Familypedia
Advertisement
This article is based on the corresponding article in another wiki. For Familypedia purposes, it requires significantly more historical detail on phases of this location's development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there. Also desirable are links to organizations that may be repositories of genealogical information..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can.


Essex County, Massachusetts
Essex County Superior Courthouse, Salem MA.jpg
Former Essex County Courthouse in Salem
Seal of Essex County, Massachusetts
Seal
Map of Massachusetts highlighting Essex County
Location in the state of Massachusetts
Map of the U.S. highlighting Massachusetts
Massachusetts's location in the U.S.
Founded 1643
Named for Essex
Seat Salem and Lawrence
Largest city Lynn
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

828 sq mi (2,145 km²)
493 sq mi (1,277 km²)
336 sq mi (870 km²), 41%
PopulationEst.
 - (2019)
 - Density

789,034
1,509/sq mi (583/km²)
Congressional districts 3rd, 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Essex County is a county in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Massachusetts. At the 2010 census, the total population was 743,159,[1][2] making it the third-most populous county in the state, and eightieth-most populous in the country. It is part of the Greater Boston area (the BostonCambridgeNewton, MA–NH Metropolitan Statistical Area). The largest city in Essex County is Lynn. The county was named after the English county of Essex.

It has two traditional county seats: Salem and Lawrence. Prior to the dissolution of the county government in 1999, Salem had jurisdiction over the Southern Essex District, and Lawrence had jurisdiction over the Northern Essex District, but currently these cities do not function as seats of government. However, the county and the districts remain as administrative regions recognized by various governmental agencies, which gathered vital statistics or disposed of judicial case loads under these geographic subdivisions, and are required to keep the records based on them. The county has been designated the Essex National Heritage Area by the National Park Service.

History[]

Printed in 1812, this political cartoon illustrates the electoral districts drawn by the Massachusetts legislature to favor the incumbent Democratic-Republican party candidates of Governor Elbridge Gerry over the Federalists, from which the term gerrymander is derived. The cartoon depicts the bizarre shape of a district in Essex County as a "Gerry-Mander, A new species of Monster, (...) that (...) belongs to the Salamander tribe (...)".

The county was created by the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony on May 10, 1643, when it was ordered "that the whole plantation within this jurisdiction be divided into four sheires". Named after the county in England, Essex then comprised the towns of Salem, Lynn, Wenham, Ipswich, Rowley, Newbury, Gloucester, and Andover.[3] In 1680, Haverhill, Amesbury and Salisbury, located north of the Merrimack River, were annexed to Essex County. These communities had been part of Massachusetts' colonial-era Norfolk County. The remaining four towns within colonial Norfolk County, which included Exeter and what is now Portsmouth, were transferred to what became Rockingham County in the Province of New Hampshire. The Massachusetts-based settlements were then subdivided over the centuries to produce Essex County's modern composition of cities and towns.

Essex County is where Elbridge Gerry (who was born and raised in Marblehead) created a legislative district in 1812 that gave rise to the word gerrymandering.

Due to a confluence of floods, hurricanes, and severe winter storms, Essex County has had more disaster declarations than most other U.S. counties, from 1964 to 2016.[4][5]

Law and government[]

From the founding of the Republican Party until the New Deal, Essex County was a Republican stronghold in presidential elections. Since 1936, it has trended Democratic, with Dwight Eisenhower in 1952 and 1956 and Ronald Reagan in 1980 and 1984 being the only Republicans to carry the county since.

