is the 344th day of the year (345th in December 9 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 21 days remaining until the end of the year.
536 - Byzantine General Belisarius enters in Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city, returning the old capital to its empire.
1425 - The Catholic University of Leuven is founded.
1531 - First apparition of the Virgin Mary ( Our Lady of Guadalupe) to Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin on Tepeyac Hill
1793 - New York City's first daily newspaper, the American Minerva, is established by Noah Webster.
1824 - Patriot forces led by General Antonio José de Sucre defeat a Royalist army in the Battle of Ayacucho, putting an end to the Peruvian War of Independence.
1835 - The Republic of Texas captures San Antonio.
1851 - The first YMCA in North America is established in Montreal.
1856 - The Iranian city of Bushehr surrenders to occupying British forces.
1861 - American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.
1872 - In Louisiana, P. B. S. Pinchback becomes the first serving African-American governor of a U.S. state.
1875 - Massachusetts Rifle Association "America's Oldest Active Gun Club" is founded.
1888 - Statistician Herman Hollerith installs his computing device at the United States War Department.
1892 - The football clubs Newcastle East End and Newcastle West End merge to form Newcastle United F.C.
1897 - Activist Marguerite Durand founds the feminist daily newspaper, in La Fronde Paris.
1905 - In France, the law separating church and state is passed.
1917 - In Palestine, Allenby captures Jerusalem.
1922 - Gabriel Narutowicz is announced the first president of Poland.
1931 - The Constituent Cortes approves the constitution which establishes the Second Spanish Republic.
1937 - Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanjing - Japanese troops under the command of Lt. Gen. Asaka Yasuhiko launch an assault on the Chinese city of Nanjing.
1940 - World War II: Operation Compass - British and Indian troops under the command of Major-General Richard O'Connor attack Italian forces near Sidi Barrani in Egypt.
1941 - World War II: The Republic of China, Cuba, Guatemala, the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, and the Philippine Commonwealth, declare war on Germany and Japan.
1941 - World War II: The 19th Bombardment Group attack Japanese ships off the coast of Vigan, Luzon.
1946 - The " Trials of War Criminals before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals" began with the " Doctors' Trial", prosecuting doctors alleged to be involved in human experimentation.
1950 - Harry Gold is sentenced to thirty years in jail for helping Klaus Fuchs pass information about the Manhattan Project to the Soviet Union. His testimony is later instrumental in the prosecution of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.
1953 - Red Scare: General Electric announces that all communist employees will be discharged from the company
1958 - Red Scare: The John Birch Society founded in the United States.
1961 - The trial of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Israel ends with him being found guilty of 15 criminal charges, including charges of crimes against humanity, crimes against the Jewish people and membership of an outlawed organization.
1961 - Tanganyika becomes independent from Britain.
1447 - Chenghua, Emperor of China (d. 1487)
1508 - Gemma Frisius, Dutch mathematician and cartographer (d. 1555)
1561 - Sir Edwin Sandys, British-born Virginian colonist (d. 1629)
1571 - Metius (Adriaan Adriaanszoon), Dutch mathematician and astronomer (d. 1635)
1579 - Martin de Porres, Peruvian saint (d. 1639)
1594 - Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden (d. 1632)
1608 - John Milton, English poet (d. 1674)
1610 - Baldassare Ferri, Italian castrato (d. 1680)
1652 - Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, German physician (d. 1723)
1667 - William Whiston, English mathematician (d. 1752)
1748 - Claude Louis Berthollet, French chemist (d. 1822)
1751 - Maria Luisa of Parma, queen of Charles IV of Spain (d. 1819)
1787 - John Dobson, British architect
1806 - Jean-Olivier Chénier, French Canadian physician and Patriote (d. 1838)
1837 - Émile Waldteufel, French composer (d. 1915)
1842 - Peter Kropotkin, Russian anarchist (d. 1921)
1847 - George Grossmith, English actor (d. 1912)
