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Buda
—  City  —

Coat of arms



Buda is located in Hungary
Buda
Coordinates: 47°30′13″N 19°01′42″E / 47.50361, 19.02833
Country  Hungary

Buda (German: Ofen, Turkish Budin) is the western part of the Hungarian capital Budapest on the west bank of the Danube. Until 1873 it was a separate city.


Etymology[]

According to chronicles from the Middle Ages, the name "Buda" comes from the name of its founder, Bleda (Buda), the brother of the Hunnic ruler Attila. The theory that "Buda" was named after a person is also supported by modern scholars.[1] An alternative explanation suggests that "Buda" derives from the Slavic word "вода, voda" ("water"), a translation of the Latin name "Aquincum", which was the main Roman settlement in the region.[2]

History[]

Buda was a separate independent city. In earlier centuries there were ancient Celtic and Roman settlements there. Pest became an important economic center during 11th–13th centuries.Buda was the capital of the Kingdom of Hungary from 1361 to 1541, before it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire.

In 1849 the first suspension bridge, the Széchenyi Chain Bridge, was constructed across the Danube connecting Pest with Buda. Consequently, in 1873, the two cities were unified with Óbuda to become Budapest.

References[]

  1. ^ Kiss Lajos: Földrajzi nevek etimológiai szótára. Budapest: Akadémiai. 1978. 131–132.
  2. ^ Györffy György, Pest-Buda kialakulása: Budapest története a honfoglalástól az Árpád-kor végi székvárossá alakulásig, Budapest, Akadémiai, 1997, 242.
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