United States presidential election results for Essex County, Massachusetts[6]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 144,837 34.39% 267,198 63.44% 9,175 2.18%
2016 136,316 35.37% 222,310 57.69% 26,744 6.94%
2012 150,480 41.07% 210,302 57.40% 5,575 1.52%
2008 137,129 38.80% 208,976 59.12% 7,357 2.08%
2004 135,114 40.55% 194,068 58.24% 4,051 1.22%
2000 110,010 35.45% 178,400 57.49% 21,923 7.06%
1996 89,120 30.58% 171,021 58.68% 31,301 10.74%
1992 102,212 31.71% 140,593 43.62% 79,523 24.67%
1988 148,614 48.65% 151,816 49.69% 5,070 1.66%
1984 162,152 54.84% 132,353 44.77% 1,151 0.39%
1980 130,252 43.78% 116,173 39.05% 51,108 17.18%
1976 125,538 41.65% 165,710 54.97% 10,196 3.38%
1972 130,040 44.98% 157,324 54.42% 1,720 0.59%
1968 99,721 35.40% 171,901 61.03% 10,063 3.57%
1964 71,653 25.32% 210,135 74.27% 1,157 0.41%
1960 126,599 42.90% 167,875 56.89% 607 0.21%
1956 166,115 60.09% 109,671 39.67% 667 0.24%
1952 156,030 55.64% 123,334 43.98% 1,045 0.37%
1948 108,894 44.20% 132,016 53.58% 5,461 2.22%
1944 111,958 48.52% 118,228 51.24% 570 0.25%
1940 116,134 47.65% 125,998 51.69% 1,603 0.66%
1936 97,310 43.64% 106,078 47.57% 19,611 8.79%
1932 95,277 49.36% 91,787 47.55% 5,954 3.08%
1928 102,008 52.91% 89,508 46.42% 1,294 0.67%
1924 92,918 66.58% 25,635 18.37% 20,997 15.05%
1920 95,057 71.87% 30,560 23.11% 6,647 5.03%
1916 35,909 50.51% 32,498 45.71% 2,688 3.78%
1912 21,441 32.17% 20,691 31.05% 24,507 36.78%
1908 36,351 59.23% 18,801 30.63% 6,221 10.14%
1904 36,980 62.26% 18,562 31.25% 3,850 6.48%
1900 32,924 57.82% 19,781 34.74% 4,242 7.45%
1896 37,041 68.64% 15,025 27.84% 1,898 3.52%
1892 29,088 54.49% 21,975 41.16% 2,320 4.35%
1888 27,560 56.70% 19,812 40.76% 1,234 2.54%
1884 20,304 47.70% 15,148 35.58% 7,118 16.72%
1880 22,544 55.31% 16,307 40.01% 1,909 4.68%
1876 21,689 59.02% 14,895 40.53% 165 0.45%



Like several other Massachusetts counties, Essex County exists today only as a historical geographic region, and has no county government. All former county functions were assumed by state agencies in 1999. The sheriff (currently Kevin Coppinger) and some other regional officials with specific duties are still elected locally to perform duties within the county region, but there is no county council, commissioner, or county employees. Communities are now granted the right to form their own regional compacts for sharing services.

Geography[]

Essex County is roughly diamond-shaped and occupies the northeastern corner of the state of Massachusetts.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 828 square miles (2,140 km2), of which 493 square miles (1,280 km2) is land and 336 square miles (870 km2) (41%) is water.[7] Essex County is adjacent to Rockingham County, New Hampshire to the north, the Atlantic Ocean (specifically the Gulf of Maine and Massachusetts Bay) to the east, Suffolk County to the south, Middlesex County to the west and a very small portion of Hillsborough County, New Hampshire to the far north west in Methuen. All county land is incorporated into towns or cities.

Essex County includes the North Shore, Cape Ann, and the lower portions of the Merrimack Valley.

Transportation[]

These routes pass through Essex County:

  • I-93, in Methuen and Andover
  • I-95, about five miles from the coast, through Newburyport
  • I-495, from Andover to Salisbury through Lawrence and Haverhill
  • US 1, between I-95 and Route 1A, close to the coast
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], along the coast
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], in Beverly and Essex
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], in Methuen and Andover
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], in Peabody and Danvers
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], from Middleton to Beverly
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], from Methuen to Beverly
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], in Saugus
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], from Saugus to Beverly
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], in Haverhill
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], from Methuen to Salisbury through Lawrence and Haverhill
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], from Methuen to Newburyport through Haverhill
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], from Lawrence to Marblehead through Middleton
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], from Andover to Haverhill
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], from Beverly to Gloucester
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], at the tip of Cape Ann
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], Lynnfield through Cape Ann
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], from Lynnfield to Marblehead
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], in Lynn
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], from Andover to Gloucester
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], in Amesbury
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], in Methuen
  • [[Template:Infobox road/MA/link MA|Template:Infobox road/MA/abbrev MA]], in Salisbury

The Lawrence Municipal Airport and Beverly Municipal Airport are regional airports within the county; the nearest commercial airports are Logan Airport in Boston and Manchester-Boston Regional Airport in Manchester, NH.

