This article is about the day of the year. For the song by Garbage
, see April Tenth
|April 10 in recent years
April 10 is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 265 days remaining until the end of the year.
- 879 - Louis III becomes King of the Western Franks.
- 1500 - Ludovico Sforza is captured by the Swiss troops at Novara and handed over to the French.
- 1606 - The Charter of the Virginia Company of London was established by royal charter by James I of England with the purpose of establishing colonial settlements in North America.
- 1710 - The first law regulating copyright is issued in Great Britain.
- 1741 - War of the Austrian Succession: Prussia defeats Austria in the Battle of Mollwitz.
- 1790 - United States Patent system established
- 1815 - Mount Tambora eruption covers several islands with ash in Indonesia.
- 1816 - The U.S. government approved the creation of a Second Bank of the United States.
- 1821 - Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople is hanged by the Turks from the main gate of the Patriarchate and his body is thrown into the Bosphorus.
- 1826 - The 10,500 inhabitants of the Greek town Messolonghi start leaving the town after a year's siege by Turkish forces. Very few of them survive.
- 1856 - Theta Chi Fraternity Founded at Norwich University
- 1857 - The Sepoy Mutiny popularly known as the "Revolt of 1857" broke out in Meerut, India as part of the Indian independence movement.
- 1864 - Archduke Maximilian of Habsburg is elected emperor of Mexico.
- 1865 - American Civil War: A day after his surrender to Union forces, Confederate General Robert E. Lee addresses his troops for the last time.
- 1865 - The last photograph of Abraham Lincoln alive was taken.
- 1866 - The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) is founded in New York City by Henry Bergh.
- 1868 - At Arogee in Abyssinia, British and Indian forces defeat an army of Emperor Theodore. While 700 Ethiopians are killed and many more injured, only two die from the British/ Indian troops.
- 1869 - José Martí founds the Cuban Revolutionary Party.
- 1896 - Spiridon Louis wins the marathon of the first Olympic Games.
- 1906 - The Four Million, O. Henry's second short story collection, is published.
- 1912 - The RMS Titanic leaves port in Southampton, England for her first and only voyage.
- 1916 - The Professional Golfers Association of America (PGA) is created in New York City.
- 1919 - Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos.
- 1924 - The first train robbery is reported in Greece outside the city of Larissa.
- 1925 - The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald is first published in New York by Charles Scribner's Sons.
- 1933 - New Deal: The Civilian Conservation Corps is created.
- 1938 - Édouard Daladier becomes Prime Minister of France.
- 1941 - World War II: The Axis Powers in Europe establish the Independent State of Croatia from occupied Yugoslavia with Ante Pavelić's Ustase fascist insurgents in power.
- 1944 - Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler escape from Birkenau death camp.
- 1944 - Henry Ford II is named executive vice president of Ford Motor Company.
- 1953 - The first 3D film is released in New York.
- 1957 - The Suez Canal is reopened for all shipping after being closed for three months.
- 1959 - Akihito, future Emperor of Japan, weds Michiko.
- 1963 - The submarine USS Thresher is lost at sea, with all hands (129 officers, crewmen and civilian technicians).
- 1964 - The Polo Grounds are demolished.
- 1968 - Shipwreck of the Wahine outside Wellington harbour.
- 1970 - Paul McCartney announces that he's leaving The Beatles.
- 1971 - Ping Pong Diplomacy: In an attempt to thaw relations with the United States, the People's Republic of China hosts the U.S. table tennis team for a weeklong visit.
- 1972 - 20 days after he was kidnapped in Buenos Aires, Oberdan Sallustro is executed by communist guerrillas.
- 1972 - Vietnam War: For the first time since November 1967 American B-52 bombers reportedly begin bombing North Vietnam.
- 1973 - A British Vanguard turboprop crashes during a snowstorm at Basel, Switzerland killing 104.
