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Davyd Vseslavich of Polotsk was born 1052 to Vseslav Bryachislavich of Polotsk (c1039-1101) and died 1129 in Byzantium, Byzantine Empire of unspecified causes. Ancestors are from Belarus, Russia, Ukraine, Sweden.

Davyd Vseslavich (between 1047 and 1057 after 1129 ), Prince of Polotsk (1101-1127), (1128-1129), son of Vseslav Bryachislavich .

He was born between 1047 - 1057, because in 1067 , in order to negotiate with the prince of Kiev, his father took with him two sons, most likely senior. He died after 1129 in exile in Byzantium .

The seniority of the sons of Vseslav is controversial. In the opinion of V. Pichety , Davyd under the division of the Principality of Polotsk into oblations was deprived and did not receive any possessions at all. Rapov considered him the third son of Vseslav. But more likely is the version of V. Danilevich , N. Baumgarten and L. Alekseev (318, p.56), who considered Davyd senior. Probably he inherited his father's table in 1101 and was a Prince of Polotsk prince by 1127, when he was banished by the Polotsk veche. The marriage of his son Davyd with the daughter of Mstislav to the eldest of the Princes of Polotsk. The son of a landless pariah could not have such opportunities. In addition, it was Davyd Vseslavich who led the army of Polotsk in the campaign against the Polovtsians in 1103.

According to L. Voitovich Davyd Vseslavich was a Prince of Polotsk in 1101-1127 and 1128-1129, but there are other versions.

In 1103, together with Vladimir Monomakh participated in the victory over the Polovtsians near the Suten tract, and in 1104 with Monomashich unsuccessfully besieged his brother Gleb in Minsk . According to Rapov, the campaign against Gleb could have been aimed at protecting Davyd's ownership rights. In 1106, Davyd and his brothers went to the Semigallians .

In 1127 the people of Polotsk decided to drive David away. Learning about this, he summoned his son Bryachislau from Izyaslavl. But it did not help: Davyd was driven out of Polotsk, the reign of the principality being entrusted to young Rogvolod Borisovich. This is how the feud between Rogvolod and Davyd began, in which Mstislav Vladimirovich the Great intervened, sending great forces to support the [[[prince of Polotsk]]. The Polotiskans took Rogvolod to Mstislav and were persuaded to approve him on the thorne of Polotsk in defiance of the right of seniority. Davyd was forced to leave for Izyaslavl. Probably, Rogvolod recognized the supreme power of Kiev .

Evidently, Davyd did not accept the loss of Polotsk. In 1129, Mstislav gathered in a campaign against the Polovtsians and called for the participation of the Princes of Polotsk. Davyd and others sneeringly refused. Moreover, probably when Mstislav fought against the Polovtsians, Davyd again began a feud with Rogvolod. Returning from the campaign, Mstislav sent his commander to the Polotsk land; they captured almost all the Polotsk princes, incl. Davyd and his son, and brought them to Kiev. In 1130, above the Polotsk princes, a "court of Russian princes" was held, according to the sentence of which, together with their families, they were deported to Byzantium.

Davyd did not return from exile; he probably died in Byzantium.

Bibliography

  • ПСРЛ, т. 2. Ипатьевская летопись. Фототип. изд. 1908 г. — М., 1962. — XVI 938 стб. — 87 с IVc.
  • Алексеев Л. В. Полоцкая земля // Древнерусские княжества X—XIII вв. — М., 1975. — С.202-239
  • Данилович В. Е. Очерк истории Полоцкой земли до конца XIV столетия. — К., 1896. — 731 с.
  • Template:ВТ-РБС
  • Очерки истории СССР. Период феодализма IX—XV вв. 4.2. (XIV—XV вв.). Под ред. Б. Д. Грекова, Л. В. Черепнина, В. Т. Пашуто. —М., 1953. — 811 с.
  • Рапов О. М. Княжеские владения на Руси вХ первой половине XIII в. — М., 1977. — 261 с.
  • Baumgarten N. Genealogies et mariages occidentaux des Rurikides Russes du X-е au XIII-е siecle /Orientalia Christiana. — Roma. 1927. — N35. — 95p.
  • Рыжов К. Все монархи мира. Россия. — М.: Вече, 1998. — стр.225.
  • Template:Книга:Войтович Л.: Княжеские династии Восточной Европы




Children


Offspring of Davyd Vseslavich of Polotsk and Nomen nescio
Name Birth Death Joined with
Bryachislav Davydovich (c1100-c1160) 1100 1160
Mikula Davydovich (c1105-c1165) 1105 1165
Volodsha Davydovich (c1110-c1170) 1110 1170

Siblings


Offspring of Vseslav Bryachislavich of Polotsk and unknown parent
Name Birth Death Joined with
Rogvolod Vseslavich of Polotsk (c1057-1128) 1057 1128 Polotsk
Rostislav Vseslavich of Lukoml (1070-c1135) 1070 1135
Gleb Vseslavich of Minsk (c1055-1119) 1055 13 September 1119 Kiev, Ukraine Anastasia Yaropolkovna (c1070-1159)

Svyatoslav Vseslavich of Vitebsk (c1065-c1130) 1065 1130 Constantinople, Turkey Sofiya Vladimirovna (c1078-c1140)

Davyd Vseslavich of Polotsk (c1052-c1129) 1052 1129 Byzantium, Byzantine Empire Nomen nescio

Roman Vseslavich of Drutsk (c1054-c1115) 1054 1115 Murom, Murom Rayon, Vladimir Oblast, Russia

Residences

Footnotes (including sources)

Contributors

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