The MBTA commuter rail has two lines operating in Essex County: the Haverhill Line and the Newburyport Line, both of which go toward Boston. Close to Boston, MBTA buses also exist. The MVRTA is a bus company that connects cities within the Merrimack Valley portion of Essex County.

National protected areas[]

Because of Essex County's rich history, which includes 17th century colonial history, maritime history spanning its existence, and leadership in the expansions of the textile industry in the 19th century, the entire county has been designated the Essex National Heritage Area by the National Park Service.

The following areas of national significance have also been preserved:

  • Parker River National Wildlife Refuge
  • Salem Maritime National Historic Site
  • Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site
  • Thacher Island National Wildlife Refuge

Template:Massachusetts rivers

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 57,879
1800 61,196 5.7%
1810 71,888 17.5%
1820 74,655 3.8%
1830 82,859 11.0%
1840 94,987 14.6%
1850 131,300 38.2%
1860 165,611 26.1%
1870 200,843 21.3%
1880 244,535 21.8%
1890 299,995 22.7%
1900 357,030 19.0%
1910 436,477 22.3%
1920 482,156 10.5%
1930 498,040 3.3%
1940 496,313 −0.3%
1950 522,384 5.3%
1960 568,831 8.9%
1970 637,887 12.1%
1980 633,632 −0.7%
1990 670,080 5.8%
2000 723,419 8.0%
2010 743,159 2.7%
Est. 2019 789,034 [8] 9.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2019[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 743,159 people, 285,956 households, and 188,005 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 1,508.8 inhabitants per square mile (582.6 /km2). There were 306,754 housing units at an average density of 622.8 per square mile (240.5 /km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 81.9% White, 3.8% Black or African American, 3.1% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 8.2% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 16.5% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 23.3% were Irish, 17.1% were Italian, 12.6% were English, 6.1% were German, and 3.6% were American.[15]

Of the 285,956 households, 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.3% were non-families, and 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.14. The median age was 40.4 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $64,153 and the median income for a family was $81,173. Males had a median income of $58,258 versus $44,265 for females. The per capita income for the county was $33,828. About 7.7% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.3% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Demographic breakdown by town[]

Income[]

The ranking of unincorporated communities that are included on the list are reflective if the census designated locations and villages were included as cities or towns. Data is from the 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.[17][18][19]

Rank Town Per capita
income
Median
household
income
Median
family
income
Population Number of
households
1 Manchester-by-the-Sea Town $69,930 $114,639 $131,136 5,137 2,047
2 Boxford Town $67,601 $137,159 $145,691 7,950 2,665
Boxford CDP $65,327 $112,656 $121,000 2,406 763
3 Marblehead Town $55,778 $99,574 $122,679 19,811 7,898
4 Wenham Town $55,054 $139,856 $159,688 4,831 1,311
Topsfield CDP $53,247 $116,667 $125,156 2,788 976
5 West Newbury Town $52,882 $104,931 $123,237 4,222 1,497
6 Andover Town $52,404 $113,936 $142,413 32,945 11,929
7 Nahant Town $51,308 $77,243 $134,875 3,420 1,531
8 Topsfield Town $50,689 $116,122 $122,794 6,075 2,039
9 Swampscott Town $48,013 $90,148 $108,004 13,826 5,577
10 North Andover Town $47,092 $95,199 $121,563 28,156 10,223
11 Newburyport City $46,327 $80,861 $117,305 18,202 10,534
12 Lynnfield Town $44,969 $101,921 $115,726 11,548 4,069
13 Newbury Town $44,349 $89,107 $120,870 6,647 2,516
Essex CDP $43,589 $77,188 $121,343 1,581 669
14 Rockport Town $43,201 $71,447 $98,587 7,021 3,020
15 Georgetown Town $42,683 $106,765 $125,417 8,083 2,790
16 Ipswich Town $42,494 $84,609 $100,000 13,127 5,473
Andover CDP $41,811 $72,440 $105,000 8,799 3,640
17 Amesbury City $41,142 $79,293 $94,946 16,267 6,543
18 Essex Town $40,213 $79,492 $115,048 3,470 1,383
Rowley CDP $39,483 $69,243 $75,481 1,370 615
19 Danvers Town $39,067 $78,593 $98,723 26,303 10,282
20 Rowley Town $38,592 $79,449 $103,197 5,815 2,254
21 Hamilton Town $38,157 $103,774 $113,000 7,809 2,532
22 Groveland Town $37,173 $91,080 $100,972 6,401 2,372
23 Beverly City $36,889 $67,733 $90,672 39,455 15,278
Salisbury CDP $36,812 $65,205 $77,119 4,735 2,117
Ipswich CDP $36,687 $70,970 $86,397 3,951 1,831
24 Merrimac Town $36,643 $76,936 $90,812 6,297 2,442
25 Middleton Town $36,194 $93,415 $100,288 8,839 2,621
Rockport CDP $36,099 $56,250 $97,241 4,952 2,137
26 Gloucester City $35,080 $59,061 $76,610 28,869 12,310
Massachusetts State $35,051 $65,981 $83,371 6,512,227 2,522,409
Essex County County $34,858 $65,785 $83,047 739,505 284,940
27 Salisbury Town $34,755 $68,194 $82,353 8,212 3,399
28 Saugus Town $34,076 $75,258 $93,125 26,516 9,917
29 Peabody City $32,442 $65,471 $80,859 50,824 20,890
30 Salem City $30,961 $56,203 $64,769 41,163 17,690
31 Haverhill City $30,574 $60,611 $76,754 60,544 24,334
32 Methuen City $29,778 $65,799 $81,190 46,785 17,508
United States Country $27,915 $52,762 $64,293 306,603,772 114,761,359
33 Lynn City $22,190 $44,367 $51,384 90,006 34,018
34 Lawrence City $17,068 $31,478 $35,606 75,761 27,004

