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1997 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1997
MCMXCVII

Ab urbe condita 2750
Armenian calendar 1446
ԹՎ ՌՆԽԶ
Bahá'í calendar 153 – 154
Buddhist calendar 2541
Coptic calendar 1713 – 1714
Ethiopian calendar 1989 – 1990
Hebrew calendar 5757 5758
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2052 – 2053
 - Shaka Samvat 1919 – 1920
 - Kali Yuga 5098 – 5099
Holocene calendar 11997
Iranian calendar 1375 – 1376
Islamic calendar 1417 – 1418
Japanese calendar Heisei

9


(平成 9年)

 - Imperial Year Kōki 2657
(皇紀2657年)
Julian calendar 2042
Korean calendar 4330
Thai solar calendar 2540
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1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year that started on a Wednesday. In the Gregorian calendar, it was the 1997th year of Anno Domini; the 997th year of the 2nd millennium; the 97th year of the 20th century; and the 8th of the 1990s.

Events[]

January[]

  • January 9 – Yachtsman Tony Bullimore is found alive, 5 days after his boat capsized in the Southern Ocean.

    Bill Clinton, the President of the United States, began his second term on January 20

  • January 17 – A Delta II rocket carrying a military GPS payload explodes, shortly after liftoff from Cape Canaveral.
  • January 18 – In northwest Rwanda, Hutu militia members kill 6 Spanish aid workers, 3 soldiers, and seriously wound another.
  • January 19Yasser Arafat returns to Hebron after more than 30 years, and joins celebrations over the handover of the last Israeli-controlled West Bank city.
  • January 20 – U.S. President Bill Clinton is inaugurated for his second term.
  • January 22Madeleine Albright becomes the first female Secretary of State, after confirmation by the United States Senate.
  • January 23Mir Aimal Kasi is sentenced to death for a 1993 assault rifle attack outside CIA headquarters that killed 2 and wounded 3.
  • January 27 – It is revealed that French museums had nearly 2,000 pieces of art that had been stolen by Nazis.

February[]

  • February 4
    • On their way to Lebanon, 2 Israeli troop-transport helicopters collide, killing 73.
    • After at first contesting the results, Serbian President Slobodan Milošević recognizes opposition victories in the November 1996 elections.
    • British Home Secretary Michael Howard informs Moors Murderer Myra Hindley that she will never be released from prison. Mr. Howard has made the decision in agreement with a recommendation made by his predecessor David Waddington in 1990.
  • February 5
    • The so-called "Big Three" banks in Switzerland announced the creation of a $71 million fund to aid Holocaust survivors and their families.
    • Morgan Stanley and Dean Witter Reynolds investment banks announced a $10 billion merger.
  • February 10
    • The United States Army suspends Gene C. McKinney, Sergeant Major of the Army, its top-ranking enlisted soldier, after hearing allegations of sexual misconduct.
    • Sandline affair: Australian newspapers publish stories that the government of Papua New Guinea has brought mercenaries onto Bougainville Island.
  • February 13
    • STS-82: Tune-up and repair work on the Hubble Space Telescope is started by astronauts from Space Shuttle Discovery.
    • The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 7,000 for the first time, gaining 60.81 to 7,022.44.
  • February 22 – In Roslin, Scotland, scientists announce that an adult sheep named Dolly had been successfully cloned, and was born in July 1996.
  • February 23 – A small fire occurs on the Russian space station Mir.
  • February 27Divorce becomes legal in the Republic of Ireland.
  • February 28North Hollywood shootout: Two robbers wearing kevlar body armor armed with AK-47s containing armor-piercing bullets injure 17 police officers and civilians in a gun battle. The incident sparked debate on the appropriate firepower for United States patrol officers to have available in similar situations in the future.

March[]

  • March 4 – U.S. President Bill Clinton bars federal funding for any research on human cloning.
  • March 6
    • The President of Guyana, Cheddi Jagan, dies in office.
    • Pablo Picasso's Tête de Femme is stolen from a London gallery (recovered a week later).
    • In Sri Lanka, Tamil Tigers overrun a military base and kill more than 200.
  • March 13
    • India's Missionaries of Charity chooses Sister Nirmala to succeed Mother Teresa as its leader.
    • The National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China creates a new Chongqing Municipality, out of part of Sichuan.
    • The Phoenix Lights are seen over Phoenix, AZ.
  • March 16Sandline affair: On Bougainville Island, soldiers of commander Jerry Singirok arrest Tim Spicer and his mercenaries of the Sandline International.
  • March 18 – The tail of a Russian An-24 charter plane breaks off while en-route to Turkey, causing the plane to crash, killing all 50 on board, and resulting in the grounding of all An-24s.
  • March 21
    • In Zaire, Etienne Tshiksekedi is appointed prime minister; he ejects supporters of Mobutu Sese Seko from his cabinet.
    • Mercenaries of Sandline International withdraw from Papua New Guinea.
  • March 22
    • Tara Lipinski, 14, becomes the youngest women's world figure skating champion.
    • The Comet Hale-Bopp makes its closest approach to Earth.
  • March 24 – The 69th Academy Awards, hosted by Billy Crystal, are held at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles, California, with The English Patient winning Best Picture.
  • March 26
    • In San Diego, California, 39 Heaven's Gate cultists commit mass suicide at their compound.
    • Julius Chan resigns as prime minister of Papua New Guinea, ending the Sandline affair.

