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1989 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1989
MCMLXXXIX

Ab urbe condita 2742
Armenian calendar 1438
ԹՎ ՌՆԼԸ
Bahá'í calendar 145 – 146
Buddhist calendar 2533
Coptic calendar 1705 – 1706
Ethiopian calendar 1981 – 1982
Hebrew calendar 5749 5750
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2044 – 2045
 - Shaka Samvat 1911 – 1912
 - Kali Yuga 5090 – 5091
Holocene calendar 11989
Iranian calendar 1367 – 1368
Islamic calendar 1409 – 1410
Japanese calendar Shōwa

64


(昭和 64 年)

— changed to —
Heisei

1


(平成 元年)

 - Imperial Year Kōki 2649
(皇紀2649年)
Julian calendar 2034
Korean calendar 4322
Thai solar calendar 2532
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1989 (MCMLXXXIX) spoken "Nineteen Eighty Nine" or "9teen eighty-nine" was a common year starting on Sunday. It was the 1989th year of the Common Era ("A.D."); the 989th year of the 2nd millennium; the 89th year of the 20th century; and the 10th and last year of the 1980s decade. It was a historical turning point for the wave of revolutions that swept the Eastern Bloc, starting in Poland. Collectively known as the Revolutions of 1989, they heralded the dissolution of the Soviet Union two years later and the beginning of the post–Cold War period, which is characterized by the dominance of the United States in world affairs.

Events[]

January[]

File:George H. W. Bush - portrait by Herbert Abrams (1994).jpg

41st U.S. President George H. W. Bush

  • January 2Prime Minister Ranasinghe Premadasa takes office as the third President of Sri Lanka
  • January 4Gulf of Sidra incident (1989): Two Libyan MiG-23 "Floggers" are engaged and shot down by 2 US Navy F-14 Tomcats.
  • January 7Hirohito (posthumous name: Emperor Shōwa) died and Akihito became Emperor of Japan.
  • January 8Kegworth Air Disaster: A British Midland Boeing 737 crashes on approach to East Midlands Airport, leaving 47 dead.
  • January 10 – In accordance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 626 and the New York Accords, Cuban troops begin withdrawing from Angola.
  • January 11President of the United States Ronald Reagan delivers his farewell address to the nation.
  • January 15 – Thirty-five European nations, meeting in Vienna, agree to strengthen human rights and strengthen East-West trade.
  • January 17Stockton massacre: Patrick Edward Purdy kills 5 children, wounds 30 and then shoots himself in Stockton, California.
  • January 18
    • The Polish United Workers' Party votes to legalize Solidarity.
    • Ante Marković succeeds Branko Mikulić as Prime Minister of Yugoslavia.
  • January 20George H. W. Bush succeeds Ronald Reagan as the 41st President of the United States of America.
  • January 23 – A powerful earthquake in the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic kills around 275 people.
  • January 23–24 – Armed civilian leftist briefly attack and occupy an Argentine army base near Buenos Aries.
  • January 24 – Serial killer Ted Bundy is executed in Florida's electric chair.
  • January 29Thomas and Friends television show begins in U.S.
  • January 30Prime Minister of Canada Brian Mulroney shuffles his cabinet, appointing 6 new ministers and re-assigning the responsibilities of 19 others.

February[]

  • February 1Joan Kirner becomes Victoria's first female Deputy Premier, after the resignation of Robert Fordham over the VEDC (Victorian Economic Development Co-operation) Crisis.
  • February 2
    • Soviet war in Afghanistan: The last Soviet Union armored column leaves Kabul, ending 9 years of military occupation.
    • Carlos Andrés Pérez takes office as President of Venezuela.
    • Satellite television service Sky Television plc is launched in Europe.
  • February 3
    • A military coup overthrows Alfredo Stroessner, dictator of Paraguay since 1954.
    • After a stroke, Pieter Willem Botha resigns his party's leadership and the presidency of South Africa.
  • February 6 – The government of the People's Republic of Poland holds formal talks with representatives of Solidarity movement for the first time since 1981.
  • February 7
    • The People's National Party, led by Michael Manley, wins the Jamaican general election.
    • The Los Angeles, California City Council bans the sale or possession of semiautomatic firearms.
  • February 10
    • Ron Brown is elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee, becoming the first African American to lead a major United States political party.
    • U.S. President Bush meets Canadian prime minister Mulroney in Ottawa, laying the groundwork for the Acid Rain Treaty of 1991.
  • February 11Barbara Clementine Harris is consecrated as the first female bishop of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America (and also the first female bishop in the worldwide Anglican Communion).
  • February 14
    • Union Carbide agrees to pay USD $470 million to the Indian government for damages it caused in the 1984 Bhopal Disaster.
    • Iranian leader Ruhollah Khomeini encourages Muslims to kill The Satanic Verses author Salman Rushdie.
    • The first of 24 Global Positioning System satellites is placed into orbit.
  • February 15
    • Soviet war in Afghanistan: The Soviet Union announces that all of its troops have left Afghanistan.
    • Following a campaign that saw over 1000 people killed in massive campaign-related violence, the United National Party wins the Sri Lankan parliamentary election.
  • February 16Pan Am flight 103: Investigators announce that the cause of the crash was a bomb hidden inside a radio-cassette player.
  • February 17
    • Arab Maghreb Union (AMU) formed.
    • South African police raid the home of Winnie Mandela and arrest four of her bodyguards.
  • February 20 – In Canada's Yukon Territory, the ruling New Democrats narrowly maintain control of the Yukon Legislative Assembly, winning 9 seats vs. the Progressive Conservative Party's 7.
  • February 23 – After protracted testimony, the U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee rejects, 11–9, President Bush's nomination of John Tower for Secretary of Defense.
  • February 23–27 – U.S. President Bush visits Japan, China, and South Korea, attending the funeral of Hirohito and then meeting with China's Deng Xiaoping and South Korea's Roh Tae-woo.
  • February 24
    • The funeral of Hirohito is attended by representatives of 160 nations.
    • Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini places a US $3-million bounty on the head of The Satanic Verses author Salman Rushdie.
    • After 44 years, Estonian flag is raised to the Pikk Hermann Castle tower.
  • February 27Venezuela is rocked by the Caracazo, a wave of protests and looting.

March[]

  • March 1
    • The Berne Convention, an international treaty on copyrights, is ratified by the United States.
    • A curfew is imposed in Kosovo, where protests continue over the alleged intimidation of the Serb minority.
    • Louis Wade Sullivan and James D. Watkins start terms of office as U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services and U.S. Secretary of Energy respectively.
    • The Politieke Partij Radicalen, Pacifistisch Socialistische Partij, Communistische Partij Nederland and the Evangelical People's Party amalgamate to form Netherlands political party GroenLinks (GL, GreenLeft).
  • March 2 – Twelve European Community nations agree to ban the production of all chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) by the end of the century.
  • March 3
  • March 4
    • Time, Inc. and Warner Communications announce plans for a merger, forming Time Warner.
    • The Purley Station rail crash in London leaves 5 dead and 94 injured.
    • The first ACT (Australian Capital Territory) elections are held.
  • March 7Iran breaks off diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom over Salman Rushdie's The Satanic Verses.
  • March 9 – A strike forces financially troubled Eastern Air Lines into bankruptcy.
  • March 13 – A geomagnetic storm causes the collapse of the Hydro-Québec power grid. Six million people are left without power for 9 hours. Some areas in the northeastern U.S. and in Sweden also lose power, and aurorae are seen as far as Texas.
  • March 14
    • Gun control: U.S. President George H. W. Bush bans the importation of certain guns deemed assault weapons into the United States.
    • Christian General Michel Aoun declares a 'War of Liberation' to rid Lebanon of Syrian forces and their allies.
  • March 15Israel hands over Taba to Egypt, ending a seven-year territorial dispute.
  • March 16 – The Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union approves agricultural reforms allowing farmers the right to lease state-owned farms for life.
  • March 17 – The Civic Tower of Pavia, built in the 14th century, crumbles down.
  • March 17Alfredo Cristiani is elected President of El Salvador.
  • March 20Australian Prime Minister Bob Hawke weeps on national television as he admits marital infidelity.
  • March 22
    • Clint Malarchuk of the NHL Buffalo Sabres suffers an almost fatal injury when another player accidentally slits his throat.
    • Asteroid 4581 Asclepius approaches the Earth at a distance of 700,000 kilometers.
  • March 23Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann announce that they have achieved cold fusion at the University of Utah.
  • March 23–28 – The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia passes constitutional changes revoking the autonomy of the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo, triggering six days of rioting by the Albanian minority, during which at least 29 people were killed.

