials, Agrohealth.

Industries[edit | edit source]

  • The Cosmetic Valley cluster, around Chartres, which is the most important centre of the French beauty and well-being (perfumes/cosmetics) industry, with big names such as Guerlain, Paco Rabanne, Lolita Lempicka, Jean-Charles de Castelbajac and Jean-Paul Gaultier. The Cosmetic Valley represents 2.5 billion euros of turnover, includes 200 companies, collaborates with the Universities of Orleans and Paris and employs more than 30,000 employees.
  • The pharmaceutical industry, around Dreux and the Polepharma cluster. Created in 2002 under the leadership of CODEL[2] Polepharma is a cluster of French pharmaceutical production which includes companies like Ipsen, Novo Nordisk, Laboratoires Expanscience, LEO Pharma, Ethypharm Famar, Norgine, Nypro, Synerlab / Sophartex and Seratec. The cluster represents 50% of drug production in France and 30,000 jobs. The Pharma cluster is also one of the creators of the inter-regional alliance "Pharma Valley" that has partner networks: Polepharma, CBS and Grepic. This alliance represents 60% of the production sites located in France and 2.5 billion euros of turnover.
  • the agri-food industry, promoted by Agrodynamic (rural center of excellence), with two major companies in the sector: Ebly at Chateaudun and an Andros at Auneau.
  • woodcraft and furniture industry around the association Perchebois.
  • the rubber and plastics industry, through the cluster Elastopole.
  • the elevator manufacturer Octé has its head office in Châteauneuf-en-Thymerais [3]

Energy[edit | edit source]

The department also has the lead in renewable energy. Already ranked second nationally in terms of power generation through its wind farms located in particular in the Beauce region of Eure-et-Loir in 2012 will be the largest producer of electricity with photovoltaic French original creation on the airbase NATO disused Crucey-Villages near Brezolles in the region's natural Thymerais, the largest photovoltaic park in France. Given in February 2011 by the General Council to the operator, EDF Energies Nouvelles, the park will cover 245 ha of the military base and produce the equivalent output of 160 wind turbines.

Politics[edit | edit source]

The President of the Departmental council is Claude Térouinard of The Republicans.

Party seats
style="background-color: Template:Miscellaneous right/meta/color" | The Republicans, Union of Democrats and Independents, Miscellaneous right 17
style="background-color: Template:The Republicans (France)/meta/color" | The Republicans 11
Miscellaneous Left 2

Current National Assembly Representatives[edit | edit source]

Constituency Member[4] Party
style="background-color: Template:En Marche!/meta/color" | Eure-et-Loir's 1st constituency Guillaume Kasbarian La République En Marche!
style="background-color: Template:The Republicans (France)/meta/color" | Eure-et-Loir's 2nd constituency Olivier Marleix The Republicans
style="background-color: Template:The Republicans (France)/meta/color" | Eure-et-Loir's 3rd constituency Laure de La Raudière The Republicans
style="background-color: Template:Union of Democrats and Independents/meta/color" | Eure-et-Loir's 4th constituency Philippe Vigier Union of Democrats and Independents

Tourism[edit | edit source]

Notable people[edit | edit source]

Middle Ages[edit | edit source]

Renaissance[edit | edit source]

19th and 20th century[edit | edit source]

Media[edit | edit source]

The media in Eure-et-Loir include the following:

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ^ Agricultural chamber of Eure-et-Loir
  2. ^ Codel: Eure-et-Loir economic development board
  3. ^ http://shop.octe.eu/en/index.aspx?p_lang=1
  4. ^ http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/

External links[edit | edit source]

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