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Cameron County, Texas
The current Cameron County Courthouse in Brownsville.
Seal of Cameron County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Cameron County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1848
Seat Brownsville
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,276 sq mi (3,305 km²)
906 sq mi (2,347 km²)
371 sq mi (961 km²), 29.03%
 - (2010)
 - Density

370/sq mi (143/km²)

Cameron County is the southernmost county located in the U.S. state of Texas. In 2010, its population was 406,220. Its county seat is Brownsville[1]. Cameron was founded in 1848. Cameron is named for Captain Ewen Cameron [1], a soldier during the Texas Revolution and in the ill-fated Mier Expedition.

Cameron County is part of the Brownsville–Harlingen Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Brownsville–Harlingen–Raymondville Combined Statistical Area.

Geography[edit | edit source]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,276 square miles (3,304.8 km2), of which 906 square miles (2,346.5 km2) is land and 371 square miles (960.9 km2) (29.03%) is water.

Major highways[edit | edit source]

US-77 is a is a freeway through Harlingen to Brownsville, blocks north of the International Border.

US-83 is a Freeway through Harlingen and Brownsville.

US-281 is called the 'Military Highway' through Cameron County, and runs roughly adjacent to the Rio Grande River and the Border.

Adjacent counties and municipios[edit | edit source]

To the east, the county borders the Gulf of Mexico.

National protected areas[edit | edit source]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 335,227 people[3], 97,267 households, and 79,953 families residing in the county. The population density was 370 people per square mile (143/km²). There were 119,654 housing units at an average density of 132 per square mile (51/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.29% White, 0.48% Black or African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 15.98% from other races, and 2.30% from two or more races. 84.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 97,267 households out of which 45.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.80% were married couples living together, 17.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.80% were non-families. 15.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.40 and the average family size was 3.81.

In the county, the population was spread out with 33.80% under the age of 18, 10.50% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 17.80% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 91.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,155, and the median income for a family was $27,853. Males had a median income of $22,755 versus $18,182 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,960. About 28.20% of families and 33.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.10% of those under age 18 and 22.90% of those age 65 or over.

A 2000 Texas A&M study stated that of the residents of Cameron County, 43% do not have basic literary skills.[4]

Communities[edit | edit source]

A picture of the Cameron County Courthouse (1912), the Dancy Building, in Brownsville, Texas which served as the County Courthouse before the construction of the current Courthouse. It was restored in 2006 and now houses County Court at Law No 1 as well as some county offices.

Cities[edit | edit source]

Towns[edit | edit source]

Unincorporated areas[edit | edit source]

Census-designated places[edit | edit source]

Other unincorporated areas[edit | edit source]

Government and infrastructure[edit | edit source]

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement operates the Port Isabel Service Processing Center, which is located in an unincorporated area adjacent to Port Isabel-Cameron County Airport.[5]

Education[edit | edit source]

Cameron County is served by several school districts. They include:

In addition, residents are eligible to apply to South Texas Independent School District's magnet schools.

Radio stations[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

  • The Brownsville Herald (A Freedom Communications, Inc. newspaper based in Brownsville, TX) - Official Site
  • Valley Morning Star (A Freedom Communications, Inc. newspaper based in Harlingen, TX) - Official Site

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

Coordinates: 26°09′N 97°27′W / 26.15, -97.45

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Cameron County, Texas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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