The Exxon Valdez

  • March 24Exxon Valdez oil spill: In Alaska's Prince William Sound the Exxon Valdez spills 240,000 barrels (38,000 m3) of oil after running aground.
  • March 27 – The first contested elections for the Soviet parliament result in losses for the Communist Party.
  • March 29 – The 61st Academy Awards are held at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles, California, with Rain Man winning Best Picture.

April[]

  • April 1
    • Margaret Thatcher's new local government tax, the Poll tax, is introduced in Scotland.
    • In Namibia, fighting erupts between SWAPO guerrillas and the South West African Police, on the day that a cease-fire was supposed to end the South African Border War according to United Nations Security Council Resolution 435. By April 6, nearly 300 people had been killed.
  • April 4
    • A failed coup attempt against President of Haiti Prosper Avril leads to a standoff between mutinous troops and the government which ended on April 10 with the government regaining control of the country.
    • In Brussels, Belgium, NATO celebrates its 40th anniversary.
  • April 5 – The Polish Government and the Solidarity labor union sign an agreement restoring Solidarity to legal status, and agreeing to hold democratic elections on June 1.
  • April 6 – National Safety Council of Australia chief executive John Friedrich is arrested after defrauding investors to the tune of $235 million.
  • April 7 – The Soviet submarine K-278 Komsomolets sinks in the Barents Sea, killing 41.
  • April 9
    • Georgian demonstrators are massacred by Red Army soldiers in Tbilisi's central square during a peaceful rally; 20 citizens are killed, many injured.
    • A dispute over grazing rights leads to the beginning of the Mauritania–Senegal Border War.
  • April 14 – The U.S. government seizes the Irvine, CA Lincoln Savings and Loan Association; Charles Keating (for whom the Keating Five were named – John McCain among them) eventually goes to jail, as part of the massive 1980s Savings and Loan Crisis which costs U.S. taxpayers nearly $200 billion in bailouts, and many people their life savings.[1]
  • April 15
    • The death of Hu Yaobang, which sparks the beginning of the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
    • The Hillsborough disaster, one of the biggest tragedies in European football, claims the life of 96 Liverpool supporters.
  • April 17Poland, Solidarity was again legalized and allowed to participate in semi-free elections on June 4.
  • April 19
    • Trisha Meili is attacked while jogging in New York City's Central Park; as her identity remains secret for years, she becomes known as the "Central Park Jogger."
    • A gun turret explodes on the U.S. battleship Iowa, killing 47 crew members.
  • April 20NATO debates modernising short range missiles; although the U.S. and U.K. are in favour, West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl obtains a concession deferring a decision.
  • April 21
    • Students from Beijing, Shanghai, Xian, and Nanjing begin protesting in Tiananmen Square.
    • Zaid al-Rifai resigns as Prime Minister of Jordan in the wake of riots over government imposed price hikes that began on April 18.
  • April 25
    • Noboru Takeshita resigns as Prime Minister of Japan in the wake of a stock-trading scandal.
    • The term of Baginda Almutawakkil Alallah Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Ismail as the 8th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia ends.
    • Motorola introduces the Motorola MicroTAC Personal Cellular Telephone, then the world's smallest mobile phone.
  • April 26
    • Sultan Azlan Muhibbudin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Yusuff Izzudin Shah Ghafarullahu-lahu, Sultan of Perak, becomes the 9th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.
    • Zaid ibn Shaker succeeds Zaid al-Rifai as Prime Minister of Jordan.
  • April 28Pope John Paul II begins a nine-day trip to Madagascar, Zambia, Malawi, and Réunion.

May[]

  • May 1
    • Andrés Rodríguez, who had seized power and declared himself President of Paraguay during a military coup in February, wins a landslide election in a general election marked by charges of fraud.
    • Disney-MGM Studios at Walt Disney World opens to the public for the first time.
  • May 2
    • The first crack in the Iron Curtain: Hungary dismantles 150 miles (240 km) of barbed wire fencing along the border with Austria.
    • The coalition government of Prime Minister of the Netherlands Ruud Lubbers collapses in a dispute about a pollution cleanup plan.
  • May 6
    • Yugoslavia wins the Eurovision Song Contest in Lausanne with the song Rock me performed by Riva.
    • Magnum XL-200 opens at Cedar Point amusement park in Sandusky, Ohio as the world's tallest and fastest roller coaster.
  • May 9Andrew Peacock deposes John Howard as Federal Opposition Leader of Australia.
  • May 10 – The government of President of Panama Manuel Noriega declares void the result of the May 7 presidential election, which Noriega had lost to Guillermo Endara.
  • May 11
    • President Bush orders 1,900 U.S. troops to Panama to protect Americans there.
    • The ACT (Australian Capital Territory) Legislative Assembly meets for the first time.
  • May 14
    • Mikhail Gorbachev visits China, the first Soviet leader to do so since the 1960s.
    • Carlos Menem wins the Argentine presidential election.
  • May 15 – Australia's first private tertiary institution, Bond University, opens on the Gold Coast.
  • May 16Ethiopia Coup Attempt: Senior military officers staged a coup attempt in Ethiopia hours after President Mengistu Haile Mariam left on a visit to East Germany.
  • May 17 – More than 1 million Chinese protestors march through Beijing demanding greater democracy.
  • May 19
    • 1989 Ürümqi unrest: Uyghur and Hui Muslim protesters rioted in front of the government building in Ürümqi.
    • Tiananmen Square protests of 1989: Zhao Ziyang meets the demonstrators in Tiananmen Square.
    • Ciriaco de Mita resigns as Prime Minister of Italy.
  • May 20Tiananmen Square protests of 1989: The Chinese government declares martial law in Beijing.
  • May 22 – The Nordland Days in Leningrad region (Leningrad oblast) open.
  • May 29
    • Amid food riots and looting set off by inflation, Argentina declares a nationwide state of siege.
    • Boris Yeltsin gains a seat on the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union.
    • Tiananmen Square protests of 1989: The 10 m (33 ft) high Goddess of Democracy statue is unveiled in Tiananmen Square by student demonstrators.
    • NATO agrees to talks with the Soviet Union on reducing the number of short-range nuclear weapons in Europe.
    • An attempted assassination of Miguel Maza Marquez, director of the Departamento Administrativo de Seguridad (DAS) in Bogotá, Colombia is committed by members of the Medellín Cartel, who kill 4 and injure 37.

June[]

  • June 1–10 – Pope John Paul II visits Norway, Iceland, Finland, Denmark, and Sweden.
  • June 2Sōsuke Uno succeeds Noboru Takeshita as Prime Minister of Japan.
  • June 3
    • The Ayatollah Khomeini dies in Iran.
    • Fighting breaks out in the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic between ethnic Uzbeks and the Turkish minority; more than 100 people are dead by June 15.
    • The SkyDome (now known as Rogers Centre) is opened in Toronto.
  • June 4
    • The Tiananmen Square massacre takes place in Beijing on the army's approach to the square, and the final stand-off in the square is covered live on television.
    • Solidarity's victory in Polish elections is the first of many anti-communist revolutions in Central and Eastern Europe in 1989.
    • Ufa train disaster: A natural gas explosion near Ufa, Russia kills 645 as 2 trains passing each other throw sparks near a leaky pipeline.
  • June 7Surinam Airways Flight PY764 crashes, killing 176.
  • June 12 – The Corcoran Gallery of Art removes Robert Mapplethorpe's gay photography exhibition.
  • June 13 – The wreck of the German battleship Bismarck, which was sunk in 1941, is located 600 miles (970 km) west of Brest, France.
  • June 15 – In the Irish general election, the Fianna Fáil party, led by Taoiseach Charles Haughey, fails to win a majority.
  • June 16 – A crowd of 250,000 gathers at Heroes Square in Budapest for the historic reburial of Imre Nagy, the former Hungarian prime minister who had been executed in 1958.
  • June 18 – In the first Greek legislative election of the year, the Panhellenic Socialist Movement, led by Prime Minister of Greece Andreas Papandreou, loses control of the Hellenic Parliament, leading to Papandreou's resignation the next day.
  • June 21 – British police arrest 250 people for celebrating the summer solstice at Stonehenge.
  • June 22Ireland's first universities established since independence in 1922, Dublin City University and the University of Limerick, open.
  • June 24Jiang Zemin becomes General Secretary of the Communist Party of China.
  • June 30 – A military coup led by Omar al-Bashir ousts the civilian government of Prime Minister of Sudan Sadiq al-Mahdi.