- 1978 - Volkswagen becomes only the second non-American automobile manufacturer to build cars in the United States (after Rolls-Royce), opening a plant in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania.
- 1979 - On "Terrible Tuesday", a tornado lands in Wichita Falls killing 42 people. (see Red River Valley Tornado Outbreak).
- 1991 - Italian ferry Moby Prince collides with an oil tanker in dense fog off Livorno, Italy killing 140.
- 1991 - A rare tropical storm develops in the Southern Hemisphere near Angola; the first to be documented by satellites.
- 1998 - The Belfast Agreement is signed.
- 2006 - Hundreds of thousands protest H.R. 4437 (aka the "Sensenbrenner Bill") in cities across the United States.
- 1389 - Cosimo de' Medici, ruler of Florence (d. 1464)
- 1583 - Hugo Grotius, Dutch philosopher and writer (d. 1645)
- 1651 - Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (d. 1708)
- 1656 - René Lepage de Ste-Claire, lord-founder of the town of Rimouski, in New France (d. 1718)
- 1704 - Benjamin Heath, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
- 1713 - John Whitehurst, English clockmaker and scientist (d. 1788)
- 1755 - Samuel Hahnemann, German physician (d. 1843)
- 1762 - Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist (d. 1834)
- 1778 - William Hazlitt, English writer (d. 1830)
- 1783 - Hortense de Beauharnais, French-born queen of Holland and wife of Louis Bonaparte (d. 1837)
- 1794 - Matthew Perry, American commodore (d. 1858)
- 1829 - William Booth, English founder of the Salvation Army (d. 1912)
- 1837 - Forceythe Willson, American poet (d. 1867)
- 1847 - Joseph Pulitzer, American journalist and publisher (d. 1911)
- 1864 - Eugen d'Albert, German composer (d. 1932)
- 1867 - George William Russell, Irish nationalist (d. 1935)
- 1868 - George Arliss, English actor (d. 1946)
- 1880 - Montague Summers, English writer (d. 1948)
- 1880 - Mohammed Nadir Shah, Afghan king (d. 1933)
- 1882 - Frances Perkins, American politician (d. 1965)
- 1887 - Bernardo Houssay, Argentine physiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
- 1894 - Shri Ghanshyam Das Birla, Indian industrialist (d. 1983)
- 1910 - Paul Sweezy, American economist and editor (d. 2004)
- 1911 - Martin Denny, American musician (d. 2005)
- 1913 - Stefan Heym, German author (d. 2001)
- 1915 - Harry Morgan, American actor
- 1917 - Robert Burns Woodward, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
- 1921 - Chuck Connors, American actor (d. 1992)
- 1921 - Sheb Wooley, American actor and singer (d. 2003)
- 1923 - Roger Gaillard, Haitian historian and novelist (d. 2000)
- 1924 - Kenneth Noland, American painter
- 1926 - Junior Samples, American musician (d. 1983)
- 1927 - Marshall Warren Nirenberg, American scientist, Nobel laureate
- 1929 - Max von Sydow, Swedish actor
- 1930 - Claude Bolling, French jazz composer/pianist
- 1930 - Norma Candal, Puerto Rican actress/comedian (d. 2006)
- 1930 - Spede Pasanen, Finnish comedian (d. 2001)
- 1932 - Omar Sharif, Egyptian actor
- 1934 - David Halberstam, American journalist, historian and author (d. 2007)
- 1934 - Vladimir Posner, Russian journalist
- 1936 - John Madden, American football coach and broadcaster
- 1937 - Bella Akhmadulina, Russian poet
- 1938 - Don Meredith, American football player and broadcaster
- 1941 - Paul Theroux, American author
- 1942 - Ian Callaghan, English footballer
- 1943 - Andrzej Badeński, Polish athlete
