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Broward County, Florida
—  County  —
[[File:
Ft Lauderdale Skyline.jpg
Hollywood Beach bikers.jpgFlorida-Hollywood-Water Tank.jpg
Tarpon River Neighborhood in Fort Lauderdale, Florida .jpgDania Beach, FL, USA - panoramio (2).jpg
Las Olas Beach.jpgSawgrass Mills 180133.jpg
BB&T Center (Sunrise).JPGPompano Beach, FL, USA - panoramio (11).jpg
Images, from top down, left to right: Fort Lauderdale skyline; Hollywood Beach Boardwalk; Hollywood water tower; Tarpon River neighborhood; Dania Beach pier; life guard station on Las Olas Beach; Sawgrass Mills shopping mall in Sunrise; BB&T Center; docked boats in Pompano Beach
|250px|none|alt=|Skyline of Broward County, Florida]]

Logo
Nickname(s): "Broward"



Broward County, Florida is located in the USA <div style="position: absolute; top: Expression error: Missing operand for *.%; left: 212.7%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Broward County, Florida
Location within the United States
Country  United States
State  Florida
Region South Florida
Metro area Miami
Founded April 30, 1915
Named for Napoleon B. Broward
County seat Fort Lauderdale
Largest city Fort Lauderdale (population, total area)
Davie (land area)
Incorporated cities 24
Government
 • Type Council–manager government
 • Body Board of County Commissioners
 • Board of County Commissioners[1][2]
 • Mayor Steven Geller (D) [3][4]
 • Vice Mayor Michael Udine (D)[3][5]
 • County administrator Bertha Henry (D)[6][7]
Area
 • Total 1,322.817 sq mi (3,426.08 km2)
 • Land 1,203.105 sq mi (3,116.03 km2)
 • Water 119.712 sq mi (310.05 km2)
Highest elevation[8] 29 ft (9 m)
Lowest elevation[9] 0 ft (0 m)
Population (April 1, 2010)[10]
 • Total 1,748,146
 • Estimate (2019)[10] 1,952,778
 • Density 1,300/sq mi (510/km2)
Time zone Eastern Time Zone (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern Daylight Time (UTC−4)
Zip code 33004, 33009, 33019-33021,33023-33029, 33060, 33062-33069, 33071, 33073, 33076, 33301, 33304-33306, 33308-33317, 33319, 33321-33328, 33330-33332, 33334, 33351, 33441-33442
Area codes 754/954,
FIPS code 12011
GNIS feature ID 295753
Primary Airport Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport
FLL (Major/International)
Secondary Airport North Perry Airport-
HWO (Regional)-
Fort Lauderdale Executive Airport-
FXE (Regional)-
Pompano Beach Airpark-
PMP (Regional)
Interstates I-75.svg I-95.svg I-595.svg
U.S. Routes US 1.svg US 27.svg US 441.svg
State Routes Florida's Turnpike shield.svg Florida A1A.svg Florida 5.svg Florida 7.svg Florida 9.svg Florida 25.svg Florida 84.svg Florida 93.svg Florida 736.svg Florida 810.svg Florida 811.svg Florida 814.svg Florida 816.svg Florida 817.svg Florida 818.svg Florida 820.svg Florida 822.svg Florida 823.svg Florida 824.svg Florida 838.svg Florida 842.svg Florida 845.svg Florida 848.svg Florida 849.svg Florida 852.svg Florida 858.svg Florida 862.svg Florida 869.svg Florida 870.svg
Commuter Rail Amtrak, Brightline, Tri-Rail
Website broward.org

Broward County is located in southeastern Florida, United States. According to the 2019 Census Bureau estimate, the county had a population of 1,952,778, making it the second-most populous county in the state of Florida and the 17th-most populous county in the United States.[10] The county seat is Fort Lauderdale.[11]

Broward County is one of the three counties in South Florida that make up the Miami metropolitan area, which was home to an estimated 6,198,782 people in 2018.[12]

The county has 31 municipalities, which consist of 24 incorporated cities and many unincorporated areas. It is also Florida's seventh-largest county in terms of land area, with 1,322.8 square miles (3,426 km2). Broward County's urbanized area occupies 427.8 square miles of land. The largest portion of the county is the Conservation Area that extends west to border Collier County. The conservation area is 796.9 square miles and consists of wetlands. At its widest points, the County stretches approximately 50.3 miles east to west and approximately 27.4 miles from north to south, averaging 5 to 25 feet in elevation.

History

Napoleon Bonaparte Broward (1857-1910)

Native people

The earliest evidence of Native American settlement in the Miami region came from about 12,000 years ago.[13] The first inhabitants settled on the banks of the Miami River, with the main villages on the northern banks.