July[]

  • July 2Andreas Papandreou, Prime Minister of Greece resigns; a new government is formed under Tzannis Tzannetakis.
  • July 5
    • President of South Africa P. W. Botha meets the imprisoned Nelson Mandela face to face for the first time.
    • The television show Seinfeld premieres.
  • July 6 – The Tel Aviv Jerusalem bus 405 suicide attack, the first Palestinian suicide attack on Israel.
  • July 9Steffi Graf and Boris Becker of West Germany win singles titles at the 1989 Wimbledon Championships.
  • July 9July 12 – U.S. President George H. W. Bush travels to Poland and Hungary, pushing for U.S. economic aid and investment.
  • July 10 – Approximately 300,000 Siberian coal miners go on strike, demanding better living conditions and less bureaucracy; it was the largest Soviet labor strike since the 1920s.
  • July 12 – In the Republic of Ireland, the Taoiseach Charles Haughey returns to power after Fianna Fáil forms a coalition with the Progressive Democrats.
  • July 14 – France celebrates the 200th anniversary of the French Revolution.
  • July 14July 16 – At the 15th G7 summit, leaders call for restrictions on gas emissions.
  • July 18 – Actress Rebecca Schaeffer is murdered by an obsessed fan, leading to stricter stalking laws in California.
  • July 19
    • The National Assembly of the Republic of Poland elects Wojciech Jaruzelski to the new and powerful post of President of Poland.
    • United Airlines Flight 232 (Douglas DC-10) crashes in Sioux City, Iowa, killing 112; 184 on board survive.
  • July 20Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi is placed under house arrest.
  • July 21 – The beginning of a total blockade of Armenia and NKAO by Azerbaijan.
  • July 23
    • Japan's ruling Liberal Democratic Party loses control of the House of Councillors, the LDP's worst electoral showing in 34 years, leading to Prime Minister Uno announcing he will resign to take responsibility for the result.
    • Giulio Andreotti takes office as Prime Minister of Italy.
  • July 26 – A federal grand jury indicts Cornell University student Robert Tappan Morris, Jr. for releasing a computer virus, making him the first person to be prosecuted under the 1986 Computer Fraud and Abuse Act.
  • July 28 – In the Iranian presidential election, electors overwhelming elect Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani as President of Iran and endorse changes to the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran increasing the powers of the president.
  • July 31
    • In Lebanon, Hezbollah announces that it has hanged United States Marines U.S. Marine Lt. Col. William R. Higgins in retaliation for Israel's July 28 kidnapping of Hezbollah leader Abdel Karim Obeid. The same day, the United Nations Security Council passed United Nations Security Council Resolution 638 condemning the taking of hostages by both sides in the conflict.
    • Nintendo releases the Game Boy portable video game system in North America.

August[]

  • August 5Jaime Paz Zamora is elected President of Bolivia, taking office the next day.
  • August 7
    • U.S. Congressman Mickey Leland (D-TX) and 15 others die in a plane crash in Ethiopia.
    • The presidents of five Central American countries agree that the U.S.-backed contras fighting the government of Nicaragua should be disbanded and evicted from their bases in Honduras by December 5.
    • Federal Express purchases Flying Tiger Line for approximately 800 million U.S. dollars.
  • August 8
    • Prime Minister of New Zealand David Lange resigns for health reasons and is replaced by Geoffrey Palmer.
    • STS-28: Space Shuttle Columbia takes off on a secret 5-day military mission.
  • August 9
    • Toshiki Kaifu becomes Prime Minister of Japan.
    • The asteroid 4769 Castalia is the first asteroid directly imaged by radar from Arecibo.
  • August 13 – A hot air balloon accident near Alice Springs, Australia kills 13.
  • August 14
    • P. W. Botha resigns as President of South Africa.
    • The Sega Genesis is released in North America.
  • August 15F. W. de Klerk becomes the seventh and last State President of apartheid South Africa.
  • August 16August 17Woodstock '89 festival.
  • August 18 – Leading presidential hopeful Luis Carlos Galán is assassinated near Bogotá in Colombia.
  • August 19
    • Polish president Wojciech Jaruzelski nominates Solidarity activist Tadeusz Mazowiecki to be Prime Minister, the first non-communist in power in 42 years.
    • The Pan-European Picnic, a peace demonstration held on the Austrian-Hungarian border.
  • August 19–21 – In response to the murder of a judge, a provincial police chief, and presidential candidate Galán, the authorities of Colombia arrest 11,000 suspected Colombian drug traffickers.
  • August 20
    • In Beverly Hills, California, Lyle and Erik Menendez shoot their wealthy parents to death in the family's den.
    • Fifty-one people die when the Marchioness pleasure boat collides with a barge on the River Thames adjacent to Southwark Bridge.
  • August 23
    • Two million indigenous people of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, then still occupied by the Soviet Union, join hands to demand freedom and independence, forming an uninterrupted 600 km human chain called the Baltic Way.
    • Hungary removes border restrictions with Austria.
    • All of Australia's 1,645 domestic airline pilots resign over an airline's move to sack and sue them over a dispute.
  • August 23Yusef Hawkins is shot in the Bensonhurst section of Brooklyn, New York, sparking racial tensions between African Americans and Italian Americans.

August 25: Voyager 2 at Neptune.

  • August 24
    • Colombia's cocaine traffickers declare "total and absolute war" against the government and begin a series of bombings and arson attacks.
    • Voyager 2 makes its closest approach to Neptune.
    • Record-setting baseball player Pete Rose agrees to a lifetime ban from the sport following allegations of illegal gambling, thereby preventing his induction into the Baseball Hall of Fame.
    • Indonesia's first privately owned television station, Rajawali Citra Televisi Indonesia, (RCTI) begins broadcasting.
  • August 25Voyager 2 passes the planet Neptune and its moon Triton.
  • August 31 – In the aftermath of the Chadian–Libyan conflict of 1978-87, representatives of Libya and Chad agreed to let the International Court of Justice determine ownership of the Aouzou Strip, which had been occupied by Libya since 1973.

September[]

  • September 5 – U.S. President George H. W. Bush holds up a bag of cocaine purchased across the street at Lafayette Park, in his first televised speech to the nation.
  • September 6
    • South African general election, 1989: the last held under apartheid returns the National Party to power with a much-reduced majority.
    • In the Dutch general election, the Christian Democratic Appeal, led by Ruud Lubbers wins 54 seats, and is ultimately able to form a government on November 7 after entering into coalition with the Labour Party.
    • England holds Sweden to a 0–0 draw in Sweden, qualifying for the 1990 FIFA World Cup. The game becomes famous after Terry Butcher sustains a deep cut to his forehead early in the game. He receives stitches but plays on the entire game. By the end of the game, the front of Butcher's white shirt and shorts are almost entirely covered in blood.
  • September 7 – Representatives of the government of Ethiopia and Eritrean separatists meet in Atlanta with former U.S. President Jimmy Carter attempting to broker a peace settlement.
  • September 10 – The Hungarian government opens the country's western borders to refugees from the German Democratic Republic.
  • September 10–11 – Norway's ruling Labour Party loses eight seats in the parliamentary elections, its worst showing since 1945.
  • September 14 – An agreement of cooperation between Leningrad oblast (Russia) and Nordland County (Norway) is signed in Leningrad, by chairmen Lev Kojkolainen and Sigbjørn Eriksen.
  • September 17–22 – Hurricane Hugo devastates the Caribbean and the southeastern United States, causing at least 71 deaths and $8 billion in damage.
  • September 19
    • The Catholic Church calls for removal of the Carmelite convent located near the former Auschwitz concentration camp, whose presence had offended some Jewish leaders.
    • Explosion of UTA Flight 772 over Niger, killing all 171 people on board. The Islamic Jihad Organization claims responsibility.
  • September 20F. W. de Klerk is sworn in as the seventh and last State President of apartheid South Africa.
  • September 221989 Deal barracks bombing: An IRA bomb explodes at the Royal Marine School of Music in Deal, Kent, United Kingdom, leaving 11 dead and 22 injured.
  • September 23 – A cease-fire in the Lebanese Civil War stops the violence that had killed 900 people since March.
  • September 26Vietnam announces that it has withdrawn the last of its troops from the State of Cambodia, ending an 11-year occupation.
  • September 30 – Nearly 7,000 East Germans who had come to Prague on special refugee trains are allowed to leave for the West.

October[]

  • October 3President of Panama Manuel Noriega foils a plot by junior officers to overthrow him.
  • October 5 – The Dalai Lama wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • October 7 – The communist Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party votes to reorganize itself as a socialist party, to be named the Hungarian Socialist Party.
  • October 9
    • An official news agency in the Soviet Union reports the landing of a UFO in Voronezh.
    • In Leipzig, East Germany, protesters demand the legalization of opposition groups and democratic reforms.
  • October 13
    • Friday the 13th mini-crash: The Dow Jones Industrial Average plunges 190.58 points, or 6.91 percent, to close at 2,569.26, most likely after the junk bond market collapses.
    • Gro Harlem Brundtland, leader of the Labour Party, resigns as Prime Minister of Norway. She is succeeded by Jan P. Syse, leader of the Conservative Party on October 16.
  • October 17 – The Loma Prieta earthquake, measuring 7.1 on the Richter scale, strikes the San FranciscoOakland region of Northern California, killing 67 people and delaying the 1989 World Series for ten days
  • October 18
    • The Communist leader of East Germany, Erich Honecker, is forced to step down as leader of the country after a series of health problems, and is succeeded by Egon Krenz.
    • The National Assembly of Hungary votes to restore multiparty democracy.
  • October 19
    • The Guildford Four are freed after 14 years.
    • The Wonders of Life pavilion opens at Epcot in Walt Disney World, Florida.
  • October 21 – The Heads of Government of the Commonwealth of Nations issue the Langkawi Declaration on the Environment, making environmental sustainability one of the Commonwealth's main priorities.

