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Beroun
German: Beraun
—  Town  —
Beroun, Děd, pohled na město.jpg
View of Beroun
Vlajka města Beroun.svg
Flag
Beroun znak.jpg
Seal
Osov BE CZ.png
Location of Beroun District in the Czech Republic



Czech Republic location map
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Beroun
Location of Beroun in the Czech Republic



Central Bohemia location map
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Beroun
Location of Beroun in South Bohemian Region
Coordinates: 49°57′51″N 14°04′26″E / 49.96417, 14.07389
Country Czech Republic
Region Central Bohemian
District Beroun
Commune Beroun
First mentioned 1265
Government
 • Mayor Ivan Kůs
Area
 • Total 31.31 km2 (12.09 sq mi)
Elevation 235 m (771 ft)
Population (1 Jan 2015)
 • Total 19 145
 • Density 611/km2 (1,580/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 266 01
Website http://www.mesto-beroun.cz/

Beroun (German: Beraun) is a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It is the administrative centre of Beroun District.

GeographyEdit

It is located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) southwest of Prague at the confluence of Berounka and Litavka rivers. The town is part of the Prague metropolitan area. As of 2011, it has a population of 18,930.

Beroun lies on the D5 motorway, which connects Prague with Plzeň and, farther afield, with the German border and the Bundesautobahn 6 to Nuremberg, part of the European route E50.

HistoryEdit

A settlement na Brodě ("by the ford") was first mentioned in a 1088 deed. As a royal Bohemian town, it received its present name in the 13th century, derived form of (Welsch-)Bern, the archaic German name of Verona in Italy. Already in the High Middle Ages under the rule of King Wenceslaus II, it was a fortified town. Many citizens were German merchants, settling here in the course of the Ostsiedlung.

Beroun officially obtained town privileges from the hands of Emperor Charles IV, who was specially attached to the place, calling it "Verona mea." Under his patronage the town rapidly prospered.[1] In 1421 Hussite forces under the command of Jan Žižka stormed the town, and though it was retaken and devastated after the Battle of Lipany, it has remained a mainly Czech settled town since then.

Wenceslas Hollar - Bohemian views 5

Beraun, engraving by Wenceslaus Hollar (1607-1677)

Under the rule of the House of Habsburg from 1526, the town's estates were seized. During the Thirty Years' War it was sacked by the Imperial army, the Saxon and the Swedish forces in turn. In the First Silesian War the same fate befell it at the hands of the French and Bavarian troops.[1]

A garrison town since the 18th century, Beroun did not prosper again until in the 1860s with the opening of limestone quarries and iron ore mines. Beside several ironworks, Beroun became the site of textile manufacturing and the population increased.

Beroun CZ main square 01

Jan Hus Square

Twin townsEdit

Beroun is twinned with the following towns:

Notable PeopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Wikisource-logo.svg One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). "Beraun". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 764. 

External linksEdit

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