1850 - Emma Abbott, American soprano (d. 1891)
1868 - Fritz Haber, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1934)
1871 - Joe Kelley, American baseball player (d. 1943)
1876 - Berton Churchill, American actor (d. 1940)
1882 - Joaquín Turina, Spanish composer (d. 1949)
1883 - Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician (d. 1950)
1886 - Clarence Birdseye, American frozen food manufacturer (d. 1956)
1889 - Hannes Kolehmainen, Finnish Olympic gold medalist (d. 1966)
1891 - Maksim Bahdanovič, Belarusian poet (d. 1917)
1895 - Conchita Supervía, Spanish opera singer (d. 1936)
1897 - Hermione Gingold, British actress (d. 1987)
1898 - Emmett Kelly, American circus clown (d. 1979)
1899 - Jean de Brunhoff, French author (d. 1937)
1900 - Albert Weisbord, American labor organizer (d. 1977)
1901 - Carol Dempster, American actress (d. 1991)
1901 - Ödön von Horváth, Hungarian-born writer (d. 1938)
1901 - Jean Mermoz, French pilot (d. 1936)
1902 - Margaret Hamilton, American actress (d. 1985)
1905 - Dalton Trumbo, American writer (d. 1976)
1906 - Grace Murray Hopper, American computer pioneer (d. 1992)
1909 - Douglas Fairbanks, American actor (d. 2000)
1911 - Broderick Crawford, American actor (d. 1986)
1911 - Ryūzō Sejima, Japanese educator (d. 2007)
1912 - Tip O'Neill, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1994)
1914 - Frances Reid, American actress
1915 - Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, German-born soprano (d. 2006)
1916 - Kirk Douglas, American actor
1917 - James Rainwater, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
1918 - Jerome Beatty Jr., American author
1919 - William Lipscomb, Nobel Prize laureate
1920 - Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, President of the Italian Republic
1922 - Redd Foxx, American comedian (d. 1991)
1925 - Dina Merrill, American actress
1926 - Henry Way Kendall, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
1926 - Jan Křesadlo, Czech writer (d. 1995)
1927 - Pierre Henry, French composer
1928 - Dick Van Patten, American actor
1928 - André Milhoux, Belgian racing driver
1929 - John Cassavetes, American actor and director (d. 1989)
1929 - Bob Hawke, 23rd Prime Minister of Australia
1930 - Buck Henry, American actor
1931 - Ladislav Smoljak, Czech actor
1931 - William Reynolds, American actor
1933 - Morton Downey Jr., American talk show host (d. 2001)
1934 - Dame Judi Dench, British actress
1934 - Junior Wells, American musician (d. 1998)
1937 - Darwin Joston, American actor (d. 1998)
1938 - Deacon Jones, American football player
1938 - David Houston, American country music singer (d. 1993)
1941 - Beau Bridges, American actor
1941 - Dan Hicks, American musician
1942 - Billy Bremner, Scottish footballer (d. 1997)
1942 - Dick Butkus, American football player
1943 - Pit Martin, National Hockey League player
1944 - Ki Longfellow, American novelist
1944 - Neil Innes, British singer Bonzo Dog Doo Dah Band
1944 - Bob O'Connor, American politician
1945 - Matti Mäntylä, Finnish actor
1946 - Sonia Gandhi, Italian-born Indian politician
1947 - Tom Daschle, American politician
1947 - Jaak Jõerüüt, Soviet-born Estonian politician
1948 - Dennis Dunaway, American musician
1949 - Tom Kite, American golfer
1950 - Joan Armatrading, West Indian-born British singer
1952 - Michael Dorn, American actor
1952 - Liaqat Baloch, Pakistani politician
1953 - John Malkovich, American actor
1953 - Monique Miller, French Canadian actress
1954 - Herman Finkers, Dutch comedian
1957 - Donny Osmond, American singer and actor
1958 - Rikk Agnew, American guitar player ( The Adolescents)
1958 - Nick Seymour, Australian bassist ( Crowded House)
1960 - Juan Samuel, Dominican baseball player
1961 - David Anthony Higgins, American actor
1961 - Joe Lando, American actor
1962 - Felicity Huffman, American actress
1963 - Masako
1964 - Paul Landers, German guitarist ( Rammstein)
1965 - Joe Ausanio, American baseball player
1965 - Vecepia Towery, American contestant
Survivor 1966 - Kirsten Gillibrand, American politician
1966 - Toby Huss, American actor
1967 - Joshua Bell, American violinist
1967 - Gheorghe Popescu, Romanian footballer
1968 - Kurt Angle, American wrestler
1968 - Brian Bell, American guitarist ( Weezer)
1968 - Dave Harold, English snooker player
1969 - Jakob Dylan, American singer ( The Wallflowers)