October 23: Phillips Disaster

  • October 23
    • The Hungarian Republic is officially declared by president Mátyás Szűrös (replacing the Hungarian People's Republic).
    • The Phillips Disaster in Pasadena, Texas kills 23 and injures 314 others.
  • October 31 – The Grand National Assembly of Turkey elects Prime Minister Turgut Özal as the eighth President of Turkey.

November[]

Germans standing on top of the Berlin Wall

  • November 1President of Nicaragua ends a cease-fire with U.S.-backed contras that had been in effect since April 1988.
  • November 2North Dakota and South Dakota celebrate their 100th Birthdays.
  • November 4Typhoon Gay devastates Thailand's Chumphon Province.
  • November 6Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) founded.
  • November 7
  • November 9
    • Cold War: Günter Schabowski accidentally states in live broadcast press conference that new rules for traveling from East Germany to West Germany will be put in effect "immediately". East Germany opens checkpoints in the Berlin Wall, allowing its citizens to travel freely to West Germany for the first time in decades (November 17 celebrates Germans began tearing the wall down).
    • Yıldırım Akbulut, of ANAP forms the new government of Turkey (47th government).
  • November 10
    • After 45 years of Communist rule in Bulgaria, Bulgarian Communist Party leader Todor Zhivkov is replaced by Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov, who changes the party's name to the Bulgarian Socialist Party.
    • Gaby Kennard becomes the first Australian woman to fly non-stop around the world.
    • CKO (a Canadian national all-news radio network) suddenly terminates all broadcasting during the newscast at noon (Eastern time), due to financial losses (the station began broadcasting on July 1, 1977).
  • November 11Louie Espinoza inaugurated as WBO World Featherweight Champion.
  • November 12Brazil holds its first free presidential election since 1960. This marks the first time that all Ibero-American nations, excepting Cuba, have elected constitutional governments simultaneously.
  • November 15Lech Walesa, leader of Poland's Solidarity movement, addresses a Joint session of the United States Congress.
  • November 16
    • Six Jesuit priests—among them Ignacio Ellacuría, Segundo Montes, and Ignacio Martín-Baró—their housekeeper, and her teenage daughter, are murdered by U.S. trained Salvadoran soldiers. For more information see Murdered scholars of UCA
    • South African President F.W. de Klerk announces the scrapping of the Separate Amenities Act.
    • UNESCO adopts the Seville Statement on Violence at the 25th session of its General Conference.
  • November 17Cold WarVelvet Revolution: A peaceful student demonstration in Prague, Czechoslovakia is severely beaten back by riot police. This sparks a revolution aimed at overthrowing the Communist government (it succeeds on December 29).
  • November 20Cold WarVelvet Revolution: The number of peaceful protesters assembled in Prague, Czechoslovakia swells from 200,000 the day before to an estimated half-million.
  • November 21 – The Members of the Constituent Assembly of Namibia begin to draft the Constitution of Namibia, which will be the constitution of the newly independent Namibia.
  • November 22 – In West Beirut, a bomb explodes near the motorcade of Lebanese President Rene Moawad and kills him.
  • November 24 – Following a week of demonstrations demanding free elections and other reforms, General Secretary Miloš Jakeš and other leaders of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia resign. Jakeš is replaced by Karel Urbánek.
  • November 28Cold WarVelvet Revolution: The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia announces they will give up their monopoly on political power (elections held in December bring the first non-communist government to Czechoslovakia in more than 40 years).
  • November 29 Rajiv Gandhi resigns as Prime Minister of India after his party, the Indian National Congress, loses about half of its seats in the Indian general election.
  • November 30Deutsche Bank board member Alfred Herrhausen is killed by a bomb (the Red Army Faction claims responsibility for the murder).

December[]

  • December 1
    • In a meeting with Pope John Paul II, President of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev pledges greater religious freedom for citizens of the Soviet Union.
    • Cold War: East Germany's parliament abolishes the constitutional provision granting the Communist-dominated SED its monopoly on power. Egon Krenz, the Politburo and the Central Committee resign 2 days later.
    • A military coup attempt begins in the Philippines against the government of Philippine President Corazon C. Aquino, ending by December 9.
  • December 2
    • The Solar Maximum Mission research satellite, launched in 1980, crashes back to earth.
    • V. P. Singh takes office as Prime Minister of India.
    • In the Republic of China legislative election, the Kuomintang suffers its worst election setback in 40 years in power, winning only 53% of the popular vote.
  • December 3
    • The entire leadership of the East German Communist Party, including its General Secretary, Egon Krenz resigns.
    • Cold War: In a meeting off the coast of Malta, U.S. President George H. W. Bush and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev release statements indicating that the Cold War between their nations may be coming to an end.
  • December 4Prime Minister of Jordan Zaid ibn Shaker resigns and is replaced by Mudar Badran.
  • December 6
    • Egon Krenz resigns as Chairman of the State Council of the German Democratic Republic, and is replaced by Manfred Gerlach, the first non-Communist to hold that post.
    • École Polytechnique Massacre (or Montreal Massacre): Marc Lépine, an anti-feminist gunman, murders 14 young women at the École Polytechnique in Montreal.
  • December 7
    • Ladislav Adamec resigns as Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia. He is succeeded by Marián Čalfa on December 10.
    • The Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic becomes the first of the republics of the Soviet Union to abolish the Communist Party's monopoly on power.
  • December 9 – The East German Communist Party elects the reformist Gregor Gysi as party leader.
  • December 10
    • President of Czechoslovakia Gustáv Husák swears in a new cabinet with a non-Communist and then immediately resigns as president.
    • Tsakhiagiyn Elbegdorj announces the establishment of Mongolia's democratic movement, that peacefully changes the second oldest communist country into a democratic society.
  • December 11 – The International Trans-Antarctica Expedition, a group of six explorers from six nations, reaches the South Pole.
  • December 14Chile holds its first free election in 16 years, electing Patricio Aylwin as president.
  • December 15 – Drug baron José Gonzalo Rodríguez Gacha is killed by Colombian police.
  • December 17
    • The Romanian Revolution begins in Timişoara when rioters break into the Committee Building and cause extensive vandalism. Their attempts to set the buildings on fire are foiled by military units.
    • Brazil holds the second round of its first free election in 29 years; Fernando Collor de Mello wins.
    • The first full-length episode of The Simpsons, "Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire", is shown on Fox.
  • December 19 – Workers in Romanian cities go on strike in protest against the communist regime.
  • December 20Operation Just Cause is launched in an attempt to overthrow Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega.

    the Barrio El Chorrillo in fire, the morning of the USA invasion to Panama

  • December 21 – Nicolae Ceausescu addresses an assembly of some 110,000 people outside the Romanian Communist Party HQ in Bucharest. The crowd begin to protest against Ceausescu and he orders in the army to attack the protesters.
  • December 22
    • After a week of bloody demonstrations, Ion Iliescu takes over as president of Romania, ending the communist dictatorship of Nicolae Ceauşescu, who flees his palace in a helicopter to escape inevitable execution after the palace was invaded by rioters. The Romanian troops, who the day before had followed Ceausescu's orders to attack the demonstrators, change sides and join the uprising.
    • Two tourist coaches collide on the Pacific highway north of Kempsey, Australia, killing 35.
  • December 23Nicolae and Elena Ceauşescu are captured in Târgoviște.
  • December 25
    • Romanian leader Nicolae Ceauşescu and his wife Elena are executed by military troops after being found guilty of crimes against humanity.
    • Bank of Japan governors announce a major interest rate hike, eventually leading to the peak and fall of the bubble economy.
  • December 28 – A magnitude 5.6 earthquake hits Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia, killing 13 people.
  • December 29
    • Václav Havel is elected president of Czechoslovakia.
    • Riots break out after Hong Kong decides to forcibly repatriate Vietnamese refugees.
    • Nikkei 225 for Tokyo Stock Exchange hits its all-time intra-day high of 38,957.44 and closing high at 38,915.87.

