is the 335th day of the year (336th in December 1 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 30 days remaining until the end of the year.
800 - Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican.
1167 - The Lombard League is formed in northern Italy.
1420 - Henry V of England enters Paris.
1640 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king.
1768 - The slave ship Fredensborg sinks off Tromøy in Norway.
1821 - The first constitution of Costa Rica is issued.
1822 - Peter I is crowned as Emperor of Brazil.
1824 - U.S. presidential election: Since no candidate received a majority of the total electoral college votes in the election, the United States House of Representatives is given the task to decide the winner (as stipulated by the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution).
1826 - French philhellene Fabvier forces his way through the Turkish cordon and ascends the Acropolis of Athens, which had been under siege.
1835 - Hans Christian Andersen publishes first book of fairy tales
1860 - Charles Dickens publishes the first installment of in his magazine Great Expectations .
All the Year Round 1864 - In his State of the Union Address President Abraham Lincoln reaffirms the necessity of ending slavery as ordered ten weeks earlier in the Emancipation Proclamation.
1867 - Johannes Brahms presents his in Ein deutsches Requiem Austria.
1884 - American Old West - Near Frisco, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy.
1913 - Ford Motor Company introduces the first moving assembly line.
1913 - Crete, having obtained self rule from Turkey after the first Balkan war, is annexed by Greece.
1918 - Iceland becomes a sovereign state, yet remains a part of the Danish kingdom.
1918 - Transylvania unites with Romania, following the incorporation of Bessarabia ( March 27) and Bukovina ( November 28).
1918 - The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later known as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia) is proclaimed.
1919 - Lady Astor becomes first female member of the British Parliament to take her seat (she had been elected to that position on November 28). National Council of Romanians in Banat voted union with the Kingdom of Romania. National Council of Romanians in Transylvania voted union with the Kingdom of Romania.
1925 - World War I aftermath: - The final Locarno Treaty is signed in London, establishing post-war territorial settlements.
1934 - In the Soviet Union, Politburo member Sergei Kirov is shot dead at the Communist Party headquarters in Leningrad by Leonid Nikolayev.
1941 - World War II: Fiorello LaGuardia, Mayor of New York City and Director of the Office of Civilian Defense, signed Administrative Order 9 creating the Civil Air Patrol.
1952 - The reports the first successful New York Daily News sexual reassignment operation.
1955 - American Civil Rights Movement: In Montgomery, seamstress Rosa Parks refuses to give her bus seat to a white man and is arrested for violating the city's racial segregation laws, an incident which leads to the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
1958 - Central African Republic becomes independent from France.
1958 - Our Lady of the Angels School fire in Chicago, Illinois kills 92 children and three nuns.
1959 - Cold War: Antarctic Treaty signed , which sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans military activity on that continent.
1961 - The independent Republic of West Papua is proclaimed in modern-day Western New Guinea.
1963 - Nagaland becomes the 16th state of India.
1964 - Vietnam War: US President Lyndon B. Johnson and his top-ranking advisers meet to discuss plans to bomb North Vietnam.
1965 - The Border Security Force is formed in India as a special force to guard the borders.
1969 - Vietnam War: The first draft lottery in the United States is held since World War II.
1971 - Cambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray.
1971 - Indian Army occupies part of Kashmir.
1973 - Papua New Guinea gains self government from Australia.
1974 - TWA Flight 514, a Boeing 727, crashes northwest of Dulles International Airport killing all 92 people on-board.
1981 - A Yugoslavian Inex Adria Aviopromet DC-9 crashes in Corsica killing all 180 people on-board.
1982 - At the University of Utah, Barney Clark becomes the first person to receive a permanent artificial heart.
1982 - Michael Jackson releases his second solo album , which became the biggest selling album of all time.
Thriller 1987 - NASA announces the names of four companies who were awarded contracts to help build Space Station Freedom.
1988 - Benazir Bhutto is appointed Prime Minister of Pakistan.
1989 - Right-wing military rebel Reform the Armed forces Movement (RAM) attempt to oust Philippine President Corazon Aquino by a bloody coup attempt.
1989 - Cold War: East Germany's parliament abolishes the constitutional provision granting the communist party the leading role in the state.
1990 - Channel Tunnel sections started from the United Kingdom and France meet 40 meters beneath the seabed.
1991 - Cold War: Ukrainian voters overwhelmingly approve a referendum for independence from the Soviet Union.
1997 – Heath High School shooting: Michael Carneal opens fire on a group of his fellow students at Heath High School in West Paducah, Kentucky, killing three and wounding five.
1998 - Exxon announces a US$73.7 billion deal to buy Mobil, thus creating Exxon-Mobil, the largest company on the planet.
2001 - Trans World Airlines flies its last flight, after being bought by American Airlines.
