is the 348th day of the year (349th in December 14 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 17 days remaining until the end of the year.
1287 - St. Lucia's flood: The Zuider Zee sea wall in the Netherlands collapses, killing over 50,000 people.
1542 - Princess Mary Stuart becomes Queen Mary I of Scotland.
1702 (according to the old calendar; January 30, 1703 by the new calendar) - The Forty-seven Ronin, under the command of Ōishi Kuranosuke, avenged the death of their master.
1751 - The Theresian Military Academy was founded as the first Military Academy in the world.
1789 - Dartmouth College is chartered by King George III of England.
1782 - Montgolfier brothers first balloon lifted on its very first test flight.
1799 - Death of George Washington, first president of the United States.
1819 - Alabama becomes the 22nd U.S. state.
1825 - Advocates of Liberalism in Russia rise up against Tsar Nicholas I and are put down in the Decembrist Revolt in St. Petersburg.
1836 - The Toledo War unofficially ended.
1896 - The Glasgow Underground Railway is opened by the Glasgow District Subway Company.
1900 - Quantum Mechanics: Max Planck presents a theoretical derivation of his black-body radiation law.
1902 - The Commercial Pacific Cable Company lays the first Pacific telegraph cable, from Ocean Beach to Honolulu.
1903 - The Wright Brothers make their first attempt to fly with the at Wright Flyer Kitty Hawk. It crashes, and 3 days later, after repairs, they get it to fly.
1907 - The schooner runs aground and founders near the Hellweather's Reef within the Thomas W. Lawson Scilly Isles in a gale. The pilot and 15 seamen die.
1911 - Roald Amundsen's team, comprising himself, Olav Bjaaland, Helmer Hanssen, Sverre Hassel, and Oscar Wisting, becomes the first to reach the South Pole.
1914 - Lisandro de la Torre and others found the Democratic Progressist Party ( Partido Demócrata Progresista, PDP) at the Hotel Savoy, Buenos Aires.
1918 - Friedrich Karl von Hessen, a German prince elected by the Parliament of Finland to become King Väinö I, renounces the Finnish throne.
1939 - Winter War: The Soviet Union is expelled from the League of Nations.
1941 - German military commander of Kharkiv, Ukraine issued an order, according to which the Jewish population was to move to the city periphery within 2 days, into the barracks of the works of a machine factory. In the next days 15,000 Jews were shot at Drobitsky Yar. 1941 -
World War II: Japan signs treaty of alliance with Thailand.
1946 - The UN General Assembly votes to establish its headquarters in New York City.
1947 - The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing ( NASCAR) is founded in Daytona Beach.
1955 - Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Finland, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Laos, Portugal, Romania and Spain join the United Nations.
1958 - The 3rd Soviet Antarctic Expedition becomes the first-ever to reach The Pole of Relative Inaccessibility in the Antarctic.
1959 - The Motown record label is founded in Detroit by Berry Gordy.
1962 - NASA's becomes the first Mariner 2 spacecraft to fly by Venus.
1964 - American Civil Rights Movement: - The Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States United States Supreme Court rules that the U.S. Congress can use its Commerce Clause power to fight discrimination.
1972 - Apollo program: Eugene Cernan is the last person to walk on the moon, after he and Harrison Schmitt complete the third and final Extra-vehicular activity (EVA) of Apollo 17. This was the last manned mission to the moon of the 20th century.
1979 - Legendary punk rock group The Clash release in the UK, a landmark album in rock music. London Calling
1981 - Arab-Israeli conflict: Israel's Knesset passes The , extending Israeli law to the area of the Golan Heights Law Golan Heights.
1995 - Yugoslav Wars: The Dayton Agreement is signed in Paris by leaders of various governments.
2003 - President of Pakistan Pervez Musharaf narrowly escapes an assassination attempt. 2004 - The Millau viaduct, the highest bridge in the world, near Millau, France is officially opened.
