Millennium:  1st millennium BC 

Centuries:  3rd century BC · 2nd century BC · 1st century BC 
Decades:  190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 
Categories:  Births – Deaths Establishments – Disestablishments 
The 2nd century BC started the first day of 200 BC and ended the last day of 101 BC. It is considered part of the Classical era, although depending on the region being studied, other terms may be more proper (for instance, if regarding only the Eastern Mediterranean, it would best be called part of the Hellenistic period).
Fresh from its victories in the Second Punic War, the Roman Republic continued it's expansion into neighbouring territories, eventually annexing Greece, and the North African coast after completely destroying the city of Carthage at the end of the Third Punic War. Rome's influence was also felt in the near east, as crumbling Hellenistic states like the Seleucid Empire were forced to make treaties on Roman terms in order to avoid confrontation with the new masters of the western Mediterranean. The period is noted for the emergence of a new arrogance on the part of the Romans, which manifested itself in provincial corruption, and a shameless lust for wealth and status among the privileged classes. The end of the century witnessed the reforming of the Roman Army from a citizen army to a voluntary professional force, under the guidance of the great general and statesman Gaius Marius  (Marian Reforms).
In East Asia, the Sinitic world reached its first high point with Qin's successor, the Han dynasty. The Han empire extended it's boundaries from Korea in the east to Vietnam in the South to the borders of modern day Kazakhstan in the west. Also in the 2nd century BC, the Han defeated the MongolTurkic tribes of the steppes, driving the Xiong Nu/(Huns) west.
Contents
Events[edit  edit source]
 190 BC, March 14: Solar eclipse recorded in Rome [Livy: Ab Urbe Condita 37.4.4].
 175 BC — Antiochus IV Epiphanes, took possession of the Syrian throne, at the murder of his brother Seleucus IV Philopator, which rightly belonged to his nephew Demetrius I Soter.
 168 BC — Battle of Pydna — The Macedonian phalanx defeated by Romans.
 168 BC, June 21: Lunar eclipse recorded in Rome [Livy: Ab Urbe Condita 44.37.8].
 164 BC, 25 Kislev: Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family, restores the Temple in Jerusalem. Events commemorated each year by the festival of Hanukkah.
 147 BC — Hasmonean victories restore autonomy to Judea.
 148 BC — Rome conquers Macedonia.
 Rome destroys Carthage in the Third Punic War.
 Rome conquers Corinth.
 129 BC — collapse of the Seleucid Empire.
 108 BC — Han Dynasty finally destroyed Wanggeom seong, the capital of Gojoseon. And Han Dynasty founded Sagunhyeon to govern Gojoseon.
 113 BC–101 BC — Migration of the Cimbri and the Teutons, defeated at the battles of Aquae Sextiae and Vercellae.
 Theravada Buddhism is officially introduced to Sri Lanka by the Venerable Mahinda.
 2nd or 1st century BC — Hagesandros, Polydoros, Athanadoros of Rhodes make Laocoön and his Sons. Perhaps the original or a Roman copy of the 1st century AD is discovered in 1506. It is now at Musei Vaticani, Museo Pio Clementino, Cortile Ottagono, Rome.
 Old woman is made. It is now kept at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
 Porta Augusta, Perugia, is built.