April[]

  • April 3 – The Thalit massacre in Algeria: All but one of the 53 inhabitants of Thalit are killed by guerrillas.
  • April 11 – Fire damages the Turin Cathedral in Italy.
  • April 14
    • Fire breaks out in a pilgrim camp on the Plain of Mena, 7 miles (11 km) from Mecca; 343 die.
    • Former SS Captain Erich Priebke is retried; on July 22 he is sentenced to 5 years in prison.
  • April 16Houston, Texas, socialite Doris Angleton is murdered in her River Oaks home. Roger Angleton later admits to the crime in his suicide note. Despite being found innocent of the crime by a Texas jury, he is later arrested by the United States Department of Justice on similar charges.
  • April 18 – The Red River of the North breaks through dikes and floods Grand Forks, North Dakota, and East Grand Forks, Minnesota, causing US$ 2 billion in damage.
  • April 21 – A Pegasus rocket carries the remains of 24 people into earth orbit, in the first space burial.
  • April 22
    • Haouch Khemisti massacre: 93 villagers are killed in Algeria.
    • A 126-day hostage crisis at the residence of the Japanese ambassador in Lima, Peru, ends after government commandos storm and capture the building, rescuing 71 hostages. One hostage dies of a heart attack, 2 soldiers are killed by rebel fire, and all 14 Tupac Amaru rebels are slain.
    • France supports the new transitional government in Zaire, withdrawing its support of Mobutu Sese Seko.
  • April 23 – 42 villagers are killed in the Omaria massacre in Algeria.
  • April 27Andrew Cunanan murders Jeffrey Trail, beginning a murder spree that lasts until July and ends with the murder of fashion designer Gianni Versace.
  • April 29
    • Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), CWC treaty enters into force.
    • Two trains crash at Hunan, China; 126 are killed.

May[]

  • May 2 – The Labour Party of the United Kingdom return to power for the first time in 18 years, with Tony Blair becoming Prime Minister, in a landslide majority in the 1997 general election.
  • May 3Katrina and the Waves win the Eurovision Song Contest 1997 for the UK with "Love Shine a Light", the most successful Eurovision entry ever.
  • May 10 – An earthquake near Ardekul, in northeastern Iran, kills at least 2,400.
  • May 11IBM's Deep Blue defeats Garry Kasparov in the last game of the rematch, the first time a computer beats a chess World champion in a match.
  • May 12 – The Russian-Chechen Peace Treaty is signed.
  • May 14 – The Star Alliance is formed between Air Canada, Lufthansa, Scandinavian Airlines System, Thai Airways International and United Airlines.
  • May 15 – The United States government acknowledges existence of the "Secret War" in Laos, and dedicates the Laos Memorial in honor of Hmong and other "Secret War" veterans.
  • May 16
    • Mobutu Sese Seko leaves Kinshasa, eventually settling in Morocco.
    • U.S. President Bill Clinton issues a formal apology to the surviving victims of the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male and their families.
  • May 17 – Troops of Laurent Kabila march into Kinshasa.
  • May 22Kelly Flinn, the U.S. Air Force's first female bomber pilot certified for combat, accepts a general discharge in order to avoid a court martial.
  • May 23Mohammad Khatami won at 1997 Iranian presidential election and became first Iranian Reformist President.
  • May 25
    • Strom Thurmond becomes the longest-serving member in the history of the United States Senate (41 years and 10 months).
    • A military coup in Sierra Leone replaces President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah with Major Johnny Paul Koromah.
  • May 27 – The second-deadliest tornado of the 1990s hits in Jarrell, Texas, killing 27 people.
  • May 31 – The 13-kilometer Confederation Bridge, the world's longest bridge spanning ice covered waters, opens between Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick, Canada.