The inhabitants at the time of first European contact were the Tequesta people, who controlled much of southeastern Florida, including what is now Miami-Dade County, Broward County, and the southern part of Palm Beach County. The Tequesta Indians fished, hunted, and gathered the fruit and roots of plants for food, but did not practice any form of agriculture. They buried the small bones of the deceased with the rest of the body, and put the larger bones in a box for the village people to see. The Tequesta are credited with making the Miami Circle.[14]

Founding of Broward

Although the area has been settled since about 1400 B.C., Broward County was founded on April 30, 1915.[15] It was intended to be named Everglades County, but then-Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives Ion Farris amended the bill that established the county to name it in honor of Napoleon Bonaparte Broward, governor of Florida from 1905 to 1909.[16] Throughout his term as governor, Broward championed Everglades drainage and was remembered for his campaign to turn the Everglades into “useful land”. This opened up much of today's urban Broward County for development, first as agricultural land and later as residential. A year before Broward became governor, Dania became the first incorporated community of what is now Broward County, followed by Pompano in 1908, and Fort Lauderdale in 1911.

In 1915, Palm Beach County and Dade County contributed nearly equal portions of land to create Broward County.[15] Dixie Highway was also completed through Broward County in 1915. In 1916, the settlement of "Zona" was renamed Davie in recognition of Robert P. Davie, a land developer who purchased a great deal of reclaimed Everglades land.

Broward County began a huge development boom after its incorporation, with the first "tourist hotel", in Fort Lauderdale, opening in 1919. A year later, developers began dredging wetlands in the county to create island communities.[15]

Land boom and rapid growth

1925 was considered the peak of the Florida land boom with Davie, Deerfield, Floranada, and Hollywood all being incorporated. By 1925, the boom was considered to have reached its peak, but the 1926 Miami hurricane caused economic depression in the county.[15] In 1926, the Hollywood Seminole Indian Reservation (formerly "Dania Reservation") was opened. In 1927, Lauderdale-by-the-Sea was incorporated. In 1928, the Bay Mabel Harbor (now the Port Everglades channel) was opened. In 1929, Merle Fogg Airport (now site of Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport) was dedicated. In 1939, Hillsboro Beach was incorporated. Gulfstream Park also opened in Hallandale in 1939.

The county saw another population and development boom post-World War II when the transformation from agricultural to urbanized residential area began. In 1947, Pompano merged with beach area to form the present day City of Pompano Beach.

There was another boom between the 1950s and the late 1960s. In 1953, Plantation, Lazy Lake, and Fern Crest Village were incorporated. In 1955, Margate and Miramar were incorporated. In 1956, Lighthouse Point was incorporated and the Florida Turnpike was completed through Broward County. In 1957, Pembroke Park was incorporated. In 1959, Cooper City, Lauderhill, and Sea Ranch Lakes were incorporated.

In 1946 Dr. Von D. Mizell and black business owners petitioned the County Commission to make a county beach available to African Americans; at the time the beaches in Broward County, as elsewhere in Florida, were for whites only. Eight years later a beach, today Dr. Von D. Mizell-Eula Johnson State Park, in Dania Beach, was made available, but there was no road to it until 1965. In the meantime, Mizell and Eula Johnson, with supporters, deliberately violated the law on July 4, 1961, by wading into the water on Ft. Lauderdale beach. The legal process set in motion by this incident resulted in the desegregation of Broward County beaches in 1962.[17]

In 1960, the City of Pembroke Pines was incorporated. This same year marked the opening of Broward College (then Broward Community College).

In 1961, Lauderdale Lakes and Sunrise were incorporated. In 1963, the cities of Coral Springs, North Lauderdale, Parkland, and Tamarac were all incorporated. In 1967, Coconut Creek was incorporated.[18]

The effects of a national recession hit the county in 1974 and the population growth finally slowed. This is from a peak growth percentage change of 297.9% which saw the population of Broward grow from 83,933 as of 1950 to 333,946 in 1960.[19] The population subsequently experienced an 85.7% population growth which brought the population to a total of 620,100 in 1970.[19]

Recent history

The structure of the Broward County government was signed into law in 1975 with the passage of the Broward County charter.[15] In the same year, the Seminole Tribe of Florida incorporated as a governing entity and began organizing cigarette sales, bingo and land leases that will bring millions of dollars in annual revenue in later years.[20] In 1976, Interstate 95 was completed through Broward County.

On January 19, 1977, snow fell in South Florida for the first time in recorded history. Snow was seen across all of South Florida as far south as Homestead and even on Miami Beach. Snow was officially reported by weather observers in West Palm Beach, LaBelle, Hollywood, and Royal Palm Ranger Station in deep South Miami-Dade County.[21]

In the year 1980, the US census reported over 1 million people living in Broward County.

