|Clay County, Kansas|
Location in the state of Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 20, 1857|
|Named for||Henry Clay|
655.44 sq mi (1,698 km²)
643.84 sq mi (1,668 km²)
11.60 sq mi (30 km²), 1.77%
13.4/sq mi (5.2/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Clay County (county code CY) is a county located in North Central Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 8,535. Its county seat and most populous city is Clay Center.
- 1 History
- 2 Law and government
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Cities and towns
- 6 Townships
- 7 People
- 8 Education
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 Further reading
- 12 External links
History[edit | edit source]
19th century[edit | edit source]
When the first counties were created by the Kansas legislature in 1855, the territory within the present limits of the county was attached to Riley County for all revenue and judicial purposes. Subsequently Clay was attached to Geary County. In 1857, Clay was created and named in honor of the famous American statesman Henry Clay, a member of the United States Senate from Kentucky and United States Secretary of State in the 19th century.
In 1887, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway built a branch line from Neva (3 miles west of Strong City) to Superior, Nebraska. This branch line connected Strong City, Neva, Rockland, Diamond Springs, Burdick, Lost Springs, Jacobs, Hope, Navarre, Enterprise, Abilene, Talmage, Manchester, Longford, Oak Hill, Miltonvale, Aurora, Huscher, Concordia, Kackley, Courtland, Webber, Superior. At some point, the line from Neva to Lost Springs was pulled but the right of way has not been abandoned. This branch line was originally called "Strong City and Superior line" but later the name was shortened to the "Strong City line". In 1996, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway merged with Burlington Northern Railroad and renamed to the current BNSF Railway. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Santa Fe".
21st century[edit | edit source]
In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed north to south through Clay County, with much controversy over tax exemption and environmental concerns (if a leak ever occurs). A pumping station named Riley was built along the pipeline.
Law and government[edit | edit source]
Although the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 to allow the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with the approval of voters, Clay County has remained a prohibition, or "dry", county.
Geography[edit | edit source]
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 655.44 square miles (1,697.6 km2), of which 643.84 square miles (1,667.5 km2) (or 98.23%) is land and 11.60 square miles (30.0 km2) (or 1.77%) is water.
Adjacent counties[edit | edit source]
- Washington County (north)
- Riley County (east)
- Geary County (southeast)
- Dickinson County (south)
- Ottawa County (southwest)
- Cloud County (west)
Major highways[edit | edit source]
Demographics[edit | edit source]
As of the U.S. Census in 2000, there were 8,822 people, 3,617 households, and 2,517 families residing in the county. The population density was 14 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 4,084 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.72% White, 0.57% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.26% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.83% of the population.
There were 3,617 households out of which 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.90% were married couples living together, 6.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.40% were non-families. 27.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 23.90% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 20.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $33,965, and the median income for a family was $41,103. Males had a median income of $28,817 versus $17,760 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,939. About 6.80% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.60% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns[edit | edit source]
Incorporated cities[edit | edit source]
Name and population (2004 estimate):
- Clay Center, 4,381 (county seat)
- Wakefield, 868
- Clifton, 516, of which a portion lies in Washington County
- Morganville, 195
- Green, 141
- Longford, 89
- Vining, 56, of which a portion lies in Washington County
- Oak Hill, 34
Unincorporated places[edit | edit source]
- Fancy Creek
- Garfield Center
- Northern (no longer exists)
- Republican City
Townships[edit | edit source]
Clay County is divided into eighteen townships. The city of Clay Center is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.
/km² (/sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
|Water %||Geographic coordinates|
|Athelstane||02950||144||2 (4)||93 (36)||0 (0)||0.03%|
|Blaine||07050||259||2 (6)||109 (42)||1 (0)||0.94%|
|Bloom||07325||125||1 (3)||122 (47)||1 (0)||0.53%|
|Chapman||12525||Longford||202||2 (6)||93 (36)||0 (0)||0.09%|
|Clay Center||13650||368||4 (10)||98 (38)||1 (1)||1.46%|
|Exeter||22100||81||1 (2)||94 (36)||0 (0)||0.08%|
|Five Creeks||23475||159||2 (4)||93 (36)||0 (0)||0.04%|
|Garfield||25500||107||1 (3)||91 (35)||0 (0)||0.05%|
|Gill||26250||140||2 (5)||78 (30)||0 (0)||0.04%|
|Goshen||27025||92||1 (3)||91 (35)||0 (0)||0%|
|Grant||27500||132||2 (5)||74 (29)||13 (5)||14.83%|
|Hayes||30875||206||2 (6)||92 (36)||0 (0)||0%|
|Highland||31825||Green||310||3 (9)||92 (35)||0 (0)||0.07%|
|Mulberry||49000||Clifton (part)||331||3 (9)||97 (38)||2 (1)||1.99%|
|Oakland||51725||110||1 (3)||93 (36)||0 (0)||0%|
|Republican||59025||Wakefield||1,024||14 (36)||73 (28)||10 (4)||12.46%|
|Sherman||64850||Morganville||328||4 (10)||85 (33)||1 (0)||1.00%|
|Union||72075||140||2 (4)||92 (35)||0 (0)||0.38%|
|Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/places2k.html.|
People[edit | edit source]
Two former Kansas Governors resided in Clay County. George Docking was the 35th Governor, serving from January 14, 1957 until January 9, 1961. William H. Avery was the 37th Governor, from January 11, 1965 until January 9, 1967.
Education[edit | edit source]
Unified school districts[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
Information on this and other counties in Kansas
- List of counties in Kansas
- List of Kansas county name etymologies
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Kansas
- Kansas locations by per capita income
Other information for Kansas
- List of cities in Kansas
- List of unified school districts in Kansas
- List of colleges and universities in Kansas
References[edit | edit source]
- ^ "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_GCTPL2.ST05&prodType=table. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- ^ Keystone Pipeline - Marion County Commission calls out Legislative Leadership on Pipeline Deal; April 18, 2010.
- ^ Keystone Pipeline - TransCanada inspecting pipeline; December 10, 2010.
- ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2004. http://www.ksrevenue.org/abcwetdrymap.htm. Retrieved 2007-01-21.
- ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- ^ National Atlas
- ^ U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ "To Seek Third Term". The Fort Scott Tribune. May 2, 1970. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=UlAmAAAAIBAJ&sjid=m_4FAAAAIBAJ&pg=4016,4294801&dq=george+docking+governor+kansas&hl=en. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
- ^ "Former Kan. Gov. Avery dies at the age of 98". Associated Press. November 5, 2009. http://www.kansas.com/news/breaking/story/1042173.html.
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
- Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)
[edit | edit source]
- Official sites
- Additional information
- Clay County Map, KDOT
- Kansas Highway Map, KDOT
- Kansas Railroad Map, KDOT
- Kansas School District Boundary Map, KSDE
|Cloud County||Riley County|
Clay County, Kansas
|Ottawa County||Dickinson County||Geary County|
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Clay County, Kansas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|