FANDOM


Main Births etc
Burlington, Vermont
—  City  —
Burlington seen from Lake Champlain.jpg
Burlington seen from Lake Champlain
SealoftheCityofBurlingtonVT.png
Seal
Nickname(s): The Queen City
Burlington vt highlight.png
Location in Vermont
Coordinates: 44°28′33″N 073°12′43″W / 44.47583, -73.21194Coordinates: 44°28′33″N 073°12′43″W / 44.47583, -73.21194[1]
Country United States
State Vermont
County Chittenden
Settled 1783
Organized (town) 1785
Incorporated (city) 1865
Government
 • Mayor Miro Weinberger (D)
Area
 • City 15.5 sq mi (40.1 km2)
 • Land 10.6 sq mi (27.4 km2)
 • Water 4.9 sq mi (12.7 km2)
Elevation[1] 200 ft (61 m)
Population (2012)[2]
 • City 42,282 (US: 864th)
 • Density 3,682.0/sq mi (1,421.6/km2)
 • Urban 108,740 (US: 285th)
 • Urban density 1,760.8/sq mi (679.8/km2)
 • Metro 213,701 (US: 203th)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 05401-05402, 05405-05406, 05408
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-10675
GNIS feature ID Template:Gnis4[1][3]
Website BurlingtonVT.gov

Burlington is the largest city in the State of Vermont and the shire town (county seat)[4] of Chittenden County.[5] Burlington lies 45 miles (72 km) south of the U.S.-Canadian (Vermont-Quebec) border and some 94 miles (151 km) south of Montreal. Burlington had a population of 42,417 at the 2010 census. The city is the hub of the Burlington-South Burlington metropolitan area, consisting of the three northwestern Vermont counties of Chittenden, Franklin and Grand Isle and encompassing the cities of Burlington, South Burlington, and Winooski; the towns of Colchester, Essex, and Williston; and the village of Essex Junction. According to the 2012 U.S. Census estimates, the metro area had an estimated population of 213,701, approximately one third of Vermont's total population.[6]

EtymologyEdit

Some believe Burlington was named after Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington. Others assert that the name honors the politically prominent and wealthy Burling family of New York. While no family members are listed as grantees of this town, the family held large tracts of land in other nearby towns, some of which were granted on the same day as Burlington.[7]

HistoryEdit

Church Street, Burlington, VT

Church Street in 1907

One of the New Hampshire grants, it was awarded by Governor Benning Wentworth on June 7, 1763 to Samuel Willis and 63 others.[8] In the summer of 1775, land clearing began and two or three log huts were erected, but the Revolution delayed permanent settlement until 1783, when Stephen Lawrence arrived with his family. The town was organized in 1785.[8]

BurlingtonCSMarketplace

A similar view of The Church Street Marketplace, 2008

The War of 1812 was unpopular in Vermont. Along with the rest of New England, Vermont did not provide militia units or financial support – a serious blow to the cause. Vermont voted for the Federalist party, which opposed the war.[9] Nevertheless, 5,000 troops were stationed there at one point during the War of 1812, outnumbering residents; about 500 of them died of disease.[10] Some soldiers were quartered in the main building at the University of Vermont. A memorial plaque commemorates them.[11]

File:Burlington vermont.jpg
The Van Ness House, Burlington, VT

The Van Ness House, built 1870, once the largest hotel in Burlington

In a skirmish on August 2, 1813, the British shelled Burlington. This has either been cited as a bold stroke by the British with an ineffectual response from the Americans, or a weak sally by the British, properly ignored by the Americans, depending on who related the story. The cannonade lasted for about ten minutes and did not affect the outcome of the war. The American side was commanded by Naval Lieutenant Thomas Macdonough, later hero of the Battle of Lake Champlain.[9]

The town's position on Lake Champlain helped it develop into a port of entry and center for trade, particularly after completion of the Champlain Canal in 1823, the Erie Canal in 1825, and the Chambly Canal in 1843. Wharves allowed steamboats to connect freight and passengers with the Rutland & Burlington Railroad and Vermont Central Railroad. Burlington became a bustling lumbering and manufacturing center, and incorporated as a city in 1865. Its Victorian era prosperity left behind much fine architecture, including buildings by Ammi B. Young, H. H. Richardson and McKim, Mead & White. The city was a filming location for Me, Myself & Irene (2000) and What Lies Beneath (2000).

In 1870, the waterfront was extended by construction of the Pine Street Barge Canal.[12] This became polluted over the years and is a focus for cleanup in 2009.[13]

The ice cream enterprise Ben & Jerry's was founded here in 1978 in a renovated gas station.

Current U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders was the democratic socialist mayor of Burlington from 1981 to 1989.

In 2007, the city was named one of the top four "places to watch" in the United States by the AARP.[14] Ratings were based on what was perceived as ideal for older residents. Criteria included what makes a community livable: new urbanism, smart growth, mixed-use development, and easy-living standards.