June[]

  • June 1
    • Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraqi military escorts on board an UNSCOM helicopter try to physically prevent the UNSCOM pilot from flying the helicopter in the direction of its planned destination, threatening the safety of the aircraft and their crews.
    • Hugo Banzer wins the Presidential elections in Bolivia.
  • June 2 – In Denver, Colorado, Timothy McVeigh is convicted on 15 counts of murder and conspiracy for his role in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing.
  • June 6 – In Lacey Township, New Jersey, high school senior Melissa Drexler kills her newborn baby in a toilet.
  • June 7 – A computer user known as "_eci" publishes his Microsoft C source code on a Windows 95 and Windows NT exploit, which later becomes WinNuke. The source code gets wide distribution across the internet, and Microsoft is forced to release a security patch.
  • June 8 – A United States Coast Guard helicopter crashes near Humboldt Bay, California; all 4 crewmembers perish.
  • June 10Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot orders the killing of his defense chief, Son Sen, and 11 of Sen's family members, before Pol Pot flees his northern stronghold (the news does not reach outside Cambodia for 3 days).
  • June 11 – In the United Kingdom, the House of Commons votes for a total ban on handguns.
  • June 12 – The United States Department of the Treasury unveils a new $50 bill, meant to be more difficult to counterfeit.
  • June 13 – A jury sentences Timothy McVeigh to death for his part in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing.
  • June 16 – About 50 are killed in the Dairat Labguer massacre in Algeria.
  • June 19 – The fast food chain McDonald's wins a partial victory in its libel trial, known as the McLibel case, against two environmental campaigners.
  • June 22 – Swedish musician Ted Gärdestad commits suicide by jumping in front of a train. He is found dead later that morning.
  • June 25
    • A massive eruption of the Soufrière Hills volcano on the island of Montserrat leads to evacuation and eventual abandonment of the capital, Plymouth.
    • An unmanned Progress spacecraft collides with the Russian space station Mir.
  • June 26Bertie Ahern is appointed as the 10th Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland and Mary Harney is appointed as the 16th, and first female, Tánaiste, after their parties, Fianna Fáil and the Progressive Democrats respectively, win the 1997 General Election.
  • June 30Bloomsbury Publishing publish J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone in London.

July[]

  • July 1 – The United Kingdom hands sovereignty of Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China. This event and its ramifications are often referred to as '1997'.
  • July 4NASA's Pathfinder space probe lands on the surface of Mars.
  • July 5 – In Cambodia, Hun Sen of the Cambodian People's Party overthrows Norodom Ranariddh in a coup.
  • July 7 – The Great Flood begins in southern Poland.
  • July 8
    • Mayo Clinic researchers warn that the dieting drug "fen-phen" can cause severe heart and lung damage.
    • NATO invites the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland to join the alliance in 1999.
  • July 10
    • In London, scientists report their DNA analysis findings from a Neanderthal skeleton, which support the out of Africa theory of human evolution, placing an "African Eve" at 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.
    • Miguel Ángel Blanco is kidnapped in Ermua, Spain and murdered by the ETA.
  • July 11Thailand's worst hotel fire at Pattaya kills 90.
  • July 13 – The remains of Che Guevara are returned to Cuba for burial, alongside some of his comrades.
  • July 15Spree killer Andrew Cunanan shoots fashion designer Gianni Versace to death outside Versace's Miami, Florida residence.
  • July 16 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average gains 63.17 to close at 8,038.88. It is the Dow's first close above 8,000. The Dow has doubled its value in 30 months.
  • July 17 – The F.W. Woolworth Company closes after 117 years in business.
  • July 21 – On her 200th birthday, the fully restored USS Constitution (aka "Old Ironsides") sets sail for the first time in 116 years.
  • July 23Digital Equipment Corporation files antitrust charges against chipmaker Intel.
  • July 25K.R. Narayanan is sworn in as India's 10th president and the first member of the Dalit caste to hold this office.
  • July 27 – About 50 are killed in the Si Zerrouk massacre in Algeria.
  • July 30 – 18 people are killed in the Thredbo landslide in the Snowy Mountains resort in Australia. Stuart Diver is the only survivor.

August[]

  • August 1
    • Boeing and McDonnell Douglas complete a merger.
    • Steve Jobs returns to Apple Computer, Inc at Macworld in Boston.
  • August 2 – Australian ski instructor Stuart Diver is rescued as the sole survivor from the Thredbo landslide in New South Wales, in which 18 die.
  • August 3 – Between 40–76 villagers are killed in the Oued El-Had and Mezouara massacre in Algeria.
  • August 4
    • 185,000 Teamsters Union United Parcel Service drivers walk off the job.
    • Jeanne Calment, the oldest person ever, dies at age 122 years 164 days in Arles, France.
  • August 6
    • Microsoft buys a $150 million share of financially troubled Apple Computer
    • Korean Air Flight 801 crash lands west of Guam International Airport, resulting in the deaths of 228 people.
  • August 13 – In Belo Horizonte, Brazil, Cruzeiro defeat Sporting Cristal of Peru 1–0, becoming the Copa Libertadores de América champions for the second time.
  • August 20 – Over 60 are killed, 15 kidnapped in the Souhane massacre in Algeria; .
  • August 21Be Here Now, the third album from English rock band Oasis, becomes the fastest selling album in UK history.
  • August 26
    • 60–100 are killed in the Beni-Ali massacre in Algeria.
    • The Independent International Commission on Decommissioning is set up in Northern Ireland, as part of a peace process.
  • August 29 – Over 98 (and possibly up to 400) are killed in the Rais massacre in Algeria.
  • August 31Death of Diana, Princess of Wales: Diana, Princess of Wales is taken to hospital after a car accident shortly after midnight, in the Pont de l'Alma road tunnel in Paris. She is pronounced dead at 3:00 am.

