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Works and introductions categories
WorksIntroductions
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2009 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 2009
MMIX

Ab urbe condita 2762
Armenian calendar 1458
ԹՎ ՌՆԾԸ
Bahá'í calendar 165 – 166
Buddhist calendar 2553
Coptic calendar 1725 – 1726
Ethiopian calendar 2001 – 2002
Hebrew calendar 5769 5770
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2064 – 2065
 - Shaka Samvat 1931 – 1932
 - Kali Yuga 5110 – 5111
Holocene calendar 12009
Iranian calendar 1387 – 1388
Islamic calendar 1430 – 1431
Japanese calendar Heisei 21


(平成 21年)

 - Imperial Year Kōki 2669
(皇紀2669年)
Julian calendar 2054
Korean calendar 4342
Thai solar calendar 2552
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2009 (MMIX ) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2009th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 9th year of the 3rd millennium, the 9th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2000s decade.

2009 was designated as:

  • International Year of Astronomy[1][2]
  • International Year of Natural Fibres[3]
  • International Year of Reconciliation
  • Year of the Gorilla (UNEP and UNESCO)

Events[]

January[]

January 20: Barack Obama, 44th President of the United States

  • January 1
    • Austria, Japan, Mexico, Turkey and Uganda assume their seats on the United Nations Security Council.
    • Asunción, the capital of Paraguay, becomes the American Capital of Culture and Vilnius and Linz become the European Capitals of Culture.
    • Slovakia adopts the euro as its national currency, replacing the Slovak koruna.[4]
    • Sixty-six nightclub-goers die in the Santika Club fire in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • January 3 – The first ("Genesis") block of the blockchain of the cryptocurrency and decentralized payment system Bitcoin is established by the creator of the system, known as Satoshi Nakamoto.[5]
  • January 15US Airways Flight 1549 ditches in the Hudson River in an accident that becomes known as the "Miracle on the Hudson" as all 155 people on board are rescued.
  • January 18Gaza War: Hamas announces they will accept Israel Defense Forces offer of a ceasefire, ending the conflict.
  • January 20
  • January 21 – Israel withdraws from the Gaza Strip, officially ending its three-week war with Hamas.[7] However, intermittent air strikes by both sides continue in the weeks to follow.[8][9][10]
  • January 26
    • The first trial at the International Criminal Court is held. Former Union of Congolese Patriots leader Thomas Lubanga is accused of training child soldiers to kill, pillage, and rape.[11]
    • The Icelandic government and banking system collapse. Prime Minister Geir Haarde immediately resigns.[12]
    • An annular solar eclipse took place in Indian Ocean, and was the 50th solar eclipse of Saros cycle 131.

February[]

  • February 1
    • Patriarch Kirill of Moscow is enthroned as the Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church following the death of his predecessor, Alexy II in 2008.[13]
    • Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir is appointed as the new Prime Minister of Iceland, becoming the world's first openly lesbian head of government.[14]
  • February 25 – Soldiers of Bangladeshi border security force Bangladesh Rifles (BDR) mutiny and take the commanding army officers and their families hostages at the force’s headquarters in Pilkhana, Dhaka. 57 army officers are killed along with 17 civilians by the mutineers.
  • February 26 – Former Serbian president Milan Milutinović is acquitted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia regarding war crimes during the Kosovo War.[15]

March[]

  • March 2 – The President of Guinea-Bissau, João Bernardo Vieira, is assassinated during an armed attack on his residence in Bissau.[16]
  • March 4 – The International Criminal Court issues an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur. al-Bashir is the first sitting head of state to be indicted by the ICC since its establishment in 2002.[17]
  • March 7NASA's Kepler Mission, a space photometer that will search for extrasolar planets in the Milky Way galaxy, is launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida, USA.
  • March 17 – The President of Madagascar, Marc Ravalomanana, is overthrown in a coup d'état, following a month of unrest in Antananarivo.[18]

April[]

  • April 1Albania and Croatia are admitted to NATO, becoming the newest members of the organization.[19]
  • April 4 – Three Pittsburgh Police Officers are shot and killed responding to a domestic dispute in the Stanton Heights (Pittsburgh) section of the city.
  • April 5North Korea launches a rocket from its Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground, which it says is carrying the Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2 satellite, prompting an emergency meeting of the United Nations Security Council.[20]
  • April 6A 6.3 magnitude earthquake strikes near L'Aquila, Italy, killing 308 and injuring more than 1,500.[21]
  • April 21UNESCO launches The World Digital Library.[22]