Date unknown[]

  • Alan Bond's Bond Corporation goes into receivership with the largest debt in Australian history.
  • Homosexual acts between consenting adults are decriminalized in Western Australia.
  • Kamchatka opens to Russian civilian visitors.
  • The Alize propeller-driven anti-submarine planes are retired from active carrier service in the French Navy.
  • The first national park in the Netherlands is established in Schiermonnikoog.
  • Ebenezer Floppen Slopper's Wonderful Water slides in Oakbrook Terrace, Illinois closes down after an incident on one of the slides.
  • Soviet submarine K-173 (Chelyabinsk) is commissioned.
  • The wreck of the Lady Elgin is discovered off Highland Park, Illinois by Harry Zych.
  • Richard C. Duncan introduces the Olduvai theory, about the collapse of the Industrial Civilization.
  • The NIOS board is established by the Ministry of Human Resource Development of the Government of India.
  • The Museum of Jurassic Technology is founded in Culver City, California by David and Diana Wilson.
  • The last Golden Toad is seen, the species is now classified extinct.
  • The Japan Fantasy Novel Award is established.
  • The global concentration of carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere reaches 350 ppm (parts per million) by volume.

Births[]

January[]

  • January 2Kaitlin Howell, Canadian actress
  • January 3
    • Alex D. Linz, American actor
    • Anya Kop, American fashion model
    • Kōhei Uchimura, Japanese gymnast
  • January 6
    • Andy Carroll, English footballer
    • James Durbin (singer), American Idol contestant
  • January 7Emiliano Insúa, Argentine footballer
  • January 9
    • Michael Beasley, American basketball player
    • Nina Dobrev, Bulgarian-Canadian actress
  • January 10Emily Meade, American film and television actress
  • January 11
    • Chris Perry-Metcalf, British actor
    • Naif Hazazi, Saudi footballer
  • January 12Arci Muñoz, Filipina actress & model
  • January 14Frankie Sandford, British singer
  • January 19Yani Tseng, Taiwanese golfer
  • January 20Nadia Di Cello, Argentine actress
  • January 21
    • Katie Griffiths, English actress
    • Dogus Balbay, American Basketball player
    • Sergey Fesikov, Russian swimmer
  • January 22Jared Smith, American singer
  • January 24Calvin Goldspink, British actor
  • January 25
    • Mikako Tabe, Japanese stage and film actress
    • Yasmien Kurdi, Filipino actress and singer
  • January 26Emily Hughes, American figure skater
  • January 27Daisy Lowe, British model
  • January 30Khleo Thomas, American actor and rapper

February[]

  • February 3Ryne Sanborn, American actor
  • February 4Larissa Ramos, Brazilian Miss Earth 2009 winner
  • February 5
    • Jeremy Sumpter, American actor
    • Cristine Reyes, Filipina actress
  • February 7
    • Louisa Lytton, English actress
    • Neil Taylor, Welsh footballer
  • February 8Danielle Harmer, English actress
  • February 9Wu Chia-ching, Taiwanese pool player
  • February 11Elisa Izquierdo, American murder victim (d. 1995)
  • February 13
    • Rodrigo Possebon, Brazilian footballer
    • Carly McKillip, Canadian actress
  • February 16Zivanna Letisha Siregar, Indonesian model
  • February 17Rebecca Adlington, British swimmer
  • February 21
    • Corbin Bleu, American actor and singer
    • Kristin Herrera, American actress
    • Scout Taylor-Compton, American actress
  • February 24
    • Kosta Koufos, Greek-American basketball player
    • Trace Cyrus, American musician
  • February 25Lee Sang-Hwa, South Korean speed skater
  • February 27
    • Kelly Breeding, American singer
    • Stefano Langone, American singer

March[]

  • March 1
    • Daniella Monet, American actress
    • Carlos Vela, Mexican footballer
  • March 4Erin Heatherton, American fashion model
  • March 5
    • Sterling Knight, American actor
    • Jake Lloyd, American actor
  • March 6Agnieszka Radwańska, Polish tennis player
  • March 7Gerald Anderson, Filipino-American actor
  • March 9
    • Christina Broccolini, Canadian TV presenter
    • Kim Tae-yeon, Korean singer SNSD
  • March 11Anton Yelchin, Russian actor
  • March 14Colby O'Donis, American singer
  • March 15Caitlin Wachs, American actress
  • March 16
    • Peaches Geldof, British performer
    • Blake Griffin, American basketball player
    • Theo Walcott, English footballer
  • March 17Shinji Kagawa, Japanese football player
  • March 21
    • Rochelle Wiseman, British singer (S Club Juniors & The Saturdays)
    • Labrinth, English singer-songwriter and record producer
  • March 22Karen Rodriguez, American singer
  • March 24Aziz Shavershian, Australian bodybuilder (d. 2011)
  • March 25
    • Scott Sinclair, English footballer
    • Alyson Michalka, American actress and singer
  • March 31Liu Zige, Chinese swimmer

April[]

  • April 1Labrinth, English singer and musician
  • April 2Danita Paner, Filipina actress
  • April 4Chris Herd, Australian footballer who currently plays for Premier League team Aston Villa
  • April 8
    • Nicholas Megalis, American singer-songwriter
    • Hitomi Takahashi, Japanese singer
  • April 18
    • Alia Shawkat, American actress
    • Jung Su-yeon, Singer from Korean group SNSD
  • April 22
    • Thomas James Longley, British actor
    • Louis Smith, British gymnast
  • April 23
    • Anastasia Baranova, Russian-born actress
    • Nicole Vaidišová, Czech tennis player
  • April 25
    • Michael van Gerwen, Dutch darts player
    • Raquel Donatelli, American reality television star
  • April 26 - Daesung, South Korean singer

May[]

  • May 4
    • Dániel Gyurta, Hungarian swimmer
    • James van Riemsdyk, American ice hockey player
    • Rory McIlroy, Irish golfer
  • May 5Chris Brown, American singer and actor
  • May 6Dominika Cibulkova, Slovak tennis player
  • May 10Lindsey Shaw, American actress
  • May 11Giovani dos Santos, Mexican soccer player
  • May 12Imogen Poots, English actress
  • May 14Rob Gronkowski, American football player
  • May 15Lee Soon-Kyu, Singer from Korean group SNSD
  • May 16Behati Prinsloo, Namibian fashion model
  • May 17Tessa Virtue, Canadian Ice Dancer
  • May 29
    • Brandon Mychal Smith, American Actor
    • Riley Keough, American model

June[]

  • June 2Freddy Adu, American soccer player
  • June 4Eldar Gasimov, Azerbaijani singer
  • June 7Shelley Buckner, American actress
  • June 8Richard Fleeshman, English actor
  • June 9Chloë Agnew, Irish singer
  • June 10Alexandra Stan, Romanian singer
  • June 12Krista Kleiner, Filipina-American beauty queen, singer, model, actress and martial artist
  • June 13
    • Tommy Searle, British Motocross Racer
    • Lisa Tucker, American singer, musical theater and television actress
  • June 14
    • Lucy Hale, American actress and singer
    • Madison Ivy, German-born American pornographic actress
  • June 17Simone Battle, American actress and singer
  • June 18Renee Olstead, American actress and singer
  • June 20Christopher Mintz-Plasse, American actor
  • June 22Jeffrey Earnhardt, American race car driver
  • June 23Lauren Bennett, British singer, dancer, painter, photographer, and model
  • June 27
    • Matthew Lewis, British actor
    • Bruna Tenório, Brazilian supermodel

July[]

David Henrie

Julianne Hough

  • July 1Mitch Hewer, British actor
  • July 2Devin Tailes, American singer
  • July 8Dmitry Abakumov, Russian football player
  • July 10
    • Mel Blanc, Voice actor
  • July 11
    • David Henrie, American actor
    • Shareeka Epps, American actress
  • July 12Phoebe Tonkin, Australian actress
  • July 13Sayumi Michishige, Japanese singer
  • July 14
    • Cyril Rioli, Australian rules footballer
    • Sean Flynn-Amir, American actor
  • July 15Tristan Wilds, American actor
  • July 16Gareth Bale, Welsh footballer
  • July 18
    • Yohan Mollo, French Footballer
    • Jamie Benn, Canadian ice hockey player
  • July 20Julianne Hough, American actress, singer and dancer
  • July 21
    • Rory Culkin, American actor
    • Jamie Waylett, British actor
    • Juno Temple, British actress
  • July 22Keegan Allen, American actor
  • July 23
  • July 25Noel Callahan, Canadian actor
  • July 27Charlotte Arnold, Canadian actress
  • July 31Victoria Azarenka, Belarusian tennis player

August[]

  • August 1Stephanie Hwang, Singer from Korean group SNSD
  • August 8Sesil Karatantcheva, Bulgarian tennis player
  • August 9Stefano Okaka, Italian footballer
  • August 10Sam Gagner, Canadian ice hockey player
  • August 14Kyle Turris, Canadian ice hockey player
    • Carlos Pena, Jr., American actor, dancer and singer
    • Belinda, Mexican singer and actress
    • Joe Jonas, American musician actor and singer
  • August 19Romeo, American rapper and actor
  • August 20Kirko Bangz , American rapper
  • August 21Hayden Panettiere, American actress and singer
  • August 23Breanna Conrad, American reality television star

