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Years: 2005 2006 2007 - 2008 - 2009 2010 2011
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Science and technology
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Establishments and disestablishments categories
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Works and introductions categories
WorksIntroductions
Works entering the public domain
2008 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 2008
MMVIII

Ab urbe condita 2761
Armenian calendar 1457
ԹՎ ՌՆԾԷ
Bahá'í calendar 164 – 165
Buddhist calendar 2552
Coptic calendar 1724 – 1725
Ethiopian calendar 2000 – 2001
Hebrew calendar 5768 5769
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2063 – 2064
 - Shaka Samvat 1930 – 1931
 - Kali Yuga 5109 – 5110
Holocene calendar 12008
Iranian calendar 1386 – 1387
Islamic calendar 1428 – 1430
Japanese calendar Heisei 20


(平成 20年)

 - Imperial Year Kōki 2668
(皇紀2668年)
Julian calendar 2053
Korean calendar 4341
Thai solar calendar 2551
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2008 (MMVIII ) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2008th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 8th year of the 3rd millennium, the 8th year of the 21st century, and the 9th year of the 2000s decade.

2008 was designated as:

  • International Year of Languages[1]
  • International Year of Planet Earth
  • International Year of Sanitation
  • International Year of the Potato

Events[]

January[]

February[]

March[]

  • March–April – Rising food and fuel prices trigger riots and unrest in the Third World.
  • March 2Venezuela and Ecuador move troops to the Colombian border, following a Colombian raid against FARC guerrillas inside Ecuadorian territory, in which senior commander Raúl Reyes is killed.[11][12]
  • March 9 – The first European Space Agency Automated Transfer Vehicle, a cargo spacecraft for the International Space Station, launches from Guiana Space Centre in French Guiana.[13]
  • March 24Bhutan holds its first-ever general elections following the adoption of a new Constitution which changed the country from an absolute monarchy to a multiparty democracy.[14]
  • March 25African Union and Comoros forces invade the rebel-held island of Anjouan, returning the island to Comorian control.[15]

April[]

  • April 22 – Surgeons at London's Moorfields Eye Hospital perform the first successful operations using bionic eyes, implanting them into two blind patients.

May[]

  • May 2 – The Chaitén volcano in Chile enters a new eruptive phase for the first time since around 1640.
  • May 3Cyclone Nargis passes through Myanmar, killing more than 138,000 people.[16]
  • May 12 – An earthquake measuring 7.9 on the moment magnitude scale strikes Sichuan, China, killing an estimated 87,000 people.[17]
  • May 23
    • The Union of South American Nations, an intergovernmental organization between states in South America, is founded.[18]
    • The International Court of Justice awards Middle Rocks to Malaysia and Pedra Branca to Singapore, ending a 29-year territorial dispute between the two countries.[19]
  • May 25NASA's unmanned Phoenix spacecraft becomes the first to land on the northern polar region of Mars.[20]
  • May 28 – The Legislature Parliament of Nepal votes overwhelmingly in favor of abolishing the country's 240-year-old monarchy, turning the country into a republic.[21]
  • May 30 – The Convention on Cluster Munitions is adopted in Dublin.[22]

June[]

  • June 729Austria and Switzerland jointly host the UEFA Euro 2008 football tournament, which is won by Spain.
  • June 11
    • The Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope is launched.[23]
    • Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper formally apologizes, on behalf of the Canadian government, to the country's First Nations for the Canadian Indian residential school system.[24]
  • June 14Expo 2008 opens in Zaragoza, Spain, lasting to September 14, with the topic "Water and sustainable development".[25]

July[]

  • July 2Íngrid Betancourt and 14 other hostages are rescued from FARC rebels by Colombian security forces.[26]
  • July 21Radovan Karadžić, the first president of the Republika Srpska, is arrested in Belgrade, Serbia, on allegations of war crimes, following a 12-year-long manhunt.[27]

August[]

  • August 1 – Eleven mountaineers from international expeditions die on K2, the second-highest mountain on Earth in the worst single accident in the history of K2 mountaineering.
  • August 6 – President Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi of Mauritania is deposed in a military coup d'état.[28]
  • August 7Georgia invades the breakaway state of South Ossetia, sparking a war with Russia as the latter intervenes in support of the separatists in both South Ossetia and Abkhazia.[29]
  • August 20Spanair Flight 5022 crashes at Madrid–Barajas Airport, killing 154 people on board.
  • August 824 – The 2008 Summer Olympics take place in Beijing, China.[30]