May[]

  • May 18 – Following more than a quarter-century of fighting, the Sri Lankan Civil War ends with the total military defeat of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.[23][24]
  • May 25North Korea announces that it has conducted a second successful nuclear test in North Hamgyong Province. The United Nations Security Council condemns the reported test.[25]

June[]

  • June 1Air France Flight 447, en route from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to Paris, crashes into the Atlantic Ocean, killing all 228 on board.
  • June 11 – The outbreak of the H1N1 influenza strain, commonly referred to as "swine flu", is deemed a global pandemic.[26]
  • June 13Mass protests erupt across Iran following a disputed presidential election in which Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was reelected president, the largest demonstrations in the country since the Iranian Revolution.[27]
  • June 18 – NASA launches the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter / LCROSS probes to the Moon, the first American lunar mission since Lunar Prospector in 1998.
  • June 28 – The Military of Honduras ousts Honduran President Manuel Zelaya in a coup d'état,[28] which is condemned worldwide.[29]
  • June 30Yemenia Flight 626 crashes off the coast of Moroni, Comoros, killing all but one of the 153 passengers and crew.[30]

July[]

  • July 15Caspian Airlines Flight 7908 crashes near Qazvin, Iran, killing all 168 on board.
  • July 16Iceland's national parliament, the Althingi, votes to pursue joining the EU.[31]
  • July 22 – The longest total solar eclipse of the 21st century, lasting up to 6 minutes and 38.8 seconds, occurs over parts of Asia and the Pacific Ocean.
  • July 26 – The Islamic extremist group Boko Haram initiates an uprising in Bauchi State, Nigeria and quickly spreads throughout the northern part of the country.[32]

August[]

  • August 3Bolivia becomes the first South American country to declare the right of indigenous people to govern themselves.[33]
  • August 7Typhoon Morakot hits Taiwan, killing 673 and stranding more than 1,000 via the worst flooding on the island in half a century.[34]
  • August 14 – The United Kingdom imposes direct rule on the Turks and Caicos Islands after an inquiry that found evidence of government corruption.[35]

September[]

  • September 28 – At least 157 demonstrators are massacred by the Guinean military at the Stade du 28 Septembre during a protest against the government that came to power in a coup d'état the previous year.[36]
  • September 30 – A 7.6 {{w}} earthquake strikes Sumatra, Indonesia, with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe), leaving at least 1,115 people dead.[37]

October[]

  • October 1Paleontologists announce the discovery of an Ardipithecus ramidus fossil skeleton, deeming it the oldest remains of a human ancestor yet found.[38]
  • October 2
    • Ireland holds a second referendum on the EU's Lisbon Treaty. The amendment is approved by the Irish electorate,[39][40][41][42][43] having been rejected in the Lisbon I referendum held last year.
    • The International Olympic Committee awards Rio de Janeiro the right to host the 2016 Summer Olympics.[44]
  • October 25Two suicide attacks in Baghdad, Iraq, kill 155 people and injure at least 721 people.[45]

November[]

  • November 3
    • The Czech Republic becomes the final member-state of the European Union to sign the Treaty of Lisbon, thereby permitting that document's initiation into European law.[46]
    • The Prime Minister of Belgium, Herman Van Rompuy, is designated the first permanent President of the European Council,[47] a position he takes up on December 1, 2009.[48][49][50]
  • November 13 – Having analyzed the data from the LCROSS lunar impact, NASA announces that it has found a "significant" quantity of water in the Moon's Cabeus crater.[51][52]
  • November 23 – In the Philippines, at least 58 people are abducted and killed in the province of Maguindanao, in what the Committee to Protect Journalists called the single deadliest attack on journalists in history.[53]

December[]

  • December 1 – The Treaty of Lisbon comes into force.[54]
  • December 718 – The UNFCCC's 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference is held in Copenhagen, Denmark.[55]
  • December 8A series of attacks in Baghdad, Iraq kill at least 127 people and injure at least 448 more.[56]
  • December 10James Cameron's Avatar, which has since been the highest-grossing film of all time, premieres in the United Kingdom.
  • December 16Astronomers discover GJ 1214 b, the first-known exoplanet on which water could exist.[57]

Births[]

