Main Births etc
Békéscsaba
Aerial view

Coat of arms

City limit sign (rovas script)
Location of Békés County in Hungary



Békéscsaba is located in Hungary
Békéscsaba
Location of Békéscsaba in Hungary



Békéscsaba is located in Békés County
Békéscsaba
Location of Békéscsaba in Békés County
Coordinates: 46°40′44″N 21°05′28″E / 46.679, 21.091
Country  Hungary
Region Southern Great Plain Region
County Békés departemento blazono.jpg Békés County
Subregion Békéscsaba
Area
 • Total 193.94 km2 (74.88 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 63,752
 • Rank 14th
 • Density 342/km2 (890/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 5600
Area code(s) 66

Békéscsaba (German: Tschabe, Romanian: Bichişciaba, Slovak: Békešská Čaba) is a city in Southeast Hungary, the capital of the county Békés.

Geography[edit | edit source]

Evangelical churches, the symbols of the city

Theatre

Gyula Andrássy High School

Catholic church

According to the 2001 census, the city has a total area of 193.94 km2 (75 sq mi).

Name[edit | edit source]

The name of the city comes from the word "Békés", which means "peaceful" in Hungarian, and "Csaba", a popular Hungarian male given name of Turkish origin.

History[edit | edit source]

Trianon memorial, Békéscsaba built by sculptor Attila Meszaros (inaugurated on June 4, 2008)

The area has been inhabited since the ancient times. In the Iron Age the area had been conquered by the Scythians, by the Celts, then by the Huns. After the Hungarian Conquest, there were many small villages in the area.

The village of Csaba was first mentioned in the 1330s. Besides Csaba, eight other villages stood where now the town stands. When the Turks conquered the southern and central parts of Hungary, and these territories became part of the Ottoman Empire, the town survived, but it became extinct during the fights against the Turks in the 17th century.

In 1715 Csaba is mentioned as a deserted place, but only one year later its name can be found in a document mentioning the tax-paying towns. It is likely that the new Csaba was founded by János György Harruckern, who earned distinction in the freedom fight against the Turks and bought the area of Békés county. By 1847 the town was among the twenty largest towns of Hungary, with a population of 22,000. Nevertheless, Csaba was still like a large village, with muddy streets and crowded houses.

By 1858 the railway line reached the town. This brought development; new houses and factories were built, the town began to prosper. Still, by the end of the 19th century the unemployment caused great tension, and in 1891 a revolt was oppressed by the help of Romanian soldiers. One of the most important person in the politics of the town was András L. Áchim, who founded a peasants' party and succeeded in having Békéscsaba elevated to the rank of "city with council".

World War I brought suffering to the town. Between 1919 and 1920 Békéscsaba was under Romanian occupation. After the Treaty of Trianon Hungary lost its most important Southern cities, Arad and Oradea, and Békéscsaba had to take over their roles, becoming the most important town of the area.

Between the two world wars the recession caused poverty and unemployment, and a flood in 1925 didn't help, either.

During World War II battles weren't fought in the area, but two tragic events shook the town in 1944: between June 24 and 26th over 3,000 Jews were sent to Auschwitz. A few of the Békéscsaba families who were lost at Auschwitz, Dachau.

On 21 September, the British and American Air Force bombed the railway station and its surroundings, killing more than 100 people. On 6 October 1944 the Soviet army occupied Békéscsaba.

During the Socialist times Békéscsaba became the county seat of Békés (1950), and began to develop into one of the most important centres of food industry of Hungary. After the change of regime in 1990 the industry got into a crisis, and lots of people lost their jobs. Today the crisis seems to be over and Békéscsaba is prospering again.

Population[edit | edit source]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1870 27,624
1880 29,490 +6.8%
1890 30,979 +5.0%
1900 32,653 +5.4%
1910 37,153 +13.8%
1920 40,915 +10.1%
1930 45,711 +11.7%
1941 48,272 +5.6%
1949 42,118 −12.7%
1960 50,212 +19.2%
1970 58,158 +15.8%
1980 67,225 +15.6%
1990 67,157 −0.1%
2001 67,968 +1.2%
2011 64,074 −5.7%

Population change of Békéscsaba (1870-2007)

Ethnic groups (2001 census):

Religions (2001 census):

Tourist sights[edit | edit source]

Árpád Bath

Notable people[edit | edit source]

Born in Békéscsaba[edit | edit source]

Died in Békéscsaba[edit | edit source]

International relations[edit | edit source]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit | edit source]

Békéscsaba is twinned with:

External links[edit | edit source]

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