September[]

  • September 10 – The proton beam is circulated for the first time in the Large Hadron Collider, the world's largest and highest-energy particle accelerator, located at CERN, near Geneva, under the Franco-Swiss border.[31][32]
  • September 20 – A suicide truck bomb explosion destroys the Marriott Hotel in Islamabad, Pakistan, killing at least 54 and injuring 266.[33][34][35]
  • September 13Hurricane Ike makes landfall in Galveston, Texas
  • September 28SpaceX Falcon 1 becomes the world's first privately developed space launch vehicle to successfully make orbit.[36][37]
  • September 29 – Following the bankruptcies of Lehman Brothers and Washington Mutual, The Dow Jones Industrial Average falls 777.68 points, hitherto the largest single-day point loss in its history.

October[]

  • October 3Global financial crisis: U.S. President George W. Bush signs the revised Emergency Economic Stabilization Act into law, creating a 700 billion dollar Treasury fund to purchase failing bank assets.[38]
  • October 7Spotify music streaming service is launched in Sweden.
  • October 21 – The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is officially inaugurated at Geneva.[39][40][41][42]
  • October 22 – The Indian Space Research Organisation successfully launches the Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft on a lunar exploration mission.[43][44]

November[]

December[]

  • December 5 – Human remains found in 1991 are identified as Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, using DNA analysis.[51]
  • December 10 – The Channel Island of Sark, a British Crown dependency, holds its first fully democratic elections under a new constitutional arrangement, becoming the last European territory to abolish feudalism.[52]
  • December 18 – The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda finds Théoneste Bagosora and two other senior Rwandan army officers guilty of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes and sentences them to life imprisonment for their role in the Rwandan genocide.[53]
  • December 23 – A military coup d'état deposes the government of Guinea shortly after the death of longtime President Lansana Conté.[54]
  • December 27 – Israel invades the Gaza Strip in response to rockets being fired into Israeli territory by Hamas and due to weapons being smuggled into the area.[55][56][57]
  • December 31 – An extra leap second (23:59:60) is added to end the year. The last time this occurred was in 2005.

Births[]

  • April 16Princess Eléonore of Belgium
  • June 3Harshaali Malhotra, Indian actress
  • July 15Iain Armitage, American actor
  • August 18Gordey Kolesov, Russian-Chinese chess player

Deaths[]

January[]

Heath Ledger

Suharto

February[]

Roy Scheider

Janez Drnovšek

  • February 2Joshua Lederberg, American Nobel molecular biologist (b. 1925)
  • February 5Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Indian spiritual leader (b. 1917)
  • February 7Andrew Bertie, 78th Grand Master of the Order of Malta (b. 1929)
  • February 9Baba Amte, Indian social activist (b. 1914)
  • February 10Roy Scheider, American actor (b. 1932)
  • February 11
    • Tom Lantos, American politician (b. 1928)
    • Alfredo Reinado, East Timorese rebel (b. 1967)
  • February 12
    • Imad Mughniyah, Lebanese militant (b. 1962)
    • Badri Patarkatsishvili, Georgian businessman and politician (b. 1955)
  • February 13
    • Kon Ichikawa, Japanese film director (b. 1915)
    • Henri Salvador, French singer (b. 1917)
  • February 16James Orange, American pastor and civil rights activist (b. 1942)
  • February 18Alain Robbe-Grillet, French writer and filmmaker (b. 1922)
  • February 19
    • Natalia Bessmertnova, Russian ballerina (b. 1941)
    • Yegor Letov, Russian singer (b. 1964)
  • February 23
    • Janez Drnovšek, 2-Time Prime Minister and 2nd President of Slovenia (b. 1950)
    • Paul Frère, Belgian racing driver (b. 1917)
  • February 27
    • William F. Buckley Jr., American author and conservative commentator (b. 1925)
    • Ivan Rebroff, German singer (b. 1931)
  • February 29Tommy Glencross, Scottish boxer (b. 1947)

March[]