  • May 4Prince Henrik of Denmark
  • NovemberLee Go-eun, South Korean actressTemplate:Disputed-inline

Deaths[]

January[]

John Updike

Ingemar Johansson

  • January 1
    • Nizar Rayan, Palestinian military and political leader (b. 1959)
    • Johannes Mario Simmel, Austrian writer (b. 1924)
    • Helen Suzman, South African activist and politician (b. 1917)
  • January 3Pat Hingle, American actor (b. 1924)
  • January 12
    • Claude Berri, French film director (b. 1934)
    • Arne Næss, Norwegian philosopher (b. 1912)
  • January 13Patrick McGoohan, Irish-American actor (b. 1928)
  • January 14Ricardo Montalbán, Mexican-born American actor (b. 1920)
  • January 16Andrew Wyeth, American painter (b. 1917)
  • January 20Stéphanos II Ghattas, Egyptian Patriarch of Alexandria (b. 1920)
  • January 22Chau Sen Cocsal Chhum, 21st Prime Minister of Cambodia (b. 1905)
  • January 25Mamadou Dia, 1st Prime Minister of Senegal (b. 1910)
  • January 27
    • John Updike, American writer (b. 1932)
    • R. Venkataraman, 8th President of India (b. 1910)
  • January 30Ingemar Johansson, Swedish boxer (b. 1932)

February[]

James Whitmore

March[]

Natasha Richardson

  • March 2João Bernardo Vieira, 2nd President of Guinea-Bissau (b. 1939)
  • March 14
    • Alain Bashung, French singer, songwriter and actor (b. 1947)
    • Edith Lucie Bongo, First Lady of Gabon (b. 1964)
  • March 15Ron Silver, American actor and political activist (b. 1946)
  • March 18Natasha Richardson, English actress (b. 1963)
  • March 20Abdellatif Filali, 13th Prime Minister of Morocco (b. 1928)
  • March 25Yukio Endo, Japanese gymnast (b. 1937)
  • March 28Janet Jagan, 6th Prime Minister and 6th President of Guyana (b. 1920)
  • March 29Maurice Jarre, French composer and conductor (b. 1924)
  • March 31Raúl Alfonsín, 49th President of Argentina (b. 1927)

April[]

Bea Arthur

  • April 12
    • Marilyn Chambers, American pornographic actress (b. 1952)
    • Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, American social theorist (b. 1950)
  • April 14Maurice Druon, French novelist (b. 1918)
  • April 19J. G. Ballard, English novelist (b. 1930)
  • April 22
    • Ken Annakin, English film director (b. 1914)
    • Jack Cardiff, English cinematographer (b. 1914)
  • April 25Bea Arthur, American actress and singer (b. 1922)
  • April 26Pupuke Robati, 4th Prime Minister of Cook Islands (b. 1925)
  • April 28
    • Buddy Rose, American professional wrestler (b. 1952)
    • Ekaterina Maximova, Russian ballerina (b. 1939)

May[]

Dom DeLuise

File:Wayne Allwine.jpg

Wayne Allwine

Roh Moo-hyun

  • May 2
    • Augusto Boal, Brazilian theatre director (b. 1931)
    • Jack Kemp, American politician and football player (b. 1935)
  • May 4Dom DeLuise, American actor and comedian (b. 1933)
  • May 9Chuck Daly, American basketball coach (b. 1930)
  • May 11Abel Goumba, Prime Minister of the Central African Republic (b. 1926)
  • May 13Achille Compagnoni, Italian mountaineer (b. 1914)
  • May 17Mario Benedetti, Uruguayan writer (b. 1920)
  • May 18
    • Wayne Allwine, American voice actor (b. 1947)
    • Velupillai Prabhakaran, Sri Lankan militant (b. 1954)
  • May 19Robert F. Furchgott, American scientist (b. 1916)
  • May 23Roh Moo-hyun, 16th President of South Korea (b. 1946)
  • May 27Clive Granger, British economist (b. 1934)
  • May 30
    • Luís Cabral, 1st President of Guinea-Bissau (b. 1931)
    • Ephraim Katzir, 4th President of Israel (b. 1916)
    • Gaafar Nimeiry, 4th President of the Sudan (b. 1930)
  • May 31Kamala Surayya, Indian poet (b. 1934)

June[]