In 2010, the city-owned Burlington Telecom cable provider was unable to pay the city of Burlington $17 million it owed. As a result, Moody's downrated the debt for the city two notches to A2, "upper medium" from Aa3, "high quality." Moody's also downrated the credit rating for Burlington International Airport.[15]

GeographyEdit

110 1011

Lake Champlain from the Burlington wharves

Climate chart for Burlington
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.22
 
26.7
9.3
 
 
1.67
 
28.9
10.9
 
 
2.32
 
39.6
21.8
 
 
2.88
 
53.3
33.6
 
 
3.32
 
67.8
45.2
 
 
3.43
 
76.5
54.7
 
 
3.97
 
81.4
59.8
 
 
4.01
 
78.4
58.1
 
 
3.83
 
68.9
49.9
 
 
3.12
 
56.4
38.9
 
 
3.06
 
44
30.3
 
 
2.22
 
32.3
17.3
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: NOAA [16]


The city is situated on the eastern shore of Lake Champlain, north of Shelburne Bay. It was built on a strip of land extending about 6 miles (9.7 km) south from the mouth of the Winooski River along the lake shore and rises from the water's edge to a height of 300 feet (91 m).[17]

A large ravine in what is now downtown, was filled in with refuse and raw sewage in the 19th century to make way for further development.[18]

ClimateEdit

Burlington has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb), with cold winters and very warm, humid summers. The monthly daily average temperatures ranges from 18.7 °F (−7.4 °C) in January to 70.6 °F (21.4 °C) in July. The annual precipitation of 36.8 inches (935 mm) is well-distributed throughout the year, but the summer months are the wettest. The city's location east of Lake Champlain sometimes accounts for localized snow squalls, producing up to 13 inches (33 cm) in 12 hours on rare occasions.[19] Annual snowfall averages 85 inches (216 cm), but this figure can fluctuate greatly from one year to another. Extremes have ranged from −30 °F (−34.4 °C) on January 15, 1957 and February 12, 1979 to 101 °F (38 °C) on August 11, 1944.[20] The most snowfall from a single storm is 33.1 inches (84.1 cm), which fell January 2–3, 2010.[21]

For the Northeast United States, a heat wave is defined as having three consecutive days of 90 °F (32 °C) or more. There were six such heat waves from 2000–2009.[22]

TransportationEdit

BusEdit

Burlington is the central focus of the Chittenden County Transportation Authority (CCTA), providing bus service to and from the surrounding communities (and the shopping districts of South Burlington and Williston).

On June 15, 2011, the CCTA announced that it had changed its charter, effective July 1, 2011, to allow municipalities outside Chittenden County to join CCTA as member communities, thereby allowing CCTA to become Vermont’s first regional transit authority. As part of its expansion, the CCTA will merge with the Green Mountain Transit Authority (GMTA), which provides bus service in the Barre/Montpelier area and surrounding communities in central Vermont.[25]

Greyhound provides intercity bus service from the Burlington International Airport to other communities in Vermont as well as to Montreal's Gare d'autocars de Montreal, Boston's South Station and Logan International Airport, while Megabus provides non-stop service between Burlington and Boston and service to New York City with intermediate stops in Saratoga Springs, New York or Amherst, Massachusetts and Hartford, Connecticut.

RailEdit

Though Burlington does not have any active railroad connections, there is an Amtrak station 10 miles (16 km) away in Essex Junction.

In January, 2013 Vermont Governor Peter Shumlin proposed extending the Ethan Allen Express from Rutland to Burlington, the state's largest city. The proposal would create a regional rail corridor connecting Albany, Saratoga Springs, Rutland and Burlington and their combined metro populations of around 1.25 million inhabitants.[26]

Burlington is also the headquarters of the Lake Champlain Transportation Company with seasonal service provided between Burlington's King Street ferry terminal and Port Kent, New York. From the late nineteenth century to 1953 the Rutland Railroad provided passenger service on the Green Mountain Flyer and the Mount Royal from Burlington to Chatham, New York, with connecting service to New York City via the New York Central Railroad. The last train north to Alburgh in the extreme northwest of the state was in 1948. From 1916 this service was provided at the new Union Station on the Lake Champlain waterfront.[27] From 2000 to 2003 the Champlain Flyer was a commuter service from Burlington south to Charlotte.

AirEdit

Air carriers at Burlington International Airport provide the area with commercial service to major regional hubs and international airports. While scheduled carriers have not traditionally offered scheduled commercial flights to destinations outside the United States, there is a Customs Port of Entry for unscheduled flights.[28] In December, 2011, Porter Airlines began offering seasonal scheduled service from Toronto, Ontario, Canada.[29]

Major Road routesEdit

Burlington is served by one major Interstate highway (along with its spur route into the southern part of the city), and is at the junction of two U.S. highways. Several Vermont state highways also provide routes into and through the Burlington area.

