Sir Erasmus Dryden, 1st Baronet Dryden of Canons-Ashby was born 20 December 1553 in Canons Ashby, Northamptonshire, England, United Kingdom to John Dryden (c1526-c1584) and Elizabeth Cope (c1529-1584) and died 22 May 1632 Warwick, Warwickshire, England, United Kingdom of unspecified causes. He married Frances Wilkes (1557-1630) 1575 JL in Canons Ashby, Northamptonshire, England, United Kingdom. Charlemagne (747-814)/s, Henry II of England (1133-1189)/s, Hugh Capet (c940-996)/s, William I of England (1027-1087)/s.


Sir Erasmus Dryden, 1st Baronet (1553–1632) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1624.

Erasmus Dryden was the son of John Dryden who built Canons Ashby House, Northamptonshire. Erasmus' mother, Elizabeth Cope, was the daughter of Sir John Cope, from whose heirs the Drydens purchased the priory and village remnants of the Canons Ashby estate. Sir Erasmus Dryden was the grandfather of the poet John Dryden (1631-1700) (through his third son, Erasmus) and he was also the uncle of Elizabeth (Dryden) Swift, who was the grandmother of Jonathan Swift. Dryden's sister-in-law, Katherine (Throckmorton) Dryden, was a first cousin of Lady Elizabeth (Throckmorton) Raleigh.

He entered Magdalen College, Oxford, in 1571 aged 18. and was demy from 1571 to 1575 and fellow from 1575 to 1580, being awarded BA on 11 June 1577. In 1577, he was student of the Middle Temple. He was High Sheriff of Northamptonshire in 1599 and in 1618. He was created a baronet on 16 November 1619. In 1624, Dryden was elected Member of Parliament for Banbury in the Happy Parliament.

Sir Erasmus Dryden married Frances Wilkes, daughter of William Wilkes of Hodnell, Warwickshire. They had 3 sons and 4 daughters. His eldest son John succeeded to the Baronetcy. He was an uncle of female Puritan preacher Anne Hutchinson.

Dryden Baronets of Canons-Ashby (1619)

The Dryden Baronetcy, of Canons-Ashby in the County of Northampton, (this baronetcy group was the first of three created under this name) was created in the Baronetage of England on 16 November 1619 for Erasmus Dryden, subsequently Member of Parliament for Banbury. The second Baronet represented Northamptonshire in the House of Commons. The title became extinct on the death of the seventh Baronet in 1770. However, the title was revived in 1795 (see below).

The poet John Dryden (1631-1700) was the grandson of the first Baronet.

Dryden baronets, of Canons-Ashby (1619)

  1. Sir Erasmus Dryden, 1st Baronet (1553–1632)
  2. Sir John Dryden, 2nd Baronet (c. 1580–c. 1658)
  3. Sir Robert Dryden, 3rd Baronet (c. 1638–1708)
  4. Sir John Dryden, 4th Baronet (c. 1635–1710)
  5. Sir Erasmus Henry Dryden, 5th Baronet (1669–1710)
  6. Sir Erasmus Dryden, 6th Baronet (1636–1718)
  7. Sir John Dryden, 7th Baronet (c. 1704–1770)


Offspring of Erasmus Dryden and Frances Wilkes (1557-1630)
Name Birth Death Joined with
John Dryden, 2nd Baronet Dryden of Canons-Ashby (c1580-1658)
Erasmus Dryden (1588-1654) 1588 Canons Ashby, Northamptonshire, England, United Kingdom 1654 Titchmarsh, Northamptonshire, England, United Kingdom Mary Pickering (c1592-1676)
William Dryden (1592-1660)
Elizabeth Dryden (c1597-aft1658)
Mary Dryden (c1590-)
Susanna Dryden (c1596-)
Dorothy Dryden (c1605-)




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