On August 24, 1992, Hurricane Andrew passed through Miami-Dade county causing $100 million in damage in Broward County and leaving at least a dozen residents homeless as a result of storm related fires. Broward becomes a base of operations to shuttle supplies to neighbors in devastated Dade County which suffered the brunt of the storm and caused over $25 billion in damage. Hurricane Andrew caused a massive exodus from South Dade to Broward County filling Pembroke Pines and other Broward communities with tens of thousands of transplanted families.[22]

In the year 2000, US census reported a total population 1,623,018.[23] The town of South West Ranches was incorporated this year.

On March 1, 2005, West Park became Broward County's 31st municipality to be incorporated.[24]

On October 24, 2005, Hurricane Wilma hit South Florida leaving the entire area damaged and causing almost universal power outages. Wilma was the most damaging storm in Broward County since Hurricane King in 1950. Broward experienced wind speeds between 80 and 100 mph (130 and 160 km/h) which endured for about five hours.[25]

The Fort Lauderdale harbor and skyline
The Fort Lauderdale harbor and skyline

Geography

Climate chart for Broward County, FL[26]
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.7
 
75
56.2
 
 
2.6
 
77.2
57.9
 
 
3.7
 
79.7
60.9
 
 
2.9
 
83.3
64.1
 
 
4.3
 
87
68.7
 
 
8.6
 
89.6
72.9
 
 
6.9
 
91.2
74
 
 
7.7
 
91.3
74.4
 
 
7.9
 
89.5
73.9
 
 
5.1
 
85.8
70.2
 
 
3.4
 
80.9
64.6
 
 
2.2
 
76.6
59.1
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 1,323 square miles (3,430 km2), of which 1,210 square miles (3,100 km2) is land and 113 square miles (290 km2) (8.5%) is water.[27]

Broward County has an average elevation of six feet (1.8 m) above sea level. It is rather new geologically and at the eastern edge of the Florida Platform, a carbonate plateau created millions of years ago. Broward County is composed of Oolite limestone while western Broward is composed mostly of Bryozoa.[28] Broward is among the last areas of Florida to be created and populated with fauna and flora, mostly in the Pleistocene.

Of developable land in Broward County, approximately 471 square miles (1,219.9 km2), the majority is built upon, as the urban area is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Everglades Wildlife Management Area to the west. Within developable land, Broward County has a population density of 3,740 per square mile (1,444 per square kilometer).

Broward approved the construction of Osborne Reef, an artificial reef made of tires off the Fort Lauderdale beach, but it has proven an environmental disaster.[29]

Adjacent counties

An aerial shot of the sunset looking Westward in Broward County, FL. The Everglades is shown in the background and beyond that is Collier County.
An aerial shot of the sunset looking Westward in Broward County, FL. The Everglades is shown in the background and beyond that is Collier County.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1920 5,135
1930 20,094 291.3%
1940 39,794 98.0%
1950 83,933 110.9%
1960 333,946 297.9%
1970 620,100 85.7%
1980 1,018,200 64.2%
1990 1,255,488 23.3%
2000 1,623,018 29.3%
2010 1,748,066 7.7%
Est. 2019 1,952,778 [30] 20.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[31]
1790-1960[32] 1900-1990[33]
1990-2000[34] 2010-2015[35]

2015 5-Year American Community Survey

City skyline, featuring Las Olas River House (center), 110 Tower (far right), and Bank of America Plaza (far left)

A yacht in Fort Lauderdale's harbor

Households and families

As of the 2015 5-year ACS, Broward County had 1,843,152 people, 670,284 households, and 425,680 families. Of the 670,284 households in Broward County, 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.43.[36]

Age

In the county, the population was spread out, with 21.7% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.7 males.[37]

Race, ancestry and nationality

The racial makeup of the county was 62.3% White, 30% Black or African American,17.1% Hispanic or Latino of any race, [38] 5.07% Asian, 2.20% from two or more races, 0.66% Native American, 0.16% Pacific Islander, and 0.20% from some other race. The racial makeup of the total Hispanic and Latino population in Broward County was: 65.8% White, 5.90% Native American, 2.06% Black or African American, 0.33% Asian, 0.86% Pacific Islander, 26.23% were some other race and 4.57% were from two or more races.[39] In 2015, with relation to ancestry (excluding the various Hispanic and Latino ancestries), 7.38% were Italian, 7.70% American, 6.44% German, 6.54% Irish, 3.8% English, 2.6% Polish and 2.2% Russian ancestry.[40] Also, among West Indians, 6.33% were Haitian and 5.96% were Jamaican.[41] In 2015, 32.2% of the county's population was foreign born, with 18.14% being naturalized American citizens.[42] Of foreign born residents, 78.9% were born in Latin America, 7.88% were born in Europe, 8.52% born in Asia, 3.11% in North America, 1.34% born in Africa and 0.15 were born in Oceania.[43]

Income

As of the 2015 5-year ACS, the median income for a household in the county was $51,968, and the median income for a family was $61,809.[44] Of full-time workers, males had a median income of $46,372 versus $39,690 for females.[45] The per capita income for the county was $28,381. About 11.2% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.9% of those under the age 18 and 12.6% of those aged 65 or over.[46]