1969 - Bixente Lizarazu, French footballer
1969 - Sebastian Spence, Canadian actor
1971 - Petr Nedved, National Hockey League player
1972 - Tre Cool, German-born American drummer ( Green Day)
1972 - Reiko Aylesworth, American actress
1972 - Fabrice Santoro, Tahitian-born French tennis player
1974 - Canibus, American rapper
1975 - Dino Morea, Indian actor
1976 - Chris Booker, American baseball player
1977 - Saskia Garel, Canadian actress
1977 - Imogen Heap, British singer and songwriter
1978 - Jesse Metcalfe, American actor
1979 - Olivia Lufkin, Japanese singer
1980 - Ryder Hesjedal, Canadian cyclist
1981 - Mardy Fish, American tennis player
1981 - Diya Mirza, Indian actress
1982 - Tamilla Abassova, Russian cyclist
1983 - Dariusz Dudka, Polish footballer
1983 - Jermaine Beckford, English footballer
1990 - LaFee, German singer
1165 - King Malcolm IV of Scotland
1437 - Sigismund (b. 1368)
1544 - Teofilo Folengo, Italian poet (b. 1491)
1565 - Pope Pius IV (b. 1499)
1603 - William Watson, English conspirator (b. 1559)
1625 - Ubbo Emmius, Dutch historian and geographer (b. 1547)
1636 - Fabian Birkowski, Polish writer (b. 1566)
1641 - Anthony van Dyck, Flemish painter (b. 1599)
1669 - Pope Clement IX (b. 1600)
1674 - Edward Hyde, English statesman and historian (b. 1609)
1692 - William Mountfort, English actor and dramatist
1706 - King Peter II of Portugal (b. 1648)
1718 - Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian cartographer and encylopaedist (b. 1650)
1793 - Gabrielle de Polastron, French aristocrat (b. 1749)
1798 - Johann Reinhold Forster, German botanist (b. 1729)
1830 - Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon, botanist and professor of anatomy (b. 1757)
1854 - Almeida Garrett, Portuguese writer (b. 1799)
1858 - Robert Baldwin, Canadian politician (b. 1804)
1887 - Mahmadu Lamine, Senegalese marabout and military leader
1894 - Pafnuty Chebyshev, Russian mathematician (b. 1821)
1916 - Natsume Sōseki, Japanese novelist (b. 1867)
1930 - Andrew "Rube" Foster, American baseball player and founder of the Negro National League (b. 1879)
1937 - Nils Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)
1941 - Dmitry Merezhkovsky, Russian writer and philosopher (b. 1865)
1955 - Hermann Weyl, German mathematician (b. 1885)
1964 - Dame Edith Sitwell, British poet and critic (b. 1887)
1965 - Branch Rickey, American baseball commissioner (b. 1884)
1970 - Sir Feroz Khan Noon, Prime Minister of Pakistan
1971 - Ralph Bunche, American diplomat and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
1971 - Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor (b. 1874)
1972 - Louella Parsons, American gossip columnist (b. 1881)
1975 - William A. Wellman, American movie director (b. 1896)
1979 - Fulton J. Sheen, American archbishop and television preacher ( Life is Worth Living) (b. 1895)
1981 - Daniel Faulkner, Philadelphia police officer (b. 1955)
1982 - Leon Jaworski, Watergate scandal special prosecutor (b. 1905)
1984 - Nicholas "Razzle" Dingley, British drummer ( Hanoi Rocks) (b. 1960)
1990 - Mike Mazurki, Ukrainian-born professional wrestler and actor (b. 1907)
1992 - Vincent Gardenia, American stage, film and television actor (b. 1922)
1993 - Danny Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer and football manager (b. 1926)
1995 - Toni Cade Bambara, American author (b. 1939)
1996 - Patty Donahue, American singer ( The Waitresses) (b. 1956)
1996 - Mary Leakey, British archeologist and anthropologist (b. 1913)
1996 - Alain Poher, French politician (b. 1909)
1998 - Shaughnessy Cohen, Canadian politician (b. 1948)
1998 - Archie Moore, American boxer and World Light-Heavyweight Champion (b. 1913)
2001 - Michael Carver, British Lord Field Marshall and Baron and strong speaker against the Trident program.
2002 - Mary Hansen, Australian guitarist and singer ( Stereolab) (b. 1966)
2002 - Stan Rice, American painter, educator, and poet (b. 1942)
2003 - Paul Simon, U.S. Senator from Illinois (b. 1928)
2004 - David Brudnoy, American radio personality (b. 1940)
2004 - Lea De Mae, Czech actress (b. 1976)
2005 - György Sándor, Hungarian pianist (b. 1912)
2005 - Robert Sheckley, American author (b. 1928)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
76 Familypedia people were born on December 9
103 Familypedia people died on December 9
76 Familypedia people were first married on December 9