1081 - Louis VI of France (d. 1137)
1083 - Anna Comnena, Byzantine historian (d. 1153)
1521 - Takeda Shingen, Japanese warlord (d. 1573)
1525 - Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician and astronomer (d. 1600)
1580 - Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, French astronomer (d. 1637)
1690 - Philip Yorke, Lord Chancellor of England (d. 1764)
1716 - Etienne-Maurice Falconet, French sculptor (d. 1791)
1743 - Martin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist (d. 1817)
1761 - Marie Tussaud, French creator of wax sculptures ( Madame Tussauds) (d. 1850)
1766 - Nikolai Mikhailovich Karamzin, Russian writer (d. 1826)
1792 - Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky, Russian mathematician (d. 1856)
1844 - Alexandra of Denmark, Danish Queen Consort of Edward VII of the United Kingdom (d. 1925)
1869 - Eligiusz Niewiadomski, Polish assassin of Gabriel Narutowicz (d. 1923)
1873 - Valery Bryusov, Russian poet (d. 1924)
1884 - Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, German painter (d. 1976)
1886 - Rex Stout, American author (d. 1975)
1895 - Henry Williamson, English author (d. 1977)
1896 - Georgy Zhukov, Russian general & Marshal of the Soviet Union (d. 1974)
1901 - Ilona Feher, Hungarian-Jewish violinist (d. 1988)
1905 - Alexander Wilson, Canadian and Notre Dame athlete (d. 1994)
1908 - Georgios Kasassoglou, Greek musician (d. 1984)
1910 - Alicia Markova, English ballerina (d. 2004)
1911 - Walter Alston, American baseball manager (d. 1984)
1911 - Calvin Griffith, Canadian-born baseball executive (d. 1999)
1912 - Minoru Yamasaki, American architect (d. 1986)
1913 - Mary Martin, American actor and singer (d. 1990)
1917 - Marty Marion, American baseball player and manager
1922 - Vsevolod Bobrov, Soviet ice hockey player (d. 1979)
1922 - Paul Picerni, American actor
1923 - Stansfield Turner, American admiral and CIA director
1923 - Morris, Belgian cartoonist ( Lucky Luke) (d. 2001)
1925 - Martin Rodbell, American scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
1926 - Robert Symonds, American actor (d. 2007)
1928 - Emily McLaughlin, American actress (d. 1991)
1930 - Joachim Hoffmann, German historian (d. 2002)
1931 - Jimmy Lyons, American musician (d. 1986)
1931 - Jim Nesbitt, singer
1932 - Matt Monro, English singer (d. 1985)
1933 - Fujiko F. Fujio, Japanese cartoon artist (d. 1996)
1934 - Billy Paul, American singer
1935 - Woody Allen, American film director, actor, and comedian
1935 - Lou Rawls, American singer (d. 2006)
1937 - Muriel Costa-Greenspon, American mezzo-soprano (d. 2005)
1937 - Chuck Low, American actor
1938 - Sandy Nelson, American drummer
1939 - Lee Trevino, American golfer
1940 - Richard Pryor, American actor, comedian (d. 2005)
1942 - John Crowley, American author
1944 - Pierre Arditi, French film and stage actor
1944 - Eric Bloom, American musician ( Blue Öyster Cult)
1944 - John Densmore, American drummer ( The Doors)
1944 - Tahar Ben Jelloun, French writer of Moroccan origin
1944 - Daniel Pennac, French writer born in Morocco
1945 - Bette Midler, American actress
1946 - Gilbert O'Sullivan, Irish singer
1947 - Alain Bashung, French singer
1948 - George Foster, American baseball player
1948 - Tom Wright, English bishop and theologian
1949 - Pablo Escobar, Colombian drug lord (d. 1993)
1949 - Sebastián Piñera, Chilean businessman and presidential candidate
1950 - Keith Thibodeaux, American actor and drummer
1951 - Jaco Pastorius, American bassist (d. 1987)
1954 - Bob Goen, American television host
1954 - Annette Haven, American porn star
1955 - Mark Thompson, American disc jockey and actor
1955 - Veronica Forqué, Spanish actress
1958 - Javier Aguirre, Mexican footballer and coach
1959 - Billy Childish, English painter, writer and musician
1959 - Wally Lewis, Australian rugby league footballer
1960 - Carol Alt, American supermodel
1961 - Jeremy Northam, English actor
1961 - Armin Meiwes, German cannibal
1962 - Sylvie Daigle, Canadian speed skater
1962 - Joe Quesada, American comic book writer and artist, and editor-in-chief at Marvel Comics
1963 - Marco Greco, Brazilian racing driver
1963 - Arjuna Ranatunga, Sri Lankan cricketer
1963 - Nathalie Lambert, Quebec short track speed skater
1966 - Katherine LaNasa, American actress
1966 - Larry Walker, Canadian baseball player
1967 - Nestor Carbonell, American actor
1970 - Jouko Ahola, Finnish strongman