Politics[]

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 17, 2018[20]
Party Number of voters Percentage
Democratic 162,360 30.48%
Republican 58,151 10.92%
Unenrolled 305,206 57.29%
Minor parties 1,807 0.34%
Total 532,750 100%

Education[]

Essex County is home to numerous libraries and schools, both public and private.

Libraries[]

  • Merrimack Valley Library Consortium - Northern Essex and Middlesex County Libraries[21]
  • North of Boston Library Exchange - Southern Essex and Middlesex County Libraries[22]

Secondary education[]

Public schools[]

Template:Divcol

  • Amesbury High School serves Amesbury and South Hampton, New Hampshire
  • Andover High School
  • Beverly High School
  • Danvers High School[23]
  • Georgetown High School
  • Gloucester High School
  • Hamilton-Wenham Regional High School
  • Haverhill High School
  • Ipswich High School
  • Lawrence High School[24]
  • Lynn Classical High School
  • Lynn English High School
  • Lynnfield High School[25]
  • Manchester Essex Regional High School
  • Marblehead High School
  • Masconomet Regional High School, serves Topsfield, Boxford and Middleton
  • Methuen High School
  • Newburyport High School
  • North Andover High School
  • Northshore Academy
  • Peabody Veterans Memorial High School
  • Pentucket Regional High School, serves Groveland, Merrimac and West Newbury
  • Rockport High School
  • Salem High School
  • Saugus High School
  • Swampscott High School,[26] serves Swampscott and Nahant
  • Triton Regional High School, serves Newbury, Rowley and Salisbury
  • Walnut Square Elementary School, in Haverhill is known for its history and clocktower.

Technical schools[]

  • Essex Agricultural and Technical High School
  • Greater Lawrence Technical School
  • Lynn Vocational and Technical Institute
  • North Shore Technical High School
  • Whittier Regional Vocational Technical High School

Private schools[]

  • Academy at Penguin Hall
  • Bishop Fenwick High School
  • Bradford Christian Academy
  • Brooks School
  • Central Catholic High School
  • The Clark School (Rowley, Massachusetts)
  • The Governor's Academy
  • Phillips Academy
  • Pingree School
  • Presentation of Mary Academy
  • St. John's Preparatory School
  • St. Mary's High School
  • The Waring School

Higher education[]

  • Endicott College
  • Gordon College
  • Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary
  • Marian Court College - Now closed
  • Massachusetts School of Law
  • Merrimack College
  • Montserrat College of Art
  • North Shore Community College
  • Northern Essex Community College
  • Northpoint Bible College
  • Salem State University

Economy[]

Employment[]

As of 2015, the county had total employment of 282,412.[7] The largest employer in the county is Massachusetts General Hospital, with over 5,000 employees.[27]