Arthur C. Clarke

Paul Scofield

  • March 1Raúl Reyes, Colombian guerrilla (b. 1948)
  • March 2Jeff Healey, Canadian musician (b. 1966)
  • March 3
    • Giuseppe Di Stefano, Italian operatic tenor (b. 1921)
    • Norman Smith, English singer and record producer (b. 1923)
  • March 4Gary Gygax, American writer and game designer (b. 1938)
  • March 5Joseph Weizenbaum, German-American author and computer scientist (b. 1923)
  • March 6Peter Poreku Dery, Ghanaian cardinal (b. 1918)
  • March 12Howard Metzenbaum, American politician (b. 1917)
  • March 14Chiara Lubich, Italian Catholic activist (b. 1920)
  • March 18Anthony Minghella, English film director and screenwriter (b. 1954)
  • March 19
    • Arthur C. Clarke, English author, inventor, and futurist (b. 1917)
    • Hugo Claus, Flemish writer, painter and film director (b. 1929)
    • Paul Scofield, English actor (b. 1922)
  • March 22Adolfo Suárez Rivera, Mexican cardinal (b. 1927)
  • March 24
    • Neil Aspinall, British record producer and business executive (b. 1942)
    • Richard Widmark, American actor (b. 1914)
  • March 26Manuel Marulanda, Colombian guerrilla (b. 1930)
  • March 27Jean-Marie Balestre, French sports executive (b. 1921)
  • March 30Dith Pran, Cambodian-American photojournalist (b. 1942)
  • March 31Jules Dassin, American film director (b. 1911)

April[]

Charlton Heston

  • April 3Hrvoje Ćustić, Croatian footballer (b. 1983)
  • April 5Charlton Heston, American actor (b. 1923)
  • April 8Stanley Kamel, American actor (b. 1943)
  • April 10Ernesto Corripio y Ahumada, Mexican cardinal (b. 1919)
  • April 12Patrick Hillery, 6th President of Ireland (b. 1923)
  • April 13John Archibald Wheeler, American theoretical physicist (b. 1911)
  • April 14Ollie Johnston, American animator (b. 1912)
  • April 15Benoît Lamy, Belgian motion picture writer-director (b. 1945)
  • April 16Edward Norton Lorenz, American mathematician and meteorologist (b. 1917)
  • April 17Aimé Césaire, French Martinican poet and politician (b. 1913)
  • April 29Albert Hofmann, Swiss chemist and writer (b. 1906)

May[]

Irena Sendler

Sydney Pollack

  • May 1Anthony Mamo, 1st President of Malta (b. 1909)
  • May 2Philipp von Boeselager, German military officer (b. 1917)
  • May 3Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo, Spanish Prime Minister (b. 1926)
  • May 8François Sterchele, Belgian footballer (b. 1982)
  • May 10
    • Leyla Gencer, Turkish soprano (b. 1928)
    • Jessica Jacobs, Australian actress and singer (b. 1990)
  • May 12
    • Robert Rauschenberg, American pop artist (b. 1925)
    • Irena Sendler, Polish humanitarian (b. 1910)
  • May 13
    • Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, 4th Emir of Kuwait (b. 1930)
    • Bernardin Gantin, Beninese cardinal (b. 1922)
  • May 15Willis Lamb, American Nobel physicist (b. 1913)
  • May 17Roberto García-Calvo Montiel, Spanish judge (b. 1942)
  • May 23Cornell Capa, Hungarian-American photographer (b. 1918)
  • May 26
    • Sydney Pollack, American actor, director and producer (b. 1934)
    • Koloa Talake, 7th Prime Minister of Tuvalu (b. 1934)
  • May 28Sven Davidson, Swedish tennis player (b. 1928)
  • May 29Harvey Korman, American actor and comedian (b. 1927)

June[]