Because Burlington is located on the eastern shore of Lake Champlain at one of the lake's widest points, there is ferry access from the west.

  • I-89 Interstate 89 - Though it does not directly enter the Burlington city limits, I-89 has interchanges in neighboring South Burlington, Winooski, and Colchester that provide access to downtown.
  • I-189 Interstate 189
  • US 2 U.S. Route 2 is the main east-west route entering Burlington. After entering the city from the east, westbound U.S. 2 turns north to run concurrently with U.S. 7 towards Winooski and Colchester. The intersection with Interstate 89 is used by 42,000 cars daily.[30]
  • US 7 U.S. Route 7 is the main north-south route through Burlington. Northbound U.S. 7 joins westbound U.S. 2 in downtown Burlington, and the two routes run concurrently north to Colchester.

DemographicsEdit

Child workers in Burlington, Vermont

Noon hour at the Queen City Mill, 1909, photograph by Lewis Hine

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 330
1800 816 147.3%
1810 1,690 107.1%
1820 2,111 24.9%
1830 3,526 67.0%
1840 4,271 21.1%
1850 7,585 77.6%
1860 7,713 1.7%
1870 13,596 76.3%
1880 11,365 −16.4%
1890 14,590 28.4%
1900 18,640 27.8%
1910 20,468 9.8%
1920 22,779 11.3%
1930 24,789 8.8%
1940 27,686 11.7%
1950 33,155 19.8%
1960 35,531 7.2%
1970 38,633 8.7%
1980 37,712 −2.4%
1990 39,127 3.8%
2000 38,889 −0.6%
2010 42,417 9.1%
Est. 2012 42,282 8.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[31]
2012 Estimate[32]

As of the census of 2010, there were 42,417 people residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 88.9% White, 3.9% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 3.6% Asian, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population.

There were 16,851 households and the average number of persons per household was 2.13.[33]

At the 2005-2007 American Community Survey Estimates, the city's population was 94.4% White (91.1% non-Hispanic White alone), 3.5% Black or African American, 0.8% American Indian and Alaska Native, 2.0% Asian, 1.0% from some other race and 1.7% from two or more races. About 30% of the population has French or French-Canadian ancestry, the largest group of the total population. 2.4% of the total population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

EconomyEdit

Burlington's economy is based mostly on education and health services; trade, transportation and utilities. There is some manufacturing.

Personal incomeEdit

As of the census of 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $33,070, and the median income for a family was $46,012. Males had a median income of $30,144 versus $25,270 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,011. About 10.4% of families and 20.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.4% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.

There were 4,989 single-family owner-occupied homes. Their median value was $131,200.

IndustryEdit

The largest employers in the city proper are Fletcher Allen Health Care and The University of Vermont (employing 6823 and 3137 people, respectively). Corporate headquarters located here include: Dealer.com, Burton Snowboards, Bruegger's, Seventh Generation Inc., and Lake Champlain Chocolates. Downtown on Church Street is the Burlington Town Center mall with over 75 specialty shops and 15 national retailers.

Forbes magazine selected the city as one of the "prettiest" towns in America in 2010, featuring a picture of the Church Street Marketplace.[34]

The G.S. Blodgett Company, one of the oldest and largest commercial oven companies in the country, manufactures restaurant equipment. Its history dates back to the mid-19th century.

Ben & Jerry's began in 1978 when Ben Cohen and Jerry Greenfield opened their first ice cream scoop shop in an old gas station in Burlington.[35]

General Electric develops software for the healthcare industry in South Burlington at the former headquarters of IDX Systems, which it purchased in 2006. Vermont Teddy Bear Company whose founder started on a cart on a Burlington street, is now a publicly traded company that ships custom teddy bears worldwide.

General Dynamics Armament and Technical Products division employs 450 workers locally. A solely owned subsidiary, the division is based here.[36]

Dealer.com, a leading automotive internet marketing company, employed over 450 employees as of March 2011.[37]

RetailingEdit

Burlington, Vermont

Church Street Marketplace

One measure of economic activity is retail sales. Burlington was fifth in the state in 2007 with $242.2 million.[38]

The Church Street Marketplace, a four-block pedestrian mall in the heart of the city, is the site of festivals throughout the year. Events such as the South End Art Hop and public galleries such as The Firehouse Gallery and Pine Street Art Works, provide a forum for the visual arts in the South End. The American Planning Association named the Marketplace one of America's "Great Public Spaces" for 2008.[39]

TourismEdit

A Festival of Fools had an estimated 25,000 attendees at the Church Street Marketplace in 2009.[40] The Vermont Brewers Festival had 9,600 attendees in 2009.[40] The Giant Pumpkin Regatta and Festival had 5,000 attendees in 2009. In 2008, Saturday Night Live satirized the event.[40] One of the largest year round farmers market in the state is located there.