1009 - Emperor Go-Suzaku of Japan (d. 1045)
1503 - Nostradamus, French astrologer (d. 1566)
1546 - Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer and alchemist (d. 1601)
1625 - Barthélemy d'Herbelot de Molainville, French orientalist (d. 1695)
1631 - Anne Conway, English philosopher (d. 1679)
1640 - (baptism date) - Aphra Behn, English playwright and novelist (d. 1689)
1678 - Daniel Neal, English historian (d. 1743)
1720 - Justus Möser, German statesman (d. 1794)
1775 - Philander Chase, American founder of Kenyon College (d. 1852) 1775 -
Thomas Cochrane, British admiral (d. 1860)
1787 - Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este, Empress of Austria and queen of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1816)
1824 - Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter (d. 1898)
1866 - Roger Fry, British artist and art critic (d. 1934)
1870 - Karl Renner, President of Austria (d. 1950)
1881 - Katherine MacDonald, American actress and film producer (d. 1956)
1884 - Jane Cowl, American actress and playwright (d. 1950)
1895 - Paul Eluard, French poet (d. 1952) 1895 - King
George VI of the United Kingdom (d. 1952)
1896 - Jimmy Doolittle, American General (d. 1993)
1897 - Margaret Chase Smith, American politician (d. 1995) 1897 -
Kurt Schuschnigg, Austrian politician (d. 1977)
1902 - Frances Bavier, American actress (d. 1989)
1908 - Morey Amsterdam, American comedian and actor (d. 1996) 1908 -
Claude Davey, Welsh rugby player 1908 -
Mária Szepes, Hungarian authoress (d. 2007)
1909 - Edward Tatum, American geneticist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
1911 - Spike Jones, American comedian and musician (d. 1965)
1913 - Dan Dailey, American actor (d. 1978)
1914 - Karl Carstens, President of Germany (d. 1992) 1914 -
Attila Petschauer, Hungarian Olympic champion fencer (d. 1943) 1914 -
Rosalyn Tureck, American pianist and harpsichordist (d. 2003)
1916 - Shirley Jackson, American writer (d. 1965)
1917 - C.-H. Hermansson, Swedish communist leader
1918 - James T. Aubrey, American television executive (d. 1994) 1918 -
B.K.S. Iyengar, Indian yoga advocate
1920 - Clark Terry, American trumpeter
1922 - Nikolay Basov, Soviet-born Russian physicist and Noble Prize laureate (d. 2001)
1923 - Gerard Reve, Dutch writer
1924 - Raj Kapoor, Indian actor (d. 1988)
1925 - Sam Jones, baseball player (d. 1971)
1927 - Richard Cassilly, American tenor (d. 1998)
1931 - Jon Elia, Pakistani scholar, poet and philosopher (d. 2002)
1932 - Charlie Rich, American musician (d. 1995) 1932 -
Abbe Lane, American singer and actress
1935 - Lee Remick, American actress (d. 1991) 1935 -
Lewis Arquette, American film actor, writer and producer (d. 2001)
1938 - Leonardo Boff, Brazilian theologian
1941 - Ellen Willis, American journalist (d. 2006) 1941 -
Karan Armstrong, American soprano
1946 - Jane Birkin, British-born actress 1946 -
Patty Duke, American actress 1946 -
Michael Ovitz, American film producer 1946 -
Stan Smith, American former tennis player 1946 -
Ruth Fuchs, East German athlete
1947 - Christopher Parkening, American guitarist 1947 -
Linda Sutton, British artist
1948 - Lester Bangs, American music journalist (d. 1982) 1948 -
Dee Wallace-Stone, American actress
1949 - Bill Buckner, American baseball player 1949 -
Cliff Williams, British-born bassist ( AC/DC)
1951 - Jan Timman, Dutch chess grandmaster
1953 - Vijay Amritraj, Indian former tennis player 1953 -
René Eespere, Soviet-born Estonian composer 1953 -
Mikael Odenberg, Swedish politician
1954 - Alan Kulwicki, American race car driver (d. 1993) 1954 -
James Horan, American actor 1954 -
Steven MacLean, Canadian astronaut
1956 - Hanni Wenzel, Liechtenstein skier
1957 - Gary Ferris, American author
1958 - Mike Scott, British singer and songwriter ( The Waterboys) 1958 -
Spider Stacy, English musician ( The Pogues)
1959 - Jorge Vaca, Mexican boxer
1960 - Bob Paris, American bodybuilder and gay rights advocate
1962 - Ginger Lynn (Ginger Lynn Allen), American adult film actress
1963 - Cynthia Gibb, American actress
1965 - Craig Biggio, American baseball player 1965 -
Ken Hill, baseball player
1966 - Fabrizio Giovanardi, Italian racecar driver 1966 -
Bill Ranford, Canadian ice hockey player 1966 -
Tim Skold, Swedish/American musician
1967 - Ewa Białołęcka, Polish writer
1969 - Scott Hatteberg, American baseball player
1970 - Anna Maria Jopek, Polish singer 1970 -
Beth Orton, English singer-songwriter
1971 - Natascha McElhone, British actress
1972 - Marcus Jensen, baseball player 1972 -
Eric Anderson, American musical theatre actor
1973 - Tomasz Radzinski, Polish-born Canadian international footballer 1973 -
