Main Births etc
Effingham
City
none Former Effingham County Courthouse
Former Effingham County Courthouse
Motto: "Crossroads of Opportunity"
Country United States
State Illinois
County Effingham
Municipality City
Elevation 590 ft (180 m)
Coordinates 39°7′15″N 88°32′45″W / 39.12083, -88.54583
Area 9.92 sq mi (26 km²)
 - land 9.86 sq mi (26 km²)
 - water 0.06 sq mi (0 km²)
Population 12,328 (2010)
Density 1,428.9 / sq mi (552 / km²)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 62401
Area code 217
FIPS code 17-22736
GNIS ID 2394628
Location of Effingham within Illinois
Location of Effingham within Illinois
Locator Red.svg
Location of Effingham within Illinois


Wikimedia Commons: Effingham, Illinois

Effingham is a city in and the county seat of Effingham County, Illinois, United States. The population was 12,328 at the 2010 census.

The city bills itself as "The Crossroads of Opportunity" because of its location at the intersection of two major Interstate highways: I-57 running from Chicago to Miner, Missouri, and I-70 running from Utah to Maryland. It also is the path of U.S. Route 45, which runs from Michigan to Alabama. Illinois Route 33 and Illinois Route 32 also run through the city. Thus, Effingham has a broad range of restaurants, lodging, and shopping facilities. Effingham is also located on U.S. Highway 40, the historic National Road, which stretches from Cumberland, Maryland to Vandalia, Illinois.

Geography[edit | edit source]

Effingham is located at 39°7′15″N 88°32′45″W / 39.12083, -88.54583 (39.120903, −88.545909).[1]

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 9.92 square miles (25.7 km2), of which 9.86 square miles (25.5 km2) (or 99.40%) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) (or 0.60%) is water.[2]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[3] there were 12,384 people, 5,330 households, and 3,187 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,428.9 people per square mile (551.5/km²). There were 5,660 housing units at an average density of 653.0 per square mile (252.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.79% White, 0.36% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.38% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.04% of the population.

There were 5,330 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.2% were non-families. 36.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,761, and the median income for a family was $45,902. Males had a median income of $31,442 versus $21,543 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,132. About 6.5% of families and 9.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.9% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit | edit source]

Effingham was first settled in 1814, and was known from then until 1859 as Broughton.[4]

Some argue that Effingham is named after Thomas Howard, 3rd Earl of Effingham, who resigned his commission as general in the British army in 1775, refusing to serve in the war against the Colonies. This contention is unsubstantiated. The name is Anglo-Saxon for "Effa's house".

On April 5, 1949, St. Anthony's hospital caught fire and burned to the ground, killing 60–65 people. As a result, fire codes nationwide were improved. Due to extensive media coverage, including a "Life Magazine" cover story,[5] donations for rebuilding the hospital came from all 48 states and several foreign countries.

Rail transportation[edit | edit source]

Effingham is also historically important as a rail junction. The old Pennsylvania Railroad and the former Illinois Central Railroad crossed in downtown Effingham. Even today, Amtrak's City of New Orleans passes through daily.

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Effingham under the daily City of New Orleans route to New Orleans and Chicago, Saluki, and Illini routes to Chicago and Carbondale. Until October 1, 1979, the station also served Amtrak's former National Limited line between Kansas City and New York City.

Education[edit | edit source]

Effingham High School (EHS) is the public high school.[6] The new EHS opened in the fall of 1998. The former EHS building, built in 1939 as a WPA project (film made as of the construction) and expanded in 1965, is currently the junior high, serving grades 6–8. The old junior high, Central School, is now a grade school serving grades 3–5. EHS athletics were originally known as the "Warriors" but the name was changed after Ada Kepley, a legendary city resident, referred to Effingham as the "Heart of America" in a campaign to attract visitors to the city. The name eventually stuck, with references in the city government and the downtown movie theater named "The Heart Theater." EHS athletics are now known as the "Flaming Hearts" though generally referred to as simply the "Hearts."

Effingham is also home to St. Anthony High School, a private Roman Catholic High School. SAHS athletics are known as the "Bulldogs".

Monument[edit | edit source]

Cross at Interstate 57 and 70

A 198-foot (60 m) steel cross erected by The Cross Foundation is located in Effingham. The Cross is made out of over 180 tonnes of steel and cost over $1 million.[7] The Cross Foundation claims that the cross is the tallest in the United States standing at 198 feet, even though The Great Cross (260-foot (79 m)) in St. Augustine, Florida is believed to be the tallest freestanding cross in the world.[8]

Notable people[edit | edit source]

In popular culture[edit | edit source]

Radio comedians Bob and Tom produced a segment on their national radio show, poking fun at the "Effing" portion of the name Effingham. Created as a fake advertisement for Illinois, the announcer talks about getting "Effing steaks, Effing great burgers, going Effing crazy," etc. Effingham has been brought up on several portions of this show discussing the large cross located just off I-57 in city. Bob Kevoian, co-host, described Effingham as the "Gateway" to his in-laws.

Ben Folds's album Way to Normal includes a track that was inspired while driving by Effingham, although the song refers to the city as "Effington"; it similarly refers to "effing in their yards/effing in their cars/effing in the trailers in the back roads and the parking lots of Effington."[9]

Jason Koo's book, Man on Extremely Small Island, has as its first poem "Swearing by Effingham," and includes many plays on the name of the city.[10]

References[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Effingham, Illinois. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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