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Amberg
Amberg Altstadt.jpg
Wappen Amberg.png
Coat of arms



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Amberg

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Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Upper Palatinate
District Urban district
Founded
First mentioned
Government
 • Lord Mayor Wolfgang Dandorfer (CSU)
Area
 • Total 50.04 km2 (19.32 sq mi)
Elevation 374 m (1,227 ft)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 43,755
 • Density 870/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 92224
Dialling codes 09621
Vehicle registration AM
Website www.amberg.de

Amberg is a town in Bavaria, Germany. It is located in the Upper Palatinate (German: Oberpfalz), roughly halfway between Regensburg and Bayreuth. Population: 44,756 (2008).

History Edit

The town was first mentioned in 1034, at that time under the name Ammenberg. It became an important trading centre in the Middle Ages, exporting mainly iron ore and iron products. In 1269, together with Bamberg, the town became subordinate to the Wittelsbach dynasty that ruled Bavaria.

In 1329 the town and the entire Upper Palatinate fell to a branch line of the Wittelsbach family and was no longer part of the duchy of Bavaria. Although in geographic terms it was regarded as Bavarian and the region was part of the Bavarian circle in the organization of the Imperial Circles. The rulers of Upper Palatinate were open-minded towards Protestantism. In the 16th century the town turned to Lutheranism, but attempts of the ruling family to introduce the more radical Calvinism failed due to the reluctance of its citizens.

In 1628 Amberg and Upper Palatinate became part of the electorate of Bavaria. The inhabitants were given the choice: return to Catholicism or leave the town forever. Many families left the town and fled to the Free Imperial Cities of Regensburg and Nuremberg.

On 24 August 1796, during the French Revolutionary Wars, the city and its environs were the locale of a major battle at which 35,000 French, under the command of Jean Baptiste Jourdan fought with 40,000 under the command of Archduke Charles; the French suffered significantly more losses in this Austrian victory. Amberg was the regional capital of Upper Palatinate (Oberpfalz) until 1810 when power was transferred to the larger city of Regensburg.

After the Second World War, when Bavaria fell into the American Sector, Amberg was home to Pond Barracks, a United States Army post. The post was closed in 1992 and the facility turned over to the local community for housing, most of it for social housing.

Sights Edit

Amberg Wahrzeichen Stadtbrille

Stadtbrille

A defining feature of the town is the Stadtbrille (literally "town spectacles") – a bridge, originally a part of the town fortifications, whose arches reflected on the river waters resemble a pair of glasses.

Other tourist attractions in Amberg include:

  • Market Square (Germ. Marktplatz), which contains the Gothic town hall (built in 1358) and the late-Gothic Parish Church of St. Martin
  • The New Palace (Germ. Neues Schloß), the former residence of the counts of the Rhennish Palatinate, built at the beginning of the 15th century and renovated in 1603
Amberg Marktplatz-Rathaus

The Gothic town hall

  • A well preserved section of the medieval walls and gates
  • The baroque Franciscan monastery on the Hill of Our Lady Help of Christians (Germ. Mariahilfberg) above the town. This hill was given its name during the bubonic plague in the Thirty Years' War in 1633/4 when the locals beseeched the Virgin Mary to rid them of the plague.
  • The 'Little Wedding House' (local German dialect Eh’häusl), claimed by town authorities to be the world's smallest hotel. Built in 1728, the 2 metre wide hotel was 'sold' to young couples for one night to circumvent laws prohibiting marriages between poor people.[2]

International relations Edit

Amberg is twinned with:

External links Edit

References Edit

Notes Edit

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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Amberg. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.