Anna of Poland was born 1366 to Casimir III the Great of Poland (1310-1370) and Hedwig of Żagań (c1350-1390) and died 1422 of unspecified causes. She married Ulrich II, Duke of Teck (c1365-1432) 16 September 1394 JL . Alfred the Great (849-899)/s, Charlemagne (747-814)/s, Rollo of Normandy (860-932)/s.
She was daughter of King Casimir III of Poland, who was succeeded, not by Anna nor any of Casimir's own descendants, but by Casimir's nephew, King Louis I of Hungary. Anna's mother was Casimir's fourth wife Hedwig of Żagań. Anna's elder half-sisters were already dead though one of them had left children. Anna was the eldest child of that fourth marriage, which did not either produce any sons to King Casimir's dismay.
In 1380 Anna was married to William, Count of Cilli, a man chosen by Anna's first cousin, King Louis I of Hungary, from among his vassals in Hungarian south. They had a single surviving child, a daughter known as Anne of Cilli. In 1394 the widowed Anna married Ulrich II, Duke of Teck.
Meanwhile, the throne of Poland had passed in 1386 to Jogaila, Grand Duke of Lithuania. When his first wife, Queen Jadwiga (Anna's first cousin once removed) died in 1399 without surviving children, Jogaila sought a wife among the heirs to the kingdom of Poland, which had been Jadwiga's inheritance. Duchess Anna desired to regain Poland for her heirs, the descendants of Casimir III, and to obtain power in her homeland. To achieve this, her young daughter [Anne of Cilli (1380-1416)|Anne]] was married to the widowed king, then aged around 50. She gave birth to a daughter, Jadwiga Jagiellon, in 1408.
The Duchess of Teck worked to advance her daughter's and granddaughter's position in Poland. When her daughter died in 1416, leaving no further surviving children, Jogaila married Elisabeth of Pilica in 1417, and then Sophia of Halshany in 1422, both of whom did not descend from the Piast kings of Poland, as he had been unable to find any more brides with a hereditary right to the kingdom. The king's two sons and heirs were born by his last wife, Sophia.
In 1421 Anna's granddaughter was betrothed to the future Frederick II, Elector of Brandenburg (1413–1471), the second son of Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg. A party of Polish nobles, including Anna, wanted Jadwiga and her intended husband to succeed Jogaila at least in Poland, instead of her half-brothers, his sons by Sophia.
Anna died in 1425, which left Jadwiga without any strong relatives to support her position. In 1431 Jadwiga died without any issue, allegedly by poison. In this way, Anna's descent became extinct before Jogaila's death in 1434.
|Offspring of William, Count of Cilli and Anna of Poland (1366-1422)|
|Anne of Cilli (1380-1416)||1380 Celje, Slovenia||21 May 1416 Kraków, Poland||Wladyslaw II Jagiellon (c1362-1434)|
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|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Anna of Poland (1366-1422). The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|