"Bauakademie", Painting by Eduard Gaertner, 1868
|Established||18 Mar. 1799|
The Bauakademie (Building Academy) in Berlin, Germany, was a higher education school for the art of building to train master builders. It originated from the construction department of the Academy of Fine Arts and Mechanical Sciences (from 1704), which emphasized the aesthetic elements of art of building while ignoring the technical. Thus, the governmental Upper Building Department ("UBD") decided to establish an entirely new building educational institution named "Bauakademie". It was founded on 18 March 1799 by King Friedrich Wilhelm III. and, in 1801, incorporated into the UBD, as its section.
The building of the Building Academy (Bauakademie), built between 1832 and 1836 (later known as Schinkel's Bauakademie), is considered one of the forerunners of modern architecture due to its hithertofore uncommon use of red brick and the relatively streamlined facade of the building. Designed by Karl Friedrich Schinkel, it was built near the Berlin City Palace and accommodated two royal Prussian institutions: the State Construction Commission (Oberbaudeputation), of which Schinkel was the director, and - first of all - the Building Academy (institution), which in 1879 gave birth to the Royal Technical Higher School (Königlich Technische Hochschule Charlottenburg) - the forerunner of the Technical University of Berlin.
For nearly 50 years (1885-1933), the Bauakademie became the home of the „Königlich Preussische Messbild-Anstalt“ renamed to „Staatliche Bildstelle“ in 1921. This institution, under its director Albrecht Meydenbauer, became the first world-wide office professionally working with photogrammetry and establishing an archive of historical buildings based on photography. By 1920, approximately 20.000 glass-negatives of the format 30x30 cm and 40x40 cm had been collected in Germany and abroad.
In 1995, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of East Germany was demolished in order to recreate the Werderscher Markt area. Since then, proposals to rebuild Schinkel's Bauakademie have been discussed with city and Federal authorities. The Werderscher Markt area has already been partially recreated by the Bertelsmann-funded reconstruction of the Alte Kommandantur. As for the Bauakademie, between 2000 and 2001 students erected a temporary structure to give an impression of the volume and form of the building. On November 11, 2016, the German Bundestag decided to rebuild the building academy according to the motto “As much Schinkel as possible”. The cost of the project is estimated at 51 million euros.
Reconstruction[edit | edit source]
After the GDR foreign ministry was demolished in 1995–1996, there were increasing demands for a reconstruction of the Schinkel Building Academy. The Bauakademie sponsorship association, founded in 1994, suggested that it be rebuilt as an international innovation, exhibition and event center with adapted interiors and faithful facades. 2001–2002 the north-east corner was rebuilt as a model facade and the red hall as a model room for the building academy. Subsequently, the neighboring Schinkelplatz was restored in its historical form in 2007-2008. Between 2004 and 2019, a giant poster recreated the original exterior view of the Bauakademie, similar to the previous oneCity Palace .
In October 2016, the President of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation, Hermann Parzinger, combined his public appeal to use all his might for the reconstruction of the Bauakademie with the proposal to use the building as an architecture museum. In view of the many interested Berlin visitors, it is difficult to understand that this city, with its architectural development over the past 200 years, which has been shaped by numerous urban planning initiatives and upheavals, does not yet have a major architecture museum. Berlin has outstanding, but fallow architectural collections and estates of important architects, such as those in the art library and the state library , in the architecture museum of Technical University of Berlin , in the Academy of the Arts and in the Berlinische Galerie: “Isn't it a fascinating idea to finally bring all the treasures of these institutions together in one center? Changing exhibitions from a historical as well as contemporary perspective could then be devoted to architecture and urban planning in Berlin and the world."
On November 11, 2016, the German Bundestag decided to release 62 million euros for the reconstruction of the building academy. It should be a "national showcase, forum and workshop in one" for current topics relating to architecture , construction and urban development as well as another cultural focus on Museum Island , which is "committed to the historical model and dedicated to all construction". In order to promote the reconstruction, the state of Berlin sold the property to the federal government. Construction is expected to start in 2021.