Real estateEdit

In 2008, vacancy rates for office space reached 4.5%, high for the city but low compared to the surrounding suburbs.

Public LibraryEdit

The Fletcher Free Library the first of the four public libraries in Vermont funded by the Andrew Carnegie Foundation, is the largest and busiest public library in the state. The original Fletcher Free Library was endowed by Mary Martha Fletcher, the daughter of a local businessman, in the 1870s, and was located on Church St. in a building adjacent to City Hall. The Carnegie library building was built on College Street in 1904, and expanded in the 1970s. In addition to its primary services as Burlington's public library, it is also a community center, a cultural resource for newly arrived immigrants to the Burlington area, and the City's only free public access computer center.

Social servicesEdit

The HowardCenter, headquartered here, provides social services to state residents. The Howard Center runs Vermont's first and the area's only methadone maintenance program, the Chittenden Clinic.

CompetitivenessEdit

Burlington has the 6th lowest unemployment rate of all metro areas (2011) at just 4.8%. Real wages were $39,980 in 2006 constant dollars and remained there to 2010; the state was $33,385; the nation, $36,871.[41]

GovernmentEdit

Burlington Vermont City Hall Feb 11

Burlington City Hall at the intersection of Church Street and Main Street

Burlington has a city council-mayor form of government.[42] Democrats and the Progressive Party make up the majority of the council. Miro Weinberger, the current mayor,[43] is a Democrat who was elected in 2012.[44] The City Council has fourteen seats, which are currently occupied by seven Democrats, four Progressives (all in Ward 2 & 3), two Independents (one in each Ward 1 & 6) and one Republican (Ward 7).[45] Peter Clavelle, Burlington's longest serving mayor, held that office from 1989 to 1993, and again from 1995 to 2006.[46]

The large transient student population votes in local, as well as state and national elections, resulting in a considerable impact on local elections.[47] The city signed up 2,527 new voters in the six weeks from September 1, 2008. This is the highest number for that time frame in nine years or longer.[47]

The city was ranked "average" nationally in political involvement in 2008.[48]

The general fund for 2011, starting July 1, 2010, was $47.976 million.[49]

As a non-profit institution, The University of Vermont pays no real estate taxes, though like many other schools, it does make an annual payment in lieu of taxes. In 2007, the college agreed to raise this from $456,006 to $912,011 in 2010 plus a "public works" supplement rising from $180,040 to $191,004 over the same time frame.[50]

The city maintains three parks on Lake Champlain. One is free, while the other two have parking fees.

The city owns the local cable television. In 2008, cable management tried to drop Al-Jazeera English from the lineup. This was successfully thwarted by protesters and the station was, in 2009, one of three "small cable operators" in the nation to carry this channel.[51][52]

Like many Vermont municipalities, Burlington owns its own power company, Burlington Electric Department. In 2009, the department announced that it would purchase 40% of the 40 MW Sheffield wind-generated electricity when it becomes available.[53]

In 2009, Moody's confirmed the city's bond rating at AA3, "high" quality, the second best rank.[54]

HealthEdit

Burlington is the home of Fletcher Allen Health Care, a tertiary referral hospital for Vermont and northern New York State, Level I Trauma Center, and teaching hospital.

In 2006, Burlington was rated the ninth-best city to live in. The criteria were health, quality of life, and fitness.[55] In 2007, it was rated 11th out of 100, for auto safety. The criteria were observing speed limits, accident infrequency, and seatbelt use.[56] In 2008 it was ranked second out of 100 for "greenest driving."[57] Criteria included gasoline consumption, and air quality. In 2008, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that Burlington is tops among U.S. metropolitan areas by having the largest proportion of people – 92 percent – who say they are in good or great health. The report went on to rate it best in exercise and lowest in obesity, diabetes, and other measures of ill health. In 2009, Children's Health Magazine rated Burlington the best city in the country to raise a family.[58] In 2010, the government banned smoking within 25 feet (7.6 m) of the city's parks and recreational areas.[59]

EducationEdit

Public schoolsEdit

Burlington School District operates public schools.