Prince Pedro Luiz of Orléans-Braganza

Silvio Barbato

David Carradine

Michael Jackson

  • June 1
    • Fatma Ceren Necipoğlu, Turkish harpist and university lecturer for piano and harp (b. 1972)
    • Silvio Barbato, Italian-Brazilian opera conductor and composer (b. 1959)
    • Prince Pedro Luiz of Orléans-Braganza, heir to the line of succession in Brazil (b. 1983)
  • June 2David Eddings, American author (b. 1931)
  • June 3
    • David Carradine, American actor (b. 1936)
    • Koko Taylor, American musician (b. 1928)
  • June 6Jean Dausset, French Nobel immunologist (b. 1916)
  • June 8Omar Bongo, 2nd President of Gabon (b. 1935)
  • June 12Félix Malloum, 3rd President of Chad (b. 1932)
  • June 13Mitsuharu Misawa, Japanese professional wrestler (b. 1962)
  • June 17Ralf Dahrendorf, German-British social theorist and politician (b. 1929)
  • June 25
  • June 30Pina Bausch, German choreographer (b. 1940)

July[]

Karl Malden

Walter Cronkite

  • July 1
    • Alexis Argüello, Nicaraguan boxer and politician (b. 1952)
    • Karl Malden, American actor (b. 1912)
  • July 4Allen Klein, American businessman (b. 1931)
  • July 6
    • Vasily Aksyonov, Russian novelist (b. 1932)
    • Robert McNamara, 8th United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1916)
  • July 13Amin al-Hafez, 22nd Prime Minister of Lebanon (b. 1926)
  • July 17
    • Meir Amit, Israeli general and politician (b. 1921)
    • Walter Cronkite, American newscaster (b. 1916)
    • Leszek Kołakowski, Polish philosopher (b. 1927)
  • July 19
    • Frank McCourt, Irish-American author (b. 1930)
    • Henry Surtees, British racing driver (b. 1991)
  • July 26Merce Cunningham, American choreographer (b. 1919)
  • July 31Bobby Robson, English footballer and manager (b. 1933)

August[]

Corazon Aquino

Ted Kennedy

DJ AM

  • August 1Corazon Aquino, 11th President of the Philippines (b. 1933)
  • August 5Budd Schulberg, American screenwriter (b. 1914)
  • August 6
    • John Hughes, American film director and writer (b. 1950)
    • Willy DeVille, American singer-songwriter (b. 1950)
    • Savka Dabčević-Kučar, Prime Minister of Croatia (b. 1923)
  • August 8Daniel Jarque, Spanish footballer (b. 1983)
  • August 10Urpo Korhonen, Finnish olympic cross-country skier (b. 1923)
  • August 11Eunice Kennedy Shriver, American founder of the Special Olympics (b. 1921)
  • August 13Les Paul, American musician and inventor (b. 1915)
  • August 18Kim Dae-jung, 15th President of South Korea (b. 1924)
  • August 24Toni Sailer, Austrian alpine ski racer (b. 1935)
  • August 25Ted Kennedy, American politician (b. 1932)
  • August 26Abdul Aziz al-Hakim, Iraqi politician and theologian (b. 1953)
  • August 27Sergey Mikhalkov, Soviet-Russian author (b. 1913)
  • August 28DJ AM, American DJ (b. 1973)

September[]

Patrick Swayze

  • September 8Aage Bohr, Danish Nobel physicist (b. 1922)
  • September 11
    • Juan Almeida, Cuban revolutionary and politician (b. 1927)
    • Yoshito Usui, Japanese manga artist (b. 1958)
  • September 12
    • Norman Borlaug, American Nobel agronomist (b. 1914)
    • Jack Kramer, American tennis player and promoter (b. 1921)
  • September 14
    • Keith Floyd, British cook and restaurateur (b. 1943)
    • Henry Gibson, American actor and songwriter (b. 1935)
    • Patrick Swayze, American actor and dancer (b. 1952)
  • September 16Mary Travers, American singer and songwriter (b. 1936)
  • September 17Noordin Mohammad Top, Malaysian Islamist militant (b. 1968)
  • September 18Irving Kristol, American writer and political commentator (b. 1920)
  • September 23Ertuğrul Osman, 43rd Head of the Ottoman Dynasty (b. 1912)
  • September 25Alicia de Larrocha, Spanish pianist (b. 1923)
  • September 28Guillermo Endara, 32nd President of Panama (b. 1936)
  • September 29Pavel Popovich, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1930)

