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Davyd Svyatoslavich of Chernigov, Prince of Pereyaslavl, Prince of Murom, Prince of Smolensk, Prince of Novgorod, Prince of Chernigov, was born 1052 to Svyatoslav II Yaroslavich of Kiev (1027-1076) and Cecilia of Dithmarschen (c1030-c1070) and died 1123 of unspecified causes. He married Theodosia (c1060-c1110) . Ancestors are from Russia, Ukraine, Sweden.


Davyd Svyatoslavich (Russian: Давыд Святославич was the ruler of Murom and Chernigov.

Davyd Svyatoslavich ((c1050-1123) - Prince of Pereyaslavl (1073-1076), Prince of Murom (1076-1093), Prince of Smolensk (1093-1095 and 1096-1097), Prince of Novgorod (1094-1095) , Prince of Chernigov (1097-1123), the middle of the five sons of the Grand Prince of Kiev Svyatoslav Yaroslavich . He died in 1123 . It is revered as the first saint (the faithful ) in the Chernigov land. Memorial Day on September 20 in the Julian calendar at the Cathedral of Bryansk Saints.

Early biography

In 1073, after his father was reinstated in Kiev, Davyd Svyatoslavich ruled Pereyaslavl, but after his father's death in 1076, he was forced to leave together with other Svyatoslavichs to Murom, one of the distant patrimonies of Princes of Chernigov. After Izyaslav Yaroslavich's death in the Battle of Nezhatina Niva (1078), Vsevolod Yaroslavich moved to Kiev, but retained Chernigov for himself through his son Vladimir.

In 1093, after Vsevolod Yaroslavich's death, Davyd was appointed Prince of Novgorod (instead of Mstislav Vladimirovich). After the capture of Chernigov by David's brother Oleg, in 1094, Davyd came to Smolensk, but in his absence, the Novgorodians had reinstated Mstislav Vladimirovich from Rostov [1]. In the follow-up to Oleg's expulsion from Chernigov by Svyatopolk Izyaslavich and Vladimir Monomakh (1096), Oleg used troops from Smolensk troops in his war against the Vladimir Monomakh's sons for Ryazan, Murom, Rostov and Suzdal.

In 1097 he took part in the Council of Lyubech of princes, where princes proclaimed: "Everyone has his own paternoster". According to the decision of the congress, he remained ruler of Chernigov.

Principality of Chernigov

In November 1097, after Vasilko Rostislavich's blinding by Davyd Igorevich of Volhynia, Davyd Svyatoslavich with Oleg and Vladimir came under Kiev. Svyatopolk managed to conclude a peace with them, after which he launched an offensive against Davyd Igorevich, and the Rostislavichi. In 1099, Svyatoslav Davydovich participated in an unsuccessful Battle of Rozhne Pole on the side of Svyatopolk. David Svyatoslavich's suffered anothere defeat from Davyd Igorevich, reconciled with the Rostislavichi. After concluding peace, Svyatoslav returned to his father.


Monomachos at Uvetichi

Russian princes conclude peace in Uvetichi. Painting by Ivan S. Ivanov

In 1100, Davyd Svyatoslavich participated in the Council of Uvetichi, where the princes gathered for the trial of Davyd Igorevich. The latter lost the Principality of Volhynia, and in return received Dorogobuzh, Busk, Dubno and Czartorysk, and from Davyd and Oleg Svyatoslavichy - one hundred hryvnia in silver as payment for Volhynia.

In 1101, Davyd, in alliance with Volodar Rostislavich, went to the Poles.

Davyd was one of the participants of the Council of Lake Dologskoye (1103) and the main leaders of campaigns against the Polovtsians in the early 12th century (1103, 1107, 1110, 1111). In 1116, the sons of VladimirMonomakh and Davyd again defeated the cities under the control of the Polovtsians in the upper reaches of the Donets River, and half of the Sharu Khan horde left for the Caucasus.


The death of Davyd Svyatoslavich

After Svyatopolk's death, in 1113, the Kiev reign according to the current order was to pass to Davyd, but this did not happen. It is not even known if there was a conflict about this issue between Davyd and Vladimir Monomakh.

In 1115, Davyd participated in Yaropolk Vladimirovich's campaign on Drutsk against the Prince of Minsk Gleb Vseslavich. Together with Yaropolk Vladimirovich, they took Drutsk with an attack. Gleb, besieged in Minsk by Vladimir Monomakh, surrendered. In 1118 he went with Vladimir Monomakh, Volodar and Vasilko Rostislavich to the prince of Volhynia Yaroslav Svyatopolchich. After a two-month siege, Yaroslav surrendered

Family

His wife was Theodosia.

Children :

Notes

  1. ^ ВТ-ЭСБЕ - Смоленская земля - Рудаков В. Е.}}

Sources



Children


Offspring of Davyd Svyatoslavich of Chernigov and Theodosia (c1060-c1110)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Svyatoslav Davydovich of Chernigov (c1080-1143) 1080 24 October 1143 Anna Svyatopolkovna of Kiev (c1082-1136)

Vsevolod Davydovich of Murom (c1085-c1127) 1085 1127 Judith of Poland (c1112-c1150)

Rostislav Davydovich of Chernigov (c1090-1120) 1090 1120
Izyaslav III Davydovich of Kiev (c1100-1161) 1100 6 March 1161
Vladimir II Davydovich of Chernigov (c1103-1151) 1103 1151 NN Vsevolodovna of Goroden (c1126-c1180)

Siblings


Offspring of Svyatoslav II Yaroslavich of Kiev and Cecilia of Dithmarschen (c1030-c1070)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Gleb Svyatoslavich of Novgorod (c1048-1078) 1048 30 May 1078 Volokolamsk, Volokolamsk Rayon, Moscow Oblast, Russia
Roman Svyatoslavich Krasnyi of Tmutarakan (c1050-1079) 1050 2 August 1079
Davyd Svyatoslavich of Chernigov (c1052-1123) 1052 1123 Theodosia (c1060-c1110)

Oleg I Svyatoslavich of Chernigov (c1053-1115) 1053 2 August 1115 Theophano Mouzalonissa (c1075-c1105)
Daughter of Osaluka-Khan

Wyszesława Svyatoslavna of Kiev (c1047-c1090) 1047 1090 Bolesław II the Bold (c1042-1081)

Offspring of Svyatoslav II Yaroslavich of Kiev and Oda von Babenberg (c1040-c1087)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Yaroslav Svyatoslavich of Chernigov (1074-1129) 1074 1129 NN
Irina

Daughter of Kiev (c1070-c1117) 1070 1117 Kilij Arslan I of Rum (-1107)

Residences

Davyd Svyatoslavich
Rurikovich
Born: c1052 Died: 1123
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Vsevolod Yaroslavich
Prince of Pereyaslavl
1073–1076
Succeeded by
Boris Vyacheslavich
Preceded by
Oleg Svyatoslavich
Prince of Murom
1076–1093
Succeeded by
Oleg Svyatoslavich
Preceded by
Rostislav Vsevolodich
Prince of Smolensk
1093–1095
Succeeded by
Svyatoslav Vladimirovich
Preceded by
Svyatopolk Iztyaslavich
Prince of Novgorod
1094–1096
Succeeded by
Mstislav Vladimirovich
Preceded by
Yaropolk Izyaslavich
Prince of Smolensk
1096–1097
Succeeded by
Yaroslav Svyatopolchich
Preceded by
Rostislav Vsevolodovich
Prince of Chernigov
1097–1123
Succeeded by
Svyatoslav Vladimirovich





Footnotes (including sources)

Contributors

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