Schools:

  • Burlington High School
  • The Sustainability Academy (at Lawrence Barnes Elementary)
  • Edmunds Elementary School, named for George F. Edmunds, a U.S. Senator for 25 years, from 1866 to 1891.
  • Edmunds Middle School
  • Hunt Middle School
  • Flynn Elementary
  • Champlain Elementary School
  • C. P. Smith Elementary
  • The Integrated Arts Academy (at H.O. Wheeler Elementary)

Magnet SchoolsEdit

In Burlington, students have two choices of magnet schools: the Integrated Arts Academy at H.O. Wheeler (IAA) and the Sustainability Academy at Lawrence Barnes (SA).[60] 

At IAA, students learn through the lens of the four art forms: movement, drama, music and visual arts.[61]  

At SA, students learn through the lens of sustainability - by exploring our diverse society, our local economy and the environment through hands-on projects.[62]

Private schoolsEdit

  • Rice Memorial High School
  • Mater Christi School
  • Christ the King School
  • Lake Champlain Waldorf School
  • The Renaissance School (at Shelburne Farms)
  • Vermont Commons School
  • Rock Point School

CollegesEdit

UVM Old Mill building 20040101

University of Vermont – Old Mill building

Champlain college campus

Champlain College

BurlingtonCollege1

Main Campus, Burlington College

The University of Vermont (UVM), Burlington College, and Champlain College are located in this college town. The Community College of Vermont had a site located in Burilngton, until 2010, when a new building in the neighboring town of Winooski was constructed for the college.

ReligionEdit

The episcopal see for the Roman Catholic Diocese of Burlington is in Burlington. Christ Church Presbyterian, First United Methodist Church, North Avenue Alliance Church, Church at the Well (non-denominational), and First Unitarian Universalist Society are also in Burlington. The Conservative Ohavi Zedek synagogue is located here. There is also an active Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers).

Culture and landmarksEdit

Burlington has the largest public library in Vermont, the Carnegie Building of the Fletcher Free Library. In 2002, it had a budget of over $1 million, circulated more books, had more visitors, and had more computers, than any other library in Vermont.[63] Unlike most libraries in Vermont, it is publicly owned. The building was originally endowed by Andrew Carnegie. It is on the National Register of Historic Places.

The Burlington waterfront along the shore of Lake Champlain has bench swings and paths for walking and biking. ECHO Lake Aquarium and Science Center,[64] housed in Vermont's first Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Certified Green Building, is located at the waterfront and harbors over seventy species of fish, amphibians, invertebrates, and reptiles.

Dragon boat races to benefit charity have been held in Lake Champlain in August since 2006.[65] In 2009, there were approximately 2,000 participants on 86 teams.[66]

There has been an annual First Night community celebration of the arts on New Year's Eve since 1982. Burlington was the fourth city to embrace this concept.[67]

Burlington's own drag troupe, the House of LeMay,[68] performs several shows a year, hosts the annual "Winter is a Drag Ball,"[69] and raises funds for numerous charities. The House of LeMay is the subject of the documentary, "Slingbacks and Syrup" which premiered at the 2008 Vermont International Film Festival in Burlington.

The Emily Post Institute, an etiquette organization, is headquartered here.

Besides being the smallest U.S. city to be the largest city in its state, Burlington is also the home of the shortest "tallest building" in any of the 50 US states, Decker Towers.[70]

The five tallest buildings in Burlington rank as follows:[71]

Rank Name Image Height
ft / m
Floors Year
1 Decker Towers Decker towers BTV 124 / 37.8 11 1970
2 Burlington Square 116 / 35 8
3 Westlake Residential 107.5 / 33 9
4 Key Bank 105 / 32 8
5 Cathedral Square 103.33 / 31 10

Local musicEdit

The city has, over the years, supported a number of local bands as various "scenes" waxed and waned, and has even launched a handful of national acts. The most famous of these is Phish, which originated at The University of Vermont circa 1983.

Other acts with ties to the city include Strangefolk, The Essex Green, RAQ, James Kochalka, The Jazz Mandolin Project, Pork Tornado, Anais Mitchell, Greg Davis, Koushik, Grace Potter and the Nocturnals, Dispatch, Prydein, Eugene Hutz of Gogol Bordello, Morgan Page and KT Tunstall.

Local artEdit

The South End Art Hop, also known as the Art Hop, and Burlington Art Hop, is an annual event presented by the South End Arts and Business Association (SEABA) of Burlington, Vermont. Artists join businesses, artist studios, and galleries, which in turn open their doors to the public throughout the post-industrial section of Burlington, known as the “South End”.

The first Art Hop in 1993 had a little fewer than thirty artists and a dozen sites participating. In 2008, over 600 artists showcased their works in over 100 sites throughout the South End of Burlington. The event takes place on the Friday and Saturday following Labor Day in September.