September[]

  • September 1
    • Bill Kaulitz, German voice actor, model, lead singer for Tokio Hotel
    • Daniel Sturridge, English footballer
  • September 2Alexandre Pato, Brazilian footballer
  • September 7Hugh Mitchell, British actor
  • September 8Avicii, Swedish DJ, remixer, and record producer
  • September 9Sean Malto, American Professional Skateboarder
  • September 12Freddie Freeman, American baseball player
  • September 13Thomas Müller, German football player
  • September 14Logan Henderson, Lebanese American actor, dancer, and singer
  • September 15Steliana Nistor, Romanian gymnast and Olympic medalist
  • September 19Tyreke Evans, American basketball player, 2010 NBA Rookie of the Year
  • September 21Jason Derulo, American singer-songwriter. actor
  • September 22
    • Hyoyeon, South Korean singer, Girls Generation
    • Sabine Lisicki, German tennis player
  • September 23Brandon Jennings, American basketball player
  • September 26Emma Rigby, British actress
  • September 27Park Tae-Hwan, South Korean swimmer
  • September 29Theo Adams, British performance artist

October[]

  • October 1Brie Larson, American actress
  • October 4
    • Lil Mama, American rapper
    • Kimmie Meissner, American figure skater
    • Viktoria Rebensburg, German alpine skier
  • October 10Aimee Teegarden, American actress
  • October 11
    • Michelle Wie, American golf player
    • Michael Kruse, Canadian Golf player
  • October 14Mia Wasikowska, Australian actress
  • October 24Shenae Grimes, Canadian actress
  • October 30Nastia Liukin, American gymnast and Olympic gold medalist

November[]

  • November 2Katelyn Tarver, American singer, songwriter, actress
  • November 3Paula DeAnda, Mexican-American singer
  • November 6Jozy Altidore, American soccer player
  • November 11Reina Tanaka, Japanese singer
  • November 14Jake Livermore, English footballer
  • November 15Tim Corcoran, American acrobat
  • November 19Tyga, American rapper
  • November 20Cody Linley, American actor
  • November 24
    • Adam George, British musician
    • Stephen Merchant, British comedian
    • Jordan Witzigreuter, American singer/songwriter (The Ready Set)
  • November 27Freddie Sears, English footballer

December[]

  • December 2Cassie Steele, Canadian actress and singer
  • December 4Garron DuPree, American musician
  • December 5
    • Katy Kung, Hong Kong actress
    • Kwon Yu-ri, Korean singer SNSD
    • Gregory Tyree Boyce, American actor
  • December 11Sam Pinto, Filipina actress and commercial model
  • December 13Taylor Swift, American singer
  • December 18Ashley Benson, American actress
  • December 19Valdimar Bergstað, Icelandic Horse rider
  • December 22Jordin Sparks, American singer
  • December 26Yohan Blake, Jamaican athlete
  • December 27Kateryna Lahno, Ukrainian chess player
  • December 28
    • Mackenzie Rosman, American actress
    • Jessie Buckley, Irish actress and singer
  • December 29Kei Nishikori, Japanese tennis player
  • December 30Ryan Sheckler, American skateboarder

Deaths[]

January[]

Hirohito

Konrad Lorenz

  • January 3Robert Banks, American chemist (b. 1921)
  • January 4Dvora Netzer, Israeli politician (b. 1897)
  • January 7
    • Frank Adams, British mathematician (b. 1930)
    • Hirohito, Emperor of Japan (b. 1901)
  • January 8Kenneth McMillan, American actor (b. 1932)
  • January 10
    • Hai Teng, abbott of Shaolin Temple (b. 1902?)
    • Herbert Morrison, American radio reporter (b. 1905)
    • Donald Voorhees, American composer and musician (b. 1903)
  • January 11
    • August Koern, Estonian statesman and diplomat (b. 1900)
    • José Luis Bustamante y Rivero, Peruvian politician, diplomat and jurist, former President (b. 1894)
  • January 13Joe Spinell, American actor (b. 1936)
  • January 14Robert B. Anderson, American administrator and businessman (b. 1910)
  • January 16Trey Wilson, American actor (b. 1948)
  • January 19Norma Varden, English actress (b. 1898)
  • January 20Beatrice Lillie, Canadian actress (b. 1894)
  • January 21
    • Carl Furillo, American baseball player (b. 1922)
    • Billy Tipton, American musician (b. 1914)
  • January 23Salvador Dalí, Spanish artist (b. 1904)
  • January 24Ted Bundy, American serial killer (executed) (b. 1946)
  • January 27Bayani Casimiro, Filipino dancer and actor (b. 1918)

February[]

  • February 1Elaine de Kooning, American artist (b. 1919)
  • February 2Ondrej Nepela, Slovakian figure skater (b. 1951)
  • February 3
    • John Cassavetes, American actor and author (b. 1929)
    • Glenna Collett-Vare, American golfer (b. 1903)
  • February 5Joe Morrison, University of South Carolina Head Football Coach ( b. 1937)
  • February 6
    • Ron Field, American choreographer (b. 1934)
    • Barbara Tuchman, American historian (b. 1912)
  • February 9Osamu Tezuka, Japanese Manga artist, e.g. Astroboy (b. 1928)
  • February 11
    • Shakhbut bin Sultan Al Nahyan, Sheikh, former ruler of Abu Dhabi (b. 1905)
    • T.E.B. Clarke, English screenwriter (b. 1907)
    • George O'Hanlon, American actor and director (b. 1912)
  • February 14Vincent Crane, British musician (Atomic Rooster) (b. 1943)
  • February 17
    • Lefty Gomez, Mexican-American baseball player (b. 1908)
    • Joe Raposo, musician, composer for Sesame Street and The Electric Company (b. 1937)
  • February 20Robert Dorning, English actor (b. 1913)
  • February 21Moshe Unna, Israeli politician (b. 1902)
  • February 24Sparky Adams, American baseball player (b. 1894)
  • February 26Roy Eldridge, American musician (b. 1911)
  • February 27
    • Paul Oswald Ahnert, German astronomer (b. 1897)
    • Konrad Lorenz, Austrian zoologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1903)

March[]

  • March 6Harry Andrews, British actor (b. 1911)
  • March 8
    • Robert Lacoste, French politician (b. 1898)
    • Carl Stuart Hamblen, American musician (b. 1908)
  • March 9Robert Mapplethorpe, American photographer (b. 1946)
  • March 11James Kee, American politician (b. 1917)
  • March 12Maurice Evans, English actor (b. 1901)
  • March 14
    • Edward Abbey, American author and environmentalist (b. 1927)
    • Stephen D. Bechtel, Sr., American businessman (b. 1900)
    • Empress Zita of Bourbon-Parma, Wife of Emperor Charles I, last Empress of Austria (b. 1892)
  • May 15Johnny Green, American songwriter (b. 1908)
  • March 16Jesús María de Leizaola, Basque Spanish politician (b. 1896)
  • March 17Merritt Butrick, American actor (b. 1959)
  • March 19Alan Civil, English French horn player (b. 1929)
  • March 21Milton Frome, American actor (b. 1909)
  • March 27
    • May Allison, American actress (b. 1890)
    • Malcolm Cowley, American author (b. 1898)
    • Jack Starrett, American actor and director (b. 1936)
    • Scott Safran, Arcade game world record holder (b. 1967
  • March 29Bernard Blier, French actor (b. 1916)

April[]

  • April 1George Robledo, Chilean soccer player (b. 1926)
  • April 9Moshe Ziffer, Israeli sculptor (b. 1902)
  • April 12
    • Gerald Flood, British actor (b. 1927)
    • Abbie Hoffman, American political activist (b. 1936)
    • Sugar Ray Robinson, American boxer (b. 1921)
  • April 15
    • Hu Yaobang, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (b. 1915)
    • Charles Vanel, French actor (b. 1892)
  • April 16Jocko Conlan, baseball player and umpire (b. 1899)
  • April 19Daphne du Maurier, English writer (b. 1907)
  • April 21
    • Princess Deokhye, Princess of Korea (b. 1912)
    • James Kirkwood, Jr., American playwright (b. 1924)
  • April 22Emilio G. Segrè, Italian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
  • April 23Hamani Diori, Nigerien politician, former President (b. 1916)
  • April 24Edgar Sanabria, Venezuelan lawyer, diplomat, and politician, former President (b. 1911)
  • April 25George Coulouris, English actor (b. 1903)
  • April 26Lucille Ball, American entertainer (b. 1911)
  • April 27Konosuke Matsushita, Japanese industrialist (b. 1894)
  • April 30
    • Sergio Leone, Italian film director (b. 1929)
    • Bangja, Crown Princess Euimin of Korea, (b. 1901)