Chinghiz Aitmatov

Cyd Charisse

George Carlin

  • June 1
    • Tommy Lapid, Israeli television presenter, journalist, and politician (b. 1931)
    • Yves Saint Laurent, French fashion designer (b. 1936)
  • June 2
    • Bo Diddley, American musician (b. 1928)
    • Mel Ferrer, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1917)
  • June 5Jameson Mbilini Dlamini, 7th Prime Minister of Swaziland (b. 1921)
  • June 4Agata Mróz-Olszewska, Polish volleyball player (b. 1982)
  • June 7
    • Mustafa Khalil, 40th Prime Minister of Egypt (b. 1920)
    • Dino Risi, Italian director (b. 1916)
  • June 8Šaban Bajramović, Serbian musician (b. 1936)
  • June 9
    • Karen Asrian, Armenian chess grandmaster (b. 1980)
    • Algis Budrys, Lithuanian-American science fiction writer (b. 1931)
  • June 10Chinghiz Aitmatov, Kyrgyzstani writer (b. 1928)
  • June 11
    • Ove Andersson, Swedish rally driver (b. 1939)
    • Võ Văn Kiệt, 5th Prime Minister of Vietnam (b. 1922)
  • June 13Tim Russert, American journalist (b. 1950)
  • June 15Stan Winston, American special effects and makeup artist (b. 1946)
  • June 17Cyd Charisse, American actress and dancer (b. 1922)
  • June 18Jean Delannoy, French film director (b. 1908)
  • June 22George Carlin, American author, actor, and comedian (b. 1937)
  • June 23Arthur Chung, 1st President of Guyana (b. 1918)
  • June 24Leonid Hurwicz, American Nobel economist and mathematician (b. 1917)
  • June 27Sam Manekshaw, Indian Field Marshal (b. 1914)
  • June 28Ruslana Korshunova, Kazakhstani model (b. 1987)
  • June 29Don S. Davis, American actor (b. 1942)

July[]

Jesse Helms

  • July 4
    • Jesse Helms, American politician (b. 1921)
    • Evelyn Keyes, American actress (b. 1916)
  • July 5René Harris, 4-Time President of Nauru (b. 1947)
  • July 11Michael E. DeBakey, American surgeon and inventor (b. 1908)
  • July 12Tony Snow, American political commentator (b. 1955)
  • July 13Bronisław Geremek, Polish social historian and politician (b. 1932)
  • July 15György Kolonics, Hungarian canoeist (b. 1972)
  • July 16Jo Stafford, American singer (b. 1917)
  • July 22Estelle Getty, American actress (b. 1923)
  • July 25
    • Johnny Griffin, American saxophonist (b. 1928)
    • Randy Pausch, American author and computer scientist (b. 1960)
  • July 27Youssef Chahine, Egyptian film director (b. 1926)
  • July 29Mate Parlov, Croatian boxer (b. 1948)

August[]

Bernie Mac

Isaac Hayes

  • August 1Harkishan Singh Surjeet, Indian politician (b. 1916)
  • August 3Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian Nobel writer (b. 1918)
  • August 4Anita Farra, Italian actress (b. 1905)
  • August 9
    • Mahmoud Darwish, Palestinian poet (b. 1941)
    • Bernie Mac, American actor and comedian (b. 1957)
  • August 10Isaac Hayes, American musician (b. 1942)
  • August 11Fred Sinowatz, Austrian politician (b. 1929)
  • August 13Henri Cartan, French mathematician (b. 1904)
  • August 15Jerry Wexler, American music producer (b. 1917)
  • August 16
    • Ronnie Drew, Irish singer (b. 1934)
    • Masanobu Fukuoka, Japanese microbiologist (b. 1913)
  • August 19
    • Levy Mwanawasa, 3rd President of Zambia (b. 1948)
    • LeRoi Moore, American saxophonist (b. 1961)
  • August 20Hua Guofeng, Chairman of the Communist Party and Chinese premier (b. 1921)
  • August 23Thomas Huckle Weller, American Nobel virologist (b. 1915)
  • August 28Phil Hill, American race car driver (b. 1927)

September[]

Paul Newman

October[]

Jörg Haider

  • October 1Boris Yefimov, Russian political cartoonist (b. 1900)
  • October 6Paavo Haavikko, Finnish poet (b. 1931)
  • October 8George Emil Palade, Romanian Nobel cell biologist (b. 1912)
  • October 10Alexey Prokurorov, Russian cross-country skier (b. 1964)
  • October 11Jörg Haider, Austrian politician (b. 1950)
  • October 13
    • Alexei Cherepanov, Russian Hockey Player (b. 1989)
    • Guillaume Depardieu, French actor (b. 1971)
    • Antonio José González Zumárraga, Ecuadorian cardinal (b. 1925)
  • October 20Sœur Emmanuelle, Belgian-born French nun (b. 1908)
  • October 25Muslim Magomayev, Azerbaijani singer (b. 1942)
  • October 26Tony Hillerman, American writer (b. 1925)
  • October 29William Wharton, American author (b. 1925)
  • October 31Studs Terkel, American author and liberal commentator (b. 1912)

