Main Births etc
Arcadia, Louisiana
none Downtown Arcadia, Louisiana
Downtown Arcadia, Louisiana
Official name: Town of Arcadia
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish Bienville
Elevation 384 ft (117 m)
Coordinates 32°33′07″N 92°55′27″W / 32.55194, -92.92417
Area 7.9 km² (3.1 sq mi)
 - land 7.9 km² (3 sq mi)
 - water 0.0 km² (0 sq mi)
Population 2,919 (2010)
Density 369.0 / sq mi (142.5 / km²)
Incorporated 1855
Mayor Eugene Smith
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 71001
Area code 318
Location of Arcadia in Louisiana
Locator Red.svg
Location of Arcadia in Louisiana

Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States


Arcadia is a large town in and the parish seat of Bienville Parish in north Louisiana, United States. The population was 2,919 at the 2010 census.[1] Arcadia has the highest elevation of any town in Louisiana.

History[edit | edit source]

This has long been a rural area, settled originally by subsistence farmers from other parts of the South.

In 1934, Bonnie and Clyde were sought throughout the Southeast for their robbing banks and associated crimes. They were killed near Arcadia by law-enforcement officers from Bienville Parish and Dallas County, Texas. Their bodies were brought for embalming to the former Conger Funeral Home in Arcadia. The bodies were sent to Dallas for separate funerals and interments. The ambush occurred southwest of Arcadia on Louisiana State Highway 154 between Gibsland and Sailes. Gibsland has been a destination for tourism associated with Bonnie and Clyde. L.J. "Boots" Hinton, son of posse member Ted Hinton, operates the Bonnie and Clyde Ambush Museum.

Arcadia has been a center of the poultry industry, with up to 300 independent growers for years supplying the feed mill of Pilgrim's Pride, a poultry company, in Arcadia. In 2009 the company announced the closing of the mill and ending of other operations in nearby Athens in Claiborne Parish, Choudrant in Lincoln Parish, and Farmerville in Union Parish. The closings were estimated to cost North Louisiana a combined 1,300 jobs.[2] Several weeks later, Pilgrim's Pride accepted an $80 million offer from Foster Farms of California to purchase their operations. In addition to the 1,300 direct jobs, mostly in Farmerville, the purchase provides a continuing market for some 300 growers. Foster Farms put up $40 million and the State of Louisiana a matching $40 million. Foster Farms will invest $10 million in capital improvements at the Farmerville plant, to be matched by the state, in an agreement announced by Governor Bobby Jindal.[3]

Geography[edit | edit source]

Arcadia is located at 32°33′7″N 92°55′27″W / 32.55194, -92.92417 (32.551931, -92.924233)[4] and has an elevation of 384 feet (117.0 m)[5].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.1 square miles (7.9 km2), all land.[1]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 3,041 people, 1,071 households, and 737 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,025.6 people per square mile (395.3/km²). There were 1,231 housing units at an average density of 415.2 per square mile (160.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 37.98% White, 60.57% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.26% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.61% of the population.

There were 1,071 households, out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.0% were married couples living together, 27.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the town of Arcadia, the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 20.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 81.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $21,661, and the median income for a family was $26,250. Males had a median income of $25,885 versus $17,279 for females. The per capita income for the town was $10,962. About 27.1% of families and 31.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.7% of those under age 18 and 20.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit | edit source]

The Bienville Parish Courthouse is located in a residential section of Arcadia.[7]

The weekly newspaper, The Bienville Democrat, is edited in the office on North Railroad Avenue in Arcadia by Priscilla Smith, printed on Wednesdays in Natchitoches, and then distributed across Bienville Parish. In 2013, Smith, who had been with the paper for thirteen years, was named "Woman of the Year" by the Bienville Parish Chamber of Commerce. She comes from a unique background. An Arkansas native born to a family of seventeen children, Smith was separated from her family at the age of nine and placed in foster care. Her father was a disabled veteran of World War II. While she was living in Oklahoma, she was reunited with her mother after many years. The two moved to Arcadia. Smith also was reunited with her missing siblings. In 1990, she married Don Smith; they have three children, nine grandchildren, and three great-grandchildren.[8]

Education[edit | edit source]

Arcadia's two public schools are located in the Arcadia School Complex, which encompasses both Arcadia High School and Crawford Elementary.

Among the numerous churches in downtown Arcadia are First United Methodist Church and the First Baptist Church, both in large sanctuaries. The Louisiana Baptist Convention was founded in 1848 in nearby Mount Lebanon.

Transportation[edit | edit source]

The Arcadia-Bienville Parish Airport is located two nautical miles (2.3 mi, 3.7 km) southwest of Arcadia's central business district.[9]

Notable people[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Arcadia town, Louisiana". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 2, 2013. 
  2. ^ Greg Hilburn and Robbie Evans. "Pilgrim's Pride decision a bombshell: Sites closing in Arcadia, Athens, Choudrant, Farmerville". Shreveport Times. Retrieved March 1, 2009. 
  3. ^ Greg Hilburn (March 21, 2009). "Saved: 1,300 jobs". Monroe News Star. Retrieved March 21, 2009. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ Google Maps
  8. ^ Mary K. Hamner, "Bienville C of C names Man, Woman of 2013", The Piney Woods Journal, Vol. 18, No. 12 (May 2013), pp. 1, 3, published in Winnfield, Louisiana
  9. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for 5F0 (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 30 June 2011.
  10. ^ "Joseph Rush Wimberly, I". Retrieved June 22, 2013. 

External links[edit | edit source]

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