May[]

  • May 1Sally Kirkland, fashion editor at LIFE (b. 1912)
  • May 3Christine Jorgensen, transgendered actress, singer, and writer (b. 1926)
  • May 7Guy Williams, American actor (b. 1924)
  • May 9Keith Whitley, American singer (b. 1955)
  • May 19
    • C. L. R. James, Trinidadian writer and journalist (b. 1901)
    • Robert Webber, American actor (b. 1924)
  • May 20
    • Anton Diffring, German actor (b. 1918)
    • John Hicks, English economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
    • Gilda Radner, American comedian and actress (b. 1946)
  • May 26Don Revie, English Footballer & Manager (b. 1927)
  • May 29John Cipollina, American musician (Quicksilver Messenger Service) (b. 1943)
  • May 30James Harry Lacey, British World War II RAF Fighter pilot (b. 1917)

June[]

  • June 3
    • Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Supreme Leader of Iran (b. 1902)
    • John McCauley, NHL official
  • June 4Dik Browne, American cartoonist (b. 1917)
  • June 7Don the Beachcomber, American restaurateur (b. 1907)
  • June 9
    • George Wells Beadle, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1903)
    • Karl Skytte, Danish politician (b. 1908)
    • José López Rega, Argentine Peronist politician (b. 1916)
  • June 10Richard Quine, American actor (b. 1920)
  • June 13Fran Allison, actress (b. 1907)
  • June 15
    • Ray McAnally, Irish actor (b. 1926)
    • Victor French, American actor and director (b. 1934)
  • June 17John Matuszak, American football player and actor (b. 1950)
  • June 22
    • Lee Calhoun, American Olympic athlete (b. 1933)
    • Menahem Stern, Israeli historian (b. 1925)
  • June 23Werner Best, German Nazi official (b. 1903)
  • June 24Hibari Misora, Japanese singer (b. 1937)
  • June 26Howard Charles Green, Canadian politician, former Foreign secretary (b. 1895)
  • June 27
    • Alfred Ayer, British philosopher (b. 1910)
    • Jack Buetel, American actor (b. 1915)
    • Michele Lupo, Italian film director (b. 1932)
  • June 28Joris Ivens, Dutch filmmaker (b. 1898)

July[]

William Shockley

Ferdinand Marcos

Mel Blanc

  • July 2
    • Andrei Gromyko, Soviet politician and diplomat, former Foreign Minister (b. 1909)
    • Hilmar Baunsgaard, Danish politician, former Prime Minister (b. 1920)
    • Ben Wright, English Actor in radio, film and television(b. 1915)
    • Franklin Schaffner, American film director (b. 1920)
  • July 3Jim Backus, American actor (b. 1913)
  • July 4
    • Jack Haig, English actor (b. 1913)
    • Vic Perrin, American voice actor (b. 1916)
  • July 6János Kádár, Hungarian politician & communist leader (b. 1912)
  • July 10Mel Blanc, American voice actor best known for voicing Bugs Bunny and Daffy Duck. (b. 1908)
  • July 11Laurence Olivier, prolific English stage and screen actor and director (b. 1907)
  • July 15Laurie Cunningham, English footballer (b. 1956)
  • July 16Herbert von Karajan, Austrian conductor (b. 1908)
  • July 17Itubwa Amram, Nauruan pastor and politician (b. 1922)
  • July 18
    • Donnie Moore, baseball player (suicide) (b. 1954)
    • Rebecca Schaeffer, American actress (b. 1967)
  • July 19Kazimierz Sabbat, Polish president (b. 1913)
  • July 20
    • Forrest H. Anderson, American politician (b. 1913)
    • Mary Treen, American film actress (b. 1907)
  • July 22Martti Talvela, Finnish bass (b. 1935)
  • July 23
    • Donald Barthelme, American writer (b. 1931)
    • Michael Sundin, English television presenter (b. 1961)
  • July 24Ernie Morrison, American actor (b. 1912)
  • July 30Lane Frost, American bull rider (b. 1963)

August[]

  • August 1John Ogdon, English pianist (b. 1937)
  • August 4
    • Maurice Colbourne, British actor (b. 1939)
    • Franziska Liebing, Swedish actress (b. 1901)
  • August 7Mickey Leland, American congressman (b. 1944)
  • August 12William Shockley, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)
  • August 13
    • Hugo del Carril, Argentine film actor, film director and tango singer (b. 1912)
    • Tim Richmond, American race car driver (b. 1955)
  • August 14Robert Bernard Anderson, American political figure (b. 1910)
  • August 15Minoru Genda, Japanese aviator, naval officer, and politician (b. 1904)
  • August 16
    • Jean-Hilaire Aubame, French-Gabonese politician (b. 1912)
    • Amanda Blake, American actress (b. 1929)
  • August 17Harry Corbett, British TV presenter, creator of Sooty; OBE award winner (b. 1918)
  • August 20
    • George Adamson, Indian-born conservationist (assassinated) (b. 1906)
    • Joseph LaShelle, American cinematographer (b. 1900)
  • August 21Raul Seixas, Brazilian singer (b. 1945)
  • August 22
    • John Clyne, Canadian jurist (b. 1902)
    • Diana Vreeland, American fashion editor (b. 1929)
    • Huey P. Newton, co-founder of the Black Panther Party (murdered) (b. 1942)
  • August 23Ronald David Laing, Scottish psychiatrist (b. 1927)
  • August 26Irving Stone, American writer (b. 1903)
  • August 29Peter Scott, English naturalist, artist, and explorer (b. 1909)
  • August 30Joe Collins, baseball player (b. 1922)

September[]

  • September 1A. Bartlett Giamatti, American President of Yale University and MLB Commissioner (b. 1938)
  • September 4
    • Georges Simenon, Belgian writer (b. 1903)
    • Ronald Syme, New Zealand-born classicist and historian (b. 1903)
  • September 8
    • Ann George, English actress (b. 1903)
    • Barry Sadler, American author and musician (b. 1940)
  • September 14Dámaso Pérez Prado, Cuban musician (b. 1916)
  • September 15Robert Penn Warren, American writer (b. 1905)
  • September 17Hugh Quincy Alexander, American politician (b. 1911)
  • September 22Irving Berlin, American composer (b. 1888)
  • September 28Ferdinand Marcos, President of the Philippines (b. 1917)
  • September 30
    • Horace Alexander, English writer, pacifist, and ornithologist (b. 1889)
    • Virgil Thomson, American composer (b. 1896)
    • Huỳnh Tấn Phát, Vietnamese politician (b. 1913)

October[]

Bette Davis

Franz Joseph II

  • October 4Graham Chapman, English comedian (Monty Python) (b. 1941)
  • October 6Bette Davis, American actress (b. 1908)
  • October 9Penny Lernoux, American journalist and author (b. 1940)
  • October 11M. King Hubbert, American geophysicist (b. 1903)
  • October 12Jay Ward, animator, creator of Rocky and Bullwinkle, Dudley Do-Right, etc.
  • October 16
    • Scott O'Dell, children's writer and winner of 5 Newbery Awards (b. 1898)
    • Cornel Wilde, American actor (b. 1915)
  • October 20
    • Dahn Ben-Amotz, Israeli joyrnalist and author (b. 1924)
    • Anthony Quayle, English actor (b. 1913)
  • October 22Roland Winters, American actor (b. 1904)
  • October 25Mary McCarthy, American writer (b. 1912)
  • October 26Charles J. Pedersen, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • October 30Pedro Vargas, Mexican singer and actor (b. 1904)

November[]

  • November 1Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander, American civil rights activist (b. 1898)
  • November 3Timoci Bavadra, Fiji physician and politician (b. 1934)
  • November 5Vladimir Horowitz, Russian pianist (b. 1903)
  • November 11Kenneth MacLean Glazier, Sr., Canadian minister and librarian (b. 1912)
  • November 13
    • Victor Davis, Canadian Olympic swimmer (b. 1964)
    • Franz Joseph II, 14th Sovereign Prince of Liechtenstein (b. 1906)
  • November 20Lynn Bari, American actress (b. 1913)
  • November 22
    • C. C. Beck, American cartoonist (b. 1910)
    • René Moawad, President of Lebanon (assassinated) (b. 1925)
  • November 25George Cakobau, Fiji Governor General (b. 1912)
  • November 26Ahmed Abdallah, Comorian politician, President of the Republic (assassinated) (b. 1919)
  • November 27Carlos Arias Navarro, Spanish politician, former President of the Government (b. 1908)
  • November 29Gubby Allen, English cricketer (b. 1902)
  • November 30Ahmadou Ahidjo, Cameroonian politician, former President (b. 1924)

December[]

