|— County (Judet) —|
|• Type||County Board|
|• President of the County Board||Ion Dumitrel (Democratic Party)|
|• Prefect2||Cosmin Covaciu|
|• Total||6,242 km2 (2,410 sq mi)|
|Area rank||16th in Romania|
|• Rank||29th in Romania|
|• Density||61/km2 (160/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||+40 x584|
|GDP||US$ 3.77 billion (2008)|
|GDP/capita||US$ 9,842 (2008)|
|1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed to attract funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and are banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionaires corp
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or eaven the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utilitary vehicles & ATVs, etc.) and the ones used outside the county
Demographics[edit | edit source]
In 2002, it had a population of 382,747 and the population density was 61/km².
Geography[edit | edit source]
This county has a total area of 6,242 km², with mountains occupying about 59% of its surface.
In the northwestern part there are the Apuseni Mountains, in the southern part there is the northeastern side of the Parâng group - Şureanu and Cindrel Mountains. In the east there is the Transylvanian Plateau with deep but wide valleys. The three main elements are separated by the Mureş River valley.
Neighbours[edit | edit source]
- Sibiu County and Mureş County in the East.
- Bihor County and Arad County in the West.
- Cluj County in the North.
- Hunedoara County in the South-West.
Economy[edit | edit source]
The predominant industries in the county are:
- Food industry.
- Textile industry.
- Wood industry.
- Mechanical components.
- Paper and packaging materials industry.
- Chemical industry.
The mineral resources exploited in Alba county are metals (gold, silver, copper), salt and construction materials: marble, granite, etc.
Roşia Montanã gold mines[edit | edit source]
Mining began 2000 years ago on Mt. Kirnik, with well-preserved Roman galleries. A Canadian company attempted an open-pit mine, but abandoned the project around 2007. Roşia Montanã is a famous locality among mineral collectors for fine native gold specimens.
Tourist attractions[edit | edit source]
The main tourist attractions in the county are:
- The city of Alba Iulia.
- The Apuseni Mountains.
- The Câlnic Castle and the Castle of Gârbova.
- The Towns and Churches of Sebeş and Aiud.
- The Ocna Mureş Resort.
- The Ţara Moţilor ethnographical area. Situated in the Apuseni Mountains, Ţara Moţilor is a region with strong Romanian traditions.
People[edit | edit source]
Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]
Alba County has 4 municipalities, 7 towns and 68 communes
References[edit | edit source]
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