1970 - Kirk Rueter, American baseball player
1970 - Sarah Silverman, American actress and comedian
1971 - Emily Mortimer, English actress
1971 - Stephanie Finochio, American professional wrestler
1971 - Mika Pohjola, Finnish jazz pianist and composer
1971 - Dolgorsuren Serjbudee, Mongolian professional wrestler
1971 - Peter Van de Veire, Belgian radio-presenter
1972 - Norbert Wójtowicz, Polish historian and theologian
1973 - Kate Rusby, English folk singer
1974 - Costinha, Portuguese footballer
1974 - David Ludwig, American composer
1975 - Sophia Skou, Danish swimmer
1976 - Matthew Shepard, American murder victim (d. 1998)
1977 - Brad Delson, American guitarist ( Linkin Park)
1977 - Jared Fogle, American Subway spokesperson
1980 - Mohammad Kaif, Indian cricketer
1982 - Lloyd Doyley, English footballer
2001 - Aiko of Japan
1135 - Henry I of England
1241 - Isabella of England, wife of Frederick II (b. 1214)
1377 - King Magnus II of Sweden (b. 1316)
1433 - Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan (b. 1377)
1455 - Lorenzo Ghiberti, Italian artist and metal smith (b. 1378)
1521 - Pope Leo X (b. 1475)
1530 - Margaret of Austria, Regent of the Netherlands (b. 1480)
1580 - Giovanni Morone, Italian cardinal (b. 1509)
1581 - Edmund Campion, English Jesuit (martyred) (b. 1540)
1581 - Ralph Sherwin, English Catholic saint (b. 1550)
1581 - Alexander Briant, English saint (b. around 1556)
1602 - Kobayakawa Hideaki, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1582)
1633 - Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain (b. 1566)
1660 - Pierre d'Hozier, French historian (b. 1592)
1707 - Jeremiah Clarke, English composer (b. 1674)
1709 - Abraham a Sancta Clara, Austrian preacher (b. 1644)
1723 - Susanna Centlivre, English dramatist and actress
1729 - Giacomo F. Maraldi, French-Italian astronomer (b. 1665)
1750 - Johan Gabriel Doppelmayr, German mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer (b. 1671)
1755 - Maurice Greene, English composer (b. 1696)
1767 - Henry Erskine, British Freemason (b. 1710)
1825 - Tsar Alexander I of Russia (b. 1777)
1830 - Pope Pius VIII (b. 1761)
1865 - Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich, Swiss poet (b. 1796)
1866 - George Everest, Welsh surveyor and namesake of Mt. Everest (d. 1790)
1916 - Charles de Foucauld, French relgious leader (b. 1858)
1923 - Virginie Loveling, Belgian writer and poet (b. 1836)
1928 - José Eustasio Rivera, Colombian writer (b. 1888)
1934 - Sergei Kirov, Russian revolutionary (b. 1886)
1943 - Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince and historian (b. 1862)
1947 - Aleister Crowley, English occultist (b. 1875)
1947 - G. H. Hardy, English mathematician (b. 1877)
1950 - E. J. Moeran, English composer (b. 1894)
1954 - Fred Rose, American songwriter and music publishing executive (b. 1897)
1964 - J. B. S. Haldane, Scottish geneticist (b. 1892)
1968 - Nicolae Bretan, Romanian opera singer (baryton) and composer born in Transylvania (b. 1887)
1968 - Dario Moreno, Turkish-Jewish singer (b. 1921)
1969 - Magic Sam, American blues guitarist and singer (b. 1937)
1973 - David Ben-Gurion, first Prime Minister of Israel (b. 1886)
1975 - Nellie Fox, American baseball player (b. 1927)
1975 - Anna E. Roosevelt, American radio personality (b. 1906)
1986 - Lee Dorsey, American R&B singer (b. 1924)
1987 - James Baldwin, American writer (b. 1924)
1987 - Punch Imlach, Canadian ice hockey coach and general manager (b. 1918)
1989 - Alvin Ailey, American dancer, choreographer (b. 1931)
1991 - George Joseph Stigler, American economist, Bank of Sweden Prize winner (b. 1911)
1996 - Peter Bronfman, Canadian businessman (b. 1928)
1997 - Stéphane Grappelli, French jazz violinist (b. 1908)
1997 - Michel Bélanger, French Canadian businessman and banker (b. 1929)
1998 - Freddie Young, British cinematographer (b. 1902)
2002 - Dave McNally, American baseball player (b. 1942)
2003 - Clark Kerr, first Chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley (b. 1911)
2004 - Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands (b. 1911)
2006 - Claude Jade, French actress (b. 1948)
2006 - Bruce Trigger, Canadian archaeologist ( McGill University) (b. 1937)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
92 Familypedia people were born on December 1
120 Familypedia people died on December 1
92 Familypedia people were first married on December 1