September[]

The funeral cortege of Diana, Princess of Wales, on route to Westminster Abbeyfrom Kensington Palace.

September 2

  • September 4 – In Lorain, Ohio, the last Ford Thunderbird for 3 years rolls off the assembly line.
  • September 5
    • Over 87 are killed in the Beni-Messous massacre in Algeria.
    • The International Olympic Committee picks Athens, Greece to be the host city for the 2004 Summer Olympics.
    • Mother Teresa, Albanian missionary and humanitarian, dies (b. 1910)
  • September 6
    • The funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales, takes place at Westminster Abbey, watched by over 2 billion people worldwide.
    • A Jean Michel Jarre Oxygene in Moscow concert, celebrating the city's 850th anniversary, draws 3.5 million people.
  • September 7 – The F-22 Raptor makes its first test flight.
  • September 11Scotland votes to create its own Parliament after 290 years of union with England.
  • September 13Iraq disarmament crisis: An Iraqi military officer attacks an UNSCOM weapons inspector on board an UNSCOM helicopter, while the inspector attempts to take photographs of unauthorized movement of Iraqi vehicles inside a site designated for inspection.
  • September 15Norwegian parliamentary election, 1997
  • September 17 – Iraq disarmament crisis: While waiting for access to a site, UNSCOM inspectors witness and videotape Iraqi guards moving files, burning documents, and dumping waste cans into a nearby river.
  • September 18Wales votes in favour of devolution and the formation of a National Assembly for Wales.
  • September 19 – 53 are killed in the Guelb El-Kebir massacre in Algeria.
  • September 21 – The Islamic Salvation Army, the Islamic Salvation Fronts' armed wing, declares a unilateral ceasefire in Algeria.
  • September 25 – Iraq disarmament crisis: UNSCOM inspector Dr. Diane Seaman catches several Iraqi men sneaking out the back door of an inspection site, with log books for the creation of prohibited bacteria and chemicals.
  • September 26
    • An air crash in Indonesia (likely caused by smoke rising from numerous forest fires in the area) kills 235 people (see Garuda Indonesia Flight 152).
    • An earthquake strikes the Italian regions of Umbria and Marche, causing part of the Basilica of St. Francis at Assisi to collapse.
  • September 27 – The Roman Catholic Diocese of Požega in Croatia is founded.

October[]

  • October 1Luke Woodham walks into Pearl High School in Pearl, Mississippi, and opens fire, killing 2 girls, after killing his mother earlier that morning.
  • October 2British scientists Moira Bruce and John Collinge, with their colleagues, independently show that the new variant form of the Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is the same disease as Bovine spongiform encephalopathy.
  • October 4
    • One million men gather for Promise Keepers' "Stand in the Gap" event in Washington, DC.
    • Loomis Fargo Bank Robbery: The second largest cash robbery in U.S. history ($17.3 million, mostly in small bills) occurs at the Charlotte, North Carolina office of Wells Fargo. An FBI investigation eventually results in 24 convictions and the recovery of approximately 95% of the stolen cash.
  • October 11 – The mixed martial arts organization PRIDE Fighting Championships holds its inaugural event at the Tokyo Dome in Tokyo, Japan. In the main event Rickson Gracie defeats Nobuhiko Takada by armbar.
  • October 12 – 43 are killed at a false roadblock, in the Sidi Daoud massacre in Algeria.
  • October 15
    • Andy Green sets the first supersonic land speed record for the ThrustSSC team, led by Richard Noble of the UK. ThrustSSC goes through the flying mile course at Black Rock Desert, Nevada at an average speed of 1,227.985 km/h (763.035 mph).
    • NASA launches the Cassini–Huygens probe to Saturn.
  • October 16 – The first color photograph appears on the front page of the New York Times.
  • October 17 – The remains of Che Guevara are laid to rest with full military honours in a specially built mausoleum in the city of Santa Clara, Cuba, where he had won the decisive battle of the Cuban Revolution 39 years before.
  • October 28 – In the U.S., the Dow Jones Industrial Average gains a record 337.17 points, closing at 7,498.32. One billion shares are traded on the New York Stock Exchange for the first time ever.
  • October 29 – Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq says it will begin shooting down Lockheed U-2 surveillance planes being used by UNSCOM inspectors.
  • October 30 – In Newton, Massachusetts, British au pair Louise Woodward is found guilty of the baby-shaking death of 8-month-old Matthew Eappen.

November[]

Mary McAleese.