October[]

Al Martino

Claude Lévi-Strauss

November[]

Vitaly Ginzburg

  • November 3Francisco Ayala, Spanish novelist (b. 1906)
  • November 8Vitaly Ginzburg, Russian Nobel physicist (b. 1916)
  • November 10
    • Robert Enke, German footballer (b. 1977)
    • John Allen Muhammad, African-American spree killer (b. 1960)[58]
  • November 15
    • Pavle, Serbian Patriarch, Patriarch of the Serbian Orthodox Church (b. 1914)
    • Pierre Harmel, 39th Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1911)
  • November 16
    • Antonio de Nigris, Mexican footballer (b. 1978)
    • Edward Woodward, English actor and singer (b. 1930)
  • November 20Lino Lacedelli, Italian mountaineer (b. 1925)
  • November 21Konstantin Feoktistov, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1926)
  • November 24Samak Sundaravej, 25th Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1935)
  • November 30Milorad Pavić, Serbian writer (b. 1929)

December[]

Paul Samuelson

Jennifer Jones

Brittany Murphy

Rafael Caldera

  • December 3Richard Todd, Irish-born British actor (b. 1919)
  • December 4
    • Umaga, Samoan-American professional wrestler (b. 1973)
    • Vyacheslav Tikhonov, Russian actor (b. 1928)
    • Jordi Solé Tura, Spanish politician (b. 1930)
  • December 5
    • Alfred Hrdlicka, Austrian artist (b. 1928)
    • Otto Graf Lambsdorff, German politician (b. 1926)
  • December 9
    • Gene Barry, American actor (b. 1919)
    • Rodrigo Carazo Odio, 38th President of Costa Rica (b. 1926)
  • December 13Paul Samuelson, American Nobel Prize-winning economist (b. 1915)
  • December 16
    • Roy E. Disney, American businessman (b. 1930)
    • Yegor Gaidar, Russian politician (b. 1956)
  • December 17
    • Amin al-Hafiz, President and Prime Minister of Syria (b. 1921)
    • Jennifer Jones, American actress (b. 1919)
  • December 19
    • Hussein-Ali Montazeri, Iranian scholar and human rights activist (b. 1922)
    • Kim Peek, American savant (b. 1951)
  • December 20Brittany Murphy, American actress (b. 1977)
  • December 21Edwin G. Krebs, American Nobel biologist (b. 1918)
  • December 23Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme, Tibetan politician (b. 1910)
  • December 24Rafael Caldera, 54th and 60th President of Venezuela (b. 1916)
  • December 26Jacques Sylla, 12th Prime Minister of Madagascar (b. 1946)
  • December 28The Rev, American musician (b. 1981)
  • December 30Abdurrahman Wahid, 4th President of Indonesia (b. 1940)
  • December 31Rashidi Kawawa, 1st Prime Minister of Tanzania (b. 1926)

Nobel Prizes[]

  • ChemistryAda Yonath, Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, and Thomas A. Steitz[59]
  • EconomicsElinor Ostrom and Oliver E. Williamson[60]
  • LiteratureHerta Müller
  • PeaceBarack Obama
  • PhysicsCharles K. Kao, Willard Boyle, and George E. Smith[61]
  • Physiology or MedicineElizabeth Blackburn, Carol W. Greider, and Jack W. Szostak[62]

New English words[]

  • alt-right
  • anti-vaxxer
  • copernicium
  • subtweet[63]