Tia Texada, American actress and singer 1973 -
Thuy Trang, American actress (d. 2001)
1974 - Billy Koch, baseball player
1975 - Justin Furstenfeld, American rock singer
1976 - Leland Chapman, bounty hunter, son of Duane "Dog" Chapman. 1976 -
André Couto, Portuguese racing driver 1976 -
Santiago Ezquerro, Spanish football player
1977 - KaDee Strickland, American actress
1978 - Kim St-Pierre, Canadian ice hockey player 1978 -
Radu Sârbu, singer ( O-Zone)
1979 - Michael Owen, English footballer 1979 -
Sophie Monk, Australian actress, singer, and model
1980 - Frankie J, Spanish singer 1980 -
Tata Young, Thai-American singer
1981 - Amber Chia, Malaysian model and actress 1981 -
Emilie Heymans, Canadian diver 1981 -
Johnny Jeter, American professional wrestler 1981 -
Shaun Marcum, American baseball player
1982 - Josh Fields, American baseball player 1982 -
Steve Sidwell, English footballer 1982 -
Anthony Way, British singer and actor
1984 - Chris Brunt, Northern Irish footballer 1984 -
Edward Rainsford, Zimbabwean cricketer
1985 - Tom Smith, Welsh Rugby Union Player 1985 -
Nonami Takizawa, Japanese actress
1988 - Nicolas Batum, French basketball player 1988 -
Vanessa Anne Hudgens, American actress
1989 - Pedro Roberto Silva Botelho, Brazilian footballer 1995 - Princess Olimpia Preslavska of Bulgaria
1460 - Guarino da Verona, Italian humanist and translator (b. 1370)
1510 - Friedrich of Saxony (b. 1473)
1542 - King James V of Scotland (b. 1512)
1553 - Hanibal Lucić, Croatian writer (b. 1485)
1591 - Saint John of the Cross, Spanish friar and poet (b. 1542)
1624 - Charles Howard, English statesman (b. 1536)
1651 - Pierre Dupuy, French scholar (b. 1582)
1713 - Thomas Rymer, English historian (b. 1641)
1715 - Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1636)
1735 - Thomas Tanner, English bishop and antiquarian (b. 1674)
1741 - Charles Rollin, French historian (b. 1661)
1788 - Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, German composer (b. 1714) 1788 - King
Charles III of Spain (b. 1716)
1799 - George Washington, first President of the United States (b. 1732)
1838 - Jean-Olivier Chénier, French Canadian physician and Patriote (b. 1806)
1860 - George Hamilton-Gordon, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1784)
1861 - Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, consort of Queen Victoria (b. 1819)
1865 - Johan Georg Forchhammer, Danish geologist (b. 1794)
1873 - Louis Agassiz, Swiss-born American zoologist and geologist (b. 1807)
1902 - Julia Grant, wife of President of the United States Ulysses S. Grant (b. 1826)
1927 - Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotski, Russian mathematician (b. 1842)
1935 - Stanley G. Weinbaum, American science-fiction author (b. 1902)
1947 - Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1867) 1947 -
Edward Higgins, General of The Salvation Army (b. 1864)
1956 - Juho Kusti Paasikivi, president of Finland (b. 1870)
1963 - Dinah Washington, American singer (b. 1924)
1964 - William Bendix, American actor (b. 1906)
1970 - Franz Schlegelberger, German Nazi politician (b. 1876)
1971 - Dick Tiger, Nigerian-born boxer (b. 1929)
1978 - Salvador de Madariaga, Spanish diplomat, writer, historian and pacifist (b. 1886)
1984 - Vicente Aleixandre, Spanish writer and Nobel laureate (b. 1898)
1985 - Catherine Doherty, social justice activist (b. 1896) 1985 -
Roger Maris, American baseball player (b. 1934)
1989 - Andrei D. Sakharov, Russian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1921)
1990 - Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Swiss writer (b. 1921)
1993 - Myrna Loy, American actress (b. 1905) 1993 -
Jeff Alm, American football player (b. 1968)
1997 - Kurt Winter, Canadian musician ( The Guess Who) (b. 1946) 1997 -
Stubby Kaye, American actor (b. 1918)
1998 - Norman Fell, American actor (b. 1924) 1998 -
Annette Strauss, American philanthropist (b. 1924) 1998 -
Aloyisus Leon Higginbotham, American civil rights activist and author (b. 1928)
2003 - Jeanne Crain, American actress (b. 1925) 2003 -
Blas Ople, foreign minister of the Philippines (b. 1927)
2004 - Rod Kanehl, American baseball player (b. 1934) 2004 -
Fernando Poe, Filipino actor and presidential candidate (b. 1939)
2005 - Dr. Rodney William Whitaker, American author (b. 1931)
2006 - Anton Balasingham, chief political strategist of Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (b. 1938) 2006 -
Ahmet Ertegün, co-founder of Atlantic Records (b. 1923) 2006 - Mike Evans, American actor (b. 1949)
96 Familypedia people were born on December 14
106 Familypedia people died on December 14
91 Familypedia people were first married on December 14