MediaEdit

Newspapers and other publicationsEdit

Burlington is the media center of northern and central Vermont. It is served by the

RadioEdit

Major radio stations that are based in Burlington and serve the region:

  • WBTZ (The Buzz) - 99.9 FM (modern rock)
  • WOKO – 98.9 FM (country)
  • WIZN (The Wizard) – 106.7 FM (classic rock)
  • WEZF (Star 92.9) – 92.9 FM (hot adult contemporary)
  • WRUV (University of Vermont) – 90.1 FM (variety)
  • WOXR (Vermont Public Radio) - 90.9 FM (classical)
  • WVPS (Vermont Public Radio) - 107.9 FM (news & information)
  • WVMT - 620 AM (news/talk)
  • WJOY - 1230 AM (adult standards)
  • WNCS and W227AQ (The Point) - 104.7 and 93.3 FM, respectively (Triple-A)

TelevisionEdit

There are four network-affiliated television stations in the city. They include WFFF channel 44 (Fox), WFFF's digital subchannel 44-2 (independent), its sister station, WVNY channel 22 (ABC), WPTZ channel 5 (NBC, with Me-TV and The CW on DT2), and WCAX channel 3 (CBS). WCAX, WFFF, and WPTZ operate news departments. WCAX is the only Burlington-based news department, while WPTZ is based in Plattsburgh, New York with a bureau in nearby Colchester. WFFF and WVNY are also based in Colchester.

Comcast is the city's major cable television service provider. Residents within the city limits are also served by municipally-owned Burlington Telecom.

These cable channels are Burlington based: VCAM-Channel 15,[75] RETN-Channel 16,[76] and Town Meeting TV / CCTV channel 17.[77]

SportsEdit

Club Sport League Stadium
Vermont Lake Monsters Baseball Minor league baseball (New York-Penn League) Class A (Short Season) Centennial Field
Vermont Catamounts College Ice Hockey, Basketball, Track & Field, Swimming & Diving, Field Hockey Hockey East, America East Gutterson Fieldhouse

The Vermont Lake Monsters, a Class A short-season (June to September) minor league baseball team, were formerly the Vermont Expos baseball club of the New York – Penn League. The team changed its name in 2007 after its parent Major League Baseball club, the Montreal Expos of the National League, moved from Montreal to Washington, D.C. and became the Washington Nationals. In 2010, the Lake Monsters ended its 17-year association with the Expos/Nationals and became the Class A affiliate of the Oakland Athletics of the American League.[78] The Lake Monsters play on the campus of the University of Vermont at Centennial Field.

Burlington has a rich hockey history, and was the location of the first known international ice hockey match, held between the Montreal Crystals and employees of the Van Ness House, a local hotel, during the 1886 Burlington Winter Carnival. The University of Vermont's men's hockey team, the Catamounts,[79] play their home games at the 4,007-seat Gutterson Field House on the UVM campus.[80]

A professional basketball franchise, the Vermont Frost Heaves, played half of their season in the city. The team, which originally was part of the American Basketball Association (not to be confused with the 1970s-era major basketball league of the same name that merged with the National Basketball Association), moved to the Premier Basketball League in 2008 and split their regular-season home games between Burlington and Barre. The Frost Heaves, owned by Sports Illustrated writer Alexander Wolff, played their Burlington games at the Memorial Auditorium, on South Union Street, at the corner of Main. However, the franchise folded in early 2011.

There is also a rugby union team, the Burlington RFC.

Daniel W. Fish, a former member of the Air Force's Wings of Blue, was the first person to obtain a permit and skydive in the city of Burlington.

The Vermont City Marathon has drawn thousands of competitors annually.[81]

A local Golden Gloves boxing tournament has been held annually since 1946.[82]

Notable people Edit

InfrastructureEdit

The city has its own electric utility.

The city has municipal fiber broadband, which provides telephone, broadband internet, and television.[83]

Sister citiesEdit

Burlington is twinned with:

Sites of interestEdit

File:Burlingtonskyline.jpg

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Burlington". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:1456663. 
  2. ^ [1], United States Census Bureau, 2010. Accessed 2011-02-10
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ Title 24, Part I, Chapter 1, §5, Vermont Statutes. Accessed 2007-11-01.
  6. ^ "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". http://www.census.gov/popest/data/metro/totals/2012/tables/CBSA-EST2012-01.csv. Retrieved September 18, 2013. 
  7. ^ Swift, Esther Munroe (1977) Vermont Place-Names (ISBN 0-8289-0291-7), page 165
  8. ^ a b A. J. Coolidge & J. B. Mansfield, A History and Description of New England; Boston, Massachusetts 1859
  9. ^ a b Johnson, Tim (July 29, 2007). 1812:A look back a Burlington's 20-minute war. Burlington Free Press.  page 4A
  10. ^ Logan, Lee (July 8, 2007). Grant may help Burlington reclaim War of 1812 heritage. Burlington Free Press. 
  11. ^ [2]
  12. ^ Pine Street Barge Canal
  13. ^ Evaluation of Pine Street Canal
  14. ^ retrieved on July 24, 2007
  15. ^ Briggs, John (10 August 2010). "Burns leaving Burlington Telecom". Burlington, Vermont: Burlington Free Press. pp. 1A, 5A. http://www.burlingtonfreepress.com/article/20100810/NEWS02/100810012/Burns-leaving-Burlington-Telecom. 
  16. ^ "Climatography of the United States No. 20: BURLINGTON INTL AP, VT 1971−2000". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. http://cdo.ncdc.noaa.gov/climatenormals/clim20/vt/431081.pdf. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  17. ^ Maptech MapServer II
  18. ^ Baird, Joel Banner (August 3, 2013). "What lies beneath". The Burlington Free Press (Burlington, Vermont): pp. 1C. 
  19. ^ [3]
  20. ^ a b "Average Weather for Burlington, VT - Temperature and Precipitation". The Weather Channel. http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USVT0033. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  21. ^ John Curran (2010-01-04). "'Tremendous' Snow Hits Northeast; Cold Grips South". Associated Press. sphere.com. http://www.sphere.com/nation/article/tremendous-snow-hits-northeast-cold-grips-south/19302247?icid=main%7chtmlws-main-n%7cd%7c1%7clink3%7chttp%3A%2F%2Fwww.sphere.com%2Fnation%2Farticle%2Ftremendous-snow-hits-northeast-cold-grips-south%2F19302247. 
  22. ^ NOAA
  23. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. http://www.nws.noaa.gov/climate/xmacis.php?wfo=btv. Retrieved 2011-12-26. 
  24. ^ "Climatological Normals of Burlington". Hong Kong Observatory. http://www.weather.gov.hk/wxinfo/climat/world/eng/n_america/us/burlington_e.htm. Retrieved 2010-05-24. 
  25. ^ "CCTA Announces Regional Transition". Burlington, Vermont: CCTA. 15 June 2010. http://www.cctaride.org/pdf/Documents/Transition.pdf. 
  26. ^ Thursday, January 31, 2013, Vermont governor seeks more Amtrak service, Written by Douglas John Bowen, http://www.railwayage.com/index.php/passenger/intercity/vermont-governor-seeks-more-amtrak-service.html?channel=41
  27. ^ "Rutland Railroad" http://www.r2parks.net/RUT.html
  28. ^ Port Of Entry – Burlington International Airport
  29. ^ "Porter Airlines debuts in Burlington, Vermont". Prnewswire.com. 2011-12-15. http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/porter-airlines-debuts-in-burlington-vermont-135688113.html. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 
  30. ^ Baird, Joel Banner (10 June 2010). "Planners propose US 2 realignment". Burlington, Vermont: Burlington Free Press. pp. 2C. 
  31. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved September 18, 2013. 
  32. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". http://www.census.gov/popest/data/cities/totals/2012/SUB-EST2012-3.html. Retrieved September 18, 2013. 
  33. ^ Census Bureau, US. "Burlington (city) QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/50/5010675.html. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  34. ^ [4] retrieved September 6, 2010
  35. ^ Our History | Ben & Jerry's. Benjerry.com (1978-05-05). Retrieved on 2013-08-02.
  36. ^ McLean, Dan (November 21, 2008). General Dynamics buys Michigan company. Burlington Free Press. 
  37. ^ "Global investor buys 30% share in Dealer.com | Burlington Free Press". burlingtonfreepress.com. 2012-01-01. http://www.burlingtonfreepress.com/article/20110328/NEWS01/110328025/Global-investor-buys-30-share-Dealer-com. Retrieved 2012-01-05. 
  38. ^ McLean, Dan (July 13, 2008). Retail Sales by the numbers. Burlington Free Press. 
  39. ^ Briggs, John (October 9, 2008). Marketplace: 'Great Public Space'. Burlington Free Press. 
  40. ^ a b c Green, Susan (5 July 2010). "Festival Finances". Burlington, Vermont: Burlington Free Press. pp. 1B, 10B. 
  41. ^ Briggs, John (21 June 2010). "25 years of numbers". Burlington, Vermont: Burlington Free Press. pp. 1B, 4B. 
  42. ^ Burlington City Council
  43. ^ "Vermont.gov". Vermont.gov. http://vermont.gov/. Retrieved 2012-01-05. 
  44. ^ "Miro Weinberger for Mayor of Burlington Vermont 2012". miroformayor.com. 2012. http://miroformayor.com/. 
