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Battle of the Sit River
Part of Mongol invasion of Rus
Bitva-na-siti
Battle of the Sit River. Miniature from a Lithuanian manuscript.
Date March 4, 1238
Location Sit River in modern day Yaroslavl Oblast
Result Decisive Mongol victory
Belligerents
Mongol Empire Vladimir-Suzdal
Commanders and leaders
Burundai Yuri II of Vladimir
Casualties and losses
Heavy[1] Entire Force

The Battle of the Sit River was fought in the northern part of the present-day Yaroslavl Oblast of Russia on 4 March 1238 between the Mongol Hordes of Batu Khan and the Rus' people under Grand Prince Yuri II of Vladimir of Vladimir-Suzdal during the Mongol invasion of Rus. After the Mongols sacked his capital of Vladimir, Yuri fled across the Volga northward, to Yaroslavl, where he hastily mustered an army. He and his brothers then turned back toward Vladimir in hopes of relieving the city before the Mongols took it, but they were too late. Yuri sent out a force of 3,000 men under Dorozh to scout out where the Mongols were; whereupon Dorozh returned saying that Yuri and his force was already surrounded. As he tried to muster his forces, he was attacked by the Mongol force under Burundai and fled but was overtaken on the Sit River and died there along with his nephew, Prince Vsevolod Konstantinovich of Yaroslavl.[2] Prince Vasilko Konstantinovich of Rostov was taken prisoner and killed in the Shirensk Forest. Princes Svyatoslav Vsevolodovich of Vladimir and Vladimir Konstantinovich of Uglich were able to escape.

Стела. д. Лопатино

Monument commemorating the battle of the Sit River


The battle marked the end of unified resistance to the Mongols and inaugurated two centuries of the Mongol domination of modern day-Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus.


Deaths

 FatherMotherDeath dateAge at death
Vsevolod Konstantinovich of Yaroslavl (1210-1238)Konstantin Vsevolodovich of Rostov (1186-1218)Mariya Mstislavna of Smolensk (c1187-1220)4 March 1238 JL28
Yuri II Vsevolodovich of Vladimir (1189-1238)Vsevolod III Yuryevich of Vladimir (1154-1212)Mariya Shvarnovna of Ossetia (1155-1205)4 March 1238 JL49
Battle of the Sit River (1238) military event 2

References

This article incorporates material from the public domain 1906 Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary.

  1. ^ Сергей Ершов. Тайна битвы на реке Сить. [1]
  2. ^ Robert Michell and Neville Forbes, eds. The Chronicle of Novgorod (London: Camden Society, 1914), 83; Janet Martin, Medieval Russia 980-1584 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995), 138-139.


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