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East Garo Hills district
East Garo
—  District of Meghalaya  —
Location of East Garo Hills district in Meghalaya
Country India
State Meghalaya
Headquarters Williamnagar
 • Assembly seats 7
 • Total 2,603 km2 (1,005 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 247,555
 • Density 95/km2 (250/sq mi)
 • Literacy 53%
 • Sex ratio
Website Official website

East Garo Hills is an administrative district in the state of Meghalaya in India.

History[edit | edit source]

The East Garo Hills district was formed in 1976, after the erstwhile Garo Hills district of Meghalaya was re-organised with a view to bring the administration closer to the people.

The district headquarter-complex of the district, christened as Williamnagar after the name of Captain Williamson A. Sangma the founder Chief Minister of the State of Meghalaya. Williamnagar is located on the vast plainlands along the bank of the Simsang River, at Simsanggre. These plainlands are in a sense historical, as it was here that the Garos made their last major resistance to the British intrusion into Garo Hills during the year 1837. The legendary Garo leader Pa Togan Nengminja Sangma was felled by the British, in skirmish, at Chisobibra, quite close to Wiliamnagar, on 12 December 1837.

Geography[edit | edit source]

The district headquarters are located at Williamnagar. The district occupies an area of 2603 km².

Divisions[edit | edit source]

Lok Sabha[edit | edit source]

The district falls under the Tura Parliamentary Constituency which Purno Agitok Sangma has been representing at the Lok Sabha (the House of the People), the Lower House of the Indian Parliament since 1975. Purno Agitok Sangma has been a former Union Minister and has the distinction of being the only unanimously elected Speaker of the Lok Sabha (during the 11th Lok Sabha).

Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]

East Garo Hills division is divided into five blocks:[1]

Template:East Garo Hills district image map

Name Headquarters Population Location
Dambo Rongjeng Rongjeng
East Garo Hills Subdivisions Dambo Rongjeng.png
Kharkutta Kharkutta
East Garo Hills Subdivisions Kharkutta.png
Resubelpara Resubelpara
East Garo Hills Subdivisions Resubelpara.png
Samanda Samanda
East Garo Hills Subdivisions Samanda.png
Songsak Songsak
East Garo Hills Subdivisions Songsak.png

Demographics[edit | edit source]

According to the 2011 census East Garo Hills district has a population of 317,618 ,[2] roughly equal to the nation of The Bahamas.[3] This gives it a ranking of 569th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 122 inhabitants per square kilometre (320 /sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 26.75 %.[2] East Garo Hills has a sex ratio of 968 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 75.51 %.[2]

Languages[edit | edit source]

East Garo's languages include A'Tong, a Tibeto-Burman language spoken by 10 000 people in Bangladesh and India.[4]

Flora and fauna[edit | edit source]

In 1986 East Garo Hills district, along with its sister districts South and West Garo Hills, became home to Nokrek National Park. The park has an area of 47 km2 (18.1 sq mi).[5]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ^ The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India (2011) (in English) (PDF). Meghalaya Administrative Divisions (Map). Retrieved 2011-09-29. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Bahamas, The 313,312" 
  4. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed (2009). "A'Tong: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  5. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Meghalaya". Retrieved September 25, 2011. 

External links[edit | edit source]


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