- 1946 - David Angell, American television producer (d. 2001)
- 1947 - Bunny Wailer, Jamaican musician
- 1950 - Ken Griffey, American baseball player
- 1950 - Eddie Hazel, American guitarist (P-Funk and The Temptations) (d. 1992)
- 1951 - David Helvarg, American journalist and environmental activist
- 1951 - Steven Seagal, American actor
- 1954 - Peter MacNicol, American actor
- 1955 - Lesley Garrett, British soprano
- 1957 - John M. Ford, American science fiction author and poet (d. 2006)
- 1957 - Steve Gustafson, American rock bassist (10,000 Maniacs)
- 1958 - Bob Bell, British engineer
- 1958 - Yefim Bronfman, Russian-born pianist
- 1958 - Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds, American music producer, musician, and film producer
- 1959 - Yvan Loubier, Quebec politician
- 1959 - Brian Setzer, American musician (Stray Cats)
- 1960 - Steve Bisciotti, American owner of the Baltimore Ravens
- 1960 - Katrina Leskanich, American singer (Katrina and the Waves)
- 1961 - Joe Cole, roadie for American band Black Flag, Henry Rollins' best friend (d. 1991)
- 1962 - Steve Tasker, American football player
- 1963 - Warren DeMartini, American rock guitarist (Ratt)
- 1963 - Doris Leuthard, member of the Swiss Federal Council
- 1965 - Tim Alexander, American musician
- 1967 - Donald Dufresne, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1968 - Orlando Jones, American actor and comedian
- 1969 - Billy Jayne, American actor
- 1969 - Ekaterini Koffa, Greek sprinter
- 1970 - Matt Barlow, American former heavy metal singer (Iced Earth), now law enforcer
- 1970 - Enrico Ciccone, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1970 - Leonard Dorin, Canadian boxer
- 1970 - Kenny Lattimore, American singer
- 1970 - Mike Mushok, American rock guitarist (Staind)
- 1970 - Q-Tip, American rapper
- 1971 - Al Reyes, Dominican baseball player
- 1973 - Guillaume Canet, French actor and film director
- 1973 - Roberto Carlos, Brazilian footballer
- 1973 - Aidan Moffat, Scottish singer and musician (Arab Strap)
- 1973 - Christopher Simmons, American designer
- 1974 - Petros Passalis, Greek footballer
- 1975 - Chris Carrabba, American singer (Dashboard Confessional)
- 1976 - Sara Renner, Canadian cross country skier
- 1979 - Shemekia Copeland, American singer
- 1979 - Rachel Corrie, American activist (d. 2003)
- 1979 - Tsuyoshi Domoto, Japanese artist
- 1979 - Sophie Ellis-Bextor, English singer
- 1979 - Peter Kopteff, Finnish footballer
- 1980 - Sean Avery, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1980 - Charlie Hunnam, British actor
- 1980 - Kasey Kahne, American race-car driver
- 1980 - Bryce Soderberg, American rock bassist (Lifehouse)
- 1981 - Liz McClarnon, British singer
- 1981 - Michael Pitt, American actor
- 1981 - Alexei Semenov, Russian ice hockey player
- 1982 - Damián Lanza, Ecuadorian footballer
- 1982 - Chyler Leigh, American actress
- 1983 - Ryan Merriman, American actor
- 1984 - Mandy Moore, American singer/actress
- 1985 - Dion Phaneuf, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1986 - Vincent Kompany, Belgian footballer
- 1987 - Hayley Westenra, New Zealand soprano
- 1988 - Haley Joel Osment, American actor
- 1990 - Alex Pettyfer, English actor
- 1991 - Amanda Michalka, American actress/singer
- 2007 - Princess Ariane of the Netherlands
- 948 - King Hugh of Italy
- 879 - Louis the Stammerer, King of the West Franks (b. 846)
- 1533 - King Frederick I of Denmark (b. 1471)
- 1545 - Costanzo Festa, Italian composer
