|Elevation:||116 m (381 ft) |
|LGA:||Croydon Shire Council|
|State District:||Mount Isa|
The historic goldrush town of Croydon is located in the heart of the Gulf Savannah, 562 km west of Cairns. Croydon was a large pastoral holding covering an area of approximately 5,000 km², when first settled in the 1880s. Gold was discovered in 1885 and by 1887, the town's population had reached 7,000. Gold was to be the main economic production of the area for four decades. The Mining Warden left in 1926 as there were too few miners left on the field. During its heyday, Croydon was the fourth largest town in the colony of Queensland.
In 1917, Dr. Elkington, Director of the Division of Tropical Hygiene, Commonwealth Department of Health, was concerned about health and hygiene of its growing population, contemplated conducting a statistical and social survey of the town, which did not eventuate. Elkington's interest in sociological surveys of gathering social and economic details on a population later developed into the 1924 Sociological Survey of White Women conducted from the Institute of Tropical Medicine in Townsville.
Currently, Croydon has a much smaller population, having greatly decreased following the end of the gold rush. It was mentioned in the 1950 novel "A Town Like Alice" by Nevil Shute, as an example of a largely abandoned gold rush town. The population is now a few hundred people. The town is one of the termini for the Gulflander railway, opened for the gold rush in 1891 but now a tourist railway operated by Traveltrain. In early 2009, the close proximity of a receding cyclone ex-cyclone Charlotte, caused torrential rain and Croydon to be flooded. An estimated $5 million of damage was made to town infrastructure.
- ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Croydon (Croydon Shire) (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/LocationSearch?collection=Census&period=2006&areacode=SSC35733&producttype=QuickStats&breadcrumb=PL&action=401. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- ^ "Croydon". Gazetteer of Australia online. Geoscience Australia, Australian Government. http://www.ga.gov.au/bin/gazd01?rec=130950. Retrieved 15 November 2009.
- ^ Bureau of Meteorology - Retrieved 2008-01-27
- ^ "Croydon Shire Council". Croydon Shire Council. http://www.croydon.qld.gov.au. Retrieved 15 November 2009.
- ^ ABC News (13 January 2009). "Qld flood disaster bill tops $25 million". Australian Broadcasting Corporartion. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/01/13/2465144.htm. Retrieved 15 November 2009.
- ^ ABC News (23 July 2009). "Flood-hit roads hampering livestock trucks". Australian Broadcasting Corporartion. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/07/23/2634135.htm?site=news. Retrieved 15 November 2009.
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