  45. ^ City Council Members, Burlington. Accessed 2009-04-19.
  46. ^ The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/elections/2004/candidates/21105/. 
  47. ^ a b Editorial: Student voters add to ballot participation. Burlington Free Press. October 24, 2008. 
  48. ^ Criteria included percentage registered to vote, percentage participating in most recent elections and campaign contributions Where We Play Politics. Men's Health. October 2008. 
  49. ^ Briggs, John (28 June 2010). "Council to vote on budget". Burlington, Vermont: Burlington Free Press. pp. 8A. 
  50. ^ Johnson, Tim (September 29, 2007). City, UVM sign fees deal. Burlington Free Press. 
  51. ^ "Staff Blogs | Burlington Free Press". burlingtonfreepress.com. http://www.burlingtonfreepress.com/blog/secondopinion/2008/05/to-al-jazeera-or-to-not-al-jazeera.html. Retrieved 2012-01-05. 
  52. ^ Surk, Barbara and Schreck, Adam, Associated Press (January 25, 2009). Al-Jazeera drew U.S. viewers to web for news. Burlington Free Press. 
  53. ^ Lefebvre, Paul and Braithwaite, Chris (March 11, 2009). VEC wants wind power from both Sheffield and Lowell. the Chronicle. 
  54. ^ "Burlington". Burlington, Vermont: Burlington Free Press. 1 August 2009. pp. 9B. 
  55. ^ "Best and Worst Cities for Men", Men's Health, January/February 2006, page 129
  56. ^ "The Capitals of Crash", Men's Health, April 2007, page 86
  57. ^ Driven to Extinction?. Men's Health. July/August 2008. 
  58. ^ Colletti, Jaclyn (2009-09-15). "The 100 Best (and Worst) Places to Raise a Family". Rodale, Inc.. http://www.childrenshealthmag.com/parents/The-best-and-worst-places-to-raise-a-family.php. Retrieved 2010-08-08. 
  59. ^ Ryan, Matt (12 July 2010). "City's beaches, parks, fields are affected". Burlington, Vermont: Burlington Free Press. pp. 6A. 
  60. ^ Sustainability Academy at Lawrence Barnes - Magnet School Information. Sa.bsd.schoolfusion.us. Retrieved on 2013-08-02.
  61. ^ [5]
  62. ^ [6]
  63. ^ Libraries on the rise. Burlington Free Press. July 25, 2008. 
  64. ^ ECHO=Ecology, Culture, History and Opportunity
  65. ^ Dragon boats fill the waters off Burlington. Burlington Free Press. August 6, 2007. 
  66. ^ "Dragon hearts". Burlington, Vermont: Burlington Free Press. 30 July 2009. pp. Weekend/17. 
  67. ^ "First Night Burlington". First Night Burlington. 2011-11-03. http://www.firstnightburlington.com/. Retrieved 2012-01-05. 
  68. ^ The Babes of Beaver Pond, Cathy Resmer, Seven Days, February 7, 2006.
  69. ^ Slideshow: Winter is a Drag Ball 2009, Seven Days, February 16, 2009.
  70. ^ Česky. "List of tallest buildings by U.S. state - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". En.wikipedia.org. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_tallest_buildings_by_U.S._state. Retrieved 2012-01-05. 
  71. ^ "Burlington high-rise gets facelift | Burlington Free Press". burlingtonfreepress.com. http://www.burlingtonfreepress.com/article/20100907/NEWS02/100906009/Burlington-high-rise-gets-facelift. Retrieved 2012-01-05. 
  72. ^ retrieved July 30, 2007
  73. ^ retrieved July 30, 2007
  74. ^ http://www.vermontbiz.com Vermont Business Magazine
  75. ^ Vermont Community Access Television
  76. ^ Retn.org
  77. ^ Channel 17
  78. ^ Vermont Lake Monsters (September 23, 2010). "Vermont Joins Oakland A's Organization". Vermont Lake Monsters. http://web.minorleaguebaseball.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20100923&content_id=15000546&vkey=news_t462&fext=.jsp&sid=t462. 
  79. ^ "Frozen Fenway 2012 Replica Jersey". Uvmathletics.com. 2011-11-21. http://uvmathletics.com/index.aspx?path=mhockey. Retrieved 2012-01-05. 
  80. ^ "University of Vermont". Uvmathletics.com. http://uvmathletics.com/sports/2010/6/8/MBB_0608102351.aspx. Retrieved 2012-01-05. 
  81. ^ KeyBank VT City Marathon: General Information
  82. ^ Donoghue, Mike (January 25, 2009). Boxers battle at Memorial. Burlington Free Press. 
  83. ^ Burlington Telecom. "About Burlington Telecom". Burlington Telecom. http://www.burlingtontelecom.net/about_us/index.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  84. ^ "::Bethlehem Municipality::". www.bethlehem-city.org. http://www.bethlehem-city.org/Twining.php. Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  85. ^ City of Burlington: Moss Point Relief Timeline. In the fall of 2005, the city decided to help out Moss Point which was devastated by Hurricane Katrina, and held a concert called Hurricane Benefete to raise money.
  86. ^ Ethan Allen Homestead Museum
  87. ^ Chittenden County Historical Society & Museum
  88. ^ Echo Lake Aquarium & Science Center
  89. ^ Fleming Museum, University of Vermont
  90. ^ Flynn Center for the Performing Arts
  91. ^ Rediscovering Jewish Infrastructure: Update on United States Nineteenth Century Synagogues, Mark W. Gordon, American Jewish History 84.1 (1996) 11-27

External linksEdit

Commons-logo
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Burlington, Vermont. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.