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Comune di Esperia

Esperia is located in Italy
Location of Esperia in Italy
Coordinates: 41°23′N 13°41′E / 41.383, 13.683
Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province Frosinone (FR)
Frazioni Badia di Esperia, Monticelli, Roccaguglielma (Esperia Superiore), San Pietro in Curolis (Esperia Inferiore)
 • Mayor Giuseppe Moretti
 • Total 108.7 km2 (42.0 sq mi)
Elevation 370 m (1,210 ft)
Population (1 March 2010)[1]
 • Total 3,988
 • Density 37/km2 (95/sq mi)
Demonym Esperiani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 03045
Dialing code 0776
Patron saint San Clino Abate

Esperia is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Frosinone in the Italian region Lazio, located about 110 km (68 mi) southeast of Rome and about 40 km southeast of Frosinone. It is located within the Monti Aurunci Natural Park.

History[edit | edit source]

According to some theories, the foundation of the town would be linked to the destruction of the Roman colony of Interamna Lirenas, although the first historically documented human presence date to the foundation of several monasteries, with the annexed boroughs, by the Abbey of Montecassino (10th century).

The name "Esperia" was chosen in 1867 when the current frazioni of Roccaguglielma and San Pietro merged into a single municipality, with the former as the municipal seat.

During World War II Esperia was one of the towns suffering heavily from "Marocchinate" - the mass rape committed after the Battle of Monte Cassino by Goumiers, Moroccan colonial troops of the French Expeditionary Corps. Esperia's mayor at the time reported that in his town, 700 women out of 2,500 inhabitants were raped and that some had died as a result.

Main sights[edit | edit source]

The church of Santa Maria Maggiore houses a painting by Taddeo Zuccari and a 1521 bas-relief. The Baroque church of the Madonna di Loreto has a 16th century wooden Madonna and several paintings by Luca Giordano.

Other churches include San Donato, Santa Maria di Montevetro (with 15th century frescoes) and the 16th century Sanctuary of Madonna delle Grazie, located near the remains of the castle. Of the ancient monastery of San Pietro in Foresta only a tower remains today.

Dinosaur footprints were discovered in 2006 in the locality of San Martino.

References[edit | edit source]

Template:Province of Frosinone

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