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Upper Dibang Valley district
—  District of Arunachal Pradesh  —
Location of Upper Dibang Valley district in Arunachal Pradesh
Country India
State Arunachal Pradesh
Headquarters Anini
Population (2011)
 • Total 7,948[1]
 • Literacy 64.8%[1]
 • Sex ratio 808[1]

The Dibang Valley is a district of Arunachal Pradesh[2] named after the Dibang River[3] or the Talon as the Idus call it. Although the Dibang Valley district is the largest district in the state, it is the least populated district in India.[4][5]

History[edit | edit source]

In June 1980, Dibang Valley district was created out of part of Lohit district.[6] On December 16, 2011, Dibang Valley district was bifurcated into Upper Dibang Valley district and Lower Dibang Valley district.[6]

Geography[edit | edit source]

The river originates in the mountains of China and flows through the length of the valley which is named after it. The capital of this district: Anini, is the northernmost district capital in Northeast India. In fact this district contains the northernmost point of Northeast India.

Divisions[edit | edit source]

There is only one Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly constituency in this district: Anini. It is part of Arunachal East Lok Sabha constituency.[7]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

According to the 2011 census Dibang Valley district has a population of 7,948 ,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Nauru.[8] This gives it a ranking of 640th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 1 inhabitants per square kilometre (2.6 /sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 9.3 %.[1] Dibang Valley has a sex ratio of 808 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 64.8 %.[1]

The major population of this district consist of the Adis (padams) and the idus.

The Idus have a story narrating the first journeys undertaken in course of migration. The story conveys names and location of the Cheethu-Huluni or the twelve rivers that the Idu people came over in the region and settled around. The first accounts of the Idus or the Mishmis as the Ahoms called them are found in the narrations given by the neighbouring Ahoms. The Mishmis inhabited the deep jungles of what is now the Dibang valley.

Languages[edit | edit source]

Languages spoken include Adi, a Sino-Tibetan tongue with approximately 140 000 speakers, written in both the Tibetan and Latin scripts.[9]

Flora and fauna[edit | edit source]

The district is rich in wildlife. Rare mammals such as Mishmi takin, Red goral and Gongshan muntjac occurs while among birds there is the rare Sclater's Monal.[10] A flying squirrel, new to science has been recently discovered from this district. It has been named as Mishmi Hills Giant Flying Squirrel Petaurista mishmiensis.[11]

In 1991 Upper Dibang Valley district became home to the Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 4,149 km2 (1,601.9 sq mi).[12]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Census 2011".  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "districtcensus" defined multiple times with different content
  2. ^ National Portal of India : Know India : Districts of India
  3. ^ History : Lower Dibang Valley
  4. ^ Mission Anini
  5. ^ "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  6. ^ a b Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  7. ^ "Assembly Constituencies allocation w.r.t District and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Arunachal Pradesh website. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Nauru 9,322 July 2011 est." 
  9. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed (2009). "Adi: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  10. ^ Choudhury, Anwaruddin(2008) Survey of mammals and birds in Dihang-Dibang biosphere reserve, Arunachal Pradesh. Final report to Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India. The Rhino Foundation for nature in NE India, Guwahati, India. 70pp.
  11. ^ Choudhury,Anwaruddin (2009).One more new flying squirrel of the genus Petaurista Link, 1795 from Arunachal Pradesh in north-east India. The Newsletter and Journal of the RhinoFoundation for nat. in NE India 8: 26-34, plates.
  12. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Arunachal Pradesh". Retrieved September 25, 2011. 

External links[edit | edit source]

Coordinates: 28°42′N 95°42′E / 28.7, 95.7

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