  • November 3 – In France, striking truck drivers blockade ports during a pay dispute.
  • November 10
    • Telecom companies WorldCom and MCI Communications announce a US$37 billion merger to form MCI WorldCom (the largest merger in U.S. history).
    • A Fairfax, Virginia jury finds Mir Aimal Kasi guilty of murdering 2 CIA employees in 1993.
  • November 11Mary McAleese is elected the 8th President of Ireland in succession to Mary Robinson, the first time in the world that one woman has succeeded another as elected head of state.
  • November 12Ramzi Yousef is found guilty of masterminding the World Trade Center 1993 bombings.
  • November 17 – In Luxor, Egypt, 62 people are killed by 6 Islamic militants outside the Temple of Hatshepsut.
  • November 19 – In Des Moines, Iowa, Bobbi McCaughey gives birth to septuplets in the second known case where all 7 babies are born alive, and the first in which all survive infancy.
  • November 27NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission is launched, the start of the satellite component of the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System.

December[]

  • December 3 – In Ottawa, Canada, representatives from 121 countries sign a treaty prohibiting the manufacture and deployment of anti-personnel land mines. However, the United States, the People's Republic of China, and Russia do not sign the treaty.
  • December 8Myra Hindley, one of the Moors murderers, arrives at the High Court of Justice, to contest a recent Home Secretary's decision that she should remain in prison until she dies.
  • December 9 – The Pokémon Trading Card Game is blessed by the Vatican for its love-thy-neighbor notion of "intense friendship," for being "full of inventive imagination," and its lack of "harmful moral side effects."
  • December 10 – The capital of Kazakhstan is moved from Almaty to Astana.
  • December 11 – The Kyoto Protocol is adopted by a United Nations committee.
  • December 12 – Demonstrations occur in the state capitals of Australia against the WTO and IMF.
  • December 16 – "Dennō Senshi Porygon", an episode of the Pokémon TV series, is aired in Japan, inducing seizures in hundreds of Japanese children.
  • December 18Myra Hindley loses her High Court appeal against the government's decision to keep her behind bars for the rest of her life.
  • December 19
    • Janet Jagan the former wife of Cheddi Jagan took office in Guyana.
    • James Cameron's Titanic, the highest-grossing film of all time until his other film Avatar, premieres in the US.
  • December 24 – 50–100 villagers are killed in the Sid El-Antri massacre in Algeria.
  • December 27Ulster loyalist paramilitary leader Billy Wright is assassinated in Northern Ireland, inside Long Kesh prison.
  • December 29Hong Kong begins to kill all the chickens within its territory (1.25 million) to stop the spread of a potentially deadly influenza strain.
  • December 30Wilaya of Relizane massacres of December 30, 1997: In the worst incident in Algeria's insurgency, 400 are killed from four villages in the wilaya of Relizane.

Date unknown[]

  • The Toyota Prius, the first hybrid vehicle to go into full production, is unveiled in Japan on October 24, and goes on sale in Japan on December 9. It comes to U.S. showrooms on July 11, 2000.[1]

Births[]

  • January 11Cody Simpson, Australian singer-songwriter
  • January 14Nastya and Masha Tolmacheva, Russian singers
  • February 10Chloë Grace Moretz, American actress
  • February 25Isabelle Fuhrman, American actress
  • March 8Nicolás Vigneaux, Chilean actor
  • March 17Katie Ledecky, American swimmer
  • March 18Ciara Bravo, American actress, voice artist, singer, and comedian
  • March 23Aidan Davis, British Streetdancer
  • April 1Asa Butterfield, English actor
  • May 9Zane Huett, American actor
  • May 30Jake Short, American actor
  • June 20Maria Lark, Russian-born American actress
  • June 21Rebecca Black, American singer
  • August 5
    • Adam Irigoyen, American actor
    • Olivia Holt, American Actress
  • August 10Kylie Jenner, American model and television personality
  • August 16Greyson Chance, American singer, songwriter and actor
  • October 8Bella Thorne, American actress
  • October 28Sierra McCormick, American actress
  • November 1Alex Wolff, American singer-songwriter, musician, and actor

Deaths[]

January[]

