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Abrud
German: Großschlatten,
Hungarian: Abrudbánya
Latin: Abruttus
—  City  —
Abrud.seara.jpg
View of Abrud in the evening
ROU AB Abrud CoA.jpg
Coat of arms
Abrud jud Alba.png
Location of Abrud in Alba County



Romania location map
Red pog.svg
Abrud
Location of Abrud in Romania
Coordinates: 46°16′00″N 23°04′00″E / 46.2666667, 23.0666667
Country Flag of Romania.svg Romania
County Actual Alba county CoA Alba
First mentioned 1215
Subordinated villages
Government
 • Mayor Nicolae Simina (Social Democratic Party)
Area
 • Total 32.00 km2 (12.36 sq mi)
Elevation 627 m (2,057 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 5 072
 • Density 158.50/km2 (410.5/sq mi)
Time zone EET
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 515100
Website http://www.primaria-abrud.ro/
Josephinische Landaufnahme pg136

Abrud în the Josephinian Map of Transylvania, 1769-73.

Abrud (Hungarian: Abrudbánya; German: Großschlatten; Latin: Abruttus) is a town in the north-western part of Alba County, Transylvania, Romania, located on the river Abrud.

Administration Edit

The city of Abrud is made up of the city proper and of three villages. These are divided into two urban villages: Abrud-Sat and Soharu and one village, Gura Cornei, which is located outside the city proper but is administratively subordinated to the city.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1912 2,938
1930 2,468 −16.0%
1948 2,656 +7.6%
1956 4,411 +66.1%
1966 5,150 +16.8%
1977 5,315 +3.2%
1992 6,729 +26.6%
2002 6,803 +1.1%
2011 4,944 −27.3%
Source: INS, Census data

According to the census from 2011 there was a total population of 4,944 people living in this commune. Of this population, 96.66% are ethnic Romanians, 0.86% are ethnic Hungarians and 0.53% ethnic Gypsies.[1]

HistoryEdit

Although first recorded only in 1271 in the form terra Obruth, the name of the town might have derived from a supposed (not attested) Dacian word for gold, *obrud.[2] The Romans erected a small fortification here in the 2nd century AD.[3] It was part of the defence system of the gold mines nearby, in "Alburnus Maior" (nowadays, Roşia Montană), but it was abandoned in the 3rd century.[3] The town's modern name reflects a characteristic vowel shift (from o to a) of the medieval Hungarian language.[2]

Abrud gained town status in 1427, during the Middle Ages. In 1727, the leaders of a revolt gained control of the town. Another serfs' revolt began in the area in 1784 with Horea, Cloşca and Crişan as leaders fighting the Austrian Imperial forces, Abrud being captured by the uprising's members on 6 November, before the revolt was crushed by the Austrian army.

People Edit

References Edit

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  1. ^ http://www.edrc.ro/recensamant.jsp?regiune_id=2568&judet_id=2569&localitate_id=2574
  2. ^ a b Makkai, László (2001). "Transylvania's indigenous population at the time of the Hungarian conquest: Toponymy and chronology". History of Transylvania, Volume I: From the Beginnings to 1606. mek.niif.hu. http://mek.niif.hu/03400/03407/html/61.html. Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "1160.02". National Archaeological Record of Romania (RAN). ran.cimec.ro. 19 March 2009. Archived from the original on 19 February 2014. https://web.archive.org/web/20140219012523/http://ran.cimec.ro/sel.asp?lang=EN&descript=abrud-oras-abrud-alba-castellum-de-la-abrud-cetateaua-cod-sit-ran-1160.02. Retrieved 5 January 2013. 


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Abrud. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.