2010 Census

U.S. Census Bureau 2010 Ethnic/Race Demographics:[47][48][49]

  • White (non-Hispanic) : 42.5% (8.7% Irish, 8.2% Italian, 7.9% German, 5.0% English, 3.2% Polish, 2.7% Russian, 1.9% French, 1.0% Scottish, 0.8% Dutch, 0.8% Scotch-Irish, 0.8% Hungarian, 0.6% Swedish, 0.6% French Canadian, 0.5% Greek)[47](63.1% when including White Hispanics)
  • Black (non-Hispanic) (26.7% when including Black Hispanics): 17.7% (12.8% West Indian/Afro-Caribbean American [5.7% Haitian, 5.3% Jamaican, 0.4% Trinidadian and Tobagonian, 0.4% Other or Unspecified West Indian, 0.3% Bahamian, 0.2% British West Indian, 0.1% Barbadian, and 0.8% Subsaharan African)[47][50]
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 26.9% (4.8% Cuban, 4.3% Puerto Rican, 3.8% Colombian, 1.7% Mexican, 1.6% Dominican, 1.4% Peruvian, 1.3% Venezuelan, 0.7% Ecuadoran, 0.7% Honduran, 0.6% Argentinean, 0.5% Nicaraguan, 0.5% Salvadoran)[49][51]
  • Asian: 3.2% (1.2% South Asian including Indians, Indo-Caribbeans, Pakistanis, Bangladeshis, Sri Lankans, and Nepalese, 0.6% Chinese (Han Chinese and Chinese Americans), including Chinese Caribbeans and Taiwanese Americans, 0.5% Other Asian, 0.4% Filipino, 0.3% Vietnamese, 0.1% Japanese, 0.1% Korean)[48][49]
  • Two or more races: 2.9%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native: 0.3%
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Other Races: 3.7% (0.7% Arab)[47]

In 2010, 4.7% of the population considered themselves to be of only "American" ancestry (regardless of race or ethnicity.)[47]

As of 2010, Haitians made up the largest population of immigrants, with Jamaicans coming in second, Colombians in third, followed by Cuban exiled refugees in fourth place, then Peruvians, Venezuelans, Brazilians, Dominicans, Canadians, and Mexicans being the tenth highest group of expatriates.[52] The county also houses many British, French, German, and Spanish expatriates.

There were 810,388 households, out of which 28.61% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.80% were married couples living together, 15.28% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.67% were non-families. 28.79% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.07% (3.31% male and 7.76% female) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.14.[47][53]

The age distribution is 22.4% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.[53]

The median income for a household in the county was $51,694, and the median income for a family was $62,619. Males had a median income of $44,935 versus $36,813 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,631. About 9.1% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those aged 65 or over.[54]

In 2010, 30.9% of the county's population was foreign born, with 49.2% being naturalized American citizens. Of foreign born residents, 77.4% were born in Latin America, 9.0% were born in Europe, 8.4% born in Asia, 3.5% in North America, 1.6% born in Africa, and 0.1% were born in Oceania.[47]

According to the 2010 U.S. Census,[55] Broward County is the 9th largest county with same sex households. As of the 2010 Census, there were 9,125 same sex households out of a total of 686,047 households (1.33%).[55]

2000 Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,623,018 people, 654,445 households, and 411,645 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,346 people per square mile (520/km2). There were 741,043 housing units at an average density of 615 per square mile (237/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 70.57% White (58% were Non-Hispanic),[56] 20.54% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 2.25% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 3.00% from other races, and 3.35% from two or more races. 16.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2000, with relation to ancestry (excluding the various Hispanic and Latino ancestries), 9.4% were Italian, 7.4% American, 6.8% German, 6.7% Irish, and 4% English ancestry. Also, among West Indians, 5.99% were Haitian and were 5.91% Jamaican.[57] Broward was the only county in the nation outside the Northeast in which Italian-Americans formed the largest ethnic group in 2000. They are concentrated mainly in the Pompano Beach area.[57]

There were 654,445 households, out of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and % had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,691, and the median income for a family was $50,531. Males had a median income of $36,741 versus $28,529 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,170. About 8.7% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2005, Broward County led the nation's metropolitan areas in new AIDS diagnoses, with a reported rate 58.4 new AIDS diagnoses per 100,000 people. County officials think the numbers may stem from a new and successful HIV testing campaign that has resulted in many people being diagnosed with AIDS at the same time they've been diagnosed with HIV.[58] Without the implementation of the new testing campaign, the reported numbers of new diagnoses would have probably been lower.

Languages

As of 2010, 63.44% of all residents spoke English as their first language, while 22.22% spoke Spanish, 5.42% French Creole (mostly Haitian Creole), 1.48% Portuguese, 1.41% French, and 0.59% of the population spoke Italian as their mother language. In total, 36.56% of the population spoke languages other than English as their primary language.[59] Since many immigrants are coming from the Anglophone Caribbean, where English is spoken, the change is not as fast as the rate of immigration would suggest.

