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Călăraşi
—  County capital  —
Bucharest Road

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Location of Călăraşi



Călărași is located in Romania
Călăraşi
Location of Călăraşi
Coordinates: 44°12′N 27°20′E / 44.2, 27.333Coordinates: 44°12′N 27°20′E / 44.2, 27.333
Country  Romania
County Călăraşi County
Status
Government
 • Mayor Nicolae Dragu (UNPR)
Population (2007)
 • Total 73,823
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Twin cities
 • Naples  Italy
 • Rivery  France
 • Royal Palm Beach  United States
 • Hengyang  China
Website http://www.municipiu.ro

Călăraşi (Romanian pronunciation: [kələˈraʃʲ]), the capital of Călărași County and Sud-Muntenia Region in the Wallachia region, is situated in south-east Romania, on the bank of Danube's Borcea branch, at about 12 kilometers from the Bulgarian border and 125 kilometers from Bucharest.

The city is an industrial center for lumber and paper, food processing, glass manufacturing, textiles, medical equipment production and heavy industry. .[1]

Population[]

The 1900 census indicated 11,024 inhabitants.

In 2002, Călăraşi had a population of 70,039, with 95.86% of them declaring themselves as being Romanians and 3.45% Roma. Călăraşi, along with Silistra are making a conurbation that counts almost 170,000 inhabitants. The surrounding Romanian area of Călăraşi (Modelu; Ostrov; Roseti; Grădiştea; Cuza-Voda; and Ştefan-Vodă is reaching a population of almost 110,000 inhabitants.

History[]

The site of a prehistoric village, Călăraşi was created by Wallachian princes as a station on the route to Istanbul, operated by horseback riders (the călăraşi). It expanded into a small town, and in 1834 became the surrounding country's capital.

Transportation[]

Călăraşi is connected by DN3, DN21, DN31 and DN3B. Also A2 ("The Sun's Motorway") has 3 exits for Călăraşi, at Lehliu Gară (about 50 km NW), Dragalina (about 30 km N) and Feteşti (about 40 km NE). The city lies on the seventh pan-European corridor of transport(the Danube river) and is next to the fourth pan-European transport corridor(DresdenConstanța) at 26 km (16.16 mi).

Climate[]

The climate is continental with a year average temperature of 11.3 °C (52 °F). The lowest temperature ever recorded in Călăraşi was −30 °C (−22 °F) on January 9, 1938 and the highest was 41.4 °C (107 °F) on August 10, 1957.

Climate data for Călăraşi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2
(36)
3
(37)
10
(50)
16
(61)
22
(72)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
24
(75)
17
(63)
8
(46)
4
(39)
16
(61)
Average low °C (°F) −3
(27)
−2
(28)
1
(34)
6
(43)
11
(52)
15
(59)
16
(61)
15
(59)
12
(54)
6
(43)
1
(34)
−1
(30)
6.5
(43.7)
Source: weatherbase.com[2]

Sports[]

The city is currently represented by FC Dunărea Călăraşi in the Romanian Liga III soccer league. Sala Sporturilor (Călăraşi)

Notable natives[]

  • Ştefan Bănică, Sr. (actor, singer)

References[]

Notes

International relations[]

Twin towns — Sister cities[]

Călăraşi is twinned with:

  • France Rivery
  • Italy Naples
  • United States Royal Palm Beach
  • People's Republic of China Hengyang
  • Serbia Zajecar
  • Moldova Călăraşi
  • Canada Levy
  • Bulgaria Silistra
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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Călărași. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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