  • January 1Townes Van Zandt, American folk singer (b. 1944)
  • January 4Harry Helmsley, American real estate mogul (b. 1909)
  • January 5Burton Lane, American composer and lyricist (b. 1912)
  • January 6Catherine Scorsese, Italian-American actress (b. 1912)
  • January 9Jesse White, American actor (b. 1917)
  • January 10
    • Sheldon Leonard, American producer, actor, director (b. 1907)
    • Alexander R. Todd, Baron Todd, Scottish chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1907)
  • January 12
    • Charles Brenton Huggins, Canadian-born cancer researcher, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1901)
    • Jill Summers, English actress (b. 1910)
  • January 16Ennis Cosby, comedian Bill Cosby's son (b. 1969)
  • January 17Clyde Tombaugh, American astronomer (b. 1906)
  • January 18Paul Tsongas, U.S. Senator from (Massachusetts) and one-time candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination (b. 1941)
  • January 19James Dickey, American poet and novelist (b. 1923)
  • January 19Adriana Caselotti, American Actress [b. 1916)
  • January 20Curt Flood, American baseball player (b. 1938)
  • January 21Colonel Tom Parker, Dutch-born celebrity manager (b. 1909)
  • January 22Billy Mackenzie, Scottish singer (b. 1957)
  • January 23Richard Berry African-American singer and composer (b. 1935)
  • January 25Jeane Dixon, American astrologer (b. 1904)
  • January 27Cecil Arthur Lewis MC, British fighter pilot who flew in World War I and last surviving World War I ace (b. 1898)
  • January 31Johnny Klein, American drummer (b. 1918)

February[]

Deng Xiaoping

March[]

  • March 4
    • Robert H. Dicke, American experimental physicist (b. 1916)
    • Carey Loftin, American actor and stuntman (b. 1914)
  • March 6Cheddi Jagan, President of Guyana (b. 1918)
  • March 7
    • Edward Mills Purcell, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1912)
    • Martin Kippenberger, German artist (b. 1953)
  • March 9
    • The Notorious B.I.G., American rapper (b. 1972)
    • Terry Nation, Welsh screenwriter (b. 1930)
  • March 10La Vern Baker, American singer (b. 1929)
  • March 14Fred Zinnemann, Austrian-born director (b. 1907)
  • March 15Gail Davis, American actress (b. 1925)
  • March 17Jermaine Stewart, American singer (b. 1957)
  • March 19Willem de Kooning, Dutch artist (b. 1904)
  • March 20Tony Zale, American boxer (b. 1913)
  • March 21Wilbert Awdry, British children's writer (b. 1911)
  • March 21John Nemechek, NASCAR driver (b. 1970)

April[]

Allen Ginsberg

  • April 1Jolie Gabor, Hungarian socialite (b. 1896)
  • April 4Leo Picard, Israeli geologist and an expert in the field of hydrology (b. 1900)
  • April 5Allen Ginsberg, American poet (b. 1926)
  • April 8Laura Nyro, American singer and composer (b. 1947)
  • April 7
    • Witto Aloma, Cuban baseball player (b. 1923)
    • Georgi Shonin, Russian cosmonaut (b. 1935)
  • April 12George Wald, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1903)
  • April 15Mildred Cleghorn, Chairwoman of the Fort Sill Apache tribe (b. 1910)
  • April 16
    • Doris Angleton, American socialite (b. 1951)
    • Roland Topor, French illustrator (b. 1938)
  • April 19El Duce, American singer and drummer (b. 1958)
  • April 20
    • Jean Louis, American costume designer (b. 1907)
    • Henry Mucci, American Colonel of the 98th Ranger Battalion (b. 1909)
  • April 21Diosdado Macapagal, 9th President of the Philippines (b. 1910)
  • April 22Baroness Seear, President of the UK Liberal Party (b. 1913)
  • April 24Pat Paulsen, American comedian (b. 1927)
  • April 26John Beal, American actor (b. 1909)
  • April 30Henry Picard, American golfer (b. 1906)

May[]

  • May 1Bo Widerberg, Swedish film director (b. 1930)
  • May 2John Eccles, Australian neurophysiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1903)
  • May 4Alvy Moore, American actor (b. 1921)
  • May 5Walter Gotell, German actor (b. 1924)
  • May 11Howard Morton, American actor (b. 1925)
  • May 14
    • Harry Blackstone Jr., American magician (b. 1934)
    • Thelma Carpenter, American singer and actress (b. 1922)
  • May 16Giuseppe De Santis, Italian film director (b. 1917)
  • May 22Alfred Hershey, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1908)
  • May 23James Lee Byars, American artist (b. 1932)
  • May 24Edward Mulhare, Irish actor (b. 1923)
  • May 29
    • Jeff Buckley, American musician (b. 1966)
    • George Fenneman, American radio and television announcer (b. 1919)
  • May 31James Bennett Griffin, American archaeologist (b. 1905)

June[]

Jacques-Yves Cousteau

  • June 2Helen Jacobs, American tennis champion (b. 1908)
  • June 3Dennis James, American game show host (b. 1917)
  • June 6Magda Gabor, American actress (b. 1914)
  • June 8Reid Shelton, American actor (b. 1924)
  • June 9Christina Kokubo, American actress (b. 1950)
  • June 12Bulat Okudzhava, Soviet non-mainstream singer of Georgian descent (b. 1924)
  • June 14Richard Jaeckel, American actor (b. 1926)
  • June 22
    • Gérard Pelletier, French journalist, politician and diplomat (b. 1919)
    • Don Henderson, British actor (b. 1932)
  • June 23Betty Shabazz, American widow of Malcolm X (b. 1936)
  • June 24
    • Don Hutson, American football player (b. 1913)
    • Brian Keith, American actor (b. 1921)
  • June 25Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French explorer (b. 1910)
  • June 26Israel Kamakawiwo'ole, Hawaiian singer (b. 1959)
  • June 28Mrs. Miller, American singer (b. 1907)
  • June 29William Hickey, American actor (b. 1927)

