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Argenteuil
—  Subprefecture and commune  —
The Pont d'Argenteuil over the River Seine

Coat of arms
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Val-d'Oise
Arrondissement Argenteuil
Canton Argenteuil-1
Argenteuil-2
Argenteuil-3
Intercommunality Métropole du Grand Paris
EPT Boucle Nord Seine
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Georges Mothron[1]
Area1 17.22 km2 (6.65 sq mi)
Population (Jan. 2018)2 entry at Wikidata
INSEE/Postal code 95018 / 95100
Elevation 21–167 m (69–548 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Argenteuil (French pronunciation: [aʁʒɑ̃tœj]; About this sound Argenteuil ) is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 12.3 km (7.6 mi) from the center of Paris. Argenteuil is a sub-prefecture of the Val-d'Oise department, the seat of the arrondissement of Argenteuil.

Argenteuil is the second most populous commune in the suburbs of Paris (after Boulogne-Billancourt) and the most populous one in the Val-d'Oise department, although it is not its prefecture, which is shared between the communes of Cergy and Pontoise.

Argenteuil shares borders with communes in 3 departements others than Val d'Oise : the Yvelines, Hauts-de-Seine and Seine-Saint-Denis departements.

Name[edit | edit source]

The name Argenteuil is recorded for the first time in a royal charter of 697 as Argentoialum, from a Latin/Gaulish root argento meaning "silver", "silvery", "shiny", perhaps in reference to the gleaming surface of the river Seine, on the banks of which Argenteuil is located, and from a Celtic suffix -ialoTemplate:Which lang meaning "clearing, glade" or "place of".

History[edit | edit source]

The Seine at Argenteuil, 1873 by Claude Monet

Argenteuil was founded as a convent in the 7th century (see Pierre Abélard and the Convent of Argenteuil). The monastery that arose from the convent was destroyed during the French Revolution.

A rural escape for Parisians, it is now a suburb of Paris. Painters made Argenteuil famous, including Claude Monet, Jean-Étienne Delacroix, Auguste Renoir, Gustave Caillebotte, Alfred Sisley and Georges Braque.

Personalities[edit | edit source]

Transport[edit | edit source]

Argenteuil is served by two stations on the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail line: Argenteuil and Val d'Argenteuil.

The French transport system is straightforward to navigate, so Argenteuil is also an ideal city where there is an extensive public transport system with stations in Argenteuil and Val d'Argenteuil, where the train stops at Transilien Paris. Saint-Lazare (line J).

Since redeveloped by STIF and SNCF, Argenteuil has been equipped with a new Paris-Saint-Lazare-Ermont-Eaubonne line. The new line was launched in 2006, adding the Paris-Saint Lazare / Cormeilles-en-Parisis - Pontoise / Mantes-la-Jolie service to Paris for about ten minutes.

By Bus* :[2]

361 Gare d'Argenteuil à Gare de Pierrefitte - Stains RER;

140 Gare d'Argenteuil - Asnières-Gennevilliers - Gabriel Péri;

164 Argenteuil - Claude Monet College - Porte de Champerret;

By train* :

Gare d'Argenteuil (SNCF-J): Paris Saint-Lazare in 15 minutes and Colombes in 4 minutes

Gare Saint-Gratien (T-8): Porte Maillot in 22 minutes

Épinay Orgemont (T-8): Gare Saint-Denis in 20 minutes

Travel by car:

City Center: 10 minutes;

Paris Saint-Lazare: 25 minutes

La Défense: 20 minutes;

Colombes: 10 minutes;

la Plaine-Saint-Denis: 18 minutes;

Porte de Clichy: 15 minutes;

Education[edit | edit source]

As of 2016 the commune's schools have over 12,000 students. The commune has:[3]

Paris 13 University serves as the area university.[8]

The Conservatoire à rayonnement départemental de Musique, Danse et Théâtre is located in Argenteuil.[9] André Bon is one of its former students.

Population[edit | edit source]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1793 5,356
1800 4,609 -2.15%
1806 4,249 -1.36%
1821 4,423 0.27%
1831 4,542 0.27%
1836 4,536 -0.03%
1841 4,377 -0.71%
1846 4,586 0.93%
1851 4,767 0.77%
1856 5,857 4.12%
1861 7,269 4.32%
1866 8,176 2.35%
1872 8,389 0.43%
1876 8,990 1.73%
1881 11,849 5.52%
1886 12,809 1.56%
1891 13,339 0.81%
1896 15,116 2.5%
1901 17,375 2.79%
1906 19,829 2.64%
1911 24,282 4.05%
1921 32,173 2.81%
1926 44,538 6.5%
1931 70,657 9.23%
1936 59,314 -3.5%
1946 53,543 -1.02%
1954 63,316 2.1%
1962 82,321 3.28%
1968 90,480 1.58%
1975 102,530 1.79%
1982 95,347 -1.04%
1990 93,096 -0.3%
1999 93,961 0.1%
2007 102,572 1.1%
2012 104,962 0.46%
2017 110,210 0.98%
Source: EHESS[10] and INSEE (1968-2017)[11]

Immigration[edit | edit source]

Template:France immigration

Famous paintings of Argenteuil[edit | edit source]

In his 1872 painting, Springtime, Monet was interested in studying how unblended dabs of color could suggest the effect of brilliant sunlight filtered through leaves[12] The Walters Art Museum.

  • By Claude Monet:

Autumn at Argenteuil, Regatta at Argenteuil, Red Boats, Argenteuil, The Bridge at Argenteuil, The Port at Argenteuil, The Seine at Argenteuil, View of Argenteuil-Snow, Bords de la Seine a Argenteuil, and Snow at Argenteuil. And ’’Train in snow at Argenteuil’’.


  • By other painters:

Argenteuil and Seine near Argenteuil by Édouard Manet, Regatta at Argenteuil by Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and The Bridge in Argenteuil by Gustave Caillebotte.

Gallery[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires" (in fr). 2 December 2020. https://www.data.gouv.fr/fr/datasets/r/2876a346-d50c-4911-934e-19ee07b0e503. 
  2. ^ "Acheter l'appartement Argenteuil - La Ville" (in fr). http://www.villa-saint-ferdinand-argenteuil.fr/acheter-appartement-argenteuil. 
  3. ^ "établissements scolaires." Argenteuil. Retrieved on September 6, 2016. "Plus de 12 000 élèves prennent le chemin de l’école tous les matins."
  4. ^ "Les maternelles." Argenteuil. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  5. ^ "Liste des écoles élémentaires d'Argenteuil." Argenteuil. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  6. ^ "Les collèges." Argenteuil. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  7. ^ Home. Argenteuil. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  8. ^ "Université Paris 13 Script error: No such module "webarchive".." Argenteuil. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  9. ^ "Argenteuil Conservatory". http://www.argenteuil.fr/article.php3?id_article=65. 
  10. ^ Template:Cassini-Ehess
  11. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  12. ^ "Springtime". The Walters Art Museum. http://art.thewalters.org/detail/10078. 

External links[edit | edit source]

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