November[]

Michael Crichton

December[]

Alexy II

Horst Tappert

Mark Felt

Eartha Kitt

  • December 1Mikel Laboa, Basque singer and songwriter (b. 1934)
  • December 2
    • Frank Crean, Australian politician (b. 1916)
    • Odetta, American singer (b. 1930)
  • December 4Forrest J Ackerman, American magazine editor, science fiction writer, and literary agent (b. 1916)
  • December 5
    • Patriarch Alexy II of Moscow, Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church (b. 1928)
    • Nina Foch, Dutch-born American actress (b. 1924)
  • December 8
    • Marky Cielo, Filipino actor and dancer (b. 1988)
    • Robert Prosky, American actor (b. 1930)
  • December 9
    • Yury Glazkov, Russian cosmonaut (b. 1939)
    • Dražan Jerković, Croatian football player and manager (b. 1936)
  • December 11
    • Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, American Nobel physician (b. 1923)
    • Bettie Page, American pin-up model (b. 1923)
  • December 12
    • Avery Dulles, American cardinal (b. 1918)
    • Van Johnson, American actor (b. 1916)
    • Tassos Papadopoulos, 5th President of Cyprus (b. 1934)
  • December 13Horst Tappert, German actor (b. 1923)
  • December 15León Febres Cordero, 35th President of Ecuador (b. 1931)
  • December 18
    • Majel Barrett, American actress (b. 1932)
    • Mark Felt, American FBI agent (b. 1913)
  • December 19James Bevel, American minister and civil rights activist (b. 1936)
  • December 20
    • Joseph Conombo, 3rd Prime Minister of Burkina Faso (b. 1917)
    • Olga Lepeshinskaya, Russian ballerina (b. 1916)
    • Robert Mulligan, American director (b. 1925)
  • December 22Lansana Conté, 2nd President of Guinea (b. 1934)
  • December 24
  • December 25Eartha Kitt, American singer and actress (b. 1927)
  • December 29Freddie Hubbard, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1938)

Nobel Prizes[]

  • ChemistryMartin Chalfie, Osamu Shimomura, and Roger Y. Tsien
  • EconomicsPaul Krugman
  • LiteratureJean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio
  • PeaceMartti Ahtisaari
  • PhysicsMakoto Kobayashi, Toshihide Maskawa, and Yoichiro Nambu
  • Physiology or MedicineFrançoise Barré-Sinoussi, Harald zur Hausen, and Luc Montagnier

New English words[]

  • Bitcoin
  • burner phone
  • dumpster fire
  • exome
  • hate-watch
  • mansplain
  • photobomb[58]

See also[]

References[]