On May 7, 2018, the Federal Ministry of the Interior announced the results of an internationally open program competition for the building academy to be rebuilt. In August 2018, Berlin's Senator for Construction Katrin Lompscher (Die Linke) spoke out in favor of the reconstruction of the Bauakademie under the motto “As much Schinkel as possible”. The implementation competition for the building should "take into account Schinkel's specifications for the building, structure and facade". In January 2019, the Federal Bauakademie Foundation was founded as the supporting organization for the reconstruction of the building. In November 2019, the SPD politician Florian Pronoldas the founding director and in January 2020 the cultural manager Julia Rust von Krosigk was elected as the vice director of the Bundesstiftung Bauakademie. Pronold's election provoked criticism in parts of the architecture community, which the Federal Ministry of the Interior, the Building Academy and Pronold himself rejected. Two competitors filed a lawsuit against the recruitment process. On January 7, the labor court in Berlin issued an injunction in the proceedings of the plaintiff Philipp Oswalt , which prohibited the foundation from filling the director's position with Pronold, as the proceedings did not meet the requirements of the best selection that apply to public office. On March 10, 2020, Pronold announced that it would not take up the position as director On June 12, the regional labor court confirmed the temporary injunction as a second instance on the grounds that the Federal Bauakademie Foundation is “designed according to the rules of the statutes in the sense of continued state control. The Federal Republic of Germany as the founder, represented by the Federal Government, represented by the Federal Ministries, has a continuing significant influence in the sense of a possible implementation of essential decisions. There is a financial and personal dependency, 'ruling through' in the above sense is possible. ” On September 9, 2020, the Federal Ministry of the Interior for Building and Home Affairs announced that the director's position would be based on the judgment of the Berlin-Brandenburg State Labor Courtis rewritten.
References[edit | edit source]
- ^ "62 Millionen für Wiederaufbau der Schinkelschen Bauakademie - Berlin - Aktuelle Nachrichten - Berliner Morgenpost". 2017-09-21. http://web.archive.org/web/20170921144034/http://www.morgenpost.de/berlin/article208697383/62-Millionen-fuer-Wiederaufbau-der-Schinkelschen-Bauakademie.html.
- ^ tagesspiegel.de
- ^ "62 Millionen für Wiederaufbau der Schinkelschen Bauakademie". Berliner Morgenpost. 2016-11-11. http://www.morgenpost.de/berlin/article208697383/62-Millionen-fuer-Wiederaufbau-der-Schinkelschen-Bauakademie.html.
- ^ "Florian Pronold wird Gründungsdirektor der Bundesstiftung Bauakademie" (in de). http://www.bmi.bund.de/SharedDocs/pressemitteilungen/DE/2019/11/gruendungsdirektor-bauakademie.html;jsessionid=6C952290D0AC9143E368D951764C5276.2_cid373?nn=9390260.
- ^ Aus dem neuen Hauptstadtvertrag vom Mai 2017.
- ^ Schinkels Bauakademie wird wieder aufgebaut, Berliner Morgenpost, 20. September 2017
- ^ Pressemitteilung des Bundesministerium des Innern
- ^ Antwort auf die Schriftliche Anfrage Nr. 18/15693 vom 19. Juli 2018 über Schinkelsche Bauakademie: Welchen Einfluss nimmt Berlin auf Wiederaufbau und Nutzung? (PDF)
- ^ bundestag.de
- ^ Urteil vom 7. Januar 2020, GZ Ga 15221/19
- ^ "Berlin - Pronold (SPD) wird nicht Direktor der Bundesstiftung Bauakademie" (in de-DE). https://www.deutschlandfunk.de/berlin-pronold-spd-wird-nicht-direktor-der-bundesstiftung.1939.de.html?drn:news_id=1109274.
- ^ Urteil des Landesarbeitsgericht Berlin vom 12. Juni 2020. GZ Ga 15221/19
- ^ Pressemitteilung des BMI vom 9. September 2020