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Anna of Poland was born 1366 to Casimir III the Great of Poland (1310-1370) and Hedwig of Żagań (c1350-1390) and died 1422 of unspecified causes. She married Ulrich II, Duke of Teck (c1365-1432) 16 September 1394 JL . Notable ancestors include Charlemagne (747-814), Alfred the Great (849-899), Hugh Capet (c940-996). Ancestors are from Poland, Russia, Ukraine, France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Belgium, Italy, the Byzantine Empire, Sweden, Belarus.

Anna of Poland (1366–1425) was countess consort of Cilli, a medieval Slovenian feudal state, and an influential woman in politics of Poland.


She was daughter of King Casimir III of Poland, who was succeeded, not by Anna nor any of Casimir's own descendants, but by Casimir's nephew, King Louis I of Hungary. Anna's mother was Casimir's fourth wife Hedwig of Żagań. Anna's elder half-sisters were already dead though one of them had left children. Anna was the eldest child of that fourth marriage, which did not either produce any sons to King Casimir's dismay.

In 1380 Anna was married to William, Count of Cilli, a man chosen by Anna's first cousin, King Louis I of Hungary, from among his vassals in Hungarian south. They had a single surviving child, a daughter known as Anne of Cilli. In 1394 the widowed Anna married Ulrich II, Duke of Teck.

Meanwhile, the throne of Poland had passed in 1386 to Jogaila, Grand Duke of Lithuania. When his first wife, Queen Jadwiga (Anna's first cousin once removed) died in 1399 without surviving children, Jogaila sought a wife among the heirs to the kingdom of Poland, which had been Jadwiga's inheritance. Duchess Anna desired to regain Poland for her heirs, the descendants of Casimir III, and to obtain power in her homeland. To achieve this, her young daughter [Anne of Cilli (1380-1416)|Anne]] was married to the widowed king, then aged around 50. She gave birth to a daughter, Jadwiga Jagiellon, in 1408.

The Duchess of Teck worked to advance her daughter's and granddaughter's position in Poland. When her daughter died in 1416, leaving no further surviving children, Jogaila married Elisabeth of Pilica in 1417, and then Sophia of Halshany in 1422, both of whom did not descend from the Piast kings of Poland, as he had been unable to find any more brides with a hereditary right to the kingdom. The king's two sons and heirs were born by his last wife, Sophia.

In 1421 Anna's granddaughter was betrothed to the future Frederick II, Elector of Brandenburg (1413–1471), the second son of Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg. A party of Polish nobles, including Anna, wanted Jadwiga and her intended husband to succeed Jogaila at least in Poland, instead of her half-brothers, his sons by Sophia.

Anna died in 1425, which left Jadwiga without any strong relatives to support her position. In 1431 Jadwiga died without any issue, allegedly by poison. In this way, Anna's descent became extinct before Jogaila's death in 1434.


Offspring of William, Count of Cilli and Anna of Poland (1366-1422)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Anne of Cilli (1380-1416) 1380 Celje, Slovenia 21 May 1416 Kraków, Poland Wladyslaw II Jagiellon (c1362-1434)
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Siblings


Offspring of Casimir III the Great and Aldona of Lithuania (c1309-1339)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Elisabeth of Poland (c1326-1361) 1326 1361 Bogislaw V. von Pommern-Wolgast (c1326-1374)

Cunigunde of Poland (1334-1357) 16 May 1335 26 April 1357 Berlin, Germany Ludwig VI. von Bayern (1328-1365)

Offspring of Casimir III the Great and Hedwig of Żagań (c1350-1390)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Anna of Poland (1366-1422) 1366 1422 William, Count of Cilli (c1361-1392)
Ulrich II, Duke of Teck (c1365-1432)

Kunigunde of Poland (1367-1370)
Jadwiga of Poland (1368-c1407)

Offspring of Casimir III the Great and Cudka
Name Birth Death Joined with
Niemierz of Stopnica (?-aft1386)
Pelka of Stopnica (1342-1365)
Jan of Stopnica (?-1383)

Residences

Footnotes (including sources)

Contributors

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