 Shortly before 100 BC the Scythians overran Parthia. ^{[1]}
Significant persons[edit  edit source]
 Andriscus, last independent ruler of Macedon
 Antiochus IV Epiphanes, the last effective ruler of the Seleucid Empire
 Antiochus VII Sidetes, last King of a United Seleucid Empire
 Apollonius of Perga, Greek geometer
 Apollonius of Rhodes, author of Jason and the Argonauts
 Appius Claudius Pulcher, Roman consul and censor
 Boiorix, king of the Cimbri
 Flaccus, musical collaborator of Terence
 Hipparchus, considered the greatest astronomical observer
 Jonathan Maccabaeus, leader of the Hasmonean rebellion and first autonomous ruler of Judea
 Judas Maccabeus, leader of the Hasmonean rebellion and its first successful general
 Liu An, Chinese prince and noted geographer
 Lucius Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus, Roman general and politician
 Lucius Cornelius Sulla, Roman general and politician
 Lucius Mummius Achaicus, conqueror of Corinth
 Gaius Marius, Roman general and politician
 Perseus of Macedon, last King of the Antigonid dynasty
 Plautus, Latin playwright
 Quintus Lutatius Catulus, Roman general
 Scipio Aemilianus Africanus, conqueror of Carthage
 Sima Qian, father of Chinese historiography
 Terence, Latin playwright
 Teutobod, King of the Teutons
 Emperor Wu of Han, considered one of the greatest emperors throughout the History of China
 Zhang Qian, Chinese diplomat and explorer
Inventions, discoveries, introductions[edit  edit source]
 The Chinese first produce Paper. ^{[2]}
 Silk Road between Europe and Asia
 Hipparchus discovers precession of Earth's equinoxes and compiles first trigonometric tables
 Liu An invented tofu
 The Roman concrete (puzzolana) first used
 Rotary mill invented by the ancient Greeks
 A system for sending signs to communicate quickly over a long distance is described by Polybios
 The earliest known winnowing machine is depicted in a Han Dynasty Chinese tomb model.
References[edit  edit source]
Decades and years[edit  edit source]
[[::4th century BC4th century BC]]
←[[::3rd century BC3rd century BC]]
← ↔ →[[::1st century BC1st century BC]]→[[::1st century1st century]]
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[[::109–100 BC109–100 BC
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Millennium  Century  

Before Christ / Before Common Era (BC/BCE)  
[[::4th millennium BC4th]]:  [[::40th century BC40th]]  [[::39th century BC39th]]  [[::38th century BC38th]]  [[::37th century BC37th]]  [[::36th century BC36th]]  [[::35th century BC35th]]  [[::34th century BC34th]]  [[::33rd century BC33rd]]  [[::32nd century BC32nd]]  [[::31st century BC31st]] 
[[::3rd millennium BC3rd]]:  [[::30th century BC30th]]  [[::29th century BC29th]]  [[::28th century BC28th]]  [[::27th century BC27th]]  [[::26th century BC26th]]  [[::25th century BC25th]]  [[::24th century BC24th]]  [[::23rd century BC23rd]]  [[::22nd century BC22nd]]  [[::21st century BC21st]] 
[[::2nd millennium BC2nd]]:  [[::20th century BC20th]]  [[::19th century BC19th]]  [[::18th century BC18th]]  [[::17th century BC17th]]  [[::16th century BC16th]]  [[::15th century BC15th]]  [[::14th century BC14th]]  [[::13th century BC13th]]  [[::12th century BC12th]]  [[::11th century BC11th]] 
[[::1st millennium BC1st]]:  [[::10th century BC10th]]  [[::9th century BC9th]]  [[::8th century BC8th]]  [[::7th century BC7th]]  [[::6th century BC6th]]  [[::5th century BC5th]]  [[::4th century BC4th]]  [[::3rd century BC3rd]]  [[::2nd century BC2nd]]  [[::1st century BC1st]] 
Anno Domini / Common Era (AD/CE)  
[[::1st millennium1st]]:  [[::1st century1st]]  [[::2nd century2nd]]  [[::3rd century3rd]]  [[::4th century4th]]  [[::5th century5th]]  [[::6th century6th]]  [[::7th century7th]]  [[::8th century8th]]  [[::9th century9th]]  [[::10th century10th]] 
[[::2nd millennium2nd]]:  [[::11th century11th]]  [[::12th century12th]]  [[::13th century13th]]  [[::14th century14th]]  [[::15th century15th]]  [[::16th century16th]]  [[::17th century17th]]  [[::18th century18th]]  [[::19th century19th]]  [[::20th century20th]] 
[[::3rd millennium3rd]]:  [[::21st century21st]]  [[::22nd century22nd]]  [[::23rd century23rd]]  [[::24th century24th]]  [[::25th century25th]]  [[::26th century26th]]  [[::27th century27th]]  [[::28th century28th]]  [[::29th century29th]]  [[::30th century30th]] 
[[::4th millennium4th]]:  [[::31st century31st]] 
This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 2nd century BC. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License. 