  • December 1Alvin Ailey, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1931)
  • December 2Ray Morehart, American baseball player (b. 1899)
  • December 3Sourou Migan Apithy, Beninese political figure, former president of Dahomey (b. 1913)
  • December 4Frederick Elwyn Jones, British barrister and Labour politician. (b. 1909)
  • December 5John Pritchard, English conductor (b. 1921)
  • December 6
    • Frances Bavier, American actress (b. 1902)
    • Sammy Fain, American composer (b. 1902)
    • Marc Lépine, Canadian mass murderer (b. 1964)
    • John Payne, American actor (b. 1912)
  • December 7Haystacks Calhoun, American professional wrestler (b. 1934)
  • December 8
    • Hans Hartung, German-French painter (b. 1904)
    • Mikhail Katukov, Russian war hero (b. 1900)
  • December 11Lindsay Crosby, American singer and actor (b. 1938)
  • December 14
    • Jock Mahoney, American actor (b. 1919)
    • Andrei Sakharov, Russian physicist and activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (declined) (b. 1921)
  • December 15Edward Underdown, stage and film veteran (b. 1908)
  • December 16
    • Silvana Mangano, Italian actress (b. 1930)
    • Aileen Pringle, American actress (b. 1895)
  • December 16Lee Van Cleef, American actor (b. 1925)
  • December 19Kirill Mazurov, Belarusian Soviet politician. (b. 1914)
  • December 20Kurt Böhme, German bass (b. 1908)
  • December 21
    • Ján Cikker, Slovak composer (b. 1911)
    • Rotimi Fani-Kayode, Nigerian/British Photographer, co-founder AUTOGRAPH-ABP (b. 1955)
  • December 22
    • Samuel Beckett, Irish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1906)
    • Vasile Milea, Romanian military officer and politician, minister of Defense (suicide) (b. 1927)
  • December 25
    • Nicolae Ceauşescu, Romanian dictator, Communist Party head and President of the Republic (executed) (b. 1918)
    • Billy Martin, American baseball player and manager (b. 1928)
  • December 26Lennox Berkeley, English composer (b. 1903)
  • December 30
    • Yasuji Miyazaki, Japanese Olympic swimmer (b. 1916)
    • Madoline Thomas, Welsh actress (b. 1890)

Nobel Prizes[]

  • PhysicsNorman F. Ramsey, Hans G. Dehmelt, Wolfgang Paul
  • ChemistrySidney Altman, Thomas R. Cech
  • MedicineJ. Michael Bishop, Harold E. Varmus
  • LiteratureCamilo José Cela
  • PeaceTenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama
  • Cage of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred NobelTrygve Haavelmo

Templeton Prize[]

  • The Very Reverend Lord MacLeod (Joint Award)
  • Professor Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker (Joint Award)

In fiction[]

References[]


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1989. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

People of the year 1989 at Familypedia

44 people were born in 1989

 FatherMotherAge mother at birth
Stephanie Mishelle Aldridge (1989)Larry William Aldridge (1956)Kathleen Kim Jones (1957)
Anna Theodora Brumer (1995-)Alexander Brumer (1953-)Charlotte Lucchesi Palli (1960-)
Sophia Eleonore Brumer (1989-)Alexander Brumer (1953-)Charlotte Lucchesi Palli (1960-)
Sophie Brussaux (1989)
Árpad Bánffy de Losoncz (1989)István Bánffy de Losoncz (1962)Aranka Simon (c1965)
Gonzalo Gabriel Cabrera (1989)
Nicole Elizabeth Carter (1989-)Shane Patrick Carter (1956-)Patricia Ann Turner (1957-)
Ana Maria Cristea (1989-)
Rory Hugh Culkin (1989)Christopher Cornelius Culkin (1944)Patricia Brentrup (1949)
Brendan Ray Dassey (1989)Peter Dassey (living)Barbara Avery (living)
Joshua Debney (1989)John Cardon Debney (1956)Lola Wechsler (1960)
Matei Constantin Dimitriu (1989-)Radu Dimitriu (c1955-)Livia Chiric (1958-)
Andrew Gower (1989)
Felix Kjellberg (1989)Ulf Kjellberg (1957)Johanna Kjellbert (1958)
Ryota Kohama (1989)
... further results

5 children were born to the 19 women born in 1989

120 people died in 1989

 FatherMotherAge at death
Leila Adair (1897-1989)Jedediah Grant Adair (1859-1937)Florence Ellen Fowler (1860-1946)
Natalia Alborghetti (1907-1989)
Margaret Alfonesca (1940-1989)Stephen Alfonesca (1908-1959)Samantha Apolloni (1893-1973)
Joseph Wright Alsop (1910-1989)Joseph Wright Alsop (1876-1953)Corinne Douglas Robinson (1886-1971)
Truman Rodney Ashby (1901-1989)Rodney Carlos Ashby (1880-1904)Jennie Warner (1881-1974)88
Rudger Clawson Atkin (1904-1989)Joseph Thompson Atkin (1863-1938)Susie Jane Fawcett (1875-1962)
Quincy Baker (1925-1989)
Johanna Elizabeth Bakker (1890-1989)Dirk Bakker (1863-)Cornelia Helena Tietz (1867-)99
Lucille Desiree Ball (1911-1989)Henry Durrell Ball (1887-1915)Desiree Evelyn Hunt (1892-1977)
Ana Barcan (1918-1989)
Melissa Barley (1905-1989)
Christina Barragan (1909-1989)Miguel Barragan (1892-1967)Michelle Wong (1890-1974)
Julian Barry (1900-1989)Michael Barry (1873-1920)Linda Davis (1880-1923)
Arnold Baumgartin (1899-1989)
Dennis Beavers (1918-1989)
... further results

3189 people lived in 1989

 FatherMother
Tsunekichi Yonogi (1905-2015)Shigeru Yonogi (1876-1940)Miyoko Yonogi (1882-1950)
Rebecca Ababio (1926-1998)
Isabella Abadiano (1930-2003)
Annabelle Abargil (1922-2000)
Jennifer Abaya (1918-1996)
Alysson Abberton (1935-2012)
Anthony Abbott (1911-1993)
Henry Abel Smith (1900-1993)Francis Abel Smith (1861-1908)Madeline St. Maur Seymour (1862-1951)
Robert Fuller Abell (1919-2010)Clifford Abell (1875-1965)Jennie Ferne Loshbough (1886-1957)
Adam Abernathy (1940-2006)James Abernathy (1912-1979)Arlene McGlinchey (1916-2000)
Melissa Abicht (1939-2009)Arthur Abicht (1900-1980)Amanda Krieger (1899-1959)
Carter Abiko (1957-2001)Eita Abiko (1920-2000)Aina Fukuzawa (1920-1995)
Elanor Abrahams (1939-2004)
Lisa Abramowicz (1933-2000)Leonard Abramowicz (1910-1980)Sadie Aaronson (1908-1970)
Hannah Abs (1930-2006)
... further results

Events of the year 1989 at Familypedia

21 people were married in 1989.

 Joined with
Chris Buck (1960)Shelley Rae Hilton (1962)
Raymond Alexander Carnegie (1920-1999)Patricia Elinor Trevor Dawson (1923-2014)+Diana Denyse Hay, 23rd Countess of Erroll (1926-1978)+Maria Congreve Alexander (1959-)
Thomas Reginald Cramp (1917-1997)Iris Thomas (1920-1987)+Noeline Handley (c1926-2000)
John Kenneth Mackenzie Forster (1962)Jenny Maree Fisher (1963)
Bryce Hall (1962)Donna Jean Sanders (living)
Hugh Marston Hefner (1926-2017)Mildred Williams (1926)+Barbara Lynn Klein (1950)+Kimberley Conradt (1962)+Brande Nicole Roderick (1974)+Holly Cullen (1979)+Bridget Christina Sandmeier (1973)+Kendra Leigh Wilkinson (1985)+Crystal Harris (1986)
La Toya Yvonne Jackson (1956)Jack Leon Gordon (1939-2005)
Robert Paul Knighton (1965-)Nancy Tweedie (1967-)
Tjeerd H.V. Korver (1961-)Jolanda Vonk (1964-)
Reba Nell McEntire (1955)Charlie Battles + Narvel Blackstock (1956)
Genevieve Pearl Mitchell (1911-2002)Ralph Edward Denning (1907-1984)+Leroy W Richardson (1906-2004)
Scott John Morrison (1968-)Jennifer Lynne Warren (1968-)
Bruce A. Patterson (1964-2015)Rhonda Marie Andrews
Kirill Sakskoburggotski (1964-)Rosario Nadal y Fuster-Puigdorfil (1968-)
Nancy Tweedie (1967-)Robert Paul Knighton (1965-)
... further results

There were 0 military battles in 1989.


0.013797428661022 0.26315789473684 0.037629350893697
1989


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