Main Births etc
Boulogne-Billancourt
—  Subprefecture and commune  —
The church of Our Lady of Boulogne-Billancourt

Coat of arms
Paris and inner ring départements
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Hauts-de-Seine
Arrondissement Boulogne-Billancourt
Canton Boulogne-Billancourt-1 and 2
Intercommunality Grand Paris
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Pierre-Christophe Baguet
Area1 6.17 km2 (2.38 sq mi)
Population (Jan. 2018)2 121 334
INSEE/Postal code 92012 / 92100
Elevation 28–40 m (92–130 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Boulogne-Billancourt (French pronunciation: [bulɔɲ bijɑ̃kuʁ]; often colloquially called simply Boulogne, until 1924 Boulogne-sur-Seine) is a commune in the western suburbs, and 8 km (5 mi) from the centre of the French capital Paris. Boulogne-Billancourt is a subprefecture of the Hauts-de-Seine department and the seat of the Arrondissement of Boulogne-Billancourt.

Status[edit | edit source]

View from Issy – Val de Seine RER C station in the Val de Seine business district.

With an average household income in 2013 of €47,592, nearly twice the French average of €25,548, Boulogne-Billancourt is one of the wealthiest cities in France.[1]

Boulogne-Billancourt is the most populous suburb of Paris and one of the most densely populated municipalities in Europe. Formerly an important industrial site, it has successfully reconverted into business services and is now home to major communication companies headquartered in the Val de Seine business district.

Name[edit | edit source]

The original name of the commune was Boulogne-sur-Seine (meaning "Boulogne upon Seine").

Before the 14th century, Boulogne was a small village called Menuls-lès-Saint-Cloud (meaning "Menuls near Saint-Cloud"). In the beginning of the 14th century, King Philip IV of France ordered the building in Menuls-lès-Saint-Cloud of a church dedicated to the virgin of the sanctuary of Boulogne-sur-Mer, then a famous pilgrimage center in northern France. The church, meant to become a pilgrimage centre closer to Paris than the distant city of Boulogne-sur-Mer, was named Notre-Dame de Boulogne la Petite ("Our Lady of Boulogne the Minor"). Gradually, the village of Menuls-lès-Saint-Cloud became known as Boulogne-la-Petite, and later as Boulogne-sur-Seine.

In 1924, Boulogne-sur-Seine was officially renamed Boulogne-Billancourt to reflect the development of the industrial neighbourhood of Billancourt annexed in 1860 (see history section below).

As for the name Billancourt, it was recorded for the first time in 1150 as Bullencort, sometimes also spelled Bollencort. It comes from Medieval Latin cortem, accusative of cors, meaning "enclosure", "estate", suffixed to the Germanic patronym Buolo (meaning "friend, brother, kinsman"), thus having the meaning of "estate of Buolo".

History[edit | edit source]

On 1 January 1860, the city of Paris was enlarged by annexing neighbouring communes. On that occasion, the communes of Auteuil and Passy were disbanded and divided between Boulogne-Billancourt (then called Boulogne-sur-Seine) and the city of Paris. Boulogne-sur-Seine received a small part of the territory of Passy, and about half of the territory of Auteuil (including the area of Billancourt, which belonged to the disbanded commune of Auteuil).

Some of the shooting events of the 1900 Summer Olympics took place in Boulogne-Billancourt.[2]

In 1929, the Bois de Boulogne, which was hitherto divided between the communes of Boulogne-Billancourt and Neuilly-sur-Seine, was annexed in its entirety by the city of Paris. On that occasion, Boulogne-Billancourt, to which most of the Bois de Boulogne belonged, lost about half of its territory.

Boulogne-Billancourt is known for being the birthplace of three major French industries. It was the location, in 1906 for the very first aircraft factory, that of Appareils d'Aviation Les Freres Voisin,[3] which was then followed by those of many other aviation pioneers, and the tradition continues with several aviation related companies still operating in the area. The automobile industry had a large presence with Renault on Île Seguin, and Salmson building both cars and aircraft engines. Finally, the French film industry started here and, from 1922 to 1992 it was the home of the Billancourt Studios, and since becoming a major location for French film production. It was used as the setting of the TV show Code Lyoko.