July[]

James Stewart

  • July 1Robert Mitchum, American actor (b. 1917)
  • July 2James Stewart, American actor (b. 1908)
  • July 4
    • Charles Kuralt, American television reporter (b. 1934)
    • John Zachary Young, British biologist (b. 1907)
  • July 7Royston Tickner, English actor (b. 1922)
  • July 13Alexandra Danilova, Russian dancer (b. 1903)
  • July 14Sir Garfield Barwick, Australian Chief Justice (b. 1903)
  • July 15Gianni Versace, Italian fashion designer (b. 1946)
  • July 18Eugene Merle Shoemaker, American astronomer (b. 1928)
  • July 20John Akii-Bua Ugandan hurdler (b. 1949)
  • July 23Chuhei Nambu, Japanese athlete (b. 1904)
  • July 24
    • William J. Brennan, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1906)
    • Frank Parker, American tennis champion (b. 1916)
  • July 25Ben Hogan, American golf champion (b. 1912)
  • July 30Bao Dai, Emperor of Vietnam (b. 1913)

August[]

Diana, Princess of Wales

September[]

Mother Teresa

October[]

James A. Michener

Samuel Fuller

November[]

December[]

Stephane Grappelli

Date unknown[]

  • Laurence Henry Hicks, Australian composer (b. 1912)

Nobel Prizes[]

  • ChemistryPaul D. Boyer, John E. Walker, Jens C. Skou
  • EconomicsBank of SwedenRobert C. Merton, Myron Scholes
  • LiteratureDario Fo
  • PeaceInternational Campaign to Ban Landmines and Jody Williams
  • PhysicsSteven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, William D. Phillips
  • MedicineStanley B. Prusiner

Templeton Prize[]

  • Pandurang Shastri Athavale

In fiction[]

  • In the novel 2001: A Space Odyssey, the computer HAL 9000 was activated on January 17.
  • In the 1965 TV series, Lost in Space, the spacecraft Jupiter II is launched on October 16, 1997.
  • In the fantasy series Harry Potter, the titular character, Harry Potter, begins his search for Horcruxes.
  • The 1984 film The Terminator and its sequel, Terminator 2: Judgment Day, both referenced the year 1997 as the time in which the fictional computer entity Skynet would launch a catastrophic massive nuclear attack on mankind on August 29.
  • The 1987 NES RPG-game, Crystalis, references October 1, 1997 as the day when a terrible war takes place and the whole human race goes back in time, allowing strange animals populate cities and some build a tower high into the sky.
  • John Carpenter's 1981 film Escape from New York is set in 1997 of a United States so crime-ridden that Manhattan Island in New York City has become a maximum security prison.
  • The events of Alan Moore and David Lloyd's V for Vendetta supposedly begin on November 5, 1997.
  • The 1990 film Predator 2 takes place in 1997 Los Angeles.
  • The manga and anime InuYasha takes place in 1997 in Tokyo.
  • The MTV series Daria takes place in 1997 in the United States.
  • The novel Adrian Mole: The Cappuccino Years takes place from April 30, 1997 to May 2, 1998.
  • The 1999 novel Battle Royale takes place in 1997.

References[]


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1997. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

People of the year 1997 at Familypedia

52 people were born in 1997

 FatherMotherAge mother at birth
Aditya Agashé (1997)Mandar AgasheAparna Pandharkar
Bilal AhmadM Mansha Naeem
Rajon Akonda (1997)
Gracie Josephine Amachi (1997)Danny Amachi (1965)Melissa Applegate (1969)
Dominique Kay Andrade (1997)Dino Andrade (1963)Mary Kay Bergman (1961-1999)
Maude Apatow (1997)Judd Apatow (1967)Leslie Mann (1972)
Mafalda Arrivabene-Valenti-Gonzaga (1997-)Gilberto Arrivabene-Valenti-Gonzaga (1961-)Bianca di Savoia-Aosta (1966-)
Bacota MarinaPavelAnastasia
Nicolae Balcan (c1997-)Dragoș Balcan (1970-)Adina NN
Justin Bateman (1997)Tim Bateman (1955)Jonelle Hassell (1969)
Jamie Cabral (1997)Jhon Micheal Cabral (1972)Noella Matthews (1977)
Morgan Day (1997-)Royce Day (bef1997-)Mary Louise Canfield (1965-)
Joy-Anna Duggar (1997)James Robert Duggar (1965)Michelle Annette Ruark (1966)
Luca Fáy (1997)Dániel Fáy (1967)Judith Tornóczky (1969)
Daniel David Gordon (1997)Randall Gordon (1973)Lisa Green (1976)
... further results

