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Coordinates: 51°59′28″N 0°36′14″E / 51.991, 0.604
Castle Hedingham
St. James Street, Castle Hedingham, Essex - geograph.org.uk - 176097.jpg
St. James Street, Castle Hedingham, Essex



Castle Hedingham is located in Essex
Castle Hedingham

 Castle Hedingham shown within Essex
Population 1,201 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference TL787357
District Braintree
Shire county Essex
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Halstead
Postcode district CO9
Dialling code 01787
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament Saffron Walden
List of places: UK • England • Essex


Castle Hedingham is a village in northeast Essex, England, located four miles west of Halstead and 3 miles south-east of Great Yeldham in the Colne Valley on the ancient road from Colchester, Essex, to Cambridge.

It developed around Hedingham Castle, the ancestral seat of the de Veres, Earls of Oxford. The first earl, Aubrey de Vere III, finished the initial building of the keep and established a Benedictine nunnery, Castle Hedingham Priory, near the castle gates. Hugh de Vere, fourth earl of Oxford, purchased the right to hold a market in the town of the crown in the mid-13th century. He also founded a hospital just outside the gates of the castle around 1250.

The village's main attractions are the well preserved Norman Hedingham Castle, the Colne Valley Railway, Kirby Hall and its many timber-framed medieval buildings.

The church of St. Nicholas is late Norman and Gothic, building having commenced around 1180. The fine double hammerbeam roof is attributed to Thomas Loveday, who was responsible for work on St John's College, Cambridge. Its Romanesque wheel window and cemetery cross are remnants of the Norman church.

The village was served by Sible and Castle Hedingham railway station which was opened by Colne Valley & Halstead Railway Company in 1867. The station closed in 1964 and was dismantled and rebuilt in 1974 on a new site to the north west of the village by the Colne Valley Railway Preservation Society.

Castle Hedingham Pottery was an art pottery studio run by Edward Bingham at Castle Hedingham from about 1864 until 1901.

Notable residents[]

Interior of St. Nicholas' Church

  • Aubrey de Vere I, holder of the entire manor of Hedingham (later Castle Hedingham) in Domesday Book, 1086
  • Aubrey de Vere III, 1st Earl of Oxford, completed the stone keep at Hedingham
  • Robert de Vere, 3rd Earl of Oxford, one of the 25 barons of Magna Carta
  • Robert de Vere, 9th earl of Oxford
  • John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford, the commander of Henry Tudor's army at the Battle of Bosworth Field
  • Mark Catesby, English naturalist
  • Edward Bingham, Victorian potter whose Castle Hedingham Ware has become increasingly sought-after
  • Eric Ravilious, painter, book illustrator & wood engraver
  • Sir Fowell Buxton, 1st Baronet, Founder of the RSPCA, Member of Parliament and social reformer who was a leading abolitionist in the 19th century and took over William Wilberforce's leadership of the anti-slavery movement in the House of Commons when the latter retired
  • Jack Lindsay Australian Writer
  • Major-General Daniel Hoghton, British Army officer who served during the Napoleonic Wars with distinction

References[]

External links[]

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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Castle Hedingham. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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