- 1585 - Pope Gregory XIII (b. 1502)
- 1599 - Gabrielle d'Estrée, mistress of King Henry IV of France (b. 1571)
- 1601 - Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (b. 1562)
- 1640 - Agostino Agazzari, Italian composer (b. 1578)
- 1646 - Santino Solari, Swiss architect and sculptor (b. 1576)
- 1704 - William Egon of Fürstenberg, Bishop of Strassburg (b. 1629)
- 1706 - Arthur Chichester, Irish soldier (b. 1666)
- 1756 - Giacomo Antonio Perti, Italian composer (d. 1661)
- 1760 - Jean Lebeuf, French historian (b. 1687)
- 1786 - John Byron, British naval officer (b. 1723)
- 1813 - Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian-born mathematician (b. 1736)
- 1823 - Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (b. 1757)
- 1862 - W.H.L. Wallace, American Union general (b. 1821)
- 1882 - Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English poet and painter (b. 1828)
- 1904 - Queen Isabella II of Spain (b. 1830)
- 1909 - Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet and critic (b. 1837)
- 1919 - Emiliano Zapata, Mexican revolutionary (b. 1879)
- 1920 - Moritz Cantor, German mathematician (b. 1829)
- 1931 - Khalil Gibran, Lebanese poet and painter (b. 1883)
- 1945 - Charles Nordhoff, English-born writer (b. 1887)
- 1945 - H.N. Werkman, Dutch artist and printer (b. 1882)
- 1954 - Auguste Lumière, French film pioneer (b. 1862)
- 1954 - Oscar Mathisen, Norwegian speed skater (b. 1888)
- 1955 - Teilhard de Chardin, French paleontologist and theologian (b. 1881)
- 1958 - Chuck Willis, American singer and songwriter (b. 1928)
- 1962 - Michael Curtiz, Hungarian-born director (b. 1886)
- 1962 - Stuart Sutcliffe, English musician (The Beatles) (b. 1940)
- 1965 - Lloyd Casner, American race car driver and owner (b. 1928)
- 1965 - Linda Darnell, American actress (b. 1923)
- 1966 - Evelyn Waugh, English writer (b. 1903)
- 1968 - Gustavs Celmins, Latvian politician (b. 1899)
- 1969 - Harley J. Earl, American automobile designer (b. 1893)
- 1975 - Marjorie Main, American actress (b. 1890)
- 1979 - Nino Rota, Italian composer (b. 1911)
- 1980 - Kay Medford, American actress (b. 1914)
- 1986 - Linda Creed, American songwriter (b. 1948)
- 1991 - Kevin Peter Hall, American actor (b. 1955)
- 1991 - Natalie Schafer, American actress (b. 1900)
- 1992 - Sam Kinison, American comedian (b. 1953)
- 1993 - Chris Hani, South African activist (b. 1942)
- 1994 - Sam B. Hall, American politician (b. 1924)
- 1995 - Morarji Desai, Indian activist (b. 1896)
- 1997 - Michael Dorris, American author (b. 1945)
- 1999 - Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat, German-born biochemist (b. 1910)
- 1999 - Jean Vander Pyl, American voice actress (b. 1919)
- 2000 - Peter Jones, English comedian (b. 1920)
- 2000 - Larry Linville, American actor (b. 1939)
- 2000 - Kirsten Rolffes, Danish actress (b. 1928)
- 2002 - Yuji Hyakutake, Japanese astronomer (b. 1950)
- 2003 - Chumy Chúmez, Spanish film director (b. 1927)
- 2003 - Little Eva, American singer (b. 1943)
- 2005 - Norbert Brainin, Austrian violinist (b. 1923)
- 2005 - Iakovos (b. 1911)
- 2005 - Al Lucas, American football player (b. 1978)
- 2007 - Kevin Crease, Australian television newsreader
Holidays and observances
- ^ Holweck, F. G. A Biographical Dictionary of the Saints. St. Louis, MO: B. Herder Book Co. 1924.
114 Familypedia people were born on April 10
131 Familypedia people died on April 10
112 Familypedia people were first married on April 10