Population[edit | edit source]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1793 3,600
1800 2,481 -5.32%
1806 2,378 -0.71%
1821 3,266 2.12%
1831 5,323 4.88%
1836 5,993 2.37%
1841 6,906 2.84%
1846 7,847 2.55%
1851 7,602 -0.63%
1856 11,378 8.07%
1861 13,944 4.07%
1866 17,343 4.36%
1872 18,965 1.49%
1876 21,556 3.2%
1881 25,825 3.61%
1886 30,084 3.05%
1891 32,569 1.59%
1896 37,418 2.78%
1901 44,416 3.43%
1906 49,969 2.36%
1911 57,027 2.64%
1921 68,008 1.76%
1926 75,559 2.11%
1931 86,234 2.64%
1936 97,379 2.43%
1946 79,410 -2.04%
1954 93,998 2.11%
1962 106,641 1.58%
1968 109,008 0.37%
1975 103,578 -0.73%
1982 102,582 -0.14%
1990 101,743 -0.1%
1999 106,367 0.49%
2007 111,045 0.54%
2012 117,126 1.07%
2017 120,071 0.5%
Source: EHESS[4] and INSEE (1968-2017)[5]

Urbanism[edit | edit source]

Neighborhoods in Boulogne-Billancourt

  Parchamp - Albert Kahn
  Les Princes - Marmottan
  Silly - Galliény
  Centre-Ville
  Billancourt - Rives de Seine
  République - Point du Jour

  • The ecologic neighborhood of the Trapèze in Boulogne-Billancourt: the district stands on 74ha and will be able to contain up to 18000 inhabitants at the end of its construction. 65% of the district's energy is brought by geothermal power, which heats and freshens the buildings. Solar panels and a vegetable greenhouse were installed in the aim to link the district to sustainable energies. Bicycle and “soft” travels will of course be put first to reduce the pollution caused by cars, and other vehicles which do not run on electricity.[6]
  • The Ambroise Paré Hospital is located in the city.

Administration[edit | edit source]

With the city of Sèvres, Boulogne-Billancourt is part of the communauté d'agglomération Val de Seine.

Transport[edit | edit source]

Boulogne-Billancourt is served by two stations on Paris Métro Line 10: Boulogne – Jean Jaurès and Boulogne – Pont de Saint-Cloud.

It is also served by three stations on Paris Métro Line 9: Marcel Sembat, Billancourt, and Pont de Sèvres.

Politics[edit | edit source]

Boulogne-Billancourt is represented by two constituencies and two Members of Parliament.

Constituency Member[7] Party
style="background-color: Template:The Republicans (France)/meta/color" | Hauts-de-Seine's 9th constituency Thierry Solère The Republicans
style="background-color: Template:La République En Marche!/meta/color" | Hauts-de-Seine's 10th constituency Gabriel Attal La République En Marche!

Economy[edit | edit source]

Boulogne-Billancourt hosts the global headquarters of several multinational companies, including:

Prior to 2000 Schneider Electric's head office was in Boulogne-Billancourt.[13]

Main sights[edit | edit source]

  • The Musée Albert-Kahn at 14, rue du Port, Boulogne-Billancourt is a national museum and includes four hectares of gardens, joining together landscape scenes of various national traditions. The museum also includes historic photographs and film.
  • The Musée des Années Trente is a museum of artistic and industrial objects from the 1930s.