  1. ^ "General Assembly Proclaims 2008 International Year of Languages, in Effort to Promote Unity in Diversity, Global Understanding". United Nations. Archived from the original on November 1, 2008. http://un.org/News/Press/docs/2007/ga10592.doc.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-02. 
  2. ^ Cyprus and Malta set to join eurozone in 2008 Script error: No such module "webarchive"., EurActiv
  3. ^ Akrotiri and Dhekelia adopt the euro, EUbusiness (ISO 4217 code: VEF). Script error: No such module "webarchive".
  4. ^ "Mercury Flyby 1". Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. Archived from the original on May 16, 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080516045507/http://messenger.jhuapl.edu/mer_flyby1.html. Retrieved 2008-01-12. 
  5. ^ Landler, Mark; Timmons, Heather (January 21, 2008). "Stocks Plunge Worldwide on Fears of a U.S. Recession". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 11, 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20081211195300/http://www.nytimes.com/2008/01/21/business/22stox-web.html. Retrieved November 21, 2008. 
  6. ^ "Eastern Congo peace deal signed". BBC. January 23, 2008. Archived from the original on December 17, 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20081217020749/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/7204898.stm. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  7. ^ "Iran Opens Space Center, Launches Rocket", Associated Press
  8. ^ "Kevin Rudd says sorry". The Sydney Morning Herald. February 13, 2008. http://www.smh.com.au/news/national/rudd-says-sorry/2008/02/13/1202760342960.html. Retrieved 8 July 2011. 
  9. ^ "BU.S., Europeans at Security Council Back Kosovo's Independence". Bloomberg L.P.. February 17, 2008. https://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087&sid=anGy1wIN83Sg&refer=home. Retrieved 2008-11-05. 
  10. ^ "Il Kosovo proclama l'indipendenza Serbia: "Non lo riconosceremo mai"" (in italian). February 17, 2008. http://www.repubblica.it/2008/02/sezioni/esteri/kosovo-indipendenza/kosovo-indipendenza/kosovo-indipendenza.html. 
  11. ^ James, Ian (March 3, 2008). "Venezuela, Ecuador sending troops to border with Colombia after rebel leader killed". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on March 10, 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080310030210/http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/nationworld/2004255911_webrebel02.html. Retrieved March 15, 2009. 
  12. ^ Goodman, Joshua (March 1, 2008). "Colombian Rebel Leader Raul Reyes Killed By Army, Minister Says". Bloomberg L.P.. Archived from the original on June 26, 2009. https://web.archive.org/web/20090626153038/http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601086&sid=a5HnABwKGrZc&refer=latin_america. Retrieved March 15, 2009. 
  13. ^ "Europe launches its first resupply ship to the ISS". European Space Agency. March 9, 2008. Archived from the original on May 22, 2009. http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMDYOK26DF_index_0.html. Retrieved March 15, 2009. 
  14. ^ Sengupta, Somini (2008-03-25). "Heavy Turnout in First Bhutan Election". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. https://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/25/world/asia/25bhutan.html. 
  15. ^ "BBC NEWS | Africa | 'Deadly clashes' in the Comoros". http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/7302002.stm. 
  16. ^ "BBC NEWS | UK | UK Politics | Cameron urges aid drops for Burma". http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/politics/7396313.stm. 
  17. ^ "Sichuan 2008: A disaster on an immense scale" (in en-GB). BBC News. 2013-05-09. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-22398684. 
  18. ^ "BBC NEWS | Americas | South America nations found union". http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/7417896.stm. 
  19. ^ migration (2015-06-10). "The Asian way to settle disputes". The Straits Times. http://www.straitstimes.com/opinion/the-asian-way-to-settle-disputes. 
  20. ^ "Phoenix Mars Mission". Archived from the original on March 4, 2008. https://www.webcitation.org/5W4NeGhno?url=http://phoenix.lpl.arizona.edu/. 
  21. ^ "BBC NEWS | South Asia | Nepal votes to abolish monarchy". http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7424302.stm. 
  22. ^ United Nations Treaty Collection: Convention on Cluster Munitions. Retrieved on 28 March 2009.
  23. ^ MSFC, Jennifer Wall : (2015-05-21). "What Is the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope?" (in en). NASA. https://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/k-4/stories/nasa-knows/what-is-the-fermi-telescope-k4.html. 
  24. ^ "Harper apologizes for residential school abuse". June 11, 2008. http://www.ctv.ca:80/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/20080610/native_apology_080611/20080611?hub=TopStories. 
  25. ^ "Spain's Expo 2008 on world water opens". Reuters. 2017-06-14. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-spain-expo-idUSL1381481020080614. 
  26. ^ Kraul, Chris (2008-07-04). "The ultimate fake-out" (in en-US). Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. http://articles.latimes.com/2008/jul/04/world/fg-hostagetictoc4. 
  27. ^ "BBC News: Serbia captures fugitive Karadzic". 2008-07-22. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/7518543.stm. Retrieved 2010-01-01. 
  28. ^ "BBC NEWS | Africa | Troops stage coup in Mauritania". http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/7544834.stm. 
  29. ^ Finn, Peter (August 17, 2008). "A Two-Sided Descent Into Full-Scale War". https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/08/16/AR2008081600502_pf.html. 
  30. ^ "Beijing 2008 – It's a wrap". The Boston Globe. August 25, 2008. http://boston.com/bigpicture/2008/08/beijing_2008_its_a_wrap.html. Retrieved 8 July 2011. 
  31. ^ "First beam in the LHC – accelerating science". http://press.cern/press-releases/2008/09/first-beam-lhc-accelerating-science. 
  32. ^ "Large Hadron Collider fired up in 'God particle' hunt". CNN. September 10, 2008. http://www.cnn.com/2008/TECH/09/10/lhc.collider/. Retrieved April 14, 2010. 
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External links[]


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 2008. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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