Law, government, and politics

Broward County Mayors
Name Start of Term End of Term
Mark Bogen[60] Nov. 2018 Nov. 2019
Beam Furr[61] Nov. 2017 Nov. 2018
Barbara Sharief Nov. 17, 2016 Nov. 17, 2017
Marty Kiar Nov. 17, 2015 Nov. 17, 2016
Tim Ryan Nov. 18, 2014 Nov. 17, 2015
Barbara Sharief Nov. 19, 2013 Nov. 18, 2014

The Broward County Charter provides for a separation between the legislative and administrative functions of government. The Board of County Commissioners is the legislative branch of Broward County Government. The County Commission is composed of nine members elected by district. Each Commissioner must be a resident of the district for which he or she seeks election. Each year the Commission elects a mayor and vice mayor. The mayor's functions include serving as presiding officer, and as the county's official representative. The Commission appoints the County Administrator, County Attorney and County Auditor. The Commission also appoints numerous advisory and regulatory boards.[62]

The County Commission meets in formal session the first four Tuesdays of each month at 10:00 a.m. in Room 422 of the Broward County Governmental Center. Over 507,000 cable subscribers in Broward County have access to Government-access television (GATV) coverage of Commission meetings, which are broadcast live beginning at 10:00 a.m. each Tuesday, and rebroadcast at 5:30 p.m. the following Friday. Meetings can also be viewed via webcasting at www.broward.org.

Politics

Overview

Broward County has voted for the Democratic candidate in most of the presidential elections in the past four decades, and has gone Democratic in every election since 1992. It voted twice for Ronald Reagan (1980, 1984) and once for George H. W. Bush (1988). From 1916 to 1972 it voted Democratic six times and Republican in nine elections. In 2008 and 2012 approximately 67.07% of the electorate voted for Democrat Barack Obama. In 2016, Democrat Hillary Clinton won 66.08% of the vote.

Election history

From 1948 to 1988, the county went Republican in every election except for 1976. In the 1964 presidential election, the county supported Barry Goldwater by a 56-44 margin even as he lost in a landslide nationwide, and in the 1972 presidential election, Broward County voters strongly backed Richard Nixon over George McGovern. But since 1992, Broward County has supported the Democratic presidential nominee by increasing majorities. It is now the most reliably Democratic county in the state,[63][64] with the exception of the much less populous and majority African American Gadsden County in North Florida. This change in voting tendencies can be attributed to the large migrations of middle and upper-class snowbirds and transplants from more liberal states, a growing LGBT community, liberal positions on social issues such as abortion and gun control, and naturalized U.S. citizens born in places such as Latin America, the Caribbean, Canada, Europe, and Asia.

Previous gubernatorial elections results
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2018 31.30% 222,012 (DeSantis) 67.98% 482,152 (Gillum) 0.68% 5,015
2014 29.52% 138,394 (Scott/Incumbent) 68.02% 318,950 (Crist) 2.46% 11,549
2010 33.40% 140,445 (Scott) 64.59% 271,606 (Sink) 2.01% 8,480
2006 35.09% 143,043 (Crist) 62.81% 256,072 (Davis) 2.10% 8,558
2002 40.02% 175,756 (Bush/Incumbent) 59.05% 259,370 (McBride) 0.93% 4,076
1998 37.93% 137,494 (Bush) 62.07% 225,010 (McKay) 0.00% 8
1994 34.61% 138,333 (Bush) 65.39% 261,368 (Chiles/Incumbent) 0.00% 11
United States presidential election results for Broward County, Florida[65]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 333,409 34.74% 618,752 64.48% 7,479 0.78%
2016 260,951 31.16% 553,320 66.08% 23,117 2.76%
2012 244,101 32.23% 508,312 67.12% 4,941 0.65%
2008 237,729 32.34% 492,640 67.02% 4,722 0.64%
2004 244,674 34.61% 453,873 64.21% 8,325 1.18%
2000 177,939 30.93% 387,760 67.41% 9,540 1.66%
1996 142,870 28.29% 320,779 63.51% 41,449 8.21%
1992 164,832 30.92% 276,361 51.85% 91,857 17.23%
1988 220,316 50.00% 218,274 49.54% 2,015 0.46%
1984 254,608 56.68% 194,584 43.32% 34 0.01%
1980 229,693 55.95% 146,323 35.64% 34,545 8.41%
1976 161,411 47.15% 176,491 51.55% 4,441 1.30%
1972 196,528 72.41% 74,127 27.31% 754 0.28%
1968 106,122 54.50% 56,613 29.07% 31,992 16.43%
1964 85,264 55.49% 68,406 44.51% 0 0.00%
1960 68,294 58.82% 47,811 41.18% 0 0.00%
1956 43,552 72.45% 16,561 27.55% 0 0.00%
1952 26,506 69.10% 11,854 30.90% 0 0.00%
1948 9,933 50.88% 7,096 36.35% 2,492 12.77%
1944 5,583 47.45% 6,183 52.55% 0 0.00%
1940 3,988 38.31% 6,422 61.69% 0 0.00%
1936 1,906 30.30% 4,385 69.70% 0 0.00%
1932 1,717 34.27% 3,293 65.73% 0 0.00%
1928 2,889 63.63% 1,564 34.45% 87 1.92%
1924 407 41.45% 421 42.87% 154 15.68%
1920 442 44.24% 415 41.54% 142 14.21%
1916 158 22.57% 382 54.57% 160 22.86%



Voter registration

According to the Secretary of State's office, Democrats maintain a majority among registered voters in Broward County. The county is also one of the few counties in the state where Independents outnumber Republicans.

Population and registered voters
Total population[10] 1,951,260
  Registered voters[66] 1,183,496 60.65%
    Democratic 594,355 50.22%
    Republican 252,182 21.31%
    Democratic–Republican spread +342,173 +28.91%
    Independent 5,351 0.45%
    Libertarian 1,641 0.14%
    Green 485 0.04%
    Constitution 111 0.01%
    Reform 85 0.01%
    Other 100 0.00%
    No party affiliation 329,185 27.81%

Ordinances

Broward's code of ordinances consists of resolutions, administrative rules and regulations passed in order to secure a responsive and efficient form of local government.[67]

The county maintains a distinctive rule regarding communication between the county and bidders for county contracts, known as the Cone of Silence.[68] This rule prevents staff involved in a purchasing process from communicating with bidders from the time when the solicitation is issued, and County Commissioners from the time when bids are opened, until the vote to award the contract or the time when all bids are rejected.[69]

Economy

Silver Airways has its headquarters on the property of Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport in an unincorporated area. [70][71][72] Other companies with headquarters in unincorporated areas include Locair.[73]

Spirit Airlines has its headquarters in Miramar.

When Chalk's International Airlines existed, its headquarters was on the grounds of the airport in an unincorporated area.[74] When Bimini Island Air existed, its headquarters were in an unincorporated area.[75]

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Broward College South Campus administration building

Broward County Schools has the sixth largest school district in the country and the second largest in the state after the Miami-Dade district.

Regionally accredited colleges and universities

  • Broward College
  • Florida Atlantic University (Branch campuses)
  • Nova Southeastern University
  • Keiser University

Other adult education providers

  • DeVry University
  • University of Phoenix
  • The Art Institute of Fort Lauderdale
  • Florida Career College
  • Brown Mackie College
  • Atlantic Technical Center and Technical High School
  • McFatter Technical College and Technical High School
  • Sheridan Technical College and Technical High School

Public libraries

The Broward County Library is one of the largest public library systems in the country, comprising 38 branch locations. There are also five municipal public libraries in the county that are not part of the Broward County Library system: Ethel M. Gordon Oakland Park Library, Lighthouse Point Library, Helen B. Hoffman Plantation Library, Richard C. Sullivan Public Library of Wilton Manors, and Parkland Public Library.

Library Resources

Broward county libraries provide endless amount of resources to the public. For high-schoolers looking to prepare themselves for college, the library offers college readiness & SAT/ACT prep courses. For adults looking to learn computer skills, adult computer classes are also offered. These resources are free of cost, therefore, all it takes is registering to participate. In addition to the many resources offered at the library, bus passes are also sold at most Broward County libraries.[76] If you want to enjoy some of these resources, you can simply download the app to utilize them on the go. There are nine apps available for download: Broward County Library (BCL WoW), Freegal Music, Hoopla, Overdrive, Libby, Axis 360, RBdigital Magazines, Rosetta Stone, and Brainfuse.[77] Most of these apps you can easily gain access to by simply using your library card number.

Sites of interest

Bonnet House Museum & Gardens, Fort Lauderdale

Stranahan House, Fort Lauderdale

Museums and historical collections

  • African-American Research Library and Cultural Center, Fort Lauderdale
  • Bonnet House Museum & Gardens, Fort Lauderdale
  • Coral Springs Museum of Art, Coral Springs
  • Fort Lauderdale Antique Car Museum, Fort Lauderdale[78]
  • Fort Lauderdale History Center, Fort Lauderdale
  • Naval Air Station Fort Lauderdale Museum, Fort Lauderdale
  • NSU Art Museum, Fort Lauderdale
  • Plantation Historical Museum, Plantation[79]
  • Stranahan House, Fort Lauderdale
  • The International Game Fish Association, including the Fishing Hall of Fame & Museum, Dania Beach
  • The International Swimming Hall of Fame, Fort Lauderdale
  • The Museum of Discovery and Science, Fort Lauderdale
  • Wiener Museum of Decorative Arts, Dania Beach[80]
  • Young at Art Museum, Davie

Nature and wildlife areas

Butterfly World, Coconut Creek

  • Anne Kolb Nature Center, Hollywood
  • Butterfly World, a botanical sanctuary in Coconut Creek
  • Fern Forest Nature Center, Coconut Creek
  • Flamingo Gardens, a botanical garden and wildlife sanctuary
  • Secret Woods Nature Center, Dania Beach
  • Sawgrass Recreation Park
  • The Everglades parks, which have multiple entrances in Broward County

Other areas and attractions

Hollywood Beach Boardwalk

  • Beach Place, a strip of stores, restaurants, and bars across the street from the beach along the Atlantic coast, in Ft. Lauderdale
  • Broward Center for the Performing Arts
  • Hollywood Boardwalk
  • Florida Grand Opera
  • Fort Lauderdale Swap Shop (colloquially known to locals as simply the Swap Shop)
  • Sawgrass Mills, a large outlet shopping mall in Sunrise
  • The BB&T Center in Sunrise, where the NHL's Florida Panthers play their games
  • The Festival Flea Market Mall in Pompano Beach, America's largest indoor flea market
  • Riverwalk (Fort Lauderdale)

Additionally, with 23 miles of beach, Broward County is a popular destination for scuba diving, snorkeling, and droves of young Spring break tourists from around the world.[81][82]

Transportation

Airports

Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport

Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport serves as the primary airport of the Broward County area. The airport is bounded by the cities Fort Lauderdale, Hollywood and Dania Beach,[72] three miles (5 km) southwest of downtown Fort Lauderdale and 21 mi (34 km) north of Miami. The airport is near cruise line terminals at Port Everglades and is popular among tourists bound for the Caribbean. Since the late 1990s, FLL has become an intercontinental gateway, although Miami International Airport still handles most long-haul flights. FLL is ranked as the 19th busiest airport (in terms of passenger traffic) in the United States, as well as the nation's 14th busiest international air gateway and one of the world's 50 busiest airports. FLL is classified by the US Federal Aviation Administration as a "major hub" facility serving commercial air traffic. In 2017 the airport processed 32,511,053 passengers[83] (11.3% more than 2016) including 7,183,275 international passengers (18.6% more than 2016).

  • North Perry Airport
  • Fort Lauderdale Executive Airport
  • Pompano Beach Airpark
  • Downtown Fort Lauderdale Heliport

A Broward County Transit bus in the current "Breeze" livery.

Public transportation

  • Broward County Transit
  • Tri-Rail
  • Sun Trolley

Major expressways

Interstate 95 as it passes through Fort Lauderdale. The city's skyline can be seen in the background.

  • I-95.svg Interstate 95
  • I-75.svg Interstate 75
  • I-595.svg Interstate 595 (Port Everglades Expressway)
  • Florida's Turnpike shield.svg Florida's Turnpike (SR 91)
  • Florida's Turnpike shield.svg Homestead Extension (SR 821)
  • Toll Florida 869.svg State Road 869 (Sawgrass Expressway)

Railroads

  • Amtrak, Brightline and Tri-Rail run through Broward.

Street grid

A street grid stretches throughout Broward County. Most of this grid is loosely based on three primary eastern municipalities, (from South to North) Hollywood, Fort Lauderdale, and Pompano Beach. Deerfield Beach—another primary eastern municipality—has its own street grid, as do two smaller municipalities—Dania and Hallandale.

Greenways System

Construction is underway on a network of recreational trails to connect cities and points of interest in the county.[84][85][86]

Communities

Map of the municipalities (colored areas) and unincorporated communities (grey areas) of Broward County

Municipalities

Municipality populations are based on the 2015 5-year American Community Survey.[87][88]

# Incorporated community Designation Date incorporated Population
2 Coconut Creek City 01967-02-20February 20, 1967 56,816
26 Cooper City City 01959-06-20June 20, 1959 33,382
4 Coral Springs City 01963-07-10July 10, 1963 126,673
23 Dania Beach City 01904-11-30November 30, 1904 30,878
22 Davie Town 01925-11-16November 16, 1925 97,372
3 Deerfield Beach City 01925-06-11June 11, 1925 78,227
16 Fort Lauderdale City 01911-03-27March 27, 1911 173,570
31 Hallandale Beach City 01927-05-11May 11, 1927 38,725
8 Hillsboro Beach Town 01939-06-12June 12, 1939 1,568
24 Hollywood City 01925-11-28November 28, 1925 146,791
11 Lauderdale-by-the-Sea Town 01927-11-30November 30, 1927 6,313
17 Lauderdale Lakes City 01961-06-22June 22, 1961 34,103
18 Lauderhill City 01959-06-20June 20, 1959 69,979
15 Lazy Lake Village 01953-06-03June 3, 1953 33
7 Lighthouse Point City 01956-06-13June 13, 1956 10,842
5 Margate City 01955-05-30May 30, 1955 55,678
28 Miramar City 01955-05-26May 26, 1955 131,384
10 North Lauderdale City 01963-07-10July 10, 1963 42,853
13 Oakland Park City 01929-06-10June 10, 1929 43,347
1 Parkland City 01963-07-10July 10, 1963 27,114
30 Pembroke Park Town 01957-10-10October 10, 1957 6,244
27 Pembroke Pines City 01959-03-02March 2, 1959 162,243
20 Plantation City 01953-04-30April 30, 1953 89,904
6 Pompano Beach City 01908-06-06June 6, 1908 104,741
12 Sea Ranch Lakes Village 01959-10-06October 6, 1959 701
25 Southwest Ranches Town 02000-06-06June 6, 2000 7,676
19 Sunrise City 01961-06-22June 22, 1961 89,942
9 Tamarac City 01963-08-15August 15, 1963 63,227
29 West Park City 02005-03-01March 1, 2005 14,779
21 Weston City 01996-09-03September 3, 1996 68,423
14 Wilton Manors City 01947-05-13May 13, 1947 12,133

Former unincorporated neighborhoods

In the 1980s the Broward County Commission adopted a policy of having all populated places in the county be part of a municipality.[89] Municipalities were often reluctant to annex neighborhoods which were not projected to yield enough tax revenue to cover the costs of providing services to those neighborhoods.[90] In 2001 the Broward County Legislative Delegation adopted a policy encouraging the annexation of all unincorporated areas in Broward County into municipalities by October 1, 2005.[91] Formerly unincorporated neighborhoods that have been annexed into existing municipalities or combined to form new municipalities as of 2018 include:

  • Bonnie Loch-Woodsetter North in Pompano Beach.
  • Broadview-Pompano Park in North Lauderdale.
  • Broward Estates in Lauderhill.
  • Carver Ranches in West Park.
  • Chambers Estates in Dania Beach.
  • Chula Vista Isles in Fort Lauderdale.
  • Collier Manor-Cresthaven in Pompano Beach.
  • Country Estates in Southwest Ranches.
  • Crystal Lake in Deerfield Beach.
  • Edgewater in Dania Beach.
  • Estates of Fort Lauderdale in Dania Beach, and partially in Hollywood.
  • Godfrey Road in Parkland.
  • Golden Heights in Fort Lauderdale.
  • Green Meadow in Southwest Ranches.
  • Hacienda Village in Davie.
  • Ivanhoe Estates in Southwest Ranches.
  • Kendall Green in Pompano Beach.
  • Lake Forest in West Park.
  • Leisureville in Pompano Beach.
  • Loch Lomond in Pompano Beach.
  • Melrose Park in Fort Lauderdale.
  • Miami Gardens in West Park.
  • North Andrews Gardens in Oakland Park.
  • Oak Point in Hollywood.
  • Palm Aire in Fort Lauderdale.
  • Pine Island Ridge in Davie.
  • Pompano Beach Highlands in Pompano Beach.
  • Pompano Estates in Pompano Beach.
  • Ramblewood East in Coral Springs.
  • Ravenswood Estates in Dania Beach.
  • Riverland Village in Fort Lauderdale.
  • Rock Island in Fort Lauderdale.
  • Rolling Oaks in Southwest Ranches.
  • Royal Palm Ranches in Cooper City.
  • St. George in Lauderhill.
  • Sunshine Acres in Davie.
  • Sunshine Ranches in Southwest Ranches.
  • Tedder in Deerfield Beach.
  • Terra Mar in Lauderdale-by-the-Sea, and partially in Pompano Beach.
  • Twin Lakes North of Prospect Road, in Fort Lauderdale. South of Prospect Road, in Oakland Park.
  • Utopia in West Park.
  • Village Park in North Lauderdale.
  • West Ken-Lark in Lauderhill.

Remaining unincorporated neighborhoods

By late in the first decade of the 21st century, annexation of remaining neighborhoods had stalled.[92] As of 2018 the Broward County Municipal Services District serves seven unincorporated neighborhoods, including six census designated places (Boulevard Gardens, Broadview Park, Franklin Park, Hillsboro Pines, Roosevelt Gardens and Washington Park) and a parcel with a population of 72 in 2018, Hillsboro Ranches.[93] Other areas in the developed part of the county that are not in municipalities include the Hollywood Seminole Indian Reservation, Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport, several landfills and resource recovery facilities, and other scattered small parcels with few or no residents.[94]

See also

  • List of tallest buildings in Fort Lauderdale
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Broward County, Florida
  • List of counties in Florida

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Judicial branch

Tourism links

Official sites

  • The Broward Alliance (Broward County's official public/private partnership for economic development)

Template:Miami metropolitan area Template:Greater Miami


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Broward County, Florida. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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