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Constanța
—  County (Județ)  —

Coat of arms
Country  Romania
Development region1 Sud-Est
Historic region Dobrudja
Capital city (Resedinţă de judeţ) Constanța
Government
 • Type County Board
 • President of the County Board Nicuşor Constantinescu (Social Democratic Party)
 • Prefect2 Claudiu Palaz
Area
 • Total 7,071 km2 (2,730 sq mi)
Area rank 8th in Romania
Population (2002)
 • Total 715,151
 • Rank 5th in Romania
 • Density 101/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 90wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x414
Car Plates CT5
GDP US$ 7.91 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 11,051 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The development regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed just to attract funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He or she is not allowed to be a member of a political party and is forbidden from political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Constanța (Romanian pronunciation: [konˈstant͡sa]) is the name of a county (județ) in the Dobrudja region of Romania. Its capital city is also named Constanța.

Demographics[edit | edit source]

In 2002, it had a population of 715,151 and the population density was 101/km². The degree of urbanization is much higher (about 75%) than the Romanian average. In recent years the population trend is:

Year County population[1]
1948 311,062
1956 369,940
1966 465,752
1977 608,817
1992 748,769
1996 747,122
2000 746,988
2002 715,151

The majority of the population are Romanians. There are important communities of Turks and Tatars, remnants of the time of Ottoman rule. Currently the region is the centre of the Muslim minority in Romania. A great number of Aromanians have migrated to Dobruja in the last century, and they consider themselves a cultural minority rather than an ethnic minority. There are also Gypsies.

Ethnicity 1880[2] 2002[3]
All 64,902 715,151
Romanian 14,884 (23%) 652,777 (91%)
Turkish 14,947 (23%) 24,246 (3.4%)
Tatar 22,854 (35%) 23,230 (3.2%)
Bulgarian 7,919 (12%) 74 (0.01%)
Greek 2,607 (4%) 590 (0.08%)
Roma/Gypsy <100 (<0.1%) 6,023 (0.84%)

Geography[edit | edit source]

Economy[edit | edit source]

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Chemicals and petrochemicals
  • Food and beverages
  • Textiles
  • Ship building
  • Construction materials
  • Mechanical components
  • Paper

Agriculture is an important part in the county's economy, with Constanța being the county with the largest irrigation systems in the country (more than 4,300 km² before 1989, now greatly reduced), cereals being the most important products. Also, the county is famous for its wines from the Murfatlar region.

At Cernavodă there is a nuclear power plant with two reactors, each of the CANDU type of Canadian design. The plant covers over 15% of the country's power demand.

The Port of Constanța is the largest port in Romania and one of the most important on the Black Sea. It is linked with the Danube by the Danube-Black Sea Canal - the widest and deepest navigable channel in Europe, although it is not used to its full potential.

Tourism[edit | edit source]

The Black Sea littoral is the preferred destination for the summer holidays in Romania. The resorts are:

Also worth visiting are:

Politics[edit | edit source]

The current president of Constanța County Board is Nicuşor Constantinescu (Social Democratic Party).

The Constanța County Board, elected in the 2008 local government elections, is made up of 36 counselors, with the following party composition:

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party 20                                        
  Democratic Liberal Party 9                                        
  National Liberal Party 7                                        

Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]

Constanţa County has 3 municipalities, 9 towns and 58 communes:

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 şi 2002"
  2. ^ Robert Stănciugel and Liliana Monica Bălaşa, Dobrogea în Secolele VII-XIX. Evoluţie istorică, Bucharest, 2005; pg. 202
  3. ^ 2002 official census results

External links[edit | edit source]

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