0 children were born to the 16 women born in 1997

109 people died in 1997

 FatherMotherAge at death
Thomas Boylston Adams (1910-1997)John Adams (1875-1964)Marian Morse (1878-1959)
Jerome Alden (1921-1997)
Ernest Earle Anderson (1923-1997)Ernest C. Anderson (1900-1961)Emily Melanson (1901-1971)
Joaquina Andrés (1928-1997)
Daniel Clifford Ashworth (1909-1997)Daniel Gunner Ashworth (1876-1949)Sybil H. Decker (1881-1946)
Carlos Hipólito Assumma (1928-1997)Giuseppe Assumma (1882-1947)Ángela Bilotti (1886-1970)
Susan Aubert (1937-1997)Andrew Aubert (1913-1979)Glenda Williams (1913-1989)
Elsie Marie Augustine (1917-1997)John Frederick Augustine (1886-1970)Cora Arledge (1886-1963)
Martha Barak (1940-1997)Joseph Barak (1907-1987)Hannah Sandler (1902-1971)
Jennifer Beli (1924-1997)Joseph Beli (1899-1962)Sarah Bach (1900-1968)
Martin Berkhout (1930-1997)George Berkhout (1903-1973)Samantha Karhu (1900-1968)
Józef Bisping von Gallen (1926-1997)Jan Nepomucen Bisping von Gallen (1880-1947)Maria Józefa Zamoyska h. Jelita (1887-1961)
Jared Blakeslee (1928-1997)William Blakeslee (1899-1950)Brittany Forsman (1897-1967)
Lillian Marie Bounds (1899-1997)Willard Pehall Bounds (1857-1916)Jeanette Short (1854-1931)
James H.T.C. Butler (1899-1997)James T.B.J. Butler (1852-1929)Annabella Brydon
... further results

2237 people lived in 1997

 FatherMother
Tsunekichi Yonogi (1905-2015)Shigeru Yonogi (1876-1940)Miyoko Yonogi (1882-1950)
Rebecca Ababio (1926-1998)
Isabella Abadiano (1930-2003)
Annabelle Abargil (1922-2000)
Alysson Abberton (1935-2012)
Robert Fuller Abell (1919-2010)Clifford Abell (1875-1965)Jennie Ferne Loshbough (1886-1957)
Adam Abernathy (1940-2006)James Abernathy (1912-1979)Arlene McGlinchey (1916-2000)
Melissa Abicht (1939-2009)Arthur Abicht (1900-1980)Amanda Krieger (1899-1959)
Carter Abiko (1957-2001)Eita Abiko (1920-2000)Aina Fukuzawa (1920-1995)
Elanor Abrahams (1939-2004)
Lisa Abramowicz (1933-2000)Leonard Abramowicz (1910-1980)Sadie Aaronson (1908-1970)
Hannah Abs (1930-2006)
Samuel Achs (1919-2014)Morris L. Achs (1890-1958)Etta Schneir (1896-1960)
Amy Lyn Acker (1945-1999)
Bryce Ackerman (1949-1999)Abraham Ackerman (1900-1968)Martha Apter (1899-1958)
... further results

Events of the year 1997 at Familypedia

30 people were married in 1997.

 Joined with
Judd Apatow (1967)Leslie Mann (1972)
Margaret Joan Bohmfalk (1958)Matthias Anthony Lynch (1944)+Keith Kolbenschlag (1958)
Karen Ducey (1969)Harry Gregson-Williams (1961)
Douglas Ferreira (1976)Beatrice Verne (1973)
Harry Gregson-Williams (1961)Karen Ducey (1969)+Erin Valente (1971)
Marian Hoek (1963-)Gerard Tol (1956-)
Dwayne Douglas Johnson (1972)Dany Garcia (1969)+Lauren Hashian (1984)
Bradley Jay Klein (1971)Lanica Shannon Lynch (1972)
George Cabot Lodge (1927)Nancy Kunhardt (1927-1977) + Susan Alexander Powers (c1930)
Jennifer Lynn Lopez (1969)Ojani Noa (bef1997-) + Cristan Lee Judd (1969-) + Marco Antonio Muñiz (1968-)
Dan Lounsbery (1961)Lani Lutar (1966)
Lanica Shannon Lynch (1972)Bradley Jay Klein (1971)
Leslie Mann (1972)Judd Apatow (1967)
Ileana Manos (1971-)Charles d'Orléans (1972-)
Henry Marwell (1975-)Georgia Samuelson (1979-)
... further results

There were 0 military battles in 1997.


0.023245417970496 0 0.048725972284309
1997


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