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Biography

Edward III Plantagenet, King of England, was born 13 November 1312 in Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England, United Kingdom to Edward II of England (1284-1327) and Isabella Capet (c1295-1358) and died 21 June 1377 Sheen Palace, Surrey, England, United Kingdom of stroke. He married Philippa of Hainaut (1311-1369) 1 January 1328 JL in York Minster, North Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom. Alfred the Great (849-899)/s, Charlemagne (747-814)/s, Henry II of England (1133-1189)/s, Hugh Capet (c940-996)/s, William I of England (1027-1087)/s, Rollo of Normandy (860-932)/s.


Edward III Plantagenet became King of England, etc., upon his father's abdication in January 1327. In 1337 he also claimed the title of King of France, although he was never able to make good on the claim. He reigned until his death.

Edward III is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous reign of his father, Edward II of England (1284-1327). Edward III transformed the Kingdom of England into one of the most formidable military powers in Europe; his reign also saw vital developments in legislation and government—in particular the evolution of the English parliament—as well as the ravages of the Black Death. He is one of only five British monarchs to have ruled England or its successor kingdoms for more than fifty years.

Edward was crowned at age fourteen after his father was deposed by his mother and her consort Roger Mortimer. At age seventeen he led a successful coup against Mortimer, the de facto ruler of the country, and began his personal reign. After a successful campaign in Scotland he declared himself rightful heir to the French throne in 1337, starting what would become known as the Hundred Years' War.

He ordered his uncle to be beheaded; he usurped his father's throne; he started a war which lasted for more than a hundred years, and taxed his people more than any other previous king. Yet for centuries Edward III was celebrated as the most brilliant king England had ever had, and three hundred years after his death it was said that his kingship was perhaps the greatest that the world had ever known.



Children



Offspring of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainaut (1311-1369)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales (1330-1376) 15 June 1330 Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom 8 June 1376 Palace of Westminster, England, United Kingdom Joan of Kent (1328-1385)
Isabella de Coucy (1332-1382) 16 June 1332 Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom April 1379 England, United Kingdom Enguerrand VII de Coucy (1339-1397)
Joan of England (1335-1348) 19 December 1333 Tower of London, London, England, United Kingdom 1 July 1348 Loremo, Bordeaux, France
William of Hatfield (1337-1337) 16 February 1337 Hatfield, South Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom 3 March 1337
Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence (1338-1368) 29 November 1338 Antwerp, Belgium 7 October 1368 Alba, Piedmont, Italy Elizabeth de Burgh, 4th Countess of Ulster (1332-1363)
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (1340-1399) 6 March 1340 Ghent, East Flanders, Flanders, Belgium 3 February 1399 Leicester Castle, Leicestershire, England, United Kingdom Blanche of Lancaster (1345-1369) Constance of Castile (1354-1394) Catherine De Roet (1350-1403) Blanche of Lancaster (1345-1369) Constance of Castile (1354-1394) Catherine De Roet (1350-1403) Marie de Saint-Hilaire (c1340-aft1399)
Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York (1341-1402) 5 June 1341 Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom 1 August 1402 Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom Isabel of Castile (1355-1392) Isabel of Castile (1355-1392) Joan Holland (1380-1434)
Blanche of England (1342-1342)
Mary of England (1344-1362) 10 October 1344 Waltham, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom December 1362 England, United Kingdom Jean IV de Bretagne (1339-1399)
Margaret of England (1346-1361) 20 July 1346 Windsor, Berkshire, England, United Kingdom 1361 England, United Kingdom John Hastings, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (1347-1375)
William of Windsor (1348-1348)
Thomas of Woodstock (1355-1397) 7 January 1355 Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom 9 September 1397 Calais, Brittany, France Eleanor de Bohun (c1366-1399)














Footnotes (including sources)

‡ General
  • wikipedia:en:Edward III of England
  • Plantagenet Family Line
  • The Plantagenet Ancestry - Being Tables of over 7000 ancestors of Princess Elizabeth by Lt Col Turton, - Google Books
  • The Perfect King - The Life of Edward III, Father of the English Nation - by Ian Mortimer, Publ 2010 by Random House



John Kenney, MainTour


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