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ "News Release – IAU0606: The International Astronomical Union announces the International Year of Astronomy 2009". International Astronomical Union. October 27, 2006. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008. http://iau.org/public_press/news/release/iau0606/. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  2. ^ "The International Year of Astronomy 2009". IYA2009. Archived from the original on November 3, 2008. http://astronomy2009.org. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session 61 Resolution 189. International Year of National Fibres, 2009 A/RES/61/189 December 20, 2006. Retrieved 2008-07-15.
  4. ^ Watson, Rory (December 29, 2008). "Slovakia adopts the euro on January 1". The Times (London). http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/economics/article5414398.ece. Retrieved March 9, 2010. (subscription required)
  5. ^ Davis, Joshua (2011-10-11). "The Crypto-Currency: Bitcoin and its mysterious inventor". Retrieved on 2019-01-03. 
  6. ^ Template:Cite-news
  7. ^ "Last Israeli troops 'leave Gaza'". BBC News. January 21, 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/7841902.stm. Retrieved July 7, 2009. 
  8. ^ Yanir Yagna (February 28, 2009). "At least six Gaza rockets hit southern Israel". Haaretz. http://www.haaretz.com/news/at-least-six-gaza-rockets-hit-southern-israel-1.271104. Retrieved 2015-04-15. 
  9. ^ "Kassam rocket strikes Eshkol Region". The Jerusalem Post. February 26, 2009. http://www.jpost.com/Israel/Kassam-rocket-strikes-Eshkol-Region. Retrieved 2015-04-15. 
  10. ^ "'Five rockets' fired into Israel". BBC News. February 28, 2009. Archived from the original on February 28, 2009. https://web.archive.org/web/20090228235142/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7916555.stm. Retrieved February 28, 2009. 
  11. ^ Jurjen van de Pol; Franz Wild (January 26, 2009). "Congo Warlord Pleads Not Guilty at ICC's First Trial (Update1)"]. Bloomberg. https://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601116&sid=a_4iKnLHRml4&refer=africa. Retrieved 2009-07-07. 
  12. ^ Tran, Mark (January 27, 2009). "Icelandic PM becomes world's first leader to step down over banking system crisis". The Guardian (London). https://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/jan/27/iceland-prime-minister-resignation. Retrieved 2015-04-15. 
  13. ^ "Orthodox Church enthrones leader". BBC News. February 1, 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7863385.stm. Retrieved July 16, 2009. 
  14. ^ "First gay PM for Iceland cabinet". BBC News. February 1, 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/7863923.stm. Retrieved July 16, 2009. 
  15. ^ "Ex-Serbian president acquitted of Kosovo war crimes". Reuters. 2009-02-26. Archived from the original on March 1, 2009. https://web.archive.org/web/20090301111046/http://uk.reuters.com/article/homepageCrisis/idUKLQ706014._CH_.2420. Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  16. ^ "President of Guinea-Bissau assassinated". CNN. March 2, 2009. http://edition.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/africa/03/02/guineabissau.general/index.html. Retrieved July 7, 2009. 
  17. ^ "VIDEO: ICC issues arrest warrant for Bashir". Reuters. March 4, 2009. https://www.reuters.com/article/latestCrisis/idUS123622821727. Retrieved March 4, 2009. 
  18. ^ "Madagascar president forced out". BBC News. March 17, 2009. Archived from the original on March 19, 2009. https://web.archive.org/web/20090319061800/http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/7948196.stm. Retrieved March 17, 2009. 
  19. ^ "Albania, Croatia become NATO members". msnbc.com. 2009-04-01. http://www.nbcnews.com/id/29995397/ns/world_news-europe/t/albania-croatia-become-nato-members/#.WHpG5FxMGUk. 
  20. ^ "U.N. Security Council to meet on N. Korea launch". CNN. April 5, 2009. http://edition.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/asiapcf/04/05/nkorea.worldreax/?iref=mpstoryview. Retrieved April 5, 2009. 
  21. ^ "BBC: Italian rescuers work into night". BBC News. April 7, 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7986727.stm. Retrieved August 23, 2010. 
  22. ^ Cody, Edward (April 21, 2009). "U.N. Launches Library Of World's Knowledge". The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/04/20/AR2009042001324.html?hpid=sec-world. Retrieved April 21, 2009. 
  23. ^ C. Bryson Hull and Ranga Sirilal. "Sri Lanka's long war reaches end, Tigers defeated". Archived from the original on June 11, 2009. https://www.webcitation.org/5hRWbsWHv?url=http://www.nationalpost.com/story.html?id=1605285. Retrieved May 31, 2009. 
  24. ^ "Sri-Lanka-liberated-from-terror". http://www.express.co.uk/posts/view/102140. Retrieved March 9, 2010. 
  25. ^ "UN Security Council Condemns North Korea Nuclear Test (Update1)". Bloomberg. May 25, 2009. https://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601089&sid=aOoNPErMuqyg. Retrieved May 31, 2009. 
  26. ^ "World now at the start of 2009 influenza pandemic". World Health Organization. Archived from the original on July 1, 2009. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/statements/2009/h1n1_pandemic_phase6_20090611/en/index.html. Retrieved June 30, 2009. 
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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 2009. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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