Banking[]

Based on deposits in the county, the five largest banks are TD Bank, N.A., Salem Five Cents Bank, Institution for Savings, Bank of America, and Eastern Bank.[28]

Essex National Heritage Area[]

On November 12, 1996, Essex National Heritage Area (ENHA) was authorized by Congress. The heritage area consists of all of Essex County, MA a 500-square-mile (1,300 km2) area between the Atlantic Coast and the Merrimack Valley. The area includes 34 cities and towns; two National Historic Sites (Salem Maritime National Historic Site and Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site); and thousands of historic sites and districts that illuminate colonial settlement, the development of the shoe and textile industries, and the growth and decline of the maritime industries, including fishing, privateering, and the China trade.[29] The Essex National Heritage Area[30] is one of 49 heritage areas designated by Congress, affiliated with the National Park Service.

The Essex National Heritage Commission is a non-profit organization chartered to promote tourism and cultural awareness of the area, connecting people to the places of Essex County, MA. The Commission's mission is to promote and preserve the historic, cultural and natural resources of the ENHA by rallying community support around saving the character of the area. This is accomplished through the commission's projects and programs, which include Partnership Grant Program, Explorers membership program, photo safaris, and the annual September weekend event Trails & Sails,[31] as well as other important regional partnership building projects like the Essex Heritage Scenic Byway, and the Border to Boston trail.

Communities[]

The towns and cities of Essex County are listed below.

Cities[]

Towns[]

Census-designated places[]

  • Andover
  • Boxford
  • Essex
  • Ipswich
  • Rockport
  • Rowley
  • Salisbury
  • Topsfield

Other villages[]

  • Annisquam
  • Ballardvale
  • Beverly Farms
  • Bradford
  • Byfield
  • Clifton
  • Magnolia
  • Merrimacport
  • Rocks Village
  • Plum Island

See also[]

  • Essex Junto
  • Tinker's Island
  • Lovecraft Country
  • Registry of Deeds (Massachusetts)
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Essex County, Massachusetts

Notes[]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/25/25009.html. 
  2. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Essex County, Massachusetts" (in en). https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/essexcountymassachusetts. 
  3. ^ Davis, William T. Bench and Bar of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, p. 44. The Boston History Company, 1895.
  4. ^ "Frequency of Disaster Declarations". https://www.newamerica.org/in-depth/weather-eye/frequency-disaster-declarations/. 
  5. ^ "Essex County, Massachusetts". https://www.newamerica.org/in-depth/weather-eye-stories-front/essex-county-massachusetts/. 
  6. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 
  7. ^ a b "United States Census Bureau QuickFacts: Essex County, Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/essexcountymassachusetts/AGE765210. 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/tables/2010-2019/counties/totals/. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ma190090.txt. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US25009. 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US25009. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US25009. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US25009. 
  17. ^ "SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_11_5YR_DP03&prodType=table. 
  18. ^ "ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_11_5YR_DP05&prodType=table. 
  19. ^ "Households and Families 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_11_5YR_S1101&prodType=table. 
  20. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 17, 2018". Massachusetts Elections Division. http://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/elepdf/enrollment_count_20181017.pdf. 
  21. ^ Merrimack Valley Library Consortium - Northern Essex and Middlesex County Libraries
  22. ^ North of Boston Library Exchange - Southern Essex and Middlesex County Libraries
  23. ^ "Danvers High School". http://www.danvers.mec.edu/dhs.cfm. 
  24. ^ Lawrence High School
  25. ^ Lynnfield High School
  26. ^ Swampscott High School
  27. ^ "Largest 200 Employers in Essex County". Massachusetts Executive Office of Labor and Workforce Development. http://lmi2.detma.org/lmi/Top_employer_list.asp?gstfips=25&areatype=04&gCountyCode=000009. 
  28. ^ "Deposit Market Share Report". Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. https://www5.fdic.gov/sod/sodMarketRpt.asp?barItem=2. 
  29. ^ The National Parks: Index 2001-2003, Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, p. 104.
  30. ^ Essex National Heritage Area
  31. ^ Trails & Sails

References[]

Further reading[]

External links[]

Commons-logo.png
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Registries[]

Maps[]

Other sites[]

Template:Massachusetts Public High Schools

Advertisement