Education[edit | edit source]

The public collèges (middle schools) in the commune include Jacqueline-Auriol, Bartholdi, Paul-Landowski, and Jean-Renoir. The public high schools are the Lycée Jacques-Prévert and the Lycée polyvalent Étienne-Jules-Marey.[14] Prior to the September 1968 opening of Prévert, the first high school/sixth-form in Boulogne, an annex of Lycée La Fontaine served the city.[15]

The private school Groupe Scolaire Maïmonide Rambam covers maternelle through lycée. There is also the private high school Notre-Dame. The latter's performance and ranking in Boulogne-Billancourt are given by its success of baccalaureate rate in different series. According to the ranking of L'Express in 2015, the national rank of Notre-Dame de Boulogne was 170 out of 2301 and 7 out of 52 at department level. The private schools Dupanloup and Saint-Joseph-du-Parchamp serve maternelle through collège. Private maternelle and élémentaire schools include Saint-Alexandre and Saint-François d’Assise. Jardin de Solférino and La Maison de l'Enfant are private maternelles.[16]

The Association Eveil Japon (エベイユ学園 Ebeiyu Gakuen), a supplementary Japanese education program, is located in Boulogne-Billancourt.[17] A campus of the École supérieure des sciences commerciales d'Angers is also located in the city.

Notable people[edit | edit source]

Boulogne-Billancourt was the birthplace of:

International relations[edit | edit source]

Boulogne-Billancourt is twinned with:[18]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ^ "Salaire à Boulogne-Billancourt (92100, Hauts-de-Seine)" (in fr). JDN. http://www.journaldunet.com/business/salaire/boulogne-billancourt/ville-92012. 
  2. ^ "1900 Summer Olympics official report" (in fr). La84foundation.org. pp. 16. http://www.la84foundation.org/6oic/OfficialReports/1900/1900.pdf. 
  3. ^ Davilla, Dr. James J.; Soltan, Arthur (1997). French Aircraft of the First World War. Mountain View, CA: Flying Machines Press. p. 541. ISBN 978-1891268090. 
  4. ^ Template:Cassini-Ehess
  5. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  6. ^ Samuel, Mikaëla (2013-09-13). ""Boulogne, le plus grand écoquartier de France"" (in fr-FR). Le Figaro. ISSN 0182-5852. http://www.lefigaro.fr/actualite-france/2013/09/13/01016-20130913ARTFIG00538-boulogne-le-plus-grand-ecoquartier-de-france.php. 
  7. ^ http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/
  8. ^ "Contact Us". Alcatel-Lucent. http://www.alcatel-lucent.com/contact-us. 
  9. ^ "Legal Infos". Carrefour. http://www.carrefour.com/cdc/legal-infos/.  "This site is published by Carrefour, a limited company (société anonyme) capitalised at €1,698,340,000, headquartered at 33, avenue Émile Zola, 92100 Boulogne Billancourt, [...]"
  10. ^ "FAQ". Pika Édition. http://www.pika.fr/new/contact/faq. 
  11. ^ "Boulogne-Billancourt - RSAS". Renault. http://www.renault.com/en/Groupe/developpement-durable/fiches-sites/Pages/boulogne.aspx. 
  12. ^ "Vallourec: Contact Us". http://www.vallourec.com/hydrocarbonprocessing/EN/ContactUs/Pages/default.aspx. 
  13. ^ "Schneider-Electric s'est installé chez une filiale" (in fr). journaldunet.com. http://www.journaldunet.com/economie/reportage/les-sieges-sociaux-des-entreprises-du-cac-40/schneider-electric-s-est-installe-chez-une-filiale.shtml. 
  14. ^ "L'ENSEIGNEMENT DU SECOND DEGRÉ" (Archive). Commune of Boulogne-Billancourt. Retrieved on 16 May 2014.
  15. ^ "Naissance du lycée Script error: No such module "webarchive".." Lycée Jacques-Prévert. Retrieved on September 9, 2016.
  16. ^ "L'ENSEIGNEMENT PRIVÉ" (Archive). Commune of Boulogne-Billancourt. Retrieved on 16 May 2014.
  17. ^ "欧州の補習授業校一覧(平成25年4月15日現在)" (Archive). Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). Retrieved on May 10, 2014. "エベイユ Association Eveil Japon 27 rue de Serves 92100Boulogne-Billancourt, France"
  18. ^ "Jumelages" (in fr). Boulogne-Billancourt. https://www.boulognebillancourt.com/ma-ville/histoire-